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International Journal of Dentistry

Enrica Laneve, Bruna Raddato, Mario Dioguardi, Giovanni Di Gioia, Giuseppe Troiano, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
In a small and medium-sized dental facility, the correct management of the sterilisation and presterilisation phases plays a fundamental role in good management of instruments and personnel, in order to ensure conditions that are more efficient with less down time. Nowadays, instrument sterilizers are increasingly efficient in achieving results, both in terms of time and size, and ensure that materials are sterile and ready to be stocked in a reasonable time. A literature search for articles related to revision work was performed using electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
2019: International Journal of Dentistry
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Hana Poskerova, Marie Tomandlova, Jirina Bartova, Katerina Kankova, Antonin Fassmann, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
Recent studies have suggested a bidirectional relationship between chronic periodontitis (CP) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Immunoregulatory factors such as cytokines play an important role in etiopathogenesis of both diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze variability in interleukin-1 ( IL-1 ) gene cluster and IL-1 β plasma levels in patients with CP, DM, and a combination of both diseases. A total of 1016 individuals participating in this case-control study-225 healthy controls, 264 patients with CP, 132 with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and 395 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM)-were genotyped using methods based on polymerase chain reaction for IL-1 gene polymorphisms ( IL-1A (-889C/T, rs1800587), IL-1B (+3953C/T, rs1143634), and IL-1RN (gene for IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-1RA, 86 bp tandem repeats in intron 2))...
2019: International Journal of Dentistry
Paul A Brunton, Jithendra Ratnayake, Carolina Loch, Arthi Veerasamy, Peter Cathro, Robert Lee
Background: To investigate the selection and use of materials and techniques for core buildup, indirect restorations, and fixed prosthodontics by general dentists in New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire comprising 19 sections and 125 questions was distributed via mail to 351 general dentists in New Zealand who were selected from the Dental Council of New Zealand's 2016 register. Results: The majority of the respondents (68.8%) reported using resin composite light-cured materials for the core buildup of vital posterior teeth...
2019: International Journal of Dentistry
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Sachin C Sarode, Amol R Gadbail, Rima S Gondivkar, Nilookumari Choudhary, Shankargouda Patil
Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize the 100 most cited articles on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: A comprehensive list of citation classics in CBCT was generated by searching the Scopus database without year or language restrictions. The top 100 articles were retrieved after reading abstracts or full texts. The following study variables were evaluated: number of citations, citation density, journal name, impact factor, category and quartile of journals, publication year, authors with their affiliations, article type, and topics covered...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Vahid Rakhshan, Chiarella Sforza, Predrag Vucinic, Anca M Vitalariu, Márcio De Menezes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Patcharawan Srisilapanan, Matee Jindarat, Jeffrey Roseman
Objective: To assess the prevalence and severity of tooth wear in type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: Attendees at a diabetic clinic at Wiang Pa Pao Hospital in Chiang Rai province, Thailand, were invited to take part in this cross-sectional study. All participants were aged 35-74 and had type 2 diabetes. Participants were required to have been diagnosed with diabetes for at least three months. 179 subjects accepted a clinical oral examination and completed the questionnaire...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Yoshiaki Nomura, Noriko Takei, Takanori Ishii, Koji Takada, Yasuharu Amitani, Hitomi Koganezawa, Shizuko Fukuhara, Keita Asai, Ryuji Uozumi, Kazuhisa Bessho
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an oral care intervention program on the incidence of pneumonia and fever as a surrogate endpoint. In addition, we tried to determine the oral care risk factors for the incidence of fever. We provided an oral care program for the elderly at one private nursing home in July 2013. The maximum capacity of the nursing home was 60 residents. The body temperatures of all residents were measured twice a day and were summarized as the incidence of fever over a one-month period, which was used as the dependent variable...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Khaled Khalaf, Saaid Al Shehadat, Colin A Murray
Supernumerary teeth in the premolar region, unlike other supernumeraries, occur more often in the mandible where they are generally of the supplemental type. Occasionally, they are conical or smaller than normal, particularly in the upper premolar regions. They might occur singly or in multiples, be erupted or impacted, but the majority have been found to be unerupted and asymptomatic. The prevalence of supernumerary teeth in the premolar region has been demonstrated to be between 0.01 and 1 percent depending on the population studied...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Ibtisam O M Alnaqbi, Haitham Elbishari, Emad S Elsubeihi
Objective: To evaluate the influence of 3 different post-resin matrix systems cemented with dual-cure resin cement in simulated root canals made of PMMA acrylic sheet. Methods: 3 types of fiber posts ( n = 60) with different resin matrixes divided into 3 groups: group 1 cross-linked FRC Postec Plus post ( n = 20), group 2 cross-linked Rely X post ( n = 20), and group 3 Interpenetrated IPN Everstick post ( n = 20). All posts were cemented using Multilink Automix dual-cure cement...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Stanley Chibuzor Onwubu, Phumlane Selby Mdluli, Shenuka Singh, Sanele Nyembe, Rookmoney Thakur
Objectives: Enamel erosion caused by high consumption of acidic drinks poses a significant public health concern. This study was aimed to determine the protective effect of eggshell-titanium dioxide composite (EB@TiO2 ) against erosive acids on tooth enamel. Methods: Twenty prepared bovine tooth enamel specimens were randomly assigned to 5 sample groups ( n =4): (1) unexposed tooth enamel; (2) exposed tooth enamel + HCI; (3) exposed tooth enamel + HCI + Colgate toothpaste; (4) exposed tooth enamel + HCI + Sensodyne toothpaste; and (5) exposed tooth enamel + HCI + EB@TiO2 ...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Samantha Coronado-López, Stefany Caballero-García, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Fernando Mazulis, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
Objective: To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and cytotoxic properties of the methanolic extract of Pelargonium peltatum (geranium) against Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) and Streptococcus sanguinis (ATCC 10556). Methods: Three extracts of P. peltatum were prepared using the leaf, stem, and root. Nine independent assays were prepared for each type of extract with chlorhexidine at 0.12% as the positive control. The agar diffusion method was performed to determine the antibacterial properties of each extract...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
A Marda, S Elhamzaoui, A El Mansari, K Souly, F Farissi, M Zouhdi, F Zaoui, L Bahije
Fixed orthodontic appliances hinder the maintenance of proper oral hygiene and result in dental plaque accumulation. Many studies report that qualitative changes in the dental flora occur after initiating the orthodontic treatment, but there is a paucity of literature on the same topic among Moroccan orthodontic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes of the oral microbial flora during the orthodontic treatment period of a young Moroccan population. Materials and Methods . Dental plaque samples of 18 patients, who were randomly selected before the placement of orthodontic appliances, were collected to isolate and identify the bacterial species involved using classical bacteriological methods for species' culture and identification...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Hussam Mutwalli, Michael Braian, Deyar Mahmood, Christel Larsson
Aim: To measure the trueness and precision under repeatable conditions for different intraoral scanners (IOSs) when scanning fully edentulous arch with multiple implants. Materials and Methods: Three IOSs and one industrial scanner were used to scan one edentulous master cast containing five implant scan bodies and three spheres. The cast was scanned thirty times with each scanner device. All scans were analyzed in the inspect software, and three-dimensional locations of the implants and the interarch distance between the spheres were measured...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Robert James Lee, Jithendra Ratnayake, Arthi Veerasamy, Carolina Loch, Peter Cathro, Paul A Brunton
Background: To determine the demographic profile and practising arrangements of general dentists in New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire comprising 19 sections with 125 questions was distributed via mail to 351 general dentists in New Zealand who were selected, at random, from the Dental Council of New Zealand's 2016 register. Results: Two hundred and four questionnaires were returned, of which 188 were usable giving a response rate of 53...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Fulvia Costantinides, Gaetano Castronovo, Erica Vettori, Costanza Frattini, Mary Louise Artero, Lorenzo Bevilacqua, Federico Berton, Vanessa Nicolin, Roberto Di Lenarda
Chronic renal failure is a progressive disease characterized by a gradual destruction of nephrons and a consequent reduction of kidney function. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) necessitates renal replacement therapy as peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or transplantation. Patients affected by ESRD or in hemodialysis are at risk for developing a number of comorbidities including hypertension, anemia, risk of bleeding, susceptibility to infection, medication side effects, and oral manifestations associated with the disease itself and with hemodialysis treatment...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Yoh Tamaki, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Toshiro Kumakawa, Hiroko Miura
To maintain good oral hygiene on their own, elderly adults need comprehensive abilities, such as physical, daily activity, and cognitive functions. In the long-term care certification, care support specialists conduct surveys that include a total of 74 items about physical function, daily activity function, living functions, cognitive function, mental/behavioral disorders, and adaption to social life. The data of the long-term care certification survey contain three items related to oral health: the necessary support level for oral hygiene, ability to swallow, and assistance with food intake...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Aida Mulic, Inga B Árnadòttir, Torbjòrg Jensdottir, Simen E Kopperud
Dental erosive wear (DEW) is common among children and adolescents, and a survey of Icelandic children showed that 30.7% of 15-year-olds were diagnosed with the condition. Objective. To gain knowledge about dental practitioners' experiences, opinions, and treatment decisions. Materials and Methods . A precoded questionnaire, previously used among Norwegian dentists, was sent electronically to all dentists in Iceland ( n = 341). Results. The response rate was 64.2%, and 58% of dentists were male. More than half of the clinicians (54%) thought that prevalence had increased the last 10-15 years, and 67% reported it to be more common in male...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
John Michael Nyorobi, Lorna Celia Carneiro, Msafiri Nicodemus Kabulwa
The level of knowledge and practices on periodontal health of 388 adults in Misungwi District, Tanzania, was assessed. Analysis included frequency distributions and the chi-square test at a p value of 0.05. Many more participants were males ( n =197; 50.8%) and of younger age group ( n =215; 55.4%) and having seven years of education ( n =257; 66.2%). Higher number of participants reported owning a mobile phone ( n =289; 74.5%) and a radio ( n =298; 76.8%), while few ( n =45; 11.6%) had their houses connected to electricity...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Wilson Matsumoto, Paula Pastana Beraldo, Rossana Pereira de Almeida, Ana Paula Macedo, Beatriz Roque Kubata, Takami Hirono Hotta
Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the marginal fit and the flexural resistance of nickel-chromium frameworks welded by different techniques, gas-torch, laser, and tungsten inert gas (TIG), compared with that of frameworks made via one-piece casting. Methods: To evaluate the marginal fit, a master model was fabricated simulating four implants. Transfers and replicas were used to transfer the positions of the implants to the model, using a silicone matrix...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Bruno G S Casado, Sandra L D Moraes, Gleicy F M Souza, Catia M F Guerra, Juliana R Souto-Maior, Cleidiel A A Lemos, Belmiro C E Vasconcelos, Eduardo P Pellizzer
A systematic review was performed to evaluate whether whitening toothpastes promote tooth whitening when compared to the use of conventional (nonbleaching) dentifrices. This review was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42017065132) and is based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Electronic systematic searches of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were conducted for published articles. Only randomized clinical trials in adults that compared the use of so-called whitening dentifrices to the use of nonwhitening dentifrices were selected...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
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