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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

Ludovic Roudil, Pasquale Russo, Carmen Berbegal, Warren Albertin, Giuseppe Spano, Vittorio Capozzi
BACKGROUND: Since over 15 years, non-Saccharomyces starter cultures represent a new interesting segment in the dynamic field of multinationals and national companies that develop and sell microbial-based biotechnological solutions for the wine sector. Although the diversity and the properties of non-Saccharomyces species/strains have been recently fully reviewed, less attention has been deserved to the commercial starter cultures in term of scientific findings, patents, and their innovative applications...
January 30, 2019: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
S C Valadares Filho, L D Silva, O G Pereira, J Ps Roseira, M Cn Agarussi, V P Silva, T C Silva, E S Leandro, R A Paula, S A Santos, K G Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Sugarcane silage has been increasing as a feed in the tropics by dairy farmers. However, sugarcane normally had high yeast population that leads to intense alcoholic fermentation and excessive dry-matter (DM) loss during ensilage and after air exposure, as well. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the changes in pH, DM, water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) and fermentation end product concentrations that occur in sugarcane silage with or without inoculation with L...
January 27, 2019: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Nelson Colihueque, René Espinoza, Margarita Parraguez
BACKGROUND: DNA-based technologies are reliable authentication methods for food products, enabling the detection of fraud, non-intentional substitution and control of mislabeling. The Chilean blue mussel (Mytilus chilensis) is a seafood commercialized in Chile under different formats, including packages of frozen specimens. In this format, the valves of mussels are removed during processing, thus impeding identification of the product by the consumer due to the lack of external characters...
December 31, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Hanaa H Abd El Baky, Gamal S El Baroty, Enas M Mostafa
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis (SP) microalgae were cultured in Zarrouk medium (ZM), containing three nitrogen concentrations (N-limited, N-optimal and N-rich medium) in ten liter-photo-bioreactor (10 L PBR) for 15-days, in order to study changes in lipid compounds (total carotenoids and total lipids and their effect on fatty acid profile). Based on US patent, the yield of bioactive compounds (such as gamma-linolenic acid GLA, C18:3) extracted from microalgae biomass, mainly depends on the extraction processes (1)...
December 27, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Amadi Peter Uchenna, Ogunka-Nnoka Uchechi Charity, Abbey Bene
OBJECTIVES: Plantain pseudostem (PPS) wastes were biotransformed by applying simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using excised snail digestive juice and yeast slurry, and their oil properties compared with oils from commercially sold poultry feeds (PF). Patents suggesting inclusion of certain additives (US20090226558A1), spices (US5741508A), cysteamine (US4711897A), and dextrin (US6326051B1) in animal diets are regarded as expensive, thus, requiring cheaper and readily available sources of growth...
December 17, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Mariana Sousa Vieira, Vinícius Valim Pereira, Alice da Cunha Morales Álvares, Lais Moreira Nogueira, William James Nogueira Lima, Paulo Afonso Granjeiro, Daniel Bonoto Gonçalves, Mariana Campos-da-Paz, Sonia Maria de Freitas, Alexsandro Sobreira Galdino
BACKGROUND: Phytases are enzymes capable of degrade phytic acid and used in animal feed supplementation in order to impro digestibility throught the release of mineral such phosphorus. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this study was to express and characterize of a Yersinia intermedia phytase expressed in Escherichia coli cells. METHODS: The Y. intermedia phytase gene was synthesized and overexpressed in Escherichia coli cells. The phytase recombinante (rPHY) was purified to homogeneity using a Ni-NTA column...
December 4, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Aline G Souza, Oscar J Smiderle, Renata D Menegatti, Marcos Aurélio C de Lima, Tainá R das Neves, Valmor J Bianchi
BACKGROUND: - Among stone fruit, the peach (Prunus persica (L) Batsch) is one of the most widely grown species in Brazil, in both area cultivated and in production. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological quality of heavy and light seeds of four cultivars of Prunus persica for two storage periods, from tests of electrical conductivity, germination, and an analysis of initial plantlets growth. METHODS: The electrical conductivity test (EC) was conducted in a completely randomised design (CRD), in a 4 x 2 x 5 factorial scheme with five replications...
November 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Samuel Ayofemi Olalekan Adeyeye
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Fish serves as a good source of dietary protein which is very inexpensive in relation to other animal protein foods. Fish is a cheap source of animal protein and it is an excellent component of human diet. This study assessed the effects of smoking methods and natural spices on studied parameters and consumer acceptance of smoked silver catfish (Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus). METHODS: One hundred samples of silver catfish were obtained by purposive sampling method...
November 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Bing Huei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Jae-Suk Choi
Soybean sprouts are nutrient-rich, containing plentiful protein, vitamin C, and minerals and are packed in small numbers after production. As soybean sprouts were mass produced in a factory, the occurrence of rotting in soybean sprouts has become a serious problem. To overcome these problems, many efforts have been made to provide healthy soybean sprouts in Korea. This paper reviewed the physicochemical techniques used for supplying water with antibacterial properties and the natural antimicrobial materials developed for soybean sprout cultivation...
November 16, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
M Thereza M S Gomes, Adina L Santana, Diego T Santos, M Angela A Meireles
BACKGROUND: The growing interest on supercritical fluids applied to particle engineering over the last years has received attention from the food and non-food industries, in terms of processing, packaging and preservation of these products. The rapid expansion of supercritical solutions (RESS) process is an efficient and promising method to produce small particles with narrow size distribution. OBJECTIVE: In this review we report technological aspects on the application of RESS process applied to the food and non-food industry, considering recent data and patent survey registered in literature...
September 25, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Hadi Emamat, Hadith Tangestani, Zahra Bahadoran, Sajjad Khalili-Moghadam, Parvin Mirmiran
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disorder influenced by both genetic and environmental factors and is rising dramatically throughout the world. Recently, consideration to dietary acid-base load has been raised as a nutritional indicator that could have metabolic effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the associations of dietary acid load indices with glucose/insulin homeostasis and type 2 diabetes in a patent based review...
September 24, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Farahnaz Ahmadi Norodinvand, Davoud Khodadadi Dehkordi, Aslan Egdernezhad
BACKGROUND: Deficit irrigation is an optimum technique for producing products under drought stress conditions. The superabsorbent hydrogel is a hydrophilic polymer with cross-linked 3-D hydrophilic nets that is able to take up and keep noteworthy values of water and aquatic liquids. Recently published patents have shown significant information in the superabsorbent application in agriculture. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the superabsorbent effect on the yield and some of the growth factors of Pisum sativum L...
September 24, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Mohammad H Morowvat, Younes Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, chlorophycean microalgae have attained a broad-spectrum attention as potential candidate for biomass and bioenergy production. Despite their appreciated benefits, one of major problems is their low biomass and lipid productivity. Here we investigated the heterotrophic culture in shake flasks and stirred tank bioreactor to improve the lipid and biomass production in a naturally isolated strain of Chlorella vulgaris. METHODS: A naturally isolated C...
September 10, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Veronica Cocetta, Daniela Catanzaro, Vittoria Borgonetti, Eugenio Ragazzi, Maria C Giron, Paolo Governa, Ilaria Carnevali, Marco Biagi, Monica Montopoli
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), are considered a growing global disease, with about ten million people being affected worldwide. Maintenance of intestinal barrier integrity is crucial for preventing IBD onset and exacerbations. Some recent patents regarding oily formulations containing probiotics (WO2010122107A1 and WO2010103374A9) and the use of probiotics for gastrointestinal complaints (US20110110905A1 and US9057112B2) exist, or are pending application. OBJECTIVE: In this work we studied the effect of a fixed combination of registered Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus acidophilus strains and herbal extracts in an in vitro inflammation experimental model...
August 8, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Jae-Suk Choi
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) has been widely used in traditional medicine, and as raw material for cosmetics, beverages, and health functional foods. However, some adverse effects of ginger have been reported. In addition, the hot and pungent taste of ginger leads to reduced consumption. To overcome these problems, methods for the production of fermented, steamed (or steamed-dried), aged, roasted and beopje ginger have been developed. This review provides an overview and summary of new ginger processing procedures, including methods to reduce the pungent flavor of ginger, extend shelf-life, increase the health-functional compound content, and improve safety...
August 6, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Amira Mechri, Wassila Benabderrahmane, Amel Amrani, Nassima Boubekri, Fadila Benayache, Samir Benayache, Djamila Zama
BACKGROUND: Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha), a common edible plant, is widely used for the preparation of different foodstuff and is also used in traditional medicine to treat heart problems and gastrointestinal ailments. Recently, a few patents of Crataegus preparation for protective effects (prevention of cardiovascular and hepatic diseases) have been developed. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to explore the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of n-butanol extract of Crataegus oxyacantha leaves in acute liver damage induced by doxorubicin (DOX)...
July 29, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Kanza A Awan, Masood S Butt, Faiza Ashfaq, Hussan Munir, Hafiz A Rasul Suleria
OBJECTIVES: The present research was tailored to explore the prophylactic role of garlic extracts to mitigate some diet related malfunctions. The recent patents regarding as antidiabetic agents (US 20140147528 A1) and garlic compositions (US 20110129580 A1) also helped in the study design. METHODS: Bioevaluation trials were conducted on Sprague Dawley rats by feeding garlic extracts for a period of sixty days. Accordingly, three studies were carried out comprising of normal, hyperglycemic and hypercholesterolemic rats...
July 23, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Caroline Cerqueira Araujo Magalhaes, Julia Andrade Romao, Geiza Suzart Araujo, Diego T Santos, Giovani Brandao Mafra De Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The use of nutritional supplementation of the brewer's wort can be an interesting option to increase cell viability and yeast fermentability. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at to evaluate the effects of the variables wort concentration and nutritional supplementation with palm oil in the production of beer in high density wort. METHOD: The process effects were evaluated through the central composite rotational design of type 22 associated with the response surface methodology (RSM)...
July 23, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Chaowanee Chupeerach, Cholathip Yothakulsiri, Rungrat Chamchan, Uthaiwan Suttisansanee, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Anchalee Tungtrongchitr, Nattira On-Nom
Coconut jelly is a popular dessert among Asian people. However, it contains high levels of sugar. The recent patents on steviol glycoside (WO2015014969A1), steviol glycoside compositions for oral ingestion or use (WO2017095932A1) and sweetener composition for preventing and improving obesity, containing glycolysis inhibitor ingredient (EP2756764B1) [3] help to select the sweetener for development of coconut jelly. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the purposes of this study were to develop a healthier coconut jelly formula by using stevia as a natural sweetener as well as to investigate the short-term effects of modified coconut jelly (MCJ) compared to control formula (CCJ) consumption on glycemic and insulin responses in twelve healthy participants...
July 17, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
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