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Journal of Obesity

Sara N Bleich, Mary T Gorski Findling, Robert J Blendon, Eran Ben-Porath, Gillian K SteelFisher
Introduction: Parents play a critical role in their children's weight. This paper examines parents' perceptions about the challenges to helping their kids maintain or achieve a healthy weight. Methods: We analyzed data in 2017 from a U.S. telephone poll conducted during October-November 2012 among parents or caregivers of children aged 2-17 years using a nationally representative sample of households. It included 667 White, 123 Black, and 167 Hispanic parents. Multiple logistic regressions were used to examine parent perceptions about the individual- and environmental-level challenges to helping their children maintain or achieve a healthy weight...
2019: Journal of Obesity
Loan P Kim, Nelly Mallo
Objective: To examine the association between maternal perceptions of self-weight and child weight status and milk consumption behavior of Hispanic WIC participants. Methods: Mixed methods design with phone survey ( n =529) and one-on-one interviews ( n =35). Demographic characteristics, Chi-square, and thematic analyses were conducted. Results: More than half of overweight mothers misperceived their own weight status as well as those of their children...
2019: Journal of Obesity
N Velotti, M Manigrasso, K Di Lauro, A Vitiello, G Berardi, D Manzolillo, P Anoldo, A Bocchetti, F Milone, M Milone, G D De Palma, M Musella
Background: New laparoscopic devices, such as electrothermal bipolar-activated devices (LigaSure™ (LS)) or ultrasonic systems (Harmonic® scalpel (HS)), have been applied recently to bariatric surgery allowing to reduce blood loss and surgical risks. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare intraoperative performance of HS and LS, postoperative results, and clinical outcomes in a large cohort of patients undergoing LSG. Methods: Data from 422 morbidly obese patients undergoing LSG in our Bariatric Unit at the Advanced Biomedical Sciences Department of the "Federico II" University of Naples (Italy) between January 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
2019: Journal of Obesity
Xiaohui Guo, Yifan Xu, Hairong He, Hao Cai, Jianfen Zhang, Yibin Li, Xinyu Yan, Man Zhang, Na Zhang, Rolando L Maddela, Jessie Nicodemus-Johnson, Guansheng Ma
Meal replacement plans are effective tools for weight loss and improvement of various clinical characteristics but not sustainable due to the severe energy restriction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of meal replacement, specifically 388 kcal in total energy, on body composition and metabolic parameters in individuals with overweight and obesity from a Chinese population. A parallel, randomized controlled trial was performed with 174 participants (ChiCTR-OOC-17012000). The intervention group ( N =86) was provided with a dinner meal replacement, and the control group ( N =88) continued their routine diet as before...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Göran Nilsson, Pär Hedberg, Jerzy Leppert, John Ohrvik
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/3839482.].
2018: Journal of Obesity
Ana Paula Dos Santos Rodrigues, Lorena Pereira Souza Rosa, Hugo Delleon da Silva, Elisângela de Paula Silveira-Lacerda, Erika Aparecida Silveira
Background: The PPARG2 Pro12Ala (rs1801282) and IL6 -174G >C (rs1800795) have important function in body weight regulation and a potential role in obesity risk. We aimed to investigate the association between PPARG2 Pro12Ala and IL6 -174G >C variants and the genotypes interaction with body composition, metabolic markers, food consumption, and physical activity in severely obese patients. Methods: 150 severely obese patients (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m2 ) from Central Brazil were recruited...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Hadia Radwan, Rami A Ballout, Hayder Hasan, Nader Lessan, Mirey Karavetian, Rana Rizk
Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are considered as a global health problem and considered as a public health priority with the more considerable increasing trend of obesity and cardiometabolic disorders rates in the Middle Eastern countries. This systematic review aims at assessing the prevalence, incidence rates, and trends, as well as the cost of obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: A highly sensitive strategy was used to retrieve original observational studies, addressing the epidemiology and cost of obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders in the UAE, irrespective of nationality (nationals and expatriates)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Hayder Hasan, Amita Attlee, Hamid Jan Bin Jan Mohamed, Norliyana Aris, Wan Abdul Manan Bin Wan Muda
Introduction: Physical activity (PA) may improve cardiometabolic fitness and increase high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Adip). The pedometer is an effective, user-friendly device to monitor PA with the aim of improving health. This study examined how counting footsteps, using a pedometer, might affect HMW-Adip and MetS components among young females. Methods: Fifty-two females (21.43 ± 4.8 years) were divided into "normal" (BMI = 18-24.9 kg/m2 ) and "high" (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 ) BMI groups...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Victoria Sandercock, Jeanette Andrade
Background: Adult obesity is globally recognized as a public health concern. As adults spend most of their weekdays at work, worksite wellness programs may include topics of nutrition education and physical activity to improve an employee's body composition. However, results are inconsistent with the impact they have on employees' body composition. Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate worksite wellness nutrition and physical activity programs and their subsequent impact on participants' body composition...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Kaitlyn E N Howden, Lilia R Fuller-Thomson, Senyo Agbeyaka
Factors associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among never-smokers have received little research attention. One potential risk factor for COPD is obesity, which is of particular importance in light of the global obesity epidemic. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between COPD and levels of obesity in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white never-smokers. Data were drawn from the 2012 Center for Disease Control's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Timon E Adolph, Felix Grabherr, Lisa Mayr, Christoph Grander, Barbara Enrich, Alexander R Moschen, Herbert Tilg
Introduction: Obesity and related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are an emerging health care issue that imposes substantial morbidity to individuals. Growth and differentiation factor 15 ( GDF15 ) limits food uptake, body weight, and energy balance by modulation of GDNF-family receptor α -like (GFRAL) signalling in the hindbrain. However, the regulation of GDF15 expression in obesity and NAFLD is incompletely understood. We sought to define the impact of weight loss achieved by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on hepatic and adipose GDF15 expression in a cohort of severely obese patients...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Göran Nilsson, Pär Hedberg, Jerzy Leppert, John Ohrvik
We compared weight, height, waist and hip circumferences (hip), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients and individually sex- and age-matched control subjects from the general population in the catchment area of the patients and predicted the risk of MI status by these basic anthropometric measures. The study cohort comprised 748 patients ≤80 years of age with acute MI from a major Swedish cardiac center and their individually sex- and age-matched controls...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Farzad Amirabdollahian, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
Frequently reported poor dietary habits of young adults increase their risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Excess adiposity is the most established predictor of MetS, and numerous anthropometric measures have been proposed as proxy indicators of adiposity. We aimed to assess prevalence of MetS in young adult population and to make comparison between weight- and shape-oriented measures of adiposity to identify the best index in association with measured body fat and as a risk predictor for MetS. Healthy males and females aged 18-25 years from the Northwest of England were recruited using convenience sampling ( n =550)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Ashleigh M Saenz, Stacie Stapleton, Raquel G Hernandez, Greg A Hale, Neil A Goldenberg, Skai Schwartz, Ernest K Amankwah
High body mass index (BMI) is associated with relapse of certain adult cancers, but limited knowledge exists on its association with pediatric leukemia relapse. We evaluated the association between overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 85th percentile) at pediatric leukemia diagnosis and relapse or mortality. A meta-analysis combining our findings with those of previous studies was also performed. The study included 181 pediatric leukemia patients. Sporadic missing data were multiply imputed, and hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using Cox proportional hazard...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Stella Maris Honoré, Maria Virginia Grande, Jorge Gomez Rojas, Sara Serafina Sánchez
Smallanthus sonchifolius (yacon), a native plant of South America, was observed to improve lipid profile in rodents and humans. This study aimed to investigate the antiobesity properties of yacon roots in a high-fat-diet (HFD) model and the underlying mechanisms. A total of 30 Wistar male rats were divided into five groups ( n =6): the standard chow diet (SD) group was fed a SD; the HFD group was fed a HFD; and the HFD Y340 and HFD Y680 groups were fed a HFD plus yacon flour (340 and 680 mg FOS/kg b. w./day, respectively)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Moonseong Heo, Angelo Pietrobelli, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Myles S Faith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Obesity
Scott V Monte, Kristen M Russo, Esra Mustafa, Joseph A Caruana
Background: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the primary bariatric surgery procedure in the U.S. Over 50% of people presenting for surgery have psychiatric diagnoses. The study purpose was to evaluate change in anxiety and depression symptoms and medication use after SG. Methods: Subjects completing SG with a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression treated with medication were retrospectively identified from the electronic medical record (EMR) of Synergy Bariatrics, a department of the Erie County Medical Center...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Kristin E Finn, Myles S Faith, Young S Seo
Purpose: Research has documented an inverse relationship between body mass index (BMI) and school achievement but has failed to empirically explain it. We tested whether this association among adolescents can be explained in part by student engagement. Methods: A self-report survey about health and school behaviors was completed by 196 high school students; BMI and achievement data were obtained from school records. Three forms of engagement were assessed: behavioral, presenteeism, and affective...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Konstantinos Perivoliotis, Eleni Sioka, Georgia Katsogridaki, Dimitrios Zacharoulis
Introduction: A meta-analysis was conducted in order to provide an up-to-date comparison of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) for morbid obesity. Materials and Methods: The PRISMA guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions were used for the conduction of this study. A systematic literature search was performed in the electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Web of Science and Scopus)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jash S Parikh, Arshdeep K Randhawa, Sean Wharton, Heather Edgell, Jennifer L Kuk
Introduction: One in three US adults is living with obesity or hypertension, and more than 75% of hypertensive individuals are using antihypertensive medications. Therefore, it is important to examine blood pressure (BP) differences in populations that are using these medications with differing obesity status. Aim: We examined whether BP attained when using various antihypertensive medications varies amongst different body mass index (BMI) categories and whether antihypertensive medication use is associated with differences in other metabolic risk factors, independent of BMI...
2018: Journal of Obesity
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