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Jinyang Li, Si Wu, Eunkyoung Kim, Kun Yan, Huan Liu, Changsheng Liu, Hua Dong, Xue Qu, Xiaowen Shi, Jana Shen, William E Bentley, Gregory F Payne
While conventional materials fabrication methods focus on form and strength to achieve function, the fabrication of materials systems for emerging life science applications will need to satisfy a more subtle set of requirements. A common goal for biofabrication is to recapitulate complex biological contexts (e.g., tissue) for applications that range from animal-on-a-chip to regenerative medicine. In these cases, the materials systems will need to: (i) present appropriate surface functionalities over a hierarchy of length scales (e...
February 13, 2019: Biofabrication
Miina Ojansivu, Ahmad Rashad, Astrid Elisabet Ahlinder, Jonathan Massera, Ayush Mishra, Kristin Syverud, Anna Finne-Wistrand, Susanna Miettinen, Kamal Mustafa
A challenge in the extrusion-based bioprinting is to find a bioink with optimal biological and physicochemical properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of wood-based cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) and bioactive glass on the rheological properties of gelatin-alginate bioinks and the initial responses of bone cells embedded in these inks. CNF modulated the flow behavior of the hydrogels, thus improving their printability. Chemical characterization by SEM-EDX and ion release analysis confirmed the reactivity of the BaG in the hydrogels...
February 12, 2019: Biofabrication
Bin Lu, Dao-Yu Zhu, Jun-Hui Yin, He Xu, Changqing Zhang, Qin-Fei Ke, You-Shui Gao, Ya-Ping Guo
Hierarchically porous structures and bioactive compositions of artificial biomaterials play a positive role in bone defect healing and new bone regeneration. Herein, cerium oxide nanoparticles-modified bioglass (Ce-BG) scaffolds were firstly constructed by the incorporation of hollow mesoporous Ce-BG microspheres in CTS via a freeze-drying technology. The interconnected macropores in Ce-BG scaffolds facilitated the in-growth of bone cells/tissues from material surfaces into the interiors, while the hollow cores and mesopore shells in Ce-BG microspheres provides more active sites for bone mineralization...
February 12, 2019: Biofabrication
Miaomiao Zhou, Bae Hoon Lee, Yu Jun Tan, Lay Poh Tan
Gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) is a versatile biomaterial that has been shown to possess many advantages such as good biocompatibility, support for cell growth, tunable mechanical properties, photocurable capability, and low material cost. Due to these superior properties, much research has been carried out to develop GelMA as a bioink for bioprinting. However, there are still many challenges, and one major challenge is the control of its rheological properties to yield good printability. Herein, this study presents a strategy to control the rheology of GelMA through partial enzymatic crosslinking...
February 11, 2019: Biofabrication
Zita Maria Jessop, Ayesha Al-Sabah, Neng Gao, Stuart Kyle, Bethan Thomas, Nafiseh Badiei, Karl Hawkins, Iain S Whitaker
One of the main challenges for extrusion 3D bioprinting is the identification of non-synthetic bioinks with suitable rheological properties and biocompatibility. Our aim was to optimise and compare the printability of crystal, fibril and blend formulations of novel pulp derived nanocellulose bioinks and assess biocompatibility with human nasoseptal chondrocytes for cartilage bioprinting. 
 Methods: The printability of crystalline, fibrillated and blend formulations of nanocellulose was determined by assessing resolution (grid-line assay), post-printing shape fidelity and rheology (elasticity, viscosity and shear thinning characteristics) and compared these to pure alginate bioinks...
February 11, 2019: Biofabrication
Alisa Morss-Clyne, Swathi Swaminathan, Andres Diaz Lantada
Design and fabrication of effective biomimetic vasculatures constitutes a relevant and yet unsolved challenge, lying at the heart of tissue repair and regeneration strategies. Even if cell growth is achieved in 3D tissue scaffolds or advanced implants, tissue viability inevitably requires vascularization, as diffusion can only transport nutrients and eliminate debris within a few hundred microns. This engineered vasculature may need to mimic the intricate branching geometry of native microvasculature, referred to herein as vascular complexity, to efficiently deliver blood and recreate critical interactions between the vascular and perivascular cells as well as parenchymal tissues...
February 11, 2019: Biofabrication
Daniel Cheng, Rachael K Jayne, Alessio Tamborini, Jeroen Eyckmans, Alice E White, Christopher S Chen
Cell migration, critical to numerous biological processes, can be guided by surface topography. Studying the effects of topography on cell migration is valuable for enhancing our understanding of directional cell migration and for functionally engineering cell behavior. However, fabrication limitations constrain topography studies to geometries that may not adequately mimic physiological environments. Direct Laser Writing (DLW) provides the necessary 3D flexibility and control to create well-defined waveforms with curvature and length scales that are similar to those found in physiological settings, such as the luminal walls of blood vessels that endothelial cells migrate along...
February 5, 2019: Biofabrication
Albert G Castaño, María García-Díaz, Núria Torras, Gizem Altay, Jordi Comelles, Elena Martínez
Epithelial tissues contain three-dimensional (3D) complex microtopographies that are essential for proper performance. These microstructures provide cells with the physicochemical cues needed to guide their self-organization into functional tissue structures. However, most in vitro models do not implement these 3D architectural features. The main problem is the availability of simple fabrication techniques that can reproduce the complex geometries found in native tissues on the soft polymeric materials required as cell culture substrates...
February 5, 2019: Biofabrication
Houwen Matthew Pan, Shengyang Chen, Tae-Sik Jang, Win Tun Han, Hyun-Do Jung, Yaning Li, Juha Song
Biofabrication technologies have endowed us with the capability to fabricate complex biological constructs. However, cytotoxic biofabrication conditions have been a major challenge for their clinical application, leading to a trade-off between cell viability and scalability of biofabricated constructs. Taking inspiration from nature, we proposed a cell protection strategy which mimicks the protected and dormant state of plant seeds in adverse external conditions and their germination in response to appropriate environmental cues...
February 1, 2019: Biofabrication
Alexander P Haring, Emily G Thompson, Yuxin Tong, Sahil Laheri, Ellen Cesewski, Harald Sontheimer, Blake N Johnson
A bio-inspired hydrogel for 3D bioprinting of soft free-standing neural tissues is presented. The novel filler-free bioinks were designed by combining natural polymers for extracellular matrix biomimicry with synthetic polymers that endow desirable rheological properties for 3D bioprinting. Crosslinking of thiolated Pluronic F-127 with dopamine-conjugated (DC) gelatin and DC hyaluronic acid through a thiol - catechol reaction resulted in thermally gelling bioinks with Herschel-Bulkley fluid rheological behavior...
January 29, 2019: Biofabrication
Gi Hoon Yang, JiUn Lee, GeunHyung Kim
One of the most important factors in skeletal muscle tissue regeneration is the alignment of muscle cells to mimic the native tissue. In this study, we developed a PCL-based scaffold with uniaxially aligned surface topography by stretching a 3D-printed scaffold. We examined the formation of aligned patterns by stretching the samples at different temperatures and stretching rates. This was possible through the effects of crystalline and amorphous regions on micro-textured deformation during the stretching process...
January 22, 2019: Biofabrication
Onur Bas, Felix Hanßke, Jing Lim, Akhilandeshwari Ravichandran, Erhard Kemnitz, Swee-Hin Teoh, Dietmar Werner Hutmacher, Hans G Börner
We present a study on ternary nanocomposites consisting of medical grade poly(ε-caprolactone) (mPCL) matrix, hydroxyapatite nanopowder (nHA) and compatibilized magnesium fluoride nanoparticle (cMgF<sub>2</sub>) fillers. MgF<sub>2</sub> nanoparticles were compatibilized by following a design approach based on the material interfaces of natural bone. MgF<sub>2</sub>-specific peptide-poly(ethylene glycol) conjugates were synthesized and used as surface modifiers for MgF<sub>2</sub> nanoparticles similarly to the non-collagenous proteins (NPC) of bone which compatibilize hydroxyapatite nanocrystallites...
January 15, 2019: Biofabrication
Yang Liu, Cong Wu, Haojian Lu, Yuanyuan Yang, Wenjung Li, Yajing Shen
Three-dimensional (3D) hydrogel microcapsules offer great potential in a wide variety of biomedical and tissue engineering applications for their promising biodegradability and customizable geometry. Although recent advances in microfluidics and electrospray techniques have achieved high-throughput production of droplet microcapsules, they still face with the intractable challenge of obtaining programmable shape-engineered microcapsules with complex spatial architecture. Herein, a programmable light-induced biofabrication strategy is proposed to construct higher-order microcapsule architectures by developing a microencapsulation microchip...
January 9, 2019: Biofabrication
Swathi Swaminathan, Qudus Hamid, Wei Sun, Alisa Morss Clyne
3D human cancer models provide a better platform for drug efficacy studies than conventional 2D culture, since they recapitulate important aspects of the in vivo microenvironment. While biofabrication has advanced model creation, bioprinting generally involves extruding individual cells in a bioink and then waiting for these cells to self-assemble into a hierarchical 3D tissue. This self-assembly is time consuming and requires complex cellular interactions with other cell types, extracellular matrix components, and growth factors...
January 7, 2019: Biofabrication
Felix M Wunner, Pawel Mieszczanek, Onur Bas, Sebastian Eggert, Joachim Hendrik Maartens, Paul Donald Dalton, Elena M De-Juan-Pardo, Dietmar Werner Hutmacher
Melt electrowriting (MEW) combines the fundamental principles of electrospinning, a fibre forming technology, and 3D printing. The process, however, is highly complex and the quality of the fabricated structures strongly depends on the interplay of key printing parameter settings including processing temperature, applied voltage, collection speed, and applied pressure. These parameters act in unison, comprising the principal forces on the electrified jet: pushing the viscous polymer out of the nozzle and mechanically and electrostatically dragging it for deposition towards the collector...
January 7, 2019: Biofabrication
Hyungseok Lee, Suhun Chae, Jae Yun Kim, Wonil Han, Jongmin Kim, Yeong-Jin Choi, Dong-Woo Cho
To overcome the drawbacks of in vitro liver testing during drug development, numerous liver-on-a-chip models have been developed. However, current liver-on-a-chip technologies are labor-intensive, lack extracellular matrix (ECM) essential for liver cells, and lack a biliary system essential for excreting bile acids, which contribute to intestinal digestion but are known to be toxic to hepatocytes. Therefore, fabrication methods for development of liver-on-a-chip models that overcome the above limitations are required...
December 19, 2018: Biofabrication
Jinfu Diao, Chuanbao Zhang, Dainan Zhang, Xiong Wang, Jing Zhang, Cheng Ma, Kunxue Deng, Tao Jiang, Wang Jia, Tao Xu
Growth-hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma (GHSPA) is a benign tumour with a high incidence and large economic burden, which greatly affects quality of life. The aetiological factors are yet to be clarified for GHSPA. Conventional two-dimensional (2D) monolayer culture of tumour cells cannot ideally reflect the growth status of tumours in the physiological environment, and insufficiencies of in vitro models have severely restricted the progress of cancer research. Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology is being increasingly used in various fields of biology and medicine, which allows recapitulation of the in vivo growth environment of tumour cells...
December 11, 2018: Biofabrication
Rana Attalla, Erin Puersten, Nidhi Jain, P Ravi Selvaganapathy
One of the primary focuses in recent years in tissue engineering has been the fabrication and integration of vascular structures into artificial tissue constructs. However, most available methodologies lack the ability to create multi-layered concentric conduits inside natural extracellular matrices (ECMs) and gels that replicate more accurately the hierarchical architecture of biological blood vessels. In this work, we present a new microfluidic nozzle design capable of multi-axial extrusion in order to 3D print and pattern bi- and tri-layered hollow channel structures...
December 11, 2018: Biofabrication
Gokhan Bahcecioglu, Nesrin Hasırcı, Bahar Bilgen, Vasif Hasirci
Engineering the meniscus is challenging due to its bizonal structure; the tissue is cartilaginous at the inner portion and fibrous at the outer portion. Here, we constructed an artificial meniscus mimicking the biochemical organization of the native tissue by 3D printing a meniscus shaped PCL scaffold and then impregnating it with agarose (Ag) and gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels in the inner and outer regions, respectively. After seeding the constructs with porcine fibrochondrocytes and incubating for 8 weeks, we demonstrated that presence of Ag enhanced glycosaminoglycan (GAG) production by about 4 fold (p<0...
December 7, 2018: Biofabrication
Jonas Christoffersson, Christopher Aronsson, Michael Jury, Robert Selegård, Daniel Aili, Carl-Fredrik Mandenius
Liver cell culture models are attractive in both tissue engineering and for development of assays for drug toxicology research. To retain liver specific cell functions, the use of adequate cell types and culture conditions, such as a 3D orientation of the cells and a proper supply of nutrients and oxygen, are critical. In this article, we show how extracellular matrix mimetic hydrogels can support hepatocyte viability and functionality in a perfused liver-on-a-chip device. A modular hydrogel system based on hyaluronan and poly(ethylene glycol) (HA-PEG), modified with cyclooctyne moieties for bioorthogonal strain-promoted alkyne-azide 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (SPAAC), was developed, characterized, and compared for cell compatibility to hydrogels based on agarose and alginate...
December 5, 2018: Biofabrication
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