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Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766732/epiretinal-membrane-surgery-in-daily-clinical-practice-results-of-a-proposed-management-scheme
#1
Jesús Pareja, Alba Coronado, Inés Contreras
Purpose: To report the results of the epiretinal membrane (ERM) management guidelines followed in our center. Methods: Patients with ERM seen between 2014 and 2015, with ≥2 years follow-up or who had undergone ERM surgery, were included. Corrected visual acuity (VA), lens status, and ERM configuration were recorded at each visit. Our guidelines for ERM are if VA is ≥20/30, observation is recommended unless there is moderate/intense metamorphopsia. Vitrectomy is recommended during follow-up if there is a drop >one line in VA with changes in ERM configuration...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766731/the-effects-of-diabetic-duration-on-lacrimal-functional-unit-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#2
Xiaoyu Zeng, Ying Lv, Zhongxiu Gu, Zhe Jia, Chen Zhang, Xiaoxiao Lu, Chenchen Chu, Yichen Gao, Yu Nie, Yanxia Wang, Yan Zhang, Shaozhen Zhao
Purpose: To observe ocular surface changes in Type II diabetic patients with different disease durations and to understand the correlations between clinical parameters and diabetic durations. Methods: In this cross-sectional, prospective study, 51 healthy controls and 91 patients with Type II diabetes were enrolled. The diabetics were divided into 3 subgroups according to the disease duration, including duration <10 y group, 10 to 20 y group, and ≥21 y group...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766730/early-macular-angiography-among-patients-with-glaucoma-ocular-hypertension-and-normal-subjects
#3
Shih-Chun Chao, Shang-Jung Yang, Hung-Chi Chen, Chi-Chin Sun, Chin-Hsin Liu, Chia-Yi Lee
Purpose: To evaluate early macular circulation in open-angle glaucoma (OAG), normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), ocular hypertension (OHT), and healthy subjects via optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Medical records were reviewed, and the patients who received OCTA examinations were divided into the OAG, NTG, OHT, and normal groups. The ophthalmic data including best-corrected visual acuity, spherical equivalent, intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, central foveal thickness, visual field deviation, retinal nerve fiber layers thickness, and ganglion cell complex thickness were obtained from medical documents...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766729/the-association-of-oxidative-stress-status-with-open-angle-glaucoma-and-exfoliation-glaucoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Binghua Tang, Shengjie Li, Wenjun Cao, Xinghuai Sun
Purpose: To systematically evaluate the associations between oxidative stress status and different types of glaucoma. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Web of Science for randomized controlled trials written in the English language between January 1, 1990, and November 30, 2016. A random effects model was used to estimate oxidative stress status along with weighted mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755802/long-term-clinical-outcomes-after-mix-and-match-implantation-of-two-multifocal-intraocular-lenses-with-different-adds
#5
Yuanfeng Jiang, Shaochong Bu, Fang Tian, Jingli Liang, Tiecheng Wang, Xiuli Xing, Hong Zhang, Xiaomin Zhang
Purpose: To compare long-term clinical outcomes between patients with bilateral implantation of +3.0 diopter (D) multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) and mix and match implantation of +2.5 D and +3.0 D multifocal IOLs. Material and Methods: This retrospective observer-masked cohort study comprised 66 eyes of 33 patients with two different strategies of binocular multifocal IOLs implantation: bilateral +3.0 D (17 patients) (bilateral group) and mix and match +2...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755801/erratum-to-visual-outcomes-of-ultrathin-descemet-stripping-endothelial-keratoplasty-versus-descemet-stripping-endothelial-keratoplasty
#6
Konstantinos Droutsas, Myrsini Petrelli, Dimitrios Miltsakakis, Konstantinos Andreanos, Anastasia Karagianni, Apostolos Lazaridis, Chrysanthi Koutsandrea, George Kymionis
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/5924058.].
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755800/intraoperative-complications-of-cataract-surgery-using-intracameral-illumination-in-the-elderly-over-75-years
#7
Yu Jeong Kim, Su Jin Park, Jong Yeon Lee, Dae Yeong Lee, Dong Heun Nam
Purpose: To evaluate intraoperative complications and utilization of adjunctive devices between microscope and intracameral illuminations during cataract surgery in the elderly over 75 years. Design: A retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series Participants. Two hundred eighty-six eyes of 184 patients older than 75 years who underwent cataract surgery using microscope and intracameral illuminations. Methods: A chart review was performed on an advanced cataract surgery group of 141 consecutive cases in which the intracameral illumination was used and on a standard cataract surgery group of 145 consecutive cases in which the intracameral illumination was not used...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755799/absence-of-posterior-vitreous-detachment-is-a-risk-factor-of-severe-bleb-related-endophthalmitis
#8
Kazuhiko Umazume, Jun Suzuki, Yoshihiko Usui, Katsuhiko Maruyama, Yoshihiro Wakabayashi, Hiroshi Goto
Purpose: Bleb-related endophthalmitis (BRE) after glaucoma surgery is an infection caused by bacteria in the avascular bleb gaining access into the eye. We report the clinical features and outcome of 10 consecutive eyes with severe BRE treated at our hospital. Methods: Ten patients (10 eyes) with stage IIIb BRE after trabeculectomy diagnosed and treated at the Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Medical University, between April 2013 and May 2015, were studied. Patient background, type of glaucoma, interval from the first trabeculectomy, pretreatment bleb findings, causative microorganisms, surgical methods, status of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), and postoperative visual acuity were examined...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733874/a-simple-surgical-approach-for-the-management-of-acquired-severe-lower-punctal-stenosis
#9
Sameh S Mandour, Khaled E Said-Ahmed, Hany A Khairy, Moataz F Elsawy, Marwa A Zaky
Purpose: Evaluation of using pigtail probe to detect and open severely stenosed lower lacrimal punctum followed by self-retaining bicanalicular intubation. Study design: A prospective nonrandomized clinical study. Methods: The study included 24 patients with severe lower punctal stenosis (grade 0 according to Kashkouli scale) attending at Menoufia University Hospitals. The upper punctum and canaliculus were patent. All patients were complaining of epiphora and had a thorough ophthalmological examination including dye disappearance test and slit-lamp examination...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733873/a-propensity-score-matching-comparison-between-27-gauge-and-25-gauge-vitrectomy-systems-for-the-repair-of-primary-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#10
Daniele Veritti, Valentina Sarao, Paolo Lanzetta
Purpose: To compare the anatomical and visual results and complications of 27-gauge versus 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy for the management of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Methods: A prospective, propensity score-matched 6-month study was performed. All patients underwent either 27-gauge or 25-gauge vitrectomy as the first surgical intervention and were followed up over a 6-month period, in order to evaluate anatomical success, change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and intraoperative and postoperative complications including intraocular pressure dysregulation...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733872/bandage-contact-lens-application-reduces-fibrotic-wound-healing-of-flap-margins-after-fs-lasik-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Li-Quan Zhao, Liang-Mao Li, Jun Liu, Peng Li
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of applying bandage contact lens (BCL) in reducing the fibrotic healing response of flap margins following femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). Methods: In this prospective, randomized, interventional, observer-masked trial, 41 patients (82 eyes) with myopia and/or myopic astigmatism were scheduled to undergo FS-LASIK. After surgery, patients were fitted with a BCL in one eye (BCL eyes, n =41) but not in the contralateral eye (control eyes, n =41), following randomized allocation of the BCL to the left or right eye of each patient...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733871/abnormal-outer-choroidal-vasculature-in-amblyopia
#12
Noriko Terada, Manabu Miyata, Yuki Muraoka, Masayuki Hata, Masahiro Fujimoto, Satoshi Yokota, Hideo Nakanishi, Kenji Suda, Munemitsu Yoshikawa, Sotaro Ooto, Hiroshi Ohtsuki, Akitaka Tsujikawa
Purpose: Several studies have indicated morphological changes in the choroid in amblyopia cases. This study investigates whether choroidal vasculature was different among amblyopic and fellow eyes in unilateral amblyopia patients and healthy eyes, using en face images acquired via swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Design: Prospective, observational case-control study. Methods: This study included 14 consecutive patients with unilateral amblyopia and 22 age- and axial length-matched healthy eyes...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719338/comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-tumor-resection-in-vitrectomy-for-retinal-vasoproliferative-tumors
#13
Bin Zheng, Yan Chen, Lifeng Chen, Huan Chen, Jingwei Zheng, Feng Chen, Zongming Song, Lin Fu, Xuting Hu, Jiandong Pan, Hengli Lian, Lijun Shen, Qiuming Li
Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety of combined vitrectomy with tumor resection in the treatment of retinal vasoproliferative tumors (RVPT). Methods: Retrospective study. RVPT patients who underwent vitreous surgery at the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2011 to July 2017 were included. The main outcomes included treatment type, tumor activity, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Results: Altogether, 16 patients with 17 eyes were enrolled with follow-up of no less than 6 months...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719337/impact-of-defocus-and-high-order-aberrations-on-light-disturbance-measurements
#14
A Amorim-de-Sousa, R Macedo-de-Araújo, P Fernandes, A Queirós, J M González-Méijome
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of different levels of positive and negative defocus on light disturbance (LD) measures and to understand how high-order aberrations (HOAs) and topographic quality parameters may influence the perception of photic phenomena. Methods: Thirty young healthy subjects (21 females and 9 males) attended this cross-sectional study. LD was evaluated with the light distortion analyzer (LDA) in natural accommodative and cycloplegic conditions with positive and negative induced defocus of 1...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719336/the-topographical-effect-of-optical-zone-diameter-in-orthokeratology-contact-lenses-in-high-myopes
#15
G Carracedo, T M Espinosa-Vidal, I Martínez-Alberquilla, L Batres
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of the optical zone diameter (OZ) in orthokeratology contact lenses regarding the topographical profile in patients with high myopia (-4.00 D to -7.00 D) and to study its effect over the visual quality. Materials and Methods: Twelve patients (18 eyes) were fitted with overnight orthokeratology (OrthoK) with a randomized 6 mm or 5 mm OZ lens worn for 2 weeks, followed by a 2-week washout period, between both designs. Keratometry (K) readings, optical zone treatment diameter (OZT), peripheral ring width (PRW), higher-order aberrations (HOA), high (HC) and low contrast (LC) visual acuity, and subjective vision and comfort were measured at baseline and after 2 weeks of OrthoK lens wear of each contact lens...
2019: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693103/dexamethasone-intravitreal-implant-ozurdex-for-long-term-macular-edema-after-epiretinal-membrane-peeling-surgery
#16
Yo-Chen Chang, Pei-Kang Liu, Tzu-En Kao, Horng-Jiun Wu, Kai-Chun Cheng, Kuo-Jen Chen, Kwou-Yeung Wu, Wen-Chuan Wu
Purpose: To investigate the functional and anatomical outcome of the 0.7 mg dexamethasone (Ozurdex) intravitreal implant (IVD) in eyes with long-term macular edema after macular epiretinal membrane removal. Methods: We enrolled 40 eyes with persistent macular edema at least 12 months after epiretinal membrane removal. Twenty eyes in the IVD group received IVD and the other 20 eyes were in the control group. The main outcome measures were change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central foveal thickness (CFT)...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687549/sutureless-intrascleral-haptic-hook-lens-implantation-using-25-gauge-trocars
#17
Zhi-Xiang Hu, HaiShuang Lin, Lingying Ye, Zhong Lin, Tianyu Chen, Ke Lin, Rong-Han Wu
Purpose: To report a new technique for sutureless intrascleral fixation of three-piece foldable intraocular lenses (IOLs) using 25-gauge trocars. Methods: We performed this technique on patients with insufficient posterior capsule support. Seventeen eyes from 15 patients with aphakia, dislocated IOL, or subluxated crystalline lens undergoing posterior chamber sutureless implantation of an IOL were studied. The haptics of the IOL were externalized using two 25-gauge forceps...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687548/pupil-size-associated-with-the-largest-iris-volume-in-normal-chinese-eyes
#18
Shuning Li, Jing Jiang, Yiquan Yang, Gewei Wu, Shi-Ming Li, Ravi Thomas, Ningli Wang
Background: To determine the range of pupil size that has the largest iris volume in normal eyes. Methods: 31 healthy adult Chinese volunteers underwent swept-source anterior segment OCT examination in both eyes. Pilocarpine 1% was instilled in a randomly selected eye (eye with induced miosis (ME)) of each participant to obtain iris volume (IV) measurements over a range of pupil sizes. OCT was performed prior to and one hour after pilocarpine in both ME and fellow eye (FE)...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687547/expression-of-progenitor-cell-markers-in-the-glial-like-cells-of-epiretinal-membranes-of-different-origins
#19
Xiaohe Yan, Pål Andresen, Xhevat Lumi, Qingshan Chen, Goran Petrovski
Purpose: To investigate the expression of progenitor cell markers (Sox2, Nestin, and Pax2) in idiopathic epiretinal membranes (iERMs) and nonidiopathic epiretinal membranes (niERMs) in relation to glial cell marker expression. Methods: ERMs were obtained from patients with iERMs and niERMs of different origins: proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), and uveitis. The membranes were studied by flat-mount or sectional immunohistochemistry for expression of progenitor cell markers as well as glial (GFAP) and proliferation (Ki-67) markers...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687546/comparison-of-color-light-emitting-diode-corneal-topographer-and-dual-rotating-scheimpflug-placido-topographer
#20
Jae Hyuck Lee, Yong Woo Lee, Jong Soo Lee, Michael C Knorz, Gerd U Auffarth, Chul Young Choi
Purpose: To compare measurements of anterior and posterior keratometric values, using a color light-emitting diode corneal topographer and a dual rotating Scheimpflug-Placido topographer. Methods: Anterior and posterior corneal index measurements were performed using a color light-emitting diode corneal topographer (Cassini) and a dual rotating Scheimpflug-Placido topographer (Galilei G4) and then compared. The paired t -test, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), and Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the agreement between measurements...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
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