journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38962866/laboratory-capacity-expansion-lessons-from-establishing-molecular-testing-in-regional-referral-laboratories-in-ethiopia
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leulseged Chekol, Ebba Waktola, Saira Nawaz, Lehageru Tadesse, Samuel Muluye, Zelalem Bonger, Addisu Bogale, Frehywot Eshetu, Desalegne Degefaw, Adamu Tayachew, Hulemenaw Delelegn, Sharon Daves, Eyasu Seyoum, Kyle Moon, Daniel Melese, Joan-Miquel Balada, Shu-Hua Wang, Desmond Williams, Wondwossen Gebreyes, Zelalem Mekuria
Respiratory viruses contribute to high morbidity and mortality in Africa. In 2020, the Ohio State University's Global One Health Initiative, in collaboration with the Ethiopian Public Health Institute and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, took action to strengthen Ethiopia's existing respiratory virus surveillance system through decentralization of laboratory testing and scale-up of national and regional capacity for detecting respiratory viruses. In August 2022, four regional laboratories were established, thereby raising the number of reference laboratories conducting respiratory virus surveillance to five...
July 4, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38881416/attitudes-towards-wife-beating-justification-and-its-association-with-female-genital-mutilation-analysis-of-ever-married-somali-women-in-the-2020-somali-health-and-demographic-survey
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdirahman Saeed Mohamed, Espen Bjertness, Aung Soe Htet, Win Thuzar Aye, Ahmed Ali Madar
BACKGROUND: In Somalia, despite its prohibition, female circumcision persists alongside significant intimate partner violence. This study examines the prevalence of wife-beating justification among Somali women and its link to the perception that female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a religious obligation. METHODS: We studied 7726 married Somali women 15-49 y of age from the 2020 Somali Health and Demographic Survey. Using χ2 tests and logistic regression, we examined wife-beating justification by covariates and its connection to the perception that FGM/C is a religious obligation...
June 17, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38881408/knowledge-and-utilization-of-iodized-salt-among-expectant-mothers-in-harar-city-s-public-health-facilities-a-multicenter-study-in-eastern-ethiopia
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanan Mohammed, Dawit Abebe, Fisseha Yetwale, Worku Mekuannint, Sinetibeb Mesfin
BACKGROUND: Insufficient iodine intake during pregnancy can result in abortion, stillbirths, neonatal mortality, cretinism and permanent cognitive impairment. Even although iodized salt is widely accessible in Ethiopia, pregnant women still experience persistent problems related to iodine deficiency disorders. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 573 pregnant women who were attending antenatal care services at public health facilities...
June 17, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873833/risk-factors-associated-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-areas-with-a-moderate-tuberculosis-burden
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noormohamad Mansoori, Bagher Pahlavanzadeh, Masoumeh Atarjalali
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) or rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB poses a significant challenge for TB control initiatives on a global scale. This study's aim was to estimate the incidence of MDR-/RR-TB and identify the risk factors associated with their incidence in four provinces in northern Iran. METHODS: Drug susceptibility testing was conducted using the proportion method on Lowenstein-Jensen media. The demographic and clinical data were collected from the Iranian TB registry...
June 14, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869877/disclosure-of-diagnosis-by-parents-and-caregivers-to-children-infected-with-hiv-in-hawassa-southern-ethiopia-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kejela Tari, Merga Dheresa, Lemesa Abdisa, Dawit Abebe, Desalegn Admassu, Sinetibeb Mesfin
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the life expectancy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children has increased with the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART). Regardless of the clinical recommendations encouraging HIV status disclosure, the practice of caregiver disclosure is frequently challenging due to many constraints associated with caregivers and healthcare personnel. As studies suggest, disclosure of the HIV-positive status of children is low, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of infected children reside...
June 13, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850069/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-fertility-preferences-in-ghana
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Louis Kobina Dadzie, Hilda Yengnone, James Boadu Frimpong, Ebenezer Agbaglo, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
As Ghana has embraced the concept of women's empowerment as a vital tool for sustainable development, it has become crucial to evaluate the role that women's empowerment plays in the fertility preferences of married and cohabiting women in the country. The study's objective was to examine the association between women's empowerment, the ideal number of children and women's ability to have their desired number of children. This cross-sectional study used data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey...
June 8, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850065/burden-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Addis Eyeberu, Yadeta Dessie, Nega Assefa
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity continue to escalate, despite the regulations and interventions that have been put in place. To support further policy directions, it is necessary to have pooled data that illustrate the burden of overweight and obesity among adolescents nowadays. Thus, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the burden of overweight and obesity among Ethiopian adolescents. METHODS: Embase, Science Direct, Medline, PubMed, Google Scholar and Web of Science were the databases used in the search for publications that ran from inception until 25 October 2023...
June 8, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38828533/understanding-male-circumcision-insights-from-a-peri-urban-community-in-maputo-city-mozambique
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joelma Baduro, K Carter Mccabe, Nílzio Cavele, Américo José, Anchelda Mulimela, Mehol Jamnadas, Cremildo Manhiça, Celso Monjane, Sheila Nhachungue, Tom Decroo, Ivalda Macicame
BACKGROUND: Circumcision is a protective measure against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), reducing the risk of HIV infection. This study reported coverage of male circumcision and assessed the factors associated with male uncircumcision in a peri-urban area in Maputo City, Mozambique. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of the Health Demographic Surveillance System in the Polana Caniço neighborhood investigated the sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with uncircumcised males aged 15-49 y from October 2019 to June 2021...
June 3, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38828522/active-surveillance-of-immunization-adverse-effects-a-multicentre-open-label-three-arm-randomized-uncontrolled-trial-in-ethiopia
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dawit Getachew Assefa, Tizalegn Tesefaye, Etaferaw Bekele, Genet Geberemickeal, Andualem Mebratu, Aschalew Gossaye Ejigu, Tariku Nigatu, Eden Dagnachew Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Participant-centred active adverse event following immunization (AEFI) surveillance can offer real-time vaccine safety data and help in signal detection. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of participant-centred active adverse events (AEs) surveillance following measles immunization in Gedeo Zone health facilities in Ethiopia. METHODS: An open-label, multicentred, three-arm randomized uncontrolled trial was conducted from 1 June to 21 October 2023...
June 3, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38815996/progress-towards-the-elimination-of-trachoma-in-nigeria
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caleb D Mpyet, Nicholas Olobio, Sunday Isiyaku, Teyil Wamyil-Mshelia, Grace Ajege, Christopher Ogoshi, Francisca Olamiju, Ijeoma Achu, Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Nasiru Muhammad, Aliyu Mohammed Jabo, Philomena Orji, Adamani William, Alice Venyir Ramyil, Ana Bakhtiari, Sarah Boyd, Michaela Kelly, Cristina Jimenez, Amir Bedri Kello, Anthony W Solomon, Emma M Harding-Esch, Paul Courtright
Trachoma is targeted for elimination as a public health problem worldwide by 2030. In Nigeria, elimination activities are implemented at the local government area (LGA) level. They started in 2002 by conducting baseline population-based prevalence surveys (PBPSs), which continued in a systematic manner with engagement from the Global Trachoma Mapping Project in 2013, and subsequently Tropical Data. The results led to the development of Nigeria's first trachoma action plan and its subsequent revision with additional information...
May 31, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38815986/tropical-data-supporting-health-ministries-worldwide-to-conduct-high-quality-trachoma-surveys
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
E M Harding-Esch, A Bakhtiari, S Boyd, C Burgert-Brucker, R Butcher, M Dejene, A Harte, P J Hooper, C Jimenez, E M Taylor, T Millar, C Mpyet, J M Ngondi, L A Rotondo, A W Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38801353/season-household-registry-and-isolated-birth-defects-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-danyang-china
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shuhan Miao, Liqun Liu, Yanlin Tang, Hongyan Ge
BACKGROUND: A birth population-based study was conducted in Danyang, Jiangsu Province, to evaluate major birth defects in emerging regions in China with similar maternal and neonatal care conditions. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study in a cohort of infants born in Danyang from 2014 to 2021, including 55 709 perinatal infants. Four categories of isolated birth defects were defined as cases: congenital heart defects (CHDs; n=2138), polydactyly (n=145), cleft lip with or without palate (CL/P; n=76) and accessory auricles (n=93)...
May 27, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785316/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-coverage-among-immigrant-adolescents-in-alberta-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Crystal Du, Don Voaklander, Salima Meherali, Yuba Raj Paudel, Shannon E MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Little is known about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among immigrant children in Canada. We conducted a study in Alberta, Canada to assess HPV vaccine coverage among school-aged immigrant children compared with non-immigrant children. METHODS: This cohort study analysed population-based linked administrative health data to measure HPV vaccine coverage for 346 749 school-aged children, including 31 656 immigrants. Coverage was examined at 12 y of age from 2008 to 2018 for females, and from 2014 to 2018 for males and both sexes combined; vaccine series completion was considered receipt of three doses, with initiation (one or more dose) as a supplementary analysis...
May 24, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785303/education-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-india-an-exploration-of-gendered-heterogeneous-relationships
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jhumki Kundu, Srinivas Goli, K S James
BACKGROUND: While the association between education and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is well established, it remains unclear whether this association varies by gender. The aim of this study was to examine two critical research questions: whether the association of education and NCDs is conditioned by gender and, if so, what are the factors contributing to this? METHODS: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study in India Wave 1 (2017-2018) was used for the empirical analysis...
May 24, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38733569/obesity-beverage-consumption-and-sleep-patterns-in-rural-african-women-in-relation-to-advertising-of-these-beverages
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Merling Phaswana, Zandile June-Rose Mchiza, Sunday Olawale Onagbiye, Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge
BACKGROUND: The burden of obesity-related, non-communicable diseases in South Africa is persistent, with poor and black South African women particularly vulnerable. The purpose of the present study was to determine relationships between obesity, physical activity, sleep patterns and beverage consumption among black South African women in a rural village in the Limpopo province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 rural-dwelling African women...
May 11, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38717389/risk-factors-and-circulation-pattern-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-children-under-2%C3%A2-years-in-maputo-mozambique
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mirela Pale, Almiro Tivane, Tinne Gils, Adilson Bauhofer, Neuza Nguenha, Loira Machalele, Félix Gundane, Aunésia Marrurele, Judite Salência, Délcio Muteto, Josina Chalufo-Chilundo, Marilda Siqueira, Tufária Mussá
BACKGROUND: Evidence on risk factors for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in low-resource settings is limited. In Mozambican children <2 y of age with severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), we explored risk factors for RSV, described its seasonal variation and assessed associations between RSV and a life-threatening condition. METHODS: We retrospectively included participants presenting in 2017-2018 in two hospitals in Maputo. RSV was detected and subtyped using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction on nasopharyngeal swabs...
May 8, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38712568/is-the-african-vaccine-manufacturing-accelerator-a-decoupling-mechanism
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abiodun E Awosusi
This article explores how the African Vaccine Manufacturing Accelerator can support the sustainable production of vaccines in Africa. It highlights the value of the accelerator in relation to the Regional Vaccine Manufacturing Collaborative. The author proposes that this novel financing instrument should be well-designed and implemented in line with the targets of the Partnerships for African Vaccine Manufacturing. It should not be a decoupling tool to appease the institutional environment of the global vaccine market, but a sustainable demonstration of the goodwill and commitment of political and technical leaders to ensure equitable access to routine and epidemic-related vaccines in Africa...
May 7, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38690923/influence-of-type-of-cooking-fuel-on-risk-of-hypertension-among-reproductive-age-women-in-sub-saharan-africa-insights-from-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-surveys
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Castro Ayebeng, Joshua Okyere, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson
BACKGROUND: Nearly one-third of the world's population (2.4 billion people) rely on unclean cooking fuel sources. The study assessed the association of the type of cooking fuel and hypertension risk in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: The study analysed pooled data from 97 942 individuals in the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) between 2014 and 2021 in 10 SSA countries. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed, including basic descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression...
May 1, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37823452/systematic-review-on-cumulative-hiv-viraemia-among-people-living-with-hiv-receiving-antiretroviral-treatment-and-its-association-with-mortality-and-morbidity
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anita Mesic, Tom Decroo, Eric Florence, Koert Ritmeijer, Josefien van Olmen, Lutgarde Lynen
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to generate evidence on the association between cumulative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viraemia and health outcomes. METHODS: Quantitative studies reporting on HIV cumulative viraemia (CV) and its association with health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral treatment (ART) were included. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science and conference abstracts from 1 January 2008 to 1 August 2022...
May 1, 2024: International Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606990/key-lessons-from-liberia-for-successful-partnerships-toward-universal-health-coverage-in-low-resource-settings
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tiawanlyn G Godwin-Akpan, Rosalind McCollum, Jerry Kollie, Hannah Berrian, Wede Seekey-Tate, John S Smith, Fasseneh Zeela Zaizay, Shahreen Chowdhury, Karsor K Kollie, Emerson J Rogers, Colleen B M C Parker, Georgina V K Zawolo, Anna Wickenden, Laura Dean, Sally Theobald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2024: International Health
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