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Journals Journal of Nutrition and Metab...

Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38993633/effects-of-moringa-oleifera-leaf-extract-on-liver-histopathology-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Titing Nurhayati, Muhamad Farrel Ridho, Putri Teesa Radhiyanti Santoso, Setiawan Setiawan, Hanna Goenawan, Vita Murniati Tarawan
INTRODUCTION: Moringa leaves ( Moringa oleifera ), which are members of the Moringaceae family, are one of the herbal plants that are widely known in Indonesia. Phytochemical contents of moringa leaf, such as flavonoid, quercetin, and phenolic acid, are believed to have an effect on improvement of NAFLD. Therefore, moringa leaf is considered as one the herbal plants that can be used as supplementation in the form of adjuvant therapy to NAFLD. The study objective of our research is to review the effect of giving moringa leaf to the liver, especially the histopathologic features...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38993632/incidence-and-predictors-of-diabetic-nephropathy-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-southern-ethiopia
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fasika Merid, Firdawek Getahun, Habtamu Esubalew, Tamirat Gezahegn
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease, and it brings high morbidity and mortality. Globally, the predominant rise in type II diabetes prevalence significantly increases the incidence of diabetic nephropathy. Therefore, timely diagnosis and prompt management of diabetic nephropathy and early identification of predictors are essential. Thus, this study aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of diabetic nephropathy among type II diabetes mellitus patients...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957371/time-to-reach-full-enteral-feeding-and-its-predictors-among-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-admitted-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-follow-up-cohort-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Belay Alemayehu Getahun, Sileshi Mulatu, Hailemariam Mekonnen Workie
BACKGROUND: Feeding is crucial for very low birth weight neonates to grow and develop properly. This study aims to determine the time to achieve full enteral feeding and predictors among neonates admitted at Felege Hiwot Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. METHODS: An institutional retrospective follow-up study design was conducted among 332 very low birth weight neonates from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2021. Samples were selected through a computer-generated simple random sampling method, and the data were entered into Epi data version 4...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38915316/effects-of-ellagic-acid-on-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Xuelian Wang, Xiaotao Zhou, Xinxia Zhang
BACKGROUND: Abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism (GALM) serve as both a cause and an inducer for the development of the disease. Improvement and treatment of GALM are an important stage to prevent the occurrence and development of the disease. However, current clinical treatment for GALM is limited. Ellagic acid (EA), a common polyphenol present in foods, has been shown to improve abnormalities in GALM observed in patients suffering from metabolic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study used a meta-analysis method to systematically assess the effects of EA on GALM...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38883868/lycopene-a-potent-antioxidant-with-multiple-health-benefits
#5
REVIEW
Mercy Omoye Shafe, Nontobeko Myllet Gumede, Trevor Tapiwa Nyakudya, Eliton Chivandi
Lycopene is a naturally occurring carotenoid predominantly found in tomatoes and tomato-based products. Like other phytochemicals, it exhibits health beneficial biological activities that can be exploited when it is used as a dietary supplement. In vitro and in vivo , lycopene has been demonstrated to mitigate oxidative stress-induced metabolic dysfunctions and diseases including inflammation, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Lycopene has been shown to alleviate metabolic diseases that affect the bone, eye, kidney, liver, lungs, heart, and nervous system...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38867850/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-women-with-eating-disorders-in-saudi-arabia
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Walaa Mohammedsaeed, Ahlam B El Shikieri
OBJECTIVE: To assess selected cardiometabolic risk factors among Saudi women with eating disorders. METHODS: An epidemiological, cross-sectional study included women aged between 18 and 50 years with eating disorders (EDs). Women with chronic diseases, pregnant, or lactating were excluded. The weight and height were measured for the calculation of the body mass index (BMI). Fasting blood samples were drawn for the analysis of blood sugar, glycated haemoglobin, lipid profile, albumin, haemoglobin, and C-reactive levels...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38752013/effects-of-cranberry-extract-vaccinium-macrocarpon-supplementation-on-lipid-peroxidation-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-4-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laís de Souza Gouveia Moreira, Karla Thaís Resende Teixeira, Ludmila F M F Cardozo, Livia Alvarenga, Bruna Regis, Jessyca Sousa de Brito, Viviane de Oliveira Leal, Natalia Alvarenga Borges, Isabela de Souza da Costa Brum, José Carlos Carraro-Eduardo, Giovanna B Borini, Andresa A Berretta, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Denise Mafra
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that bioactive compounds in berry fruits may mitigate inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cranberry ( Vaccinium macrocarpon ) supplementation effects on modulation of transcription factors involved in inflammation and oxidative stress in nondialysis (stages 3 and 4) patients with CKD. Design/Participants . A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed with 30 patients to receive capsules containing cranberry extract (1000 mg/day) or placebo (1000 mg/day of corn starch) for two months...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38725902/antioxidant-activity-glycemic-response-and-functional-properties-of-rice-cooked-with-red-palm-oil
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samsu U Nurdin, Siti Nurdjanah, Ramadhan Triyandi, Bambang Nurhadi
High rice consumption levels accompanied by a lifestyle lacking in physical activity leads to obesity and diabetes due to the rice consumed generally has high digestibility and high glycemic index. Red palm oil (RPO) is a vegetable oil suggested to have the potential to reduce starch digestibility and increase the bioactive compounds of rice. This research aimed to find out the best cooking method to produce rice with a sensory quality similar to regular rice and to study the effect of the best cooking method on the glycemic response and physicochemical properties of rice...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38715705/medium-chain-triglycerides-mcts-for-the-symptomatic-treatment-of-dementia-related-diseases-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Nike Meer, Tobias Fischer
Pathomechanisms of dementias involve increasing damage to neuronal energy metabolism, resulting in degeneration-related insulin resistance and glucose hypometabolism. In this case, ketone bodies can provide an alternative energy source. Supplementation with medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), which can induce ketogenesis, may alleviate brain energy deficits and improve neuronal function. This review aims to determine the effectiveness of MCT as a symptomatic treatment approach. The systematic literature search was conducted in April 2023 following the Cochrane Handbook and PRISMA guidelines...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38633607/emerging-trends-in-bioavailability-and-pharma-nutraceutical-potential-of-whey-bioactives
#10
REVIEW
Adhithyan T Pillai, Sonia Morya, Ladislaus Manaku Kasankala
Whey, a component of milk and a useful by-product of the dairy industry's casein and cheese-making, has been used for generations to augment animal feed. It contains a range of proteins, including α -lactalbumin, β -lactoglobulin, bovine serum albumin, heavy and light chain immunoglobulins, lactoferrin, glycomacropeptide, and lactoperoxidase. Whey proteins exhibit great potential as biopolymers for creating bioactive delivery systems owing to their distinct health-enhancing characteristics and the presence of numerous amino acid groups within their structures...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38623309/supplementation-of-heat-treated-lactiplantibacillus-plantarum-nf1-changes-the-production-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-in-healthy-infants
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yoowon Kwon, Kee Hyun Cho, Sangbae Ma, Hyelyun Ko, Geun-Hye Hong, So-Young Lee, Kun-Young Park, Jin A Chung, Su Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: Imbalance of the gut microbiome and decrease in the number of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria often affect human health by altering intestinal and immune homeostasis. The use of probiotics has been shown to be an attractive method to modulate gut microbiota to prevent or treat intestinal dysbiosis. Likewise, this study aimed to determine whether the oral consumption of heat-treated Lactiplantibacillus plantarum nF1 (HLp-nF1) induces changes in the gut environment in healthy infants by measuring changes in fecal SCFAs...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38571925/the-effects-of-an-eight-week-swimming-program-on-body-composition-and-assessment-of-dietary-intake-in-post-covid-19-patients
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bostjan Jakše, Barbara Gilić, Marko Đurović, Dorica Šajber
COVID-19 infection and its consequences (long-term COVID-19 syndrome) have implications for weight loss, body composition, and diet quality. In the context of the "PostCovSwim" project, which is part of a broader international study, the impact of an eight-week swimming program on post-COVID-19 patients' nutritional status (i.e., body composition and dietary intake) was evaluated. Body composition and dietary intake were assessed by medically approved and calibrated bioelectrical impedance (Tanita 780 S MA) and food frequency questionnaires...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38550298/associations-between-zinc-deficiency-taste-changes-and-salivary-flow-rates-following-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-surgeries
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Boshra Mozaffar, Hayat Mozaffar, Mohammed Alkharaiji, Aly Elbahrawy, Iskandar Idris
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of taste change (hypogeusia) and its association with zinc deficiency is unclear due to differences in methods of assessment. We investigate the prevalence of hypogeusia using mixed methods and link it with changes in zinc levels following mini gastric bypass (MGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of MGB ( N  = 18) and SG ( N  = 25). Hypogeusia was evaluated by using a validated questionnaire and by taste strips procedure along with serum zinc levels and salivary flow rate measurements...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38504833/risk-factors-associated-with-acute-sarcopenia-in-patients-hospitalized-with-covid-19
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D M S Silva, T A Valadão, C Caporosi, J E Aguilar-Nascimento, D B Dock-Nascimento
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is an extraordinary global emergency. The pandemic has changed profoundly people's lifestyles. This resulted in reductions in physical activity and changes in dietary intakes that have the potential to accelerate sarcopenia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with acute sarcopenia in patients hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from January/2021 to March/2022 in a private hospital in Cuiabá/MT, central region of Brazil...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465239/a-cross-sectional-study-of-general-nutrition-knowledge-among-nursing-students-in-the-uae
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rasha A K Ibrahim, Aisha N Aldawsari
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a crucial time for establishing long-lasting healthy habits, but many university students often engage in unhealthy eating behaviors. Increased independence, social influences, and mental stress all play a role in leading to poor dietary choices that can impact overall health and well-being. It is important to have a good grasp of nutrition to make informed food choices and avoid the development of chronic illnesses. PURPOSE: To assess the nutrition knowledge of nursing students and examine the interconnections between participants' beliefs about diet, disease, and weight management...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38420511/anthropometric-and-biochemical-correlations-of-insulin-resistance-in-a-middle-aged-maltese-caucasian-population
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rachel Agius, Nikolai Paul Pace, Stephen Fava
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, and with increased all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality. A number of surrogate markers are used in clinical practice to diagnose IR. The aim of this study was to investigate the discriminatory power of a number of routinely available anthropometric and biochemical variables in predicting IR and to determine their optimal cutoffs. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in a cohort of middle-aged individuals...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38375319/efficacy-of-hot-tea-infusion-vs-ethanolic-extract-of-moringa-oleifera-for-the-simultaneous-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-hyperlipidemia-and-hyperglycemia-in-a-murine-model-fed-with-a-high-fat-diet
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salma I Cortes-Alvarez, Ivan Delgado-Enciso, Alejandrina Rodriguez-Hernandez, Gustavo A Hernandez-Fuentes, Nomely S Aurelien-Cabezas, Norma A Moy-Lopez, Nadia Y Cortes-Alvarez, Jorge Guzman-Muñiz, Jose Guzman-Esquivel, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro, Karen A Mokay-Ramirez, Carlos E Barajas-Saucedo, Carmen A Sanchez-Ramirez
Moringa oleifera (MO) is a native tree of Asia and is cultivated in some areas of Mexico as part of traditional horticulture. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of MO infusion vs. MO ethanolic extract for the simultaneous treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD), hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia in a murine model fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). BALB/c mice were fed a balanced diet (healthy control) or an HFD for 6 months. With this, the NAFLD model was established before starting a therapeutic intervention with MO for two months...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282753/associations-between-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-demographic-nutritional-and-lifestyle-factors
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Layne Christina Benedito de Assis Lima, Séphora Louyse Silva Aquino, Aline Tuane Oliveira da Cunha, Talita do Nascimento Peixoto, Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima, Karine Cavalcanti Maurício Sena-Evangelista, Josivan Gomes Lima, Lucia Fátima Campos Pedrosa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations between individuals with and without changes in components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and demographic, nutritional, and lifestyle factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 224 individuals followed-up at a public hospital in Northeast Brazil. We used National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP) criteria to diagnose MetS. We assessed components of MetS as dependent variables, while sex, age, food consumption, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, anthropometric parameters, and sleep hours were independent variables...
2024: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38025546/comparison-of-answers-between-chatgpt-and-human-dieticians-to-common-nutrition-questions
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Kirk, Elise van Eijnatten, Guido Camps
BACKGROUND: More people than ever seek nutrition information from online sources. The chatbot ChatGPT has seen staggering popularity since its inception and may become a resource for information in nutrition. However, the adequacy of ChatGPT to answer questions in the field of nutrition has not been investigated. Thus, the aim of this research was to investigate the competency of ChatGPT in answering common nutrition questions. METHODS: Dieticians were asked to provide their most commonly asked nutrition questions and their own answers to them...
2023: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37822568/novel-anthropometric-indices-as-screening-tools-for-obesity-a-study-on-healthy-iranians
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Toktam Alirezaei, Hamid Soori, Rana Irilouzadian, Hadis Najafimehr
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Upper body fat distribution is more related to cardiometabolic diseases than central obesity. Neck circumference (NC) and neck-to-height ratio (NHtR) are two indicators of upper body obesity that are affordable, easy to obtain, highly reproducible, and more practical in the crowded health centers than the classic anthropometric indices. METHODS: 18-65-year-old individuals with no past medical history were included. After obtaining written informed consent, they were screened for hypertension, high blood glucose, and other abnormal laboratory results...
2023: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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