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Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Juan Jin, Yifen Shi, Jianguang Gong, Li Zhao, Yiwen Li, Qiang He, He Huang
BACKGROUND: It is confirmed that adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) transplantation effectively relieves kidney fibrosis and type 2 diabetes disease in mice. Currently, exosome from urine-derived stem cells (USCs) can protect type 1 diabetes-mediated kidney injury and attenuate podocyte damage in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Exosome derived from USCs has evolved into the strategy for DN treatment, but the role of ADSCs-derived exosome (ADSCs-Exo) in DN remains unclear. The present study is aimed to investigate the therapeutic action and molecular mechanism of ADSCs-derived exosome on DN...
March 15, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Jiangnan Hu, Lefu Chen, Xujun Huang, Ke Wu, Saidan Ding, Weikan Wang, Brian Wang, Charity Smith, Changhong Ren, Haoqi Ni, Qichuan ZhuGe, Jianjing Yang
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) protects against brain damage. However, the low survival number of transplanted BMSCs remains a pertinent challenge and can be attributed to the unfavorable microenvironment of the injured brain. It is well known that calpain activation plays a critical role in traumatic brain injury (TBI)-mediated inflammation and cell death; previous studies showed that inhibiting calpain activation is neuroprotective after TBI...
March 15, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Anastasia Shpichka, Denis Butnaru, Evgeny A Bezrukov, Roman B Sukhanov, Anthony Atala, Vitaliy Burdukovskii, Yuanyuan Zhang, Peter Timashev
The skin is the largest organ of the body, which meets the environment most directly. Thus, the skin is vulnerable to various damages, particularly burn injury. Skin wound healing is a serious interaction between cell types, cytokines, mediators, the neurovascular system, and matrix remodeling. Tissue regeneration technology remarkably enhances skin repair via re-epidermalization, epidermal-stromal cell interactions, angiogenesis, and inhabitation of hypertrophic scars and keloids. The success rates of skin healing for burn injuries have significantly increased with the use of various skin substitutes...
March 15, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Xuejiao Sun, Jianyuan Song, Hailong Huang, Hong Chen, Kun Qian
The original article [1] was submitted and published without co-author Hong Chen's permission.
March 15, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Xuan Tao, Mingyang Sun, Min Chen, Rongchao Ying, Wenjie Su, Jian Zhang, Xiaodong Xie, Wei Wei, Xiaohu Meng
BACKGROUND: Vascular injury is one of the most common detrimental effects of cancer radiotherapy on healthy tissues. Since the efficacy of current preventive and therapeutic strategies remains limited, the exploration of new approaches to treat radiation-induced vascular injury (RIV) is on high demands. The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to treat RIV holds great promise thanks to their well-documented function of mediating tissue regeneration after injury. Recently, we genetically modified MSCs with high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and demonstrated the high efficacy of these cells in treating graft atherosclerosis...
March 13, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Ewelina Pilny, Ryszard Smolarczyk, Magdalena Jarosz-Biej, Alina Hadyk, Agnieszka Skorupa, Mateusz Ciszek, Łukasz Krakowczyk, Natalia Kułach, Danuta Gillner, Maria Sokół, Stanisław Szala, Tomasz Cichoń
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADSCs) are multipotent stromal cells. The cells secrete a number of cytokines and growth factors and show immunoregulatory and proangiogenic properties. Their properties may be used to repair damaged tissues. The aim of our work is to explain the muscle damage repair mechanism with the utilization of the human adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hADSCs). METHODS: For the hADSCs isolation, we used the subcutaneous adipose tissue collected during the surgery...
March 13, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yanxia Luo, Lili Xie, Ali Mohsin, Waqas Ahmed, Chenze Xu, Yan Peng, Haifeng Hang, Yingping Zhuang, Ju Chu, Meijin Guo
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) are considered an efficient and important candidate for male infertility treatment because they contain pluripotent stem cells, which can differentiate into all cells from three germ layers. However, the efficient generation of male germ-like cell (MGLCs) is one of the key issues, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying generation of MGLCs. Herein, we attempt to improve the efficient generation of MGLCs derived during co-culturing of rat ADMSCs with SCs under retinoic acid (RA) and testosterone (T) treatment...
March 13, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Jolanta Gorecka, Valentyna Kostiuk, Arash Fereydooni, Luis Gonzalez, Jiesi Luo, Biraja Dash, Toshihiko Isaji, Shun Ono, Shirley Liu, Shin Rong Lee, Jianbiao Xu, Jia Liu, Ryosuke Taniguchi, Bogdan Yastula, Henry C Hsia, Yibing Qyang, Alan Dardik
Wound healing is the physiologic response to a disruption in normal skin architecture and requires both spatial and temporal coordination of multiple cell types and cytokines. This complex process is prone to dysregulation secondary to local and systemic factors such as ischemia and diabetes that frequently lead to chronic wounds. Chronic wounds such as diabetic foot ulcers are epidemic with great cost to the healthcare system as they heal poorly and recur frequently, creating an urgent need for new and advanced therapies...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Xu Cao, Pan Luo, Junjie Huang, Chi Liang, Jinshen He, Zili Wang, Dongyong Shan, Cheng Peng, Song Wu
BACKGROUND: Senescent cells exert a significant influence over their surrounding cellular environment. Senescent chondrocytes (SnChos) were found to be accumulated in degenerated cartilage present in joints affected by osteoarthritis. The influence of SnChos on exogenously transplanted stem cells has yet to be reported. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the interactions between SnChos and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) when co-cultured as well as in the intra-articular senescent microenvironment (IASM)...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Man Li, Shoujia Sun, Sean Dangelmajer, Quan Zhang, Junwen Wang, Feng Hu, Fangyong Dong, Ulf D Kahlert, Mingxin Zhu, Ting Lei
BACKGROUND: Human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) gene delivery is regarded as an effective treatment for glioblastoma (GBM). However, adverse-free target site homing of the delivery vehicles to the tumor microsatellite nests is challenging, leading to erroneously sustained released of this suicide protein into the normal brain parenchyma; therefore, limiting off-target cytotoxicity and controlled expression of the suicide inductor is a prerequisite for the safe use of therapeutic stem cells...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Gang Guo, Xiang Zhuang, Qing Xu, Zhenru Wu, Yongjie Zhu, Yongjie Zhou, Yuanmin Li, Yanrong Lu, Bo Zhang, Prue Talbot, Jiayu Liao, Junjun She, Hong Bu, Yujun Shi
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a complicated clinical syndrome associated with high mortality, with liver transplantation as the only treatment option. Treatment of mesenchymal stem cells has shown a potential therapeutic option for acute liver failure. However, the lack of random clinical trials and large non-human primate studies makes it necessary to assess the efficacy and safety in the clinic. METHODS: We treated the monkeys with peripheral delivery of human umbilical MSCs (hUC-MSCs) and investigated the role of hUC-MSCs in modulating the progress of acute liver failure...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Ruitang Shi, Haoqing Yang, Xiao Lin, Yangyang Cao, Chen Zhang, Zhipeng Fan, Benxiang Hou
BACKGROUND: Human dental pulp stem cell (DPSC)-mediated regenerative endodontics is a promising therapy for damaged teeth; however, the hypoxic environment in root canals can affect tissue regeneration. In this study, we investigate the characteristics and possible regulatory mechanisms of DPSC function under hypoxic conditions. METHODS: Human DPSCs were cultured under normoxia (20% O2 ) and hypoxia (3% O2 ). DPSC proliferation and osteo/odontogenic differentiation potential were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay, carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, Alizarin red staining, real-time RT-PCR assays, and western blot analysis...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Dasa Bohaciakova, Marian Hruska-Plochan, Rachel Tsunemoto, Wesley D Gifford, Shawn P Driscoll, Thomas D Glenn, Stephanie Wu, Silvia Marsala, Michael Navarro, Takahiro Tadokoro, Stefan Juhas, Jana Juhasova, Oleksandr Platoshyn, David Piper, Vickie Sheckler, Dara Ditsworth, Samuel L Pfaff, Martin Marsala
BACKGROUND: A well-characterized method has not yet been established to reproducibly, efficiently, and safely isolate large numbers of clinical-grade multipotent human neural stem cells (hNSCs) from embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Consequently, the transplantation of neurogenic/gliogenic precursors into the CNS for the purpose of cell replacement or neuroprotection in humans with injury or disease has not achieved widespread testing and implementation. METHODS: Here, we establish an approach for the in vitro isolation of a highly expandable population of hNSCs using the manual selection of neural precursors based on their colony morphology (CoMo-NSC)...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yongwei Feng, Qingqiang Xu, Yuyan Yang, Wenwen Shi, Wenqi Meng, Hao Zhang, Xiaowen He, Mingxue Sun, Yongchun Chen, Jie Zhao, Zhenhong Guo, Kai Xiao
BACKGROUND: Sulfur mustard (SM) is a notorious chemical warfare agent that can cause severe acute lung injury (ALI), in addition to other lesions. Currently, effective medical countermeasures for SM are lacking. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) possess self-renewal and multipotent differentiation capacity. BMSCs can also migrate to inflammation and injury sites and exert anti-inflammatory and tissue repair functions. Here, we report the curative effect of BMSCs on SM-induced ALI in a mouse model...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Camille Laporte, Emily Tubbs, Justine Cristante, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Sandra Pesenti, Frédéric Lamarche, Cécile Cottet-Rousselle, Catherine Garrel, Anaick Moisan, Jean-Marc Moulis, Eric Fontaine, Pierre-Yves Benhamou, Sandrine Lablanche
BACKGROUND: Islets of Langerhans transplantation is a promising therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus, but this technique is compromised by transplantation stresses including inflammation. In other tissues, co-transplantation with mesenchymal stem cells has been shown to reduce damage by improving anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant defences. Therefore, we probed the protection afforded by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells to islets under pro-inflammatory cytokine stress. METHODS: In order to evaluate the cytoprotective potential of mesenchymal stem cells on rat islets, co-cultures were exposed to the interleukin-1, tumour necrosis factor α and interferon γ cocktail for 24 h...
March 12, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yang Xiang, Chun Wu, Jiang Wu, Weili Quan, Chao Cheng, Jian Zhou, Li Chen, Lixin Xiang, Fengjie Li, Kebin Zhang, Qian Ran, Yi Zhang, Zhongjun Li
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are extensively used in regeneration therapy and cytology experiments simulate how BMSCs respond to radiation. Due to the small number and the heterogeneity of primary isolated BMSCs, extensive in vitro expansion is usually required before application, which affects the cellular characteristics and gene expression of BMSCs. However, whether the radiation response of BMSCs changes during in vitro expansion is unclear. METHODS: In this study, BMSCs were passaged in vitro and irradiated at passage 6 (P6) and passage 10 (P10)...
March 8, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Chenze Xu, Ali Mohsin, Yanxia Luo, Lili Xie, Yan Peng, Qizheng Wang, Haifeng Hang, Yingping Zhuang, Meijin Guo
BACKGROUND: Embryonic Sertoli cells (eSCs) play an important role in sex determination and in male gonad development which makes them a very useful cell type for therapeutic applications. However, the deriving mechanism of Sertoli cells has been unclear and challenging to create a large number of quality eSCs. Therefore, this study aimed to create the eSCs induced from mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells by regulating defined factors and to explore the relevant regulatory mechanism. METHODS: Six inducing factors, Sry, Sox9, SF1, WT1, GATA4, and Dmrt1, were respectively transduced into mES cells by lentiviral infection according to the experimental design...
March 8, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Ruoyu Wu, Chengsheng Huang, Qingkai Wu, Xiang Jia, Mengyu Liu, Zhuowei Xue, Yu Qiu, Xin Niu, Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that urine-derived stem cells (USCs) could promote myogenesis after the impairment of the sphincter muscles. However, the effects of exosomes secreted by USCs (USCs-Exo) were not elucidated. Exosomes are nanosized membrane vesicles secreted by the cells. They have been proved to be effective in protecting against tissue injury and therapeutic in tissue repair. USCs are ideal sources of exosomes because of the noninvasive obtaining method and self-renewal abilitiy...
March 8, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Songyan Liao, Yuelin Zhang, Sherwin Ting, Zhe Zhen, Fan Luo, Ziyi Zhu, Yu Jiang, Sijia Sun, Wing-Hon Lai, Qizhou Lian, Hung-Fat Tse
BACKGROUND: Optimal cell type as cell-based therapies for heart failure (HF) remains unclear. We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of direct intramyocardial transplantation of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs) and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hiPSC-MSCs) in a porcine model of HF. METHODS: Eight weeks after induction of HF with myocardial infarction (MI) and rapid pacing, animals with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were randomly assigned to receive direct intramyocardial injection of saline (MI group), 2 × 108 hESC-CMs (hESC-CM group), or 2 × 108 hiPSC-MSCs (hiPSC-MSC group)...
March 7, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Sermporn Thaweesapphithak, Chairat Tantrawatpan, Pakpoom Kheolamai, Duangrat Tantikanlayaporn, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Sirikul Manochantr
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are considered potential candidates that hold great promise in the treatment of immune-related diseases. For therapeutic applications, it is necessary to isolate and expand MSCs with procedures complying with good manufacturing practice (GMP). Recent studies reported the use of human serum (HS) instead of fetal bovine serum (FBS) for the expansion of bone marrow-derived MSCs. Nevertheless, there are only limited data on HS as an alternative to FBS for the isolation and expansion of umbilical (UC-MSCs) and placenta-derived MSCs (PL-MSCs)...
March 7, 2019: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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