journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38549952/the-trends-and-risk-factors-of-aids-defining-cancers-and-non-aids-defining-cancers-in-adults-living-with-and-without-hiv-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Anikie Mathoma, Benn Sartorius, Saajida Mahomed
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at a high-risk of developing AIDS-defining cancers (ADCs) and non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs). This review is aimed at exploring available evidence regarding the trends of ADCs and NADCs and the associated risk factors among adult PLHIV. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCO host databases to identify articles published between 2010 and 2023 that reported incidence and mortality rates of cancer, including ADCs and NADCs among PLHIV...
2024: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38405266/knowledge-awareness-and-practices-toward-colorectal-cancer-and-its-dietary-and-lifestyle-related-risk-factors-among-jordanian-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Husam Khraiwesh, Dana N Abdelrahim, Iman F Mahmoud, MoezAlIslam Faris
BACKGROUND: Globally, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence is rising, and it is a leading cause of mortality, with greater death rates pronounced in developing countries, including Jordan. Understanding knowledge and awareness of etiologic factors, unhealthy lifestyles, and dietary patterns is crucial for combating ailments. Hence, this study is aimed at investigating the level of knowledge and awareness of CRC-related risk factors, practices, and possible associations of studied variables among young Jordanians...
2024: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38026266/epidemiological-profile-of-salivary-gland-tumors-in-southern-iranian-population-a-retrospective-study-of-405-cases
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hamid Ghaderi, Estie Kruger, Simin Ahmadvand, Yousef Mohammadi, Bijan Khademi, Abbas Ghaderi
AIMS: Salivary gland tumors (SGTs) are a rare and diverse group of tumors that account for 3 to 10% of all head and neck malignancies. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive epidemiological analysis of SGTs in the south of Iran and compare the findings with previous reports from Iran and other parts of the world. METHODS: Using a retrospective study, 405 patients diagnosed with SGTs were observed over an eight-year period between April 2013 and October 2021 in Shiraz, Iran...
2023: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37663110/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-risk-perception-and-practice-of-pap-smear-test-among-young-adult-women-of-dhulikhel-municipality-nepal
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ishwori Byanju Shrestha, Sandesh Bhusal, Manish Rajbanshi, Prajita Mali, Rakhi Byanju Shrestha, Devendra Raj Singh
BACKGROUND: Despite being one of the most preventable forms of cancer, cervical cancer remains an important public health problem, especially in developing countries. However, there is limited evidence regarding awareness and practice of screening for cervical cancer among women in resource-poor settings like Nepal. This study is aimed at assessing the awareness of cervical cancer, risk perception, and practice of Pap smear tests among adult women of Dhulikhel municipality of Kavreplanchowk district in Nepal...
2023: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37153026/a-retrospective-observational-study-on-disease-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-bone-in-china
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hairong Xu, Yuan Li, Tao Wang, Weifeng Liu, Ke Ma, Yongkun Yang, Zhen Huang, Chuang Li, Xiaohui Niu
AIMS: Giant cell tumor of the bone (GCTB) is associated with considerable morbidity. As GCTB epidemiological data for China are limited, this study is aimed at describing the disease characteristics of GCTB in China and establishing the historical context for its treatment before recent advances in treatment options. METHODS: The disease characteristics, treatment patterns, and local GCTB recurrence rate after primary surgery for GCTB were evaluated in this single-center, retrospective, noninterventional, observational study of patients treated for GCTB at Ji Shui Tan Hospital, Beijing, from 2009 to 2016 based on medical chart review...
2023: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36386448/survival-outcomes-and-care-equity-among-patients-with-advanced-breast-cancer-in-auckland-new-zealand
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Edmond Ang, Dug Yeo Han, Sheridan Wilson
AIM: The Auckland Advanced Breast Cancer Review (AABC) was a review of patients diagnosed with advanced inoperable/metastatic breast cancer (ABC) within the Auckland region of New Zealand, commissioned in response to a Breast Cancer Registry report (BCFNZR) that showed poor and inequitable survival outcomes. The review was aimed at assessing equity of care and identifying healthcare delivery gaps for patients with ABC in the Auckland region. METHOD: In this retrospective study, patients living within the Auckland region, diagnosed with ABC between the 1st January 2013 to the 31st December 2015 were identified from the Breast Cancer Registry...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36090149/epidemiology-of-adult-t-cell-leukaemia-lymphoma-in-south-africa-over-a-10-year-period
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Erica-Mari Nell, Ibtisam Abdullah, Carla Griesel, Nadhiya Subramony, Louis Almero du Pisani, Zivanai Cuthbert Chapanduka
Introduction: Adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a rare and aggressive malignancy of mature T-cells. Limited epidemiological studies have shown that there is substantial variation in age at diagnosis and subtype distribution between different geographical regions. This is the first epidemiological study of ATLL in South Africa. Methods: A national epidemiological study of ATLL in South Africa was performed. All new cases of ATLL from 2009 to 2019 were identified by laboratory database search in public and private health care sectors...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36046119/distance-to-health-care-facilities-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-stage-at-diagnosis-in-relation-to-geographic-pattern-of-esophageal-cancer-in-tanzania-2006-2016
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard Watkins, Ghada A Soliman, Julius Mwaiselage, Crispin Kahesa, Khadija Msami, Mark L Wilson
Esophageal cancer is an aggressive, often deadly disease globally that represents a significant health problem in Tanzania. The WHO reported 604,100 new esophageal cancer cases worldwide during 2020 and 544,076 deaths (Sung, 2021; World Health Organization, 2020). In Eastern Africa, 16,137 cases and 15,188 deaths were related to this disease in 2020. Esophageal cancer is associated with various etiologic risk factors, and access to the disease treatment is a major barrier to survival. This study examined associations between the prevalence of four geographically stratified, population-level, etiologic risk factors (tobacco use, unprotected water use, solid fuel source use, and poverty), as well as two access-to-care predictors (persons per hospital and distance from residence to where esophageal cancer treatment occurs)...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35769890/kidney-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-disparities-involving-american-indians-alaska-natives-an-analysis-of-the-oklahoma-central-cancer-registry-occr
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victoria Gonzalez, Michael Suflita, Amanda Janitz, Janis Campbell, Andrew G McIntosh, Kelly Stratton, Michael S Cookson, Daniel C Parker
Purpose: This cohort study describes the differences in kidney cancer age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates between American Indians/Alaskan Natives (AI/ANs) and Whites in Oklahoma. Additionally, rates for the U.S. are updated to establish an epidemiological comparison between Oklahoma and the rest of the country. Materials and Methods: Kidney cancer age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates for Oklahoma were gathered using the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry since 1999...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35480628/prevalence-of-intestinal-helminths-among-cancer-patients-who-are-under-chemotherapy-at-the-university-of-gondar-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-oncology-clinic-northwest-ethiopia
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elsa Sitotaw, Adino Sitotaw, Yetemwork Aleka, Mulualem Lemma
Background: In developing countries, environmental and personal hygiene is playing a great role in the increasing of intestinal helminth infection. In countries with limited resources and poor hygiene practices, there is a substantial overlap of intestinal helminthic and chronic infections like HIV, TB, and cancer. Intestinal helminths like Ascaris lumbricoides , Trichuris trichiura , and hookworm cause malnutrition and induce a type-2 immune response that could worsen the severity and clinical outcomes of patients with cancer...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35308302/a-10-year-scientometrics-analysis-of-brain-tumors-treated-with-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-visualization-characteristics-and-scientific-trends
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Walkiria Garcia-Fuentes, Leonardo Espinoza-Rodriguez, Arnaldo Munive-Degregori, Cesar Mauricio-Vilchez, Maria Eugenia Guerrero, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Frank Mayta-Tovalino
Objective: To evaluate the scientometrics characteristics of the scientific production on the treatment of brain tumors with gamma knife radiosurgery in Scopus. Methods: The Scopus database (Elsevier) was used to collect all relevant studies for this bibliometric analysis. Data was obtained as a .csv file; it was downloaded from Scopus and was exported by SciVal to Microsoft Excel for a presentation using tables for more detailed analysis. The citations and the number of papers for the most productive institutions, authors, countries, and journals publishing scientific papers were analyzed on the use of gamma knife radiosurgery for brain tumors...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35308301/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-in-children-with-retinoblastoma-managed-at-the-uganda-cancer-institute
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abubakar Kalinaki, Haruna Muwonge, Joyce Balagadde-Kambugu, Yusuf Mulumba, Jacob Ntende, Grace Ssali, Lydia Nakiyingi, Damalie Nakanjako, Caroline Nalukenge, Anne M Ampaire
Background: The majority of patients with retinoblastoma, the most common intraocular cancer of childhood, are found in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs), with leukocoria being the most common initial presenting sign and indication for referral. Findings from the current study serve to augment earlier findings on the clinical presentation and outcomes of children with retinoblastoma in Uganda. Methods: This was a retrospective study in which we reviewed records of children admitted with a diagnosis of retinoblastoma at the Uganda Cancer Institute from January 2009 to February 2020...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35265131/incidence-trends-of-cancer-in-morocco-the-tale-of-the-oncological-center-of-marrakech-morocco-over-8-years
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rhizlane Belbaraka, Nada Benhima, Ahmed Laatabi, Mohammed El Fadli, Ismail Essâdi
Background: Determining cancer incidence and mortality is a key factor in the implementation of health policies and cancer prevention strategies. This report aims to describe the trends of cancer incidence in a single referral oncology department from the Marrakech region (Morocco). Material and Methods . All new cancer cases of age ≥ 15 years registered at the Medical Oncology department of Mohammed VI University Hospital of Marrakesh between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2019, were included...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35140789/impact-of-the-management-and-proportion-of-lost-to-follow-up-cases-on-cancer-survival-estimates-for-small-population-based-cancer-registries
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fabian Gil, Adalberto Miranda-Filho, Claudia Uribe-Perez, N E Arias-Ortiz, M C Yépez-Chamorro, L M Bravo, Esther de Vries
Background: Estimation of survival requires follow-up of patients from diagnosis until death ensuring complete and good quality data. Many population-based cancer registries in low- and middle-income countries have difficulties linking registry data with regional or national vital statistics, increasing the chances of cases lost to follow-up. The impact of lost to follow-up cases on survival estimates from small population-based cancer registries (<500 cases) has been understudied, and bias could be larger than in larger registries...
2022: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34899912/association-of-common-medications-and-the-risk-of-early-onset-gastric-cancer-a-population-based-matched-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Taleen A MacArthur, William Scott Harmsen, Jay Mandrekar, Feven Abraha, Travis E Grotz
Background: Early-onset gastric cancer (EOGC, age ≤ 60 years at diagnosis) now comprises >30% of new gastric cancers in the United States. It is hypothesized that chronic acid suppression with proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) may promote tumorigenesis, while other medications including statins, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), metformin, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have been proposed as protective. We aimed to assess for an association between use of the aforementioned commonly prescribed medications and EOGC development...
2021: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34751228/role-of-pretreatment-hemoglobin-to-platelet-ratio-in-predicting-survival-outcome-of-locally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cosphiadi Irawan, Andhika Rachman, Puji Rahman, Arif Mansjoer
BACKGROUND: The three-year survival rate of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients in Indonesia is lower than in other Asian countries. Calculation of hemoglobin-to-platelet ratio (HPR) may become a more practical predictor than the ratios using leukocyte cell components. Yet, no study has been conducted to investigate the potential of HPR in predicting survival outcomes in locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of pretreatment hemoglobin-to-platelet ratio in predicting the three-year overall survival (OS) of locally advanced NPC...
2021: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34691180/investigating-the-factors-associated-with-the-level-of-expression-of-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptors-in-patients-suffering-from-colorectal-cancer
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saleheh Salehi Far, Maryam Soltani, Mahmoud Zardast, Mohammad Reza Ghasemian Moghaddam
Background: The present study was performed to investigate the factors related to the expression level of estrogen and progesterone receptor in patients with colorectal cancer. Material and Methods . This crosssectional study was performed on 54 patients suffering from colorectal cancer referring to Imam Reza Hospital in Birjand during 2018-2019. After the biopsy performed during surgery, the specimen was sent for immunohistochemistry, and the status of receptors was determined. Eventually, the data were analyzed by SPSS 22...
2021: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34447434/waiting-times-for-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-in-a-nigerian-population
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olufunmilade A Omisanjo, Olawale O Ogunremi, Olufemi O Akinola, Olaolu O Adebayo, Olufemi Ojewuyi, Mofeyisayo O Omorinde, Abimbola A Abolarinwa, Stephen O Ikuerowo, Fatai A Balogun
Background: Prostate biopsy remains an important surgical procedure in the diagnostic pathway for prostate cancer, but access to prostate biopsy service is poorly studied in the Nigerian population. While there has been a well-documented delay in patient presentation with prostate cancer in Nigeria, little is however known about how long patients wait to have a histological diagnosis of prostate cancer and start treatment after presenting at Nigerian hospitals. Method: This was a descriptive retrospective study to document the specific duration of the various timelines in getting a diagnosis of prostate cancer at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria...
2021: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34335766/national-and-subnational-cancer-incidence-for-22-cancer-groups-2000-to-2016-a-study-based-on-cancer-registration-data-of-iran
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Javad Khanali, Ali-Asghar Kolahi
Background: Cancer is an increasing public health concern, and detailed knowledge of the cancer incidence is required for developing effective cancer control plans. The objective of this study is to present the cancer incidence of 22 cancer groups in Iran and all 31 provinces of the country from 2000 to 2016, for both sexes across different age groups. Method: To study the national and provincial cancer incidence in Iran, we extracted data from the Cancer Project, which collects the Iranian cancer registry data and visualizes it in the VIZIT data visualization system...
2021: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33986807/endometrial-tumor-classification-by-histomorphology-and-biomarkers-in-the-nurses-health-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jaclyn C Watkins, Michael J Downing, Marta Crous-Bou, Evan L Busch, Maxine Chen, Immaculata De Vivo, George L Mutter
Objective: Endometrial cancers have historically been classified by histomorphologic appearance, which is subject to interobserver disagreement. As molecular and biomarker testing has become increasingly available, the prognostic significance and accuracy of histomorphologic diagnoses have been questioned. To address these issues for a large, prospective cohort study, we provide the results of a centralized pathology review and biomarker analysis of all incidental endometrial carcinomas occurring between 1976 and 2012 in the Nurses' Health Study...
2021: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
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