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Global Journal of Health Science

Bita Parsa, Parisa Parsa, Nakisa Parsa
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of social organizational factors in career advancement and promotion among academic employees, still some academic employees suffer from low career advancement and consequently low academic performance. Aim of this study was to examine the mediation effect of self-efficacy on relationship between mentoring and career advancement among academic employees in the two public universities in Iran. METHODS: This survey research was done among 307 randomly selected academic employees to determine predictors of their career advancement...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Somaye Ansari Moghadam, Zahra Zakeri, Sirous Risbaf Fakour, Alireza Ansari Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is the inflammation of the periodontal supporting tissues. The response of periodontal tissues to local bacteria leads to bone resorption and destruction of periodontal junction. Given the possible association between periodontitis and low bone mineral density, the aim of present study was to find if measurement of salivary biomarkers as a less invasive method, can provide an appropriate screening method for assessment of bone mineral density in patients with chronic periodontitis? METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 53 people, including 28 patients with severe chronic periodontitis and 25 healthy people between April 2014 to March 2015 in Zahedan (southeast of Iran)...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Arezoo Shayan, Masoumeh Kaviani, Sara Azima, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Mohamad Zarenezhad
BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior is among the complex dimensions of humans. Various factors are effective in sexual function. Sexual dysfunction affects people's mental health. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to determine the relationship between general health indices and sexual dysfunction among the women referring to Shiraz Forensic Medicine Center, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 197 women experiencing spousal abuse who had referred to Shiraz Forensic Medicine Center in 2014...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Esam S Halboub, Sadeq A Al-Maweri, Aisha A Al-Jamaei, Mohammed A Al-Wesabi, Anas Shamala, Ahlam Al-Kamel, Amani Alsharani, Nassar Eissa
OBJECTIVES: To assess self-reported oral health attitudes and behavior among undergraduate dental and medical students, and to analyze the variations in oral health attitudes based on gender, level of education, study discipline, academic average, and type of university. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire based on the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) was distributed to 1269 undergraduate dental and medical students at two universities (one public and one private) in Sana'a, Yemen...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Zahra Daneshvar Ameri, Ali Vafaee, Tahere Sadeghi, Zhila Mirlashari, Djavad Ghoddoosi-Nejad, Faramarz Kalhor
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition is a lifesaving therapy for many infants who are unable to tolerate enteral feedings. It fulfils preterm neonates' needs for growth and development when their sizes or conditions preclude enteral feeding. Virtuous nursing care and close biochemical monitoring are absolutely essential for successful parenteral nutrition therapy. Since poor knowledge in parenteral nutrition can causes severe impairment to neonatal infants, the conduction of this study is essential...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Pedram Nazari, Mohammad Davoodi, Mohammad Faramarzi, Mohammad Bahadoram, Nozar Dorestan
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) refers to complex abnormalities that affect the structure or function of the heart due to embryonic defects. There is little accurate statistical data about prevalence, incidence and frequency in many developing countries such as Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of CHD in patients who were referred to the Department of Pediatric Cardiology in a large single-center in Southwestern of Iran. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Farnaz Shishehgar, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Parvin Mirmiran, Sepideh Hajian, Ahmad Reza Baghestani, Nazanin Moslehi
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is the most common endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age. Although physical activity and weight loss has been proposed as the first line management in patients with PCOS, studies on physical activity in patients with PCOS are limited. The aims of this study were to compare levels of physical activity and its related factors between women with polycystic ovary syndrome and eumenorrheic non hirsute women. We compared the physical activity of our study group using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), using T-test or Mann-Whitney to compare the means of two groups...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Elham Movahed Kor, Arash Rashidian, Mostafa Hosseini, Farbod Ebadi Fard Azar, Mohammad Arab
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to organize private physicians in urban areas by developing urban family medicine in Iran. Acceptance of this project is currently low among physicians. The present research determined the factors affecting acceptability of the Urban Family Medicine Project among physicians working in the private sector of Mazandaran and Fars provinces in Iran. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted in Mazandaran and Fars provinces...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mahnaz Solhi, Marziyeh Shabani Hamedan, Masood Salehi
BACKGROUND & AIM: Women heading their households are the ones who lead their life alone. Burden of life probably decreases the quality of life of women-headed households. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between quality of life of women-headed households and some related factors in Iran. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional study and 180 women-head households were selected from Welfare Organization, Tehran Province, using stratified random sampling method in 2015(January up to April)...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mohsen Vahedi, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Kazem Mohammad, Sharzad Ossareh, Hojjat Zeraati
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are both common public health problems worldwide. Hemodialysis (HD) is one of the main ultimate modalities of renal replacement therapy in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the different parametric (Weibull, Gamma, Gompertz, Log-logistic and Lognormal) survival models, in maintenance HD (MHD) patients. METHOD: This study was conducted from March 2004 to October 2013 and encompassed 544 ESRD patients under MHD in Hasheminejad Kidney Center, Tehran, Iran...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Tahmineh Salehian, Saidzaker Saeedinejad, Mohammad Behnammoghadam, Mohsen Shafiee, Sima Mohammadhossini, Zargham Behnammoghadam, Aziz Behnammoghadam, Soheil Ebrahimpour, Akvan Paymard
Myocardial infarction causes limitations in the physical activity and perturbation of quality of life.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of eye movements desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) on the quality of life of these patients. This study was conducted in two groups as the before and after while the effect of eye movements desensitization and reprocessing on the quality of life of the patients with Myocardial infarction. Sampling was done based on the purposive sampling. Patients were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups (30 patients in each group)...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Tobias Romeyke, Elisabeth Noehammer, Hans Ch Scheuer, Harald Stummer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this, the largest survey of patients performed to date, is to analyse the effects of diagnosis related groups (DRGs) on the doctor-patient relationship in the context of interdisciplinary patient-centered care. In addition, it is intended to investigate the possibility of motivating patients to change their behavioural patterns and lifestyle in the context of holistic therapy. METHODS: Over a period of five years, a continuous survey was performed of hospitalised patients who were exercising their entitlement to interdisciplinary therapy in an acute, inpatient setting...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mitra Soltanian, Zahra Molazem, Eesa Mohammadi, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahnaz Rakhshan
BACKGROUND: Safety maintenance and prevention of damage to patients caused by errors in nursing have a special importance, and a lack of sufficient attention to the correct principles of drug administration can lead to the patient' health threats and reducing safety.The administration of drugs is complex and influenced by many factors, particularly in pediatric wards; thus, the present study aimed to explain pediatric nurses' experiences on obstacles to safe drug administration. METHODS: In this study, the qualitative approach and content analysis method were used...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Amir Abbas Fazaeli, Mohmmad Hadian, Aziz Rezapour, Ali Akbar Fazaeli
BACKGROUND: Throughout the world, financing the healthcare system through households' financial contribution is a challenging issue in evaluating performance of healthcare systems. The purpose of this paper is illustrating the consequences of Iranian household to health system financial contribution in terms of burden and incomes approaches. METHOD: The Data derived from an annual survey by Statistics Center of Iran (SCI) on expenditure-income of 36,551 households in 2012 was used to analyze countrywide distribution indicators of households' medical expenses by measuring indices of Income and burden approaches based on World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank recommended methodologies...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Awad Magbri, Patricia McCartney, Eussera El-Magbri, Mariam El-Magbri, Taha El-Magbri
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Access monitoring and pre-emptive angioplasty is known to decrease the incidence of AVF/AVG thrombosis. The effect on increase the longevity and functionality of Arterial-Venous access (AV access) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is not settled. Thrombosis is the leading cause of vascular access complications and is almost always associated with the presence of stenosis. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is an accepted treatment of stenotic lesions in AV access (NKF 2001)...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Sana Farista, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Pradeep Koppolu, Kusai Baroudi, Esam Elkhatat, Essam Dhaifullah
Crown lengthening procedure is aimed at exposure of sufficient crown structure accomplished by a gingivectomy, an apically positioned flap with osseous resection or the use of lasers. Our present clinical study is aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness of a diode laser for functional crown lengthening procedure and to compare it with the conventional procedure using the scalpel. Fourteen patients including males and females, aged 20- 40 years were recruited and divided into two groups to undergo crown lengthening either with the scalpel or the laser...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Nikolaos Polyzos, Catherine Kastanioti, Christos Zilidis, George Mavridoglou, Stefanos Karakolias, Panagiota Litsa, Valantis Menegakis, Chara Kani
BACKGROUND: In Greece, due to the ongoing economic crisis a number of measures aiming at rationalising expenditure implemented. A new e-prescribing system, under a unified healthcare fund was the main pillar of these reforms focus on monitoring and auditing prescribing patterns. OBJECTIVE: Main objective of this study was to document the Greek experience with the new national e-prescribing system. METHODS: We analyse the dispensed prescriptions over the period 2013-2014, stratified into four levels: therapeutic subgroup, patent status, physician's specialty and geographical region...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Fariba Borhani, Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Toktam Kianian, Saman Saber
INTRODUCTION: Despite the existence of a large community of nurses, specific mechanisms have not been developed yet to consider their needs and the quality of their work life. Moreover, few studies have been conducted to analyze the nature of nursing, nursing places or nurses' quality of work life. In this regard, the present study aimed to assess predictable productivity of nurses working in Kerman University of Medical Sciences' teaching hospitals via the dimensions of Quality of Work Life...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Hyejung Lee, Hae Kyoung Son, Ji Su Kim, Man Yong Han, Geunwoong Noh
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a global problem affecting children, and its prevalence in Korea is steadily increasing. Since it is a chronically relapsing inflammatory skin disease, caregiver management of young children's atopic dermatitis is crucial for positive treatment outcomes. A factor that contributes to adherence to recommended prescriptions is parents' self-efficacy. However, accurate measurements of parental self-efficacy in relation to disease-specific task management are scarce...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Galin Shirzad
The present descriptive correlational study was conducted to predict the role of emotional intelligence and the Myers-Briggs personality type in marital satisfaction in married female students Tehran University in 2015. The study population consisted of all the married female students at Tehran University who visited Iran MBTI center between 22.04.2015 and 21.06.2015. A total of 140 students were selected as the study samples. Data were collected using the Myer-Briggs Type Indicator, the Bar-On Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and the Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale and were then analyzed in SPSS-20 using the multivariate regression analysis...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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