journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613128/nutrition-knowledge-attitudes-and-lifestyle-practices-that-may-lead-to-breast-cancer-risk-reduction-among-female-university-students-in-lebanon
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nour Deeb, Farah Naja, Lara Nasreddine, Samer Kharroubi, Nadine Darwiche, Nahla Hwalla
Research has identified both nonmodifiable and modifiable risk factors for breast cancer (BC), with accumulating evidence showing that adopting adequate dietary practices could decrease the risk of this disease. This study aimed to assess nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and lifestyle practices (KAP) that may lead to BC risk reduction among female university students in Lebanon and examine the determinants of their practices. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sampling method, comprising 356 (response rate: 71...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613127/efficacy-of-a-low-fodmap-diet-for-coeliac-patients-with-persistent-ibs-like-symptoms-despite-a-gluten-free-diet-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Francesca Lusetti, Annalisa Schiepatti, Davide Scalvini, Stiliano Maimaris, Federico Biagi
Background: Persistent symptoms in coeliac disease (CD) can be due to not only poor gluten-free diet (GFD) adherence and complications of CD, but also functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Although the role of a low fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet is well-established in IBS, little data are available on its role in coeliac patients with persistent IBS-like symptoms despite a GFD. Methods: We systematically reviewed the literature in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines for studies evaluating the role of FODMAPs and/or a low-FODMAP diet in coeliac patients with persistent symptoms...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613126/nutritional-quality-implications-exploring-the-impact-of-a-fatty-acid-rich-diet-on-central-nervous-system-development
#3
REVIEW
Katarzyna Smolińska, Aleksandra Szopa, Jan Sobczyński, Anna Serefko, Piotr Dobrowolski
Given the comprehensive examination of the role of fatty acid-rich diets in central nervous system development in children, this study bridges significant gaps in the understanding of dietary effects on neurodevelopment. It delves into the essential functions of fatty acids in neurodevelopment, including their contributions to neuronal membrane formation, neuroinflammatory modulation, neurogenesis, and synaptic plasticity. Despite the acknowledged importance of these nutrients, this review reveals a lack of comprehensive synthesis in current research, particularly regarding the broader spectrum of fatty acids and their optimal levels throughout childhood...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613125/biomarkers-of-brain-dysfunction-in-perinatal-iron-deficiency
#4
REVIEW
Raghavendra B Rao
Iron deficiency in the fetal and neonatal period (perinatal iron deficiency) bodes poorly for neurodevelopment. Given its common occurrence and the negative impact on brain development, a screening and treatment strategy that is focused on optimizing brain development in perinatal iron deficiency is necessary. Pediatric societies currently recommend a universal iron supplementation strategy for full-term and preterm infants that does not consider individual variation in body iron status and thus could lead to undertreatment or overtreatment...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613124/eriocitrin-inhibits-angiogenesis-by-targeting-vegfr2-mediated-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathways
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ji-Yoon Baek, Jeong-Eun Kwak, Mok-Ryeon Ahn
Eriocitrin, a flavanone found in peppermint and citrus fruits, is known to possess many physiological activities. However, the anti-angiogenic effects of eriocitrin are yet to be fully elucidated. Therefore, the objective of this research was to explore the anti-angiogenic effects of eriocitrin both in vitro and in vivo as well as its underlying mechanism. Anti-angiogenic effects of eriocitrin were evaluated utilizing in vitro models of angiogenesis, including inhibition of tube formation, and induction of apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613123/clinical-impact-of-supplementation-with-pasteurized-donor-human-milk-by-high-temperature-short-time-method-versus-holder-method-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nadia Raquel García-Lara, Diana Escuder-Vieco, Marta Cabrera-Lafuente, Kristin Keller, Cristina De Diego-Poncela, Concepción Jiménez-González, Raquel Núñez-Ramos, Beatriz Flores-Antón, Esperanza Escribano-Palomino, Clara Alonso-Díaz, Sara Vázquez-Román, Noelia Ureta-Velasco, Javier De La Cruz-Bértolo, Carmen Rosa Pallás-Alonso
Nosocomial infections are a frequent and serious problem in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Donor human milk (DHM) is the best alternative for feeding these babies when mother's own milk (MOM) is not available. Recently, a patented prototype of a High-Temperature Short-Time (HTST) pasteurizer adapted to a human milk bank setting showed a lesser impact on immunologic components. We designed a multicentre randomized controlled trial that investigates whether, in ELBW infants with an insufficient MOM supply, the administration of HTST pasteurized DHM reduces the incidence of confirmed catheter-associated sepsis compared to DHM pasteurized with the Holder method...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613122/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-patients-with-dysmenorrhoea-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kan-Chu Lin, Kuan-Ju Huang, Ming-Nan Lin, Cheng-Yu Wang, Tou-Yuan Tsai
Vitamin D reduces prostaglandin levels and inflammation, making it a promising treatment option for dysmenorrhoea. However, its effects on pain intensity in different types of dysmenorrhoea remain unclear. We examined whether vitamin D supplementation decreases pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhoea. The Cochrane Library, Embase, Google Scholar, Medline, and Scopus databases were searched from inception to 30 December 2023. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating vitamin D supplementation effects on such patients were included...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613121/nutritional-status-and-recurrent-major-cardiovascular-events-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-follow-up-study-in-a-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-center
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Czinege, Vasile-Bogdan Halațiu, Victoria Nyulas, Liliana-Oana Cojocariu, Bianca Ion, Violeta Mașca, Constantin Țolescu, Theodora Benedek
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction is often accompanied by malnutrition, which is associated with an imbalance between catabolic and anabolic processes. This ultimately leads to cardiac cachexia, which worsens the patient's prognosis. We aimed to assess the correlation between nutritional status, assessed using the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, and the rate of major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE). METHODS: The present investigation was a non-randomized, prospective, observational study in which 108 patients with acute myocardial infarction were included...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613120/food-allergy-risk-a-comprehensive-review-of-maternal-interventions-for-food-allergy-prevention
#9
REVIEW
Sara Manti, Francesca Galletta, Chiara Lucia Bencivenga, Irene Bettini, Angela Klain, Elisabetta D'Addio, Francesca Mori, Amelia Licari, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cristiana Indolfi
Food allergy represents a global health problem impacting patients' and caregivers' quality of life and contributing to increased healthcare costs. Efforts to identify preventive measures starting from pregnancy have recently intensified. This review aims to provide an overview of the role of maternal factors in food allergy prevention. Several studies indicate that avoiding food allergens during pregnancy does not reduce the risk of developing food allergies. International guidelines unanimously discourage avoidance diets due to potential adverse effects on essential nutrient intake and overall health for both women and children...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613119/resveratrol-improves-hyperuricemia-and-ameliorates-renal-injury-by-modulating-the-gut-microbiota
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuqing Zhou, Yupeng Zeng, Ruijie Wang, Juan Pang, Xin Wang, Zhijun Pan, Yufeng Jin, Yu Chen, Yan Yang, Wenhua Ling
Resveratrol (RES) has been reported to prevent hyperuricemia (HUA); however, its effect on intestinal uric acid metabolism remains unclear. This study evaluated the impact of RES on intestinal uric acid metabolism in mice with HUA induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Moreover, we revealed the underlying mechanism through metagenomics, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), and 16S ribosomal RNA analysis. We demonstrated that RES reduced the serum uric acid, creatinine, urea nitrogen, and urinary protein levels, and improved the glomerular atrophy, unclear renal tubule structure, fibrosis, and renal inflammation...
April 7, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613118/intake-of-table-sugar-and-their-corresponding-food-sources-in-adults-from-the-2017-2018-brazilian-national-dietary-survey
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fábio da Veiga Ued, Paula Victória Félix, Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida, Mauro Fisberg
Excessive intake of free sugars is associated with adverse health outcomes. Table sugar is one of the main dietary sources of free sugars; however, the amount added by Brazilian consumers in their culinary preparations is unknown. The aims were to estimate the daily intake of table sugar (g/day), its contribution to total energy intake (E%) and the main food groups that contribute to the intake of this sugar in a nationwide multi-ethnic sample of Brazilian adults (2017-2018 Brazilian National Dietary Survey)...
April 7, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613117/the-risk-of-oral-cancer-and-the-high-consumption-of-thermally-processed-meat-containing-mutagenic-and-carcinogenic-compounds
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sylwia Bulanda, Karolina Lau, Agnieszka Nowak, Dorota Łyko-Morawska, Anna Kotylak, Beata Janoszka
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified the consumption of heat-processed meat as a direct human carcinogen and the consumption of red meat as a probable carcinogen. Mutagenic and carcinogenic compounds present in meat dishes include, among others, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs). These compounds can cause the development of gastrointestinal cancer. Oral cancer is one of the world's research priorities due to the ever-increasing incidence rate...
April 7, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613116/do-herbal-supplements-and-probiotics-complement-antibiotics-and-diet-in-the-management-of-sibo-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lucia Redondo-Cuevas, Lucia Belloch, Vanesa Martín-Carbonell, Angela Nicolás, Iulia Alexandra, Laura Sanchis, Marina Ynfante, Michel Colmenares, María Mora, Ana Reyes Liebana, Beatriz Antequera, Francisco Grau, José Ramón Molés, Rubén Cuesta, Samuel Díaz, Noelia Sancho, Héctor Tomás, José Gonzalvo, Mercedes Jaén, Eva Sánchez, Ana Garayoa, Nadia Moreno, Ana Gallén, Ernesto Cortés-Castell, Xavier Cortés-Rizo
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) arises from dysbiosis in the small intestine, manifesting with abdominal symptoms. This study aims to assess the efficacy of combined antibiotic therapy, herbal supplements, probiotics, and dietary modifications in SIBO management. A total of 179 SIBO-diagnosed patients underwent clinical evaluation and breath testing. Patients were categorized into hydrogen (H2 -SIBO) and methane (CH4 -SIBO) groups. The control group received standard antibiotic therapy and a low-FODMAP diet, while the intervention group received additional herbal antibiotics, probiotics, and prebiotics...
April 7, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613115/the-effect-of-a-program-to-improve-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-on-cardiometabolic-parameters-in-7034-spanish-workers
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ignacio Ramírez Gallegos, Marta Marina Arroyo, Ángel Arturo López-González, Maria Teófila Vicente-Herrero, Daniela Vallejos, Tomás Sastre-Alzamora, José Ignacio Ramírez-Manent
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases include a large group of pathologies and constitute one of the most serious chronic health problems facing the 21st century, with high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Unhealthy diets influence the development of these pathologies. The Mediterranean diet can be an important part in the treatment of these diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a program that aims to increase adherence to the Mediterranean diet on the improvement of different cardiometabolic risk parameters...
April 7, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613114/mapping-treatment-advances-in-the-neurobiology-of-binge-eating-disorder-a-concept-paper
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brooke Donnelly, Phillipa Hay
Binge eating disorder (BED) is a complex and heritable mental health disorder, with genetic, neurobiological, neuroendocrinological, environmental and developmental factors all demonstrated to contribute to the aetiology of this illness. Although psychotherapy is the gold standard for treating BED, a significant subgroup of those treated do not recover. Neurobiological research highlights aberrances in neural regions associated with reward processing, emotion processing, self-regulation and executive function processes, which are clear therapeutic targets for future treatment frameworks...
April 7, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613113/a-gnotobiotic-mouse-model-with-divergent-equol-producing-phenotypes-potential-for-determining-microbial-driven-health-impacts-of-soy-isoflavone-daidzein
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lindsay M Leonard, Abigayle M R Simpson, Shiyu Li, Lavanya Reddivari, Tzu-Wen L Cross
The implications of soy consumption on human health have been a subject of debate, largely due to the mixed evidence regarding its benefits and potential risks. The variability in responses to soy has been partly attributed to differences in the metabolism of soy isoflavones, compounds with structural similarities to estrogen. Approximately one-third of humans possess gut bacteria capable of converting soy isoflavone daidzein into equol, a metabolite produced exclusively by gut microbiota with significant estrogenic potency...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613112/clusters-in-infant-environmental-factors-influence-school-age-children-s-vegetable-preferences-in-japan
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yudai Yonezawa, Tomoka Okame, Nozomi Tobiishi, Yume Tetsuno, Miho Sakurai, Shigenori Suzuki, Yuji Wada
It remains unclear how the various environmental factors are combined in practice to influence vegetable preferences in school-aged children. This study aimed to clarify the environmental factors during infancy and their association with vegetable preference in school-aged children. To find clusters of early childhood environmental factors, we conducted a factor analysis on 58 items related to early childhood environmental factors and a k-means cluster analysis using the factors obtained. The association of the extracted factors and clusters with vegetable preferences was assessed by multiple regression analysis...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613111/online-questionnaire-with-fibromyalgia-patients-shows-negative-correlations-between-disease-severity-and-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elisa Proietti, Fabio Rapallo, Elena Molinari, Viviana Mucci, Lucio Marinelli, Consuelo Borgarelli, Bruno Burlando, Livia Pisciotta, Ilaria Demori
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a multidimensional disorder in which intense chronic pain is accompanied by a variety of psychophysical symptoms that impose a burden on the patients' quality of life. Despite the efforts and the recent advancement in research, FM pathogenesis and effective treatment remain unknown. Recently, the possible role of dietary patterns and/or components has been gaining attention. The current study aimed to investigate a potential correlation between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and FM severity in a sample of Italian FM patients...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613110/evaluation-of-neuro-hormonal-dynamics-after-the-administration-of-probiotic-microbial-strains-in-a-murine-model-of-hyperthyroidism
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sorina Nicoleta Voicu, Anca Ioana Amzăr Scărlătescu, Miruna-Maria Apetroaei, Marina Ionela Ilie Nedea, Ionuț Emilian Blejan, Denisa Ioana Udeanu, Bruno Ștefan Velescu, Manuela Ghica, Octavian Alexandru Nedea, Călin Pavel Cobelschi, Andreea Letiția Arsene
The microbiota-gut-brain axis has received increasing attention in recent years through its bidirectional communication system, governed by the ability of gut microorganisms to generate and regulate a wide range of neurotransmitters in the host body. In this research, we delve into the intricate area of microbial endocrinology by exploring the dynamic oscillations in neurotransmitter levels within plasma and brain samples. Our experimental model involved inducing hyperthyroidism in mice after a "probiotic load" timeframe using two strains of probiotics ( Lactobacillus acidophilus , Saccharomyces boulardii , and their combination)...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613109/gut-microbial-dysbiosis-differs-in-two-distinct-cachectic-tumor-bearing-models-consuming-the-same-diet
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauri O Byerley, Brittany Lorenzen, Hsiao-Man Chang, William G Hartman, Michael J Keenan, Ryan Page, Meng Luo, Scot E Dowd, Christopher M Taylor
The impact of cancer cachexia on the colonic microbiota is poorly characterized. This study assessed the effect of two cachectic-producing tumor types on the gut microbiota to determine if a similar dysbiosis could be found. In addition, it was determined if a diet containing an immunonutrient-rich food (walnuts) known to promote the growth of probiotic bacteria in the colon could alter the dysbiosis and slow cachexia. Male Fisher 344 rats were randomly assigned to a semi-purified diet with or without walnuts...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
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