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Veterinary Medicine International

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687493/drivers-of-antimicrobial-use-practices-among-tennessee-dairy-cattle-producers
#1
John E Ekakoro, Marc Caldwell, Elizabeth B Strand, Chika C Okafor
Nonjudicious antimicrobial use (AMU) and inadequate antimicrobial stewardship are known modifiable factors driving the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). A mixed methods approach using a combination of focus groups and survey questionnaires was used to explore the AMU practices of Tennessee (TN) dairy cattle producers. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to determine the following: (1) the most common drivers for using antimicrobials, (2) perceived alternatives to antimicrobials, (3) knowledge of and perceptions regarding AMR, (4) and the appropriate avenues for receiving information on prudent AMU...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30631413/scoring-system-for-lesions-induced-by-different-strains-of-newcastle-disease-virus-in-chicken
#2
Elawad A Hussein, M Hair-Bejo, Lawan Adamu, A R Omar, Siti S Arshad, Elmutaz A Awad, I Aini
Newcastle disease virus strains are velogenic, mesogenic, and lentogenic. This study aims to design a scoring system for lesions induced by different strains of Newcastle disease virus in chicken. Three experiments were conducted. In experiments 1 and 2, chickens were divided into infected and control groups. Infected groups of experiments 1 and 2 consisted of 6 and 24 specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens, respectively. Control groups in experiments 1 and 2 consisted of 6 and 15 SPF chickens, respectively...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30622694/microbial-isolates-from-vegetable-foreign-bodies-inhaled-by-dogs
#3
Sara Flisi, Manuel Dall'Aglio, Costanza Spadini, Clotilde Silvia Cabassi, Fausto Quintavalla
Grass-seed inhalation is a common problem in canine patients, in particular during summer months, migrating in upper and lower respiratory tract. Grass awns can harbor bacteria and fungi, causing grass seeds foreign body-related disease (GSFBD). Aim of this study was to investigate the aerobic microbial flora isolated from grass awns extracted from 41 dogs with GSFBD and the antibiotic susceptibility of the isolated bacterial strains. Fifty-four grass awns were localized with diagnostic imaging tests and removed by endoscopy from respiratory tract...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30534354/prevalence-of-bovine-leukemia-virus-antibodies-in-us-dairy-cattle
#4
Rebecca M LaDronka, Samantha Ainsworth, Melinda J Wilkins, Bo Norby, Todd M Byrem, Paul C Bartlett
Objective: To estimate current US herd-level and animal-level prevalence of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) in dairy cows and characterize epidemiologic features. Design: Cross-sectional observational study design and survey. Animals: 4120 dairy cows from 103 commercial dairy herds in 11 states across the US. Procedures: Milk samples were collected from dairy cows through routine commercial sampling and tested for anti-BLV antibodies by antibody capture ELISA...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30425823/effect-of-artificial-piglet-suckling-sounds-on-behavior-and-performance-of-piglets-and-adrenal-responses-of-sows
#5
Jaruwan Khonmee, Thanat Wathirunwong, Terdsak Yano, Chaleamchat Somgird, Janine L Brown, Panuwat Yamsakul
Operation of the farrowing house is essential to the productivity of a swine farm, requiring not only good management but also knowledge of the behavior of sows and piglets. Stress can negatively affect production in farm animals and could be a factor in production indexes. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of artificial sucking sounds on the behavior of piglets and fecal glucocorticoid (FGM) concentrations of sows. A total of 30 sows were divided into two groups: a treatment group (15 sows) was exposed to artificial sucking sounds and a control group (15 sows) was not...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30410717/frequency-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-in-synanthropic-and-wild-rodents-captured-in-a-rural-community-in-southeast-of-mexico
#6
Ivonne Hernández-Cortazar, Karla Cecilia Amaya Guardia, Marco Torres-Castro, Karla Acosta-Viana, Eugenia Guzmán-Marín, José Israel Chan-Pérez, Antonio Ortega-Pacheco, Roger I Rodríguez-Vivas, Rodrigo Medina-Pinto, Matilde Jiménez-Coello
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of the Chagas disease, which is endemic in southeastern Mexico and is transmitted by the vector Triatoma dimidiata (triatomide). T. cruzi infect a great variety of domestic and wild mammals; rodents are considered one of the most important reservoirs of the parasite in the transmission cycles of T. cruzi . The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of T. cruzi infection and to determine the parasitic load in synanthropic and wild rodents from the rural community of southern Mexico...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30356356/stray-dog-population-in-a-city-of-southern-mexico-and-its-impact-on-the-contamination-of-public-areas
#7
Gloria R Cortez-Aguirre, Matilde Jiménez-Coello, Eduardo Gutiérrez-Blanco, Antonio Ortega-Pacheco
To assess the risk of zoonotic pathogen transmission as function of stray dog presence and health status, a cross-sectional study was carried out in a large city of southern Mexico that lacks comprehensive strategies for the control of stray canine populations. The photographic capture-recapture method was used to estimate the density of dogs/km2 . In the same way, dog feces from 14 public parks of the city were collected to determine the prevalence and intensity of infection with gastrointestinal parasites...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30140424/variations-in-the-temperature-humidity-index-and-dorsal-fat-thickness-during-the-last-trimester-of-gestation-and-early-postpartum-period-affect-fertility-of-bos-indicus-cows-in-the-tropics
#8
Ramiro F Díaz, Carlos S Galina, Sandra Estrada, Felipe Montiel, Gloriana Castillo, Juan José Romero-Zúñiga
In order to measure the influence of the temperature-humidity index (THI) and the variation of fat thickness on reproductive performance, ninety-two Bos indicus cows kept under grazing conditions were used in two farms in Veracruz (Mexico) and Puntarenas (Costa Rica). THI was calculated with the average environmental temperature and relative humidity. Measurements of fat thickness (FAT) were taken two weeks apart from the last trimester of gestation to approximately 80 days postpartum (dpp). Natural breeding was used in both farms...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30050674/growth-performance-serum-biochemical-profile-oxidative-status-and-fertility-traits-in-male-japanese-quail-fed-on-ginger-zingiber-officinale-roscoe-essential-oil
#9
Tchoffo Herve, Kana Jean Raphaël, Ngoula Ferdinand, Folack Tiwa Laurine Vitrice, Adoum Gaye, Moussa Mahamat Outman, Ngouozeu Moyo Willy Marvel
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of ginger ( Zingiber officinale , Rosc.) essential oil on growth performance, serum biochemical profile, oxidative stress, and histological structure of testes and fertility traits in Japanese quail ( Coturnix coturnix japonica ). 96 three-week-old male Japanese quail weighing between 120 and 130 g were randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatment groups in a completely randomized design. Each group was divided into 4 replicates of 6 quails. Quails in control group received orally 100  μ l/kg bw of distilled water, while the three test groups received, respectively, by gastric intubation 50, 100, and 150  μ l/kg bw of ginger essential oil...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30050673/socioecology-of-the-canine-population-in-the-province-of-el-jadida-morocco
#10
K Bouaddi, A Bitar, A Ferssiwi, M Bouslikhane, A Fitani, P P Mshelbwala, S W Audu
Understanding the socioecology of domestic dog populations is essential for effective disease control, especially canine rabies. In Morocco, since 1986, the control efforts and plans put in place by the government have failed to eradicate this disease; this is because the management of the canine population was not taken into account during the establishment of these plans. It is against the background that this study was designed to estimate the dog population and determine its socioecological characteristics, as well as investigate the attitude of the inhabitants towards the dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30026906/carriage-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-poultry-and-cattle-in-northern-algeria
#11
Saliha Bounar-Kechih, Mossadak Taha Hamdi, Hebib Aggad, Nacima Meguenni, Zafer Cantekin
Multiresistant and especially Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA) poses a serious public health problem that requires their immediate identification and antibiotic resistance characteristics. In order to determine antibiotic resistance S. aureus poultry and bovine origin, 8840 samples were collected from slaughterhouses in the northern region of Algeria between years 2009 and 2014. 8375 samples were from an avian origin (1875 from laying hens and 6500 from broiler chickens) and the rest was from bovine origin...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30026905/characterization-of-seminiferous-epithelium-stages-in-the-wild-javan-muntjac-muntiacus-muntjak-muntjak-using-the-tubular-morphology-method
#12
Sri Wahyuni, Gholib Gholib, I Ketut Mudite Adnyane, Muhammad Agil, Hamny Hamny, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Tuty Laswardi Yusuf
Stages of the seminiferous epithelium of the testis of the wild Javan muntjac ( Muntiacus muntjak muntjak ) in hard antler period were characterized based on the tubular morphology method. The number and the relative frequencies of seminiferous epithelium stages and the morphometry of germinal cell nuclei were identified microscopically. We identified eight stages of seminiferous epithelium in testicular tissue of the Javan muntjac and found that the relative frequencies of stages I to VIII were 14.87, 15.12, 17...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29977495/assessment-of-factors-influencing-the-implementation-of-biosecurity-measures-on-pig-farms-in-the-western-highlands-of-cameroon-central-africa
#13
Marc K Kouam, Junior O Moussala
Biosecurity plays an irreplaceable role in preventing diseases and increasing productivity on farm. The main objective of this study was to characterize pig farming and investigate factors influencing biosecurity on pig farms in the western highlands of Cameroon. Data were collected from May to July 2017 using a questionnaire and observations. A technical scoring system was developed from the biosecurity measures. The results revealed that most farmers are males (76.29%), on average 47.82 ± 10.34 years old, with secondary school level (53...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29977494/contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-in-gimbo-district-southwest-ethiopia
#14
Yosef Mamo, Molalegne Bitew, Tsegaye Teklemariam, Murga Soma, Debebe Gebre, Temesgen Abera, Tefera Benti, Yosef Deneke
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly contagious disease of cattle which is one of the great plagues which continues to devastate the cattle herds on which so many people are dependent in Africa. Cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to August 2016 to determine the seroprevalence of CBPP in cattle and associated risk factors in Gimbo district, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 384 serum samples were collected and tested for the presence of specific antibodies against Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (MmmSC), using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA)...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29887984/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-among-domestic-ruminants-in-east-hararghe-zone-of-oromia-region-ethiopia
#15
Berhanu Tilahun, Yacob Hailu Tolossa, Getachew Tilahun, Hagos Ashenafi, Shihun Shimelis
A cross-sectional study was carried out from July 2011 to September 2013 to assess the seroprevalence and identify risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic ruminants of East Hararghe zone of Oromia region, Ethiopia. Sera of 1360 domestic ruminants were analyzed for the presence of anti- T. gondii IgG antibodies using the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA). Additionally, the owners were also interviewed using a structured questionnaire to identify the potential risk factors of T...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29862007/serum-symmetric-dimethylarginine-as-an-early-marker-of-excretory-dysfunction-in-canine-leishmaniosis-l-infantum-induced-nephropathy
#16
Esther Torrent, Marta Planellas, Laura Ordeix, Josep Pastor, Jaume Rodon, Laia Solano-Gallego
The aims of the study were to determine whether symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) was increased in dogs with leishmaniosis and to assess its relationship with creatinine concentration and urinary protein : creatinine ratio (UPC) to determine its utility as a marker of early excretory dysfunction. Fifty-three dogs with leishmaniosis classified according to the LeishVet clinical staging (stage I, n = 5, stage II, n = 30; stage III, n = 12; stage IV, n = 6) were selected and compared with 41 clinically healthy dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29755727/antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-e-coli-isolated-from-raw-cow-milk-and-fresh-fruit-juice-in-mekelle-tigray-ethiopia
#17
Haftay Abraha Tadesse, Netsenet Berhe Gidey, Kidane Workelule, Hagos Hailu, Seyfe Gidey, Abrha Bsrat, Habtamu Taddele
Aim: Foodborne illnesses represent a public health problem in developed and developing countries. They cause great suffering and are transmitted directly or indirectly between animals and humans and circulate in the global environment . E. coli are among them, causing a major public health problem. The aim of this study was therefore to study the antimicrobial resistance profile of E. coli from raw cow milk and fruit juice. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to June 2017 on 258 samples collected from milk shops ( n = 86), dairy farms ( n = 86), and fruit juice ( n = 86) in different subcities of Mekelle...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29755726/-trueperella-pyogenes-and-brucella-abortus-coinfection-in-a-dog-and-a-cat-on-a-dairy-farm-in-egypt-with-recurrent-cases-of-mastitis-and-abortion
#18
Gamal Wareth, Mohamed El-Diasty, Falk Melzer, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Amir Abdulmawjood, Lisa D Sprague, Heinrich Neubauer
Trueperella pyogenes was isolated from a dog and a cat with a mixed infection with Brucella abortus . Both lived on a dairy cattle farm with a history of regular cases of abortion and mastitis. Identification of the bacteria was done by means of MALDI-TOF MS, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) based on cpn 60, partial 16S rRNA sequencing, and growth on Loeffler Serum Medium. Isolation of Trueperella pyogenes on the dairy farm highlights its neglected role in reproduction failure and draws attention to its effects in the dairy industry in Egypt...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29721257/assessment-of-raw-cow-milk-quality-in-smallholder-dairy-farms-in-pemba-island-zanzibar-tanzania
#19
S H Gwandu, H E Nonga, R H Mdegela, A S Katakweba, T S Suleiman, R Ryoba
Milk quality depends on the physicochemical characteristics, hygienic standards, and nutritional quality; however, animal husbandry practices, unhygienic harvesting and processing, may affect its quality. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2010 and July 2011 to assess the hygiene of cow milk production environment, raw cow milk physicochemical characteristics, and microbial quality and estimate the prevalence of antimicrobial residues using standard methods in Pemba Island. A total of 98 raw cow milk samples from selected smallholder dairy farms were analyzed, and the judgement on the quality used the East African Standards...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29682272/maintenance-of-fish-health-in-aquaculture-review-of-epidemiological-approaches-for-prevention-and-control-of-infectious-disease-of-fish
#20
REVIEW
Ayalew Assefa, Fufa Abunna
Aquaculture is rapidly growing part of agriculture worldwide. It makes up around 44 percent of total fish production globally. This increased growth of production is achieved despite facing many challenges in the aquaculture environment. Among production limiting challenges, the infectious disease takes the lion share by causing multibillion-dollar loss annually. To reduce the impact of the fish disease, it is necessary to address health constraints based on scientifically proven and recommended ways. This review aims at pointing out some of the best approaches to prevention and control of infectious disease in aquaculture...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
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