Héctor Gago, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Robby M Drechsler, Iván Alambiaga, Juan S Monrós
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Agustin Estrada-Peña
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Hector Gago, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Robby M Drechsler, Ivan Alambiaga, Juan S Monros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
James L Occi, Dana C Price, MacKenzie Hall, Victoria Campbell, Stephanie Stronsick, Cheryl F Sullivan, Risa Pesapane, Julia Gonzalez, Alvaro Toledo, Dina M Fonseca
The soft ticks (Argasidae) are known vectors of human and animal pathogens around the globe and are relatively understudied. Our aim was to assess the presence of Rickettsia and Borrelia bacteria in Alectorobius kelleyi (Argasidae) parasitizing synanthropic bats in the highly urbanized northeastern United States. By collaborating with parasitologists, bat scientists and wildlife rehabilitators we were successful in obtaining A. kelleyi from five states. Since Argasid larvae will attach to their hosts for many days, most A...
March 12, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Yannick Ngnindji-Youdje, Adama Zan Diarra, Michel Lontsi-Demano, Jean-Michel Berenger, Timoléon Tchuinkam, Philippe Parola
MALDI-TOF MS has recently been proposed as an accurate tool for arthropod identification, including ticks. In this study, we evaluate and confirm the ability of MALDI-TOF MS, to identify different tick species collected in Cameroon, considering other lines of evidence (morphology and molecular). A total of 1483 adult ticks were collected from cattle in five distinct sites in the Western Highland of Cameroon. Because of engorged status and/or absence of some morphological criteria, some Ixodes spp. and Rhipicephalus spp...
March 10, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Adeyinka I Fadahunsi, Christopher Kumm, Kirsty Graham, Adalberto A Pérez de León, Felix Guerrero, Oliver A E Sparagano, Robert D Finn
Management of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, presents a challenge because some populations of this cosmopolitan and economically important ectoparasite are resistant to multiple classes of acaricides. Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (CPR) is part of the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) monooxygenases that are involved in metabolic resistance by their ability to detoxify acaricides. Inhibiting CPR, the sole redox partner that transfers electrons to CYP450s, could overcome this type of metabolic resistance...
March 9, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Elissa S Ballman, Jessica E Leahy, Carly C Sponarski, Michael G Galli, Allison M Gardner
Tick-borne disease poses a growing public health burden in the United States and understanding the patterns of presence and density of infected vector ticks is key to developing and implementing effective public health management strategies. Citizen science has emerged as a highly effective means to generate data sets on the geographical distribution of tick species. But to date, nearly all citizen science studies of ticks are 'passive surveillance' programs in which researchers accept reports of ticks, together with either physical specimens or digital images, found opportunistically on people, pets, and livestock from community members for species identification and in some cases also tick-borne pathogen detection...
March 9, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
A Barbieri, I B Rico, C Silveira, C Feltrin, B Dall Agnol, A Schrank, L Lozina, G M Klafke, J Reck
Rhipicephalus microplus tick is the main ectoparasite of cattle in Brazil. The exhaustive use of chemical acaricides to control this tick has favored the selection of resistant tick populations. Entomopathogenic fungi, as Metarhizium anisopliae, has been described as a potential biocontroller of ticks. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of two oil based formulations of M. anisopliae for the control of the cattle tick R. microplus under field conditions using a cattle spray race as a method of treatment...
March 7, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Agustín Estrada-Peña
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Bekir Çelebi, Derya Karataş Yeni, Yusuf Yılmaz, Ferhat Matur, Cahit Babür, Mehmet Ali Öktem, Mustafa Sözen, Ahmet Karataş, Didier Raoult, Oleg Mediannikov, Pierre Edouard Fournier
Borrelia miyamotoi is a tick-borne zoonotic agent that causes hard tick-borne relapsing fever, an emerging disease in humans. Some small mammalian and bird species are reported to be reservoirs of B. miyamotoi. This study aims to examine Borrelia species present in rodents captured from rural areas of Turkey. Blood samples of rodents were initially screened with Borrelia 16S rRNA qPCR. The Borrelia flaB gene was subsequently amplified by conventional PCR, after which all positive samples were sequenced. Borrelia miyamotoi was observed in nine out of 536 blood samples (1...
February 27, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Nadjah Radia Adjadj, Mickaël Cargnel, Stefaan Ribbens, Christian Quinet, Laurence Malandrin, Bernard Mignon, Marcella Mori
BACKGROUND: Anaplasmosis, borreliosis, rickettsiosis and babesiosis are tick-borne diseases of medical, veterinary and economic importance. In Belgium, little is known on the prevalence of these diseases in animals and previous screenings relate only to targeted geographic regions, clinical cases or a limited number of tested samples. We therefore performed the first nationwide seroprevalence study of Anaplasma spp., A. phagocytophilum, Borrelia spp., Rickettsia spp. and Babesia spp. in Belgian cattle...
February 20, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Mohamed Abdo Rizk, Shimaa Abd El-Salam El-Sayed, Ikuo Igarashi
In the present study, the effect of a combination therapy consisting of diminazene aceturate (DA) and imidocarb dipropionate (ID) on the in vitro growth of several parasitic piroplasmids, and on Babesia microti in BALB/c mice was evaluated using a fluorescence-based SYBR Green I test. We evaluated the structural similarities between the regularly used antibabesial medications, DA and ID, and the recently found antibabesial drugs, pyronaridine tetraphosphate, atovaquone, and clofazimine, using atom pair fingerprints (APfp)...
February 20, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Paula A Ossa-López, Lorys Y Mancilla-Agrono, Lizeth Fernanda Banguero Micolta, Héctor E Ramírez-Chaves, Juan David Carvajal Agudelo, Sebastián Muñoz-Leal, Marcelo B Labruna, Vett Lloyd, Fredy A Rivera-Páez
A large number of tick species are proven vectors for the transmission of bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Soft ticks (Acari: Argasidae) in South America have been found to be the most frequent carriers of borreliae of the relapsing fever group (RFG); however, there are several information gaps specially on the taxonomy and distribution of some tick species. Here, we used light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and PCR amplification of a fragment of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene to evaluate 174 larvae of Ornithodoros (Argasidae) collected from three bat species (Eptesicus orinocensis, Molossus rufus and Noctilio albiventris) in the Orinoquia Region of Colombia...
February 13, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Scarlet A Shifflett, Tyler Wiedmeyer, Ashley Kennedy, Lauren Maestas, Michael Buoni, Arif Ciloglu, Vincenzo A Ellis
Characterizing the diversity of genes associated with virulence and transmission of a pathogen across the pathogen's distribution can inform our understanding of host infection risk. Borrelia burgdorferi is a vector-borne bacterium that causes Lyme disease in humans and is common in the United States. The outer surface protein C (ospC) gene of B. burgdorferi exhibits substantial genetic variation across the pathogen's distribution and plays a critical role in virulence and transmission in vertebrate hosts. In fact, B...
February 11, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Fernando S Flores, Maria N Saracho-Bottero, Evelina L Tarragona, Patrick S Sebastian, Griselda N Copa, Leonor Guardia, Atilio J Mangold, José M Venzal, Santiago Nava
The aim of this study was to report tick infestations on wild birds from four Phytogeographic Provinces of Argentina. A total of 1085 birds was captured (124 species, 97 genera, 29 families and 13 orders), and ticks were collected from 265 birds (48 species, 40 genera and five orders). A total of 1469 ticks (1102 larvae, 363 nymphs and 4 females) belonging to 15 tick species (Amblyomma calcaratum, Amblyomma dubitatum, Amblyomma nodosum, Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma parvum, Amblyomma sculptum, Amblyomma tigrinum, Amblyomma triste, Haemaphysalis juxtakochi, Haemaphysalis leporispalustris, Ixodes auritulus sensu lato, Ixodes pararicinus, Ixodes silvanus, Ixodes sp...
February 9, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Jani J Sormunen, Satu Mäkelä, Tero Klemola, Theophilus Y Alale, Eero J Vesterinen
Molecular identification of the previous blood meal source of a questing tick (Acari: Ixodidae) from blood meal fragments was proposed a few decades ago. Following this, several blood meal assays have been developed and published, but none of them have been taken into widespread use. Recently, novel retrotransposon-based qPCR assays designed for detecting blood meal fragments of North American host species were published. We wanted to assess their function with host species present in Finland. Questing ticks were collected by cloth dragging in August-September 2021 from an island in southwestern Finland...
February 4, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Trine Andreasen Leth, Anita Nymark, Fredrikke Christie Knudtzen, Sanne Løkkegaard Larsen, Marianne N Skov, Thøger Gorm Jensen, Malene Bek-Thomsen, Henrik Boye Jensen, Joppe W Hovius, Sigurdur Skarphédinsson, Jens Kjølseth Møller, Nanna Skaarup Andersen
Molecular methods for diagnosing Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) have shown suboptimal diagnostic sensitivities. The objective of this study was to improve the clinical sensitivity of PCR detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato spirochetes by inoculating cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients suspected of LNB directly into culture medium at the time of lumbar puncture, with this pursuing enrichment of Borrelia spirochetes before PCR analysis. Adult patients with symptoms suggestive of LNB were prospectively enrolled at two hospitals in the Region of Southern Denmark...
February 4, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Xiao-Qian Cao, Xiao-Lan Gu, Li Zhang, Jiao Xu, Hui-Ju Han, Xue-Jie Yu
Ticks pose a serious threat to public health as carriers and often vectors of zoonotic pathogens. There are few systematic studies on the prevalence and genetic diversity of tick-borne bacterial pathogens in Western China. In this study, 465 ticks were collected from free-ranging sheep in Gansu Province in China. Ticks were divided into 113 pools and tick DNA was extracted from these ticks. PCR assays were performed using specific primers to screen for tick-borne pathogens as well as sequence analysis based on the 16S rRNA (rrs), ompB, gltA, ompA genes for Rickettsia, rrs, groEL genes for Anaplasma, and ssrA and rpoB genes for Bartonella...
February 2, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Jing Sun, Hong Liu, Xin-Yan Yao, Yu-Qian Zhang, Zhi-Hang Lv, Jian-Wei Shao
Ticks play an important role in the evolution and transmission of Anaplasmataceae bacteria which are agents of emerging infectious diseases. In this study, a total of 1286 adult ticks belonging to five species were collected from cattle, goats, horses and vegetation in Harbin area, Heilongjiang province, northeastern China. The tick-borne Anaplasmataceae bacteria were identified by amplifying and sequencing the 16S rRNA (rrs) and heat shock protein-60 encoding (groEL) genes. The results showed that Ixodes persulcatus was dominant (38...
February 1, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Andrea P Cotes-Perdomo, Santiago Nava, Lyda R Castro, Fredy A Rivera-Paéz, Jesús A Cortés-Vecino, Juan E Uribe
The genus Amblyomma is the third most diverse in the number of species within the Ixodidae, with practically half of its species distributed in the Americas, though there are also species occurring in Africa, Asia, and Australia. Within the genus, there are several species complexes with veterinary and public health importance. The Amblyomma cajennense complex, in the Americas, is represented by six species with a wide distribution, from Texas to northern Argentina. We combined two sequencing techniques to generate complete mitogenomes of species belonging to the Amblyomma cajennense complex: genome skimming and long-range PCRs sequencing methods...
January 25, 2023: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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