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Journal of Parasitology Research

Diakarida Fofana, Jean Michel Vianney Beugré, Genevieve Lydie Yao-Acapovi, Sevidzem Silas Lendzele
In recent years, an upsurge of vector-borne diseases has been reported in several parts of the world. Among these is dengue fever, the first arbovirus transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes . After the detection of the dengue virus serological types (type 1, 2, and 3) in the health district of Cocody-Bingerville in Ivory Coast, entomological investigations were carried out in the city of Cocody (host of most cases) to evaluate the risk of transmission of the disease in view of an effective vector control...
2019: Journal of Parasitology Research
F N Afiukwa, D E Nwele, O E Uguru, G A Ibiam, C S Onwe, A U Ikpo, N B Agumah, O F Odoemena
This study accessed the dynamics of urogenital schistosomiasis transmission in Nkalagu Community. A total of 500 mid-day urine samples were collected and transported to Microbiology Laboratory, Ebonyi State University, for analysis. 10ml each of the urine samples was centrifuged at 2500 rpm for 5 minutes. Transmission potential of snail intermediate host of Schistosomes collected from different sampling station at the transmission sites within the study community was equally accessed. The snail species collected were placed individually into a clean beaker with little quantity of water and then subjected to shedding light for 2 hours...
2019: Journal of Parasitology Research
Jessica N Huffman, Kent S Haizlett, Dana K Elhassani, Brian T Cooney, Evelyn M Frazier
Gopherus polyphemus populations are diminishing throughout their range due to urbanization, fragmentation, and poor habitat management. Increased population densities, poor habitat quality, and lack of fire may influence disease transmission. Parasite roles within wild tortoise populations are largely unknown; despite evidence these pathogens may pose significant health risks. This study provides a baseline of gopher tortoise intestinal parasites across South Florida and reports on how varying environmental and tortoise characteristics may affect intestinal parasite species prevalence and approximate loads...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Do Ngoc Anh, Le Tran Anh, Le Quoc Tuan, Nguyen Duy Bac, Tran Viet Tien, Vu Thi Binh Phuong, Tran Thanh Duong, Nguyen Khac Luc, Nguyen Ba Quang
Fascioliasis-a disease caused by Fasciola spp. (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea)-is considered as the most important helminthic infection of bovine, sheep, and buffalo in Vietnam. The aim of this study is to detect the genotype of Fasciola spp. isolated from bovine and buffalo in the Nghe An province, central Vietnam, using PCR-RFLP and sequence analysis of the first nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS1). Adult Fasciola spp. were isolated from bile ducts of bovine and buffalo in Nghe An province, Vietnam...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Wekesa Antony Wanyonyi, Chrispinus Siteti Mulambalah, David H Mulama, Elizabeth Omukunda, Darwin Injete Siteti
Geohelminthiasis and malaria coinfections in pregnancy are common in sub-Saharan Africa. The consequences of the disease combination on maternal health and birth outcomes are poorly understood. For a better understanding of this coinfection in expectant mothers, a cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the effect of the coinfection on maternal health and birth outcomes in expectant mothers in Bungoma County, Kenya. To collect data on malaria and maternal haematological parameters, blood samples were obtained from 750 participants aged 18-49 years and analyzed...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Animen Ayehu, Yibeltal Aschale, Wossenseged Lemma, Animut Alebel, Ligabaw Worku, Ayalew Jejaw, Abebe Genetu Bayih
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, also called kala-azar) is a public health problem in Ethiopia, especially in sesame and sorghum growing areas. Compared to other populations, labor migrants are the most exposed. Knowing the seroprevalence of Leishmania donovani and associated risk factors is essential to design appropriate control measures. The main aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of asymptomatic L. donovani among laborers and associated risk factors in agricultural camps of West Armachiho district, Northwest Ethiopia...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Marc K Kouam, Fabrice D Ngueguim, Vaia Kantzoura
Internal parasites are limiting factors to successful, sustainable livestock production. Knowledge on how they are dealt with is important to prevent resistance to anthelmintics. The aim of this study was to describe the internal parasitism of indoor pigs in Bamboutos Division in Cameroon, as well as the attendant worm control practices. Thus, 324 pigs from 50 small scale farms were sampled for feces which were qualitatively and quantitatively examined for parasite eggs, cysts, or oocysts. Data on worm control practices were also collected...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Dawit Gebremichael Tedla, Fsahatsion Hailemariam Bariagabr, Hagos Hadgu Abreha
Introduction: Leishmaniasis is a neglected vector borne disease, which constitutes a major public health concern in several tropical and subtropical countries. An estimated 4500 to 4000 new cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) occur per year and over 3.2 million people are at risk of infection in the country. In Humera, VL epidemics are associated with migration of workers from nonendemic highlands into the visceral leishmaniasis endemic extensive farmlands. Therefore, the objective of this study is to estimate the incidence and the risk factors of leishmaniasis in Humera, Western Tigray...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Gregorio L Martin I, Esperanza C Cabrera
Background and Objectives: Lymnaeid snails are the known intermediate hosts of the liver fluke Fasciola spp. and therefore play an important role in the parasite's life cycle. The study is conducted to determine specificity of snail host-parasite interaction and to determine the snail-trematode infection rate by cercarial emergence, characterizing the emerging larvae using standardized key. Materials and Methods: A total of 750 snails were collected from a rice field in Barangay Cawongan, Padre Garcia, Batangas, from November 2016 to March 2017 (n=150/month)...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Pratiwi Pudjiastuti, Ni Nyoman T Puspaningsih, Imam Siswanto, Much Z Fanani, Yoko K Ariga, Toshiharu Hase, Satyajit D Sarker, Lutfun Nahar
Ferredoxin-NADP+ reductases (FNRs, EC were found in the plastids of Plasmodium and have been considered as a target for the development of new antimalarial agents. Croomine, epi -croomine, tuberostemonine, javastemonine A, and isoprotostemonine are isolated alkaloids from the roots of Stemona sp. and their inhibitory effect on FNRs from Plasmodium falciparum (Pf FNR) was investigated. Croomine showed the highest level of inhibition (33.9%) of electron transfer from Pf FNR to Pf Fd, while tuberstemonine displayed the highest level of inhibition (55...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Omar S O Amer, Esam S Al-Malki, Mohamed I Waly, Abdulaziz AlAgeel, Mahmoud Y Lubbad
This study is a retrospective analysis of the recorded intestinal parasitic infections for in- and outpatients visiting King Fahd Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from 2013 to 2017. In this study, a total of 5987 in- and outpatient were examined for intestinal parasitic infection. 30 patients out of 5987 were infected with 6 species of intestinal parasites with prevalence rate 0.5%. These parasites were Entamoeba histolytica (P = 0.27%), Cryptosporidium sp. (P = 0.1%), Giardia lamblia (P = 0.07%), Trichuris trichiura (P = 0...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
F Gonzalez-Salazar, I Meester, F J Guzmán De La Garza, L H De La Garza-Salinas, A Sampayo-Reyes, J N Garza-Gonzalez, O Monsivais-Diaz, B A Barba-Dávila, M E Hernández-García, J Vargas-Villarreal
Amebiasis remains a major health problem in Mexico. Therefore, the search for better culture media and low-cost diagnostic and therapeutic tools is fundamental. We present a new culture medium for Entamoeba histolytica which allows the microbe to preserve its virulence factors and ability to induce hepatic abscesses in animal models. The novel CLUPS medium is an improved version of the PEHPS medium, previously designed in our laboratory. The main difference is the substitution of raw beef liver in PEHPS by raw beef lung in the CLUPS medium...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Kenneth B Otabil, Samuel F Gyasi, Esi Awuah, Daniels Obeng-Ofori, Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez, Charles R Katholi, Thomas R Unnasch
Onchocerciasis is a neglected tropical disease that has plagued mankind for decades with pathologies that involve the eyes and the skin. The WHO and the global health community have earmarked the disease for global elimination by 2045. However, as control programmes shift focus from reduction of the burden of the disease to elimination, new tools and strategies may be needed to meet targets. Monitoring Onchocerca volvulus larvae in the black fly vectors is an important tool needed to monitor disease dynamics and certify elimination...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Nor Shaida Husna Zulkrnin, Nurul Nadiah Rozhan, Nur Amanina Zulkfili, Nik Raihan Nik Yusoff, Mohd Sukhairi Mat Rasat, Nor Hakimin Abdullah, Muhammad Iqbal Ahmad, Rajiv Ravi, Intan H Ishak, Mohamad Faiz Mohd Amin
Dengue is vector-borne diseases with 390 million infections per year extending over 120 countries of the world. Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) is a primary vector for dengue viral infections for humans. Current focus on application of natural product against mosquito vectors has been the main priority for research due to its eco-safety. The extensive use of chemical insecticides has led to severe health problems, environmental pollution, toxic hazards to human and nontarget species, and development of insecticide resistance on mosquitoes...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Ibrahim N Mwangi, Eric L Agola, Robert M Mugambi, Esther A Shiraho, Gerald M Mkoji
Human intestinal schistosomiasis is caused by the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni. With intensified efforts to control schistosomiasis by mass drug administration using praziquantel (PZQ), there is an urgent need to have accessible, quality-assured diagnostic tests for case detection and disease surveillance and for monitoring efficacy of treatment and other interventions. Current diagnostic tools are limited by suboptimal sensitivity, slow turn-around-time, affordability, and inability to distinguish current from past infections...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Tadesse Hailu, Mulat Yimer, Wondemagegn Mulu, Bayeh Abera
Plasmodium coinfection with hookworm and/or Schistosoma mansoni has detrimental effects on human's hemoglobin level. This study aimed to determine the effects of plasmodium, hookworm, and S. mansoni infections on hemoglobin level among febrile school age children in Northwest Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2016 to August 2016. Plasmodium and helminths infections were detected using Giemsa stain and formol-ether concentration techniques, respectively. Hemoglobin level was determined using Hemocue method...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Gertrude Kyere-Davies, Christian Agyare, Yaw Duah Boakye, Brian M Suzuki, Conor R Caffrey
Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by a flatworm parasite that infects people in tropical and subtropical regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, South America, China, and Southeast Asia. The reliance on just one drug for current treatment emphasizes the need for new chemotherapeutic strategies. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotypic effects of extracts and fractions of leaf and stem bark of Erythrophleum ivorense (family Euphorbiaceae), a tree that grows in tropical parts of Africa, on two developmental stages of Schistosoma mansoni , namely, postinfective larvae (schistosomula or somules) and adults...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Emmanuel Othieno, Michael Ocaido, Ezekiel Mupere, Leonard Omadang, Peter Oba, Andrew Livex Okwi
A descriptive cross-sectional survey was done to determine knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of the communities and health workers about cystic echinococcosis (CE) in pastoral region of Northeastern (NE) and agropastoral regions of Eastern (E) and Central (C) Uganda. Overall a total of 1310 participants were interviewed. Community respondents from NE region were more aware of CE infection than those from Eastern (OR 4.85; CI: 3.60-6.60; p < 0.001) and Central (OR 5.73; CI: 4.22-7.82; p < 0.001) regions...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Muhammad Mudasser Nazir, Muhammad Mazhar Ayaz, Atif Nisar Ahmed, Azhar Maqbool, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Oneeb, Ghulam Yasin, Atta Subhani, Muhammad Asif Ali, Noman Nazir, Muhammad Afzal Sajid
Little is known about the prevalence of protozoan parasites in the muscles of rock pigeons (Columbia livia) . The muscles from 54 (heart from 45 and breast from 54) rock pigeons were examined for DNA of Toxoplasma gondii , Neospora caninum, and Sarcocystis species using PCR. Twenty-four were female and 30 were males. The birds were part of flocks of pigeons housed at the tombs of saints in Lahore, Pakistan. Birds that died or were euthanized due to poor health were submitted for necropsy at the Department of Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan, where DNA isolations and PCR were conducted...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
Roland Eric Yessinou, Camus Adoligbe, Yao Akpo, Justin Adinci, Issaka Youssao Abdou Karim, Souaïbou Farougou
A study was carried out on the Opkara (Benin) cattle farm on 64 cattle of four different breeds (16 individuals per breed) from June to December 2016. During this study, three tick species were found in different numbers, Amblyomma variegatum (732), Rhipicephalus microplus (8079), and Hyalomma spp. (208), with parasitic intensity of 11.90, 126.23, and 3.25, respectively. The interracial comparison of the tick infestation between the cattle showed a significant difference ( P < 0.001). However, Girolando was more infested than all the cattle breeds...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
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