journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38846928/evaluation-of-parameters-and-nozzle-tip-damage-after-clinical-use-of-three-hydrophilic-intraocular-lens-injector-models
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lu Zhang, Sonja Schickhardt, Patrick Merz, Gerd Uwe Auffarth
PURPOSE: To assess the nozzle tip damage and the parameters of three different hydrophilic intraocular lens (IOL) injector models. METHODS: After routine cataract surgeries at the University Eye Hospital Heidelberg, all the used IOL injectors were collected from the operating room and sent to our laboratory. Nozzle tip damage was assessed under a microscope and graded as follows: no damage (grade 0), slight scratches (1), deep scratches (2), extensions (3), cracks (4), and bursts (5)...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38841207/correlation-between-corneal-volume-and-corneal-biomechanics-and-corneal-volume-significance-in-staging-and-diagnosing-keratoconus
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhiqing Wu, Yaohua Zhang, Yong Li, Fang Yang, Xirui Su, Yan Gao, Shengsheng Wei, Jing Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between corneal volume (CV) at different zones and corneal biomechanics in keratoconus (KC) along with the significance of CV in diagnosing and staging KC. METHODS: This prospective clinical study included 456 keratoconic eyes (Group B) and 198 normal eyes (Group A). Using the topographic KC classification method, Group B was divided into subgroups based on severity (mild, moderate, and severe). The CVs of the 3 mm, 5 mm, and 7 mm zones and biomechanical parameters were obtained by Pentacam and Corvis ST...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827421/indications-and-outcomes-of-intraocular-lens-explantation-in-a-tertiary-eyecare-center-in-hungary-between-2006-and-2020
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Márton Magyar, Nóra Szentmáry, László Ujváry, Gábor László Sándor, Frank Schirra, Zoltán Zsolt Nagy, Gábor Tóth
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to evaluate the indications and outcomes of intraocular lens (IOL) explantation surgeries in a tertiary eyecare center in Hungary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all IOL explantation surgeries performed between 2006 and 2020 at the Department of Ophthalmology of Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. There were no exclusion criteria for this study. For each patient, the demographics, clinical history, preoperative status, indications for IOL explantation, and operative and postoperative details were reviewed...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38812725/clinical-observation-of-posterior-chamber-phakic-implantable-collamer-lens-v4c-implantation-in-myopic-patients-with-shallow-anterior-chamber-depth-a-retrospective-consecutive-observational-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juan Yuan, Shuang Wu, Zongli Hu, Chunlin Chen, Shiyang Ye, Jian Ye
PURPOSE: The reference range for the preoperative anterior chamber angle width for ICL surgery is unclear. Our objective was to assess the clinical effect and the range of anterior chamber angle width of posterior-chamber implantable collamer lens V4c (ICL V4c) implantation in patients with anterior chamber depth (ACD) < 2.8 mm. METHODS: Patients who underwent ICL V4c implantation with shallow ACD were included in this retrospective study...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38807863/lasik-videos-on-tiktok-a-content-analysis-of-the-top-100-videos
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Firas F Haddad, Joanna S Saade
INTRODUCTION: Social media has increasingly become a prominent source of health information. Platforms like TikTok that allow for videos to reach millions of viewers have become among the most common platforms to share and receive health information. Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) videos and patients' experiences are commonly discussed on social media. The quality of these videos remains to be assessed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the content, quality, and reach of the top 100 videos related to LASIK eye surgery on TikTok...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38800368/changes-in-the-biomechanical-properties-of-corneal-stromal-lens-after-collagen-crosslinking-induced-by-edc-nhs
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rong Shi, Lijing Wang, Chengpeng Liang, Yu Cheng, Tai Xiang Liu, Xin Luo
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the changes of lens antidilatation, antiedema, and antienzymolysis ability after different concentrations of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide and N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS)-induced collagen cross-linking. METHODS: Corneal stromal lenticules ( n  = 100) obtained from small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) procedures were divided into 5 groups: no treatment (control); EDC/NHS (5%/2.5%); EDC/NHS(5%/5%); EDC/NHS (10%/5%); riboflavin and ultraviolet-A light (UVA)...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38765182/the-performance-of-spot-photoscreener-in-6-to-10-weeks-infants-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yaoling Li, Jing Li, Huiyu Wang, Mingyang Du, Lirong Wei, Teng Su, Gang Ding, Xuehan Qian, Ning Hua
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive errors measured by the Spot photoscreener (with or without cycloplegia) to cycloplegic retinoscopy in 6- to 10-week-old infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 101 right eyes from 101 healthy infants aged 6 to 10 weeks were recruited for this cross-sectional observational study. Refractive errors were measured using Spot photoscreener before and after cycloplegia, as well as cycloplegic retinoscopy. Comparisons between the refractive measurements were performed using one-way ANOVA with the post hoc Tukey HSD test or Kruskal-Wallis test with the Steel-Dwass test according to the data normality...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38741691/test-retest-of-the-spot-vision-screener-among-children-with-ophthalmological-diseases-including-strabismus
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mika Ichimura, Satoshi Ueki, Takeo Fukuchi
BACKGROUND: The spot vision screener (SVS) has been widely used for eye health examinations of infants and young children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of two SVS measurements in children with ophthalmological diseases. METHODS: 29 patients aged 15 years or younger who visited our hospital for refraction examinations with SVS before and at least 60 minutes after administration of 2 drops of 1% cyclopentolate ophthalmic solution (before and after cycloplegia) were included in this study...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38716089/application-of-metagenomic-next-generation-sequencing-in-the-diagnosis-of-infectious-keratitis
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xin-Yu Pan, Meng Wang, Yi-Dan Xu, Lin-Nong Wang
PURPOSE: To determine the advantages of next-generation metagenomic sequencing (mNGS) technology in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious keratitis (IK). METHODS: A total of 287 patients with IK admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of Nanjing First Hospital between August 2018 and December 2022 were analyzed retrospectively, and the pathogenic causes, etiological characteristics, detection, treatment methods, and efficacy were summarized. RESULTS: Trauma and foreign matter were the most common causes of IK (144 patients, 50...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38716088/enhanced-surgical-safety-through-protective-penetrating-keratoplasty-a-retrospective-analysis-of-22-cases
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tian Yang, Miguel O M Castellanos
AIM: To assess the surgical safety, postoperative outcomes, and the impact of PPK on corneal endothelial cell density through a retrospective analysis of 22 cases. Settings and Design . A retrospective cross-sectional observational study was executed at Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital from February 2018 to December 2021, involving 22 patients (22 eyes) who were unresponsive to other medical treatments and had a corrected distance visual acuity of ≤0.1. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients underwent PPK, with surgical procedures and postoperative care documented...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38716087/impact-of-dyslipidemia-on-tear-film-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-interplay-between-serum-lipid-profile-and-ocular-surface-health
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
José-Manuel Serrano-Morales, Noelia Álvarez-Santaliestra, María Carmen Sánchez-González, Antonio Ballesteros-Sánchez, José-María Sánchez-González
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and dry eye disease (DED), as well as its influence on tear film and meibomian glands. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 40 patients with a mean age of 35.2 ± 13.9 years without any history of dyslipidemia. DED and serum lipid profile were evaluated after 8 hours of fasting. Patients were classified according to serum lipid levels with the following cut-off values: total cholesterol (TC) (200 mg/dl), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (40 mg/dl), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (130 mg/dl), and triglycerides (TG) (150 mg/dl)...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567029/chemical-physical-and-biological-corneal-decellularization-methods-a-review-of-literature
#12
REVIEW
Alexandra Procházková, Martina Poláchová, Jakub Dítě, Magdaléna Netuková, Pavel Studený
The cornea is one of the most commonly transplanted tissues worldwide. It is used to restore vision when severe visual impairment or blindness occurs in patients with corneal diseases or after trauma. Due to the global shortage of healthy donor corneas, decellularized corneal tissue has significant potential as an alternative to corneal transplantation. It preserves the native and biological ultrastructure of the cornea and, therefore, represents the most promising scaffold. This article discusses different methods of corneal decellularization based on the current literature...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529362/efficacy-and-predictive-factors-of-oral-spironolactone-treatment-in-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheng Gao, Yun Zhang, Meixia Zhang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of spironolactone in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and identify imaging characteristics that can predict the benefit of spironolactone treatment. METHODS: Patients with chronic CSC were treated with spironolactone (20 mg/tid) and followed for 6 months. The primary outcome measure was complete resolution of the subretinal fluid (SRF), and the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), the SRF area, the central macular thickness (CMT), the subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), and the density of the choriocapillaris vessel and adverse events were secondary outcome measures...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38500553/correlations-between-steady-state-pattern-electroretinogram-and-humphrey-visual-field-analyzer-global-indices-and-their-associations-with-retinal-ganglion-cell-layer-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-in-glaucoma-suspects
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew Tirsi, Vasiliki Gliagias, Daniel Zhu, Benny Wong, Rohun Gupta, Sung Chul Park, Stephen Obstbaum, Celso Tello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of steady state pattern electroretinogram (ss-PERG) in detecting retinal ganglion cell (RGC) dysfunction in glaucoma suspects (GS) who had normal 24-2 Humphrey Visual Fields (HFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of GS patients who were identified based on optic disc appearance with normal HFAs. Patients received a complete eye examination, standard automated perimetry (SAP), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and ss-PERG measurements...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38495222/microsurgical-vitrectomy-with-pars-plana-incision-for-the-removal-of-posterior-segment-intraocular-foreign-bodies
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xin Liu, Meng Meng Ji, Ling Jin, Ai Ping Zeng
This study describes a pars plana incision surgical technique combined with 23 or 25-gauge vitrectomy in the management of intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs) and to assess its anatomical and functional results. Sixteen patients with ocular trauma complicated with IOFB were enrolled in our study. The mean preoperative visual acuity was 2.01 ± 0.55 LogMAR, and the mean postoperative visual acuity at the final visit was improved to 0.91 ± 0.58 LogMAR ( p < 0.001). Until the last follow-up, all IOFBs were successfully removed and anatomic success was obtained...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38468717/mutational-profile-and-retinal-phenotypes-of-pcare-related-cone-rod-dystrophies-in-a-mexican-cohort
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Víctor R López-Rodríguez, Rocío Arce-González, Alan Martínez-Aguilar, Carlos E Rodríguez-López, Sergio Groman-Lupa, M Isabel Neria-González, Genaro Rodríguez-Uribe, Juan C Zenteno
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to describe the genotype and phenotype of a Mexican cohort with PCARE -related retinal disease. METHODS: The study included 14 patients from 11 unrelated pedigrees with retinal dystrophies who were demonstrated to carry biallelic pathogenic variants in PCARE . Visual assessment methods included best corrected visual acuity, color fundus photography, Goldmann visual field test, kinetic perimetry, dark/light adapted chromatic perimetry, full-field electroretinography, autofluorescence imaging, and spectral domain-optical coherence tomography imaging...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38456099/advanced-periocular-basal-cell-carcinoma-with-orbital-invasion-update-on-management-and-treatment-advances
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alvaro Bengoa-González, Enrique Mencía-Gutiérrez, María Garrido, Elena Salvador, María-Dolores Lago-Llinás
PURPOSE: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent malignant periocular tumor. It is associated with exposure to ultraviolet radiation, and its incidence is gradually increasing. It may occasionally display more aggressive behavior and result in orbital or intracranial invasion. Mortality from periocular BBC with orbital invasion is very low, but the associated morbidity can be significant, from disfigurement to blindness. Traditionally, these cases have been treated with orbital exenteration or with radiotherapy (RT), but in recent years, hedgehog pathway inhibitors (HPIs) have emerged, are effective in more serious cases, and are used primarily or combined with surgery, changing our perspective on the management of these patients...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38449717/association-between-axial-length-to-corneal-curvature-radius-ratio-and-myopia-in-adult-patients
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yanyun Fan, Yikeng Huang, Xionggao Huang
PURPOSE: To analyze the distribution characteristics of axial length to corneal curvature radius ratio (AL/CR) and other ocular biometric parameters in adult myopia patients and their association with myopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with no eye diseases except ametropia who attended the optometry clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College from January 2022 to June 2022. In total, 187 eyes (right eye) of 187 myopic patients aged 18-35 years were selected by random sampling...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38445101/longitudinal-rates-of-change-in-structural-parameters-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-following-laser-iridotomy-along-with-peripheral-iridoplasty
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyun-Kyung Cho, Changwon Kee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate longitudinal rates of change (LRCs) of structural parameters from optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) after laser iridotomy (LI) along with laser peripheral iridoplasty (PI). METHODS: Among 146 patients diagnosed with PACG, thirty-two subjects (32 eyes) who underwent LI plus PI and accomplished more than five times of reliable OCT tests were included in the current retrospective study...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38379662/transcanthal-canthopexy-for-involutional-lower-eyelid-entropion-corrects-horizontal-laxity
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shinjiro Kono, Motohiro Kamei
In this prospective observational study, we aimed to examine improvements in horizontal laxity after lower eyelid retractor advancement and transcanthal canthopexy for involutional lower eyelid entropion. The study included 19 sides in 15 patients with involutional entropion who underwent transcanthal canthopexy with the advancement of the lower eyelid retractor. Using the pinch test, the distance from the lowest part of the corneal limbus to the eyelid margin was measured using callipers. All measurements were performed preoperatively and at postoperative 3 and 6 months...
2024: Journal of Ophthalmology
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