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November 30, 2023: International Health
Ebenezer Kwesi Armah-Ansah, Benedicta Bawa, John Dindas, Eugene Budu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Madagascar is 392 deaths per 100 000 live births, and this is a major public health concern. One of the strategies for reducing MMR and achieving target 3.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals (i.e. reducing the global MMR below 70 per 100 000 live births) is the utilisation of skilled birth attendants (SBAs). This analysis examined the prevalence and social determinants of SBA utilisation among married and cohabiting women of Madagascar...
November 27, 2023: International Health
Obioma Chijioke-Akaniro, Patrick A Akinyemi, Sunday Asuke, Chukwuma Anyaike, Ndubuisi A Uwaezuoke, Urhioke Ochuko, Emperor Ubochioma, Amos Omoniyi, Corinne S Merle, Soji Daniel
BACKGROUND: The dispersible fixed-dose combination drug has been recommended as the mainstay of treatment for TB in children. However, more needs to be known about its effect on treatment. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the formulation on treatment adherence among children with TB. METHODS: A historical cohort design was used to assess and compare adherences of old loose non-dispersible and new dispersible fixed-dose anti-TB drugs, using a convergent parallel mixed-method approach for data collection...
November 16, 2023: International Health
Md Ismail Hossain, Abu Sayed Md Ripon Rouf, Md Rukonozzaman Rukon, Shuvongkar Sarkar, Iqramul Haq, Md Jakaria Habib, Faozia Afia Zinia, Tanha Akther Tithy, Asiqul Islam, Md Amit Hasan, Mir Moshiur, Md Shakil Ahmed Hisbullah
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has seen a significant decline in child mortality in recent decades, but morbidity among children <5 y of age remains high. The aim of this analysis was to examine trends and identify risk factors related to child morbidity in Bangladesh. METHODS: This analysis is based on data from four successive cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys for the years 2007, 2011, 2014 and 2017-18. Several count regression models were fitted and the best model was used to identify risk factors associated with morbidity in children <5 y of age...
November 16, 2023: International Health
Garba Umar, Ibrahim Abdulqadir, Ngozi Ugwu, Titilope Adeyemo, Nabila Yau, Abdulazziz Hassan, John Olaniyi, Abubakar Musa, Sharafa Abubakar, Muhammad Ndakotsu, Jasini James, Chika Uche, Awwal Musa, Chikadibia Ukoma, Benedict Nwogoh, Ekaete David, Angela Ugwu, Chizoba Nwankwo, Olaitan Omokanye, Aisha Abba, Temilola Owojuyigbe, Mujtabba Isyaku, Esther Obi, Ezra Jatau, Timothy Ekwere, Rashidat Oladosu-Olayiwola, Hezekiah Isah, Sirajo Diggi, Alexander Nwannadi, Saleh Yuguda, Obinna Iheanacho, Hadiza Tikau, Ibijola Adeleke, Mabel Ekanem, Anazoeze Madu, Augustina Ikusemoro, Celestine Chukwu, Amal Galadanci, Okon Bassey, Theresa Otu, Obineche Agwu, Patrick Osho, Aisha Gwarzo, Sadiya Hassan, Adepoju Majeed, Anas Umar, Habib Abubakar, Mohamed Gimba, Michael Ugbor, Abdulmalik Ali, Clara Ajuba
BACKGROUND: Timely access to safe blood and blood components is still a challenge in Nigeria. This study aimed to determine blood donation practices, processing and utilization of blood components across government tertiary hospitals (THs) in Nigeria. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study done in Nigeria in June-July 2020. Data were analysed with SPSS version 21.0. RESULTS: Data were collected from 50 THs. The majority (68%) of the THs lack facilities for blood component preparation and only 18% and 32% provide cryoprecipitate and platelet concentrate, respectively...
November 13, 2023: International Health
Asrat Meleko, Dorin Brener Turgeman, Naomi Caplan, Sarit Baum, Nisan K Zerai, Willemijn Zaadnoordijk, Michal Bruck, Galia Sabar, Zvi Bentwich, Rachel Golan
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and schistosomiasis remain widely prevalent in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of STH and schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in Gidi Bench district (Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Republic, Southwest Ethiopia) and the association with knowledge and health-related behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Stool samples, analyzed by the Kato-Katz technique and a knowledge, attitudes and practices questionnaire, were collected...
November 3, 2023: International Health
Jason T Tsichlis, Ipsita Hamid Trisha, Ghazal Aghagoli, Meerjady Sabrina Flora, M Ruhul Abid
BACKGROUND: In Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, 860 356 Rohingya living in refugee camps have experienced decades of persecution. Little is known about disease burden in this population. METHODS: A retrospective review of deidentified electronic health records (EHR) of 51 270 Rohingya attending two primary health clinics in Kutupalong and Balukahli from October 2017 to October 2019 was performed. A novel EHR system named NIROG was used for patients' medical records'...
November 1, 2023: International Health
Precious Chidozie Azubuike, Uchenna Frank Imo, Chimankpam Kingsley Ogbonna
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer disease (BUD) is a neglected tropical disease of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and bone caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, with various disabling and stigmatising sequelae. Patients face a range of adverse impacts owing to the disease as most are unable to relate effectively with their communities, battling stigma and fear of discrimination. This study aimed to explore the stigma associated with the lived experiences of BUD in patients in Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional qualitative study that employed a focus group discussion (FGD) and key informant interviews in Enugu State, Nigeria...
November 1, 2023: International Health
Wonder Agbemavi, Castro Ayebeng, Joshua Okyere, Emmanuella Acheampong, Vincent Bio Bediako
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South Asia account for most new cases of tetanus. Despite efforts by the World Health Organization to eradicate tetanus, it still causes many maternal mortalities. We examined the prevalence and risk factors associated with tetanus protection among rural mothers in 33 SSA countries. METHODS: Data were extracted from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys of 33 SSA countries. A sample of 162 601 women from rural areas was drawn...
October 31, 2023: International Health
Kamran Abbasi, Parveen Ali, Virginia Barbour, Thomas Benfield, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Stephen Hancocks, Richard Horton, Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Robert Mash, Peush Sahni, Wadeia Mohammad Sharief, Paul Yonga, Chris Zielinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2023: International Health
Abdolreza Sotoodeh Jahromi, Mohammad Jokar, Nader Sharifi, Sirus Kashkooli, Karamatollah Rahmanian, Vahid Rahmanian
BACKGROUND: The recent increase in human mpox (monkeypox) cases emphasizes the importance of early detection, prompt response and preventive management to control the spread of the disease. Healthcare workers (HCWs) play a crucial role in this process. This study aimed to determine the global knowledge and attitudes towards mpox among HCWs. METHODS: This study searched multiple databases, including Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Web of Science, Embase, Springer and ProQuest, to locate various publications...
October 20, 2023: International Health
Sinetibeb Mesfin Kebede, Meron Degefa, Tamirat Getachew, Magarsa Lami, Barkot Tadesse, Habtamu Bekele
BACKGROUND: Newborns experience multiple painful and stressful procedures during their hospitalization in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Repeated or untreated pain can have negative consequences for the health and development of newborns. Despite the growing knowledge of pain assessment and intervention, several studies have shown that the practice of neonatal pain management among healthcare providers is poor. Therefore, data regarding neonatal pain management practice and affecting factors are essential for taking appropriate actions...
October 19, 2023: International Health
Molly A Brady, Emily Toubali, Margaret Baker, Elizabeth Long, Caitlin Worrell, Kapa Ramaiah, Patricia Graves, T Deirdre Hollingsworth, Louise Kelly-Hope, Diana Stukel, Bhupendra Tripathi, Arianna Rubin Means, Sultani Hadley Matendechero, Alison Krentel
As neglected tropical disease programs rely on participation in rounds of mass drug administration (MDA), there is concern that individuals who have never been treated could contribute to ongoing transmission, posing a barrier to elimination. Previous research has suggested that the size and characteristics of the never-treated population may be important but have not been sufficiently explored. To address this critical knowledge gap, four meetings were held from December 2020 to May 2021 to compile expert knowledge on never treatment in lymphatic filariasis (LF) MDA programs...
October 17, 2023: International Health
Richard Gyan Aboagye, Ebenezer N K Boateng, Yaw Marfo Okyere, Joshua Okyere, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
BACKGROUND: This study examined the spatial distribution and factors associated with health insurance subscription among women in Ghana. METHODS: We analysed a representative sample of 9380 women aged 15-49 y from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Descriptive and multilevel regression analyses were performed. The study also employed spatial analysis techniques, including spatial autocorrelation, hotspot analysis, cluster and outlier analysis, as well as geographically weighted regression to explore the geographic distribution and predictors of non-subscription to health insurance...
October 14, 2023: International Health
Anita Mesic, Tom Decroo, Eric Florence, Koert Ritmeijer, Josefien van Olmen, Lutgarde Lynen
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to generate evidence on the association between cumulative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viraemia and health outcomes. METHODS: Quantitative studies reporting on HIV cumulative viraemia (CV) and its association with health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral treatment (ART) were included. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science and conference abstracts from 1 January 2008 to 1 August 2022...
October 12, 2023: International Health
Frederic Seghers, Melanie M Taylor, Andrew Storey, Jicui Dong, Teodora C Wi, Rosemary Wyber, Kate Ralston, Boniface Dongmo Nguimfack
Benzathine benzylpenicillin is a globally indispensable medicine. As a long-lasting injectable penicillin, it serves as the primary treatment for syphilis, group A streptococcal infections, rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. A competitive market and low profit margins, compounded by limited visibility of demand, have resulted in a decreased number of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) manufacturers. By 2016, only three Chinese API manufacturers remained, continuing to supply to the global market today...
October 3, 2023: International Health
Man Thi Hue Vo, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, T J Robinson T Moncatar, Tran Dai Tri Han, Kathryn Lizbeth L Siongco, Yuri Tashiro, Thang Van Vo
BACKGROUND: Vietnam's healthcare system offers limited services and facilities for older adults. This study explored the perceptions of health and social care workers regarding geriatric care issues, their impact on older adults and the potential of collaboration for enhancing older adults' health and well-being. METHODS: This qualitative case study employed 27 focus group discussions and two in-depth interviews with 174 participants in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam...
September 27, 2023: International Health
Emmanuel Ekpor, Eric Osei, Samuel Akyirem
The utilization of traditional medicine (TM) is prevalent among the general population in Africa; however, its use among individuals with diabetes in the region remains underdocumented. This review aimed to synthesize the available literature to identify the prevalence and predictors of TM use among persons with diabetes in Africa. A systematic search was conducted across multiple databases, including MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and AMED, covering studies published from 2000 to April 2023. Of 1560 records identified, 24 articles met the inclusion criteria...
September 14, 2023: International Health
Bongani Zakhele Masango, David Ferrandiz-Mont, Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: To address knowledge gaps, this study examined social determinants, such as education attainment and HIV prevention, among sexually active men (SAM), with a focus on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). METHODS: Two nationally representative surveys, the Eswatini Demographic and Health Survey 2006 and the Eswatini HIV Incidence Measurement Survey 2016, were used to estimate whether or not VMMC at the individual and community levels contributes to HIV disparities to any meaningful extent...
September 13, 2023: International Health
Kareen Atekem, Emma M Harding-Esch, Diana L Martin, Philip Downs, Stephanie L Palmer, Achille Kaboré, Michaela Kelly, Anoma Bovary, Astou Sarr, Konan Nguessan, Fiona James, Sarah Gwyn, Karana Wickens, Ana Bakhtiari, Sarah Boyd, Ange Aba, Laura Senyonjo, Paul Courtright, Aboulaye Meite
Baseline trachoma surveys in Côte d'Ivoire (2019) identified seven evaluation units (EUs) with a trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) prevalence ≥10%, but a trachomatous trichiasis (TT) prevalence in individuals ≥15 y of age below the elimination threshold (0.2%). Two of these EUs, Bondoukou 1 and Bangolo 2, were selected for a follow-up survey to understand the epidemiology of trachoma using additional indicators of Chlamydia trachomatis infection (DNA from conjunctival swabs) and exposure (anti-Pgp3 and Ct694 antibodies from dried blood spots [DBSs])...
December 4, 2023: International Health
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