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International Journal of Pediatrics

International Journal Of Pediatrics
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/1036214.].
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
Daniale Tekelia Ekubagewargies, Habtamu Sewunet Mekonnen, Tsehayu Melak Siyoum
Introduction: The world health organization recommends feeding practices for infants born from Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected mothers to be safe to both the infant and the mother. This includes prevention of mother to child transmission of the virus and at the same time meeting nutritional requirements of the child. This requires prioritizing prevention of HIV transmission through breastfeeding against non-HIV morbidity and mortality especially from malnutrition and serious illnesses such as diarrhea, among nonbreastfed infants...
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
M Panda, J McIntosh, T Chaudhari, A L Kent
Objective: To determine the prevalence of Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency/insufficiency in mothers of preterm neonates less than or equal to 32 weeks of gestation and determine if the current level of VitD supplementation used for preterm neonates is appropriate. Design: Prospective study from 10th May 2015 to 1st November 2016. Setting: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Canberra Hospital. Patients: Mothers and their preterm neonates born less than or equal to 32 weeks gestation...
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
Katherine Lamparyk, Lori Mahajan, Christopher Lamparyk, Ashley Debeljak, Laura Aylward, Kimberly Flynt, Rita Steffen
Background and Aims: High-resolution anorectal manometry (HRM) is associated with significant patient and parent anxiety, which can impact the success and efficiency of the procedure. The nature of HRM necessitates cooperation of an alert child. This study examined effects of psychoeducation intervention on decreasing procedural distress in both pediatric patients and their parents. Methods: A prospective randomized study of children aged 3-12 years, undergoing HRM, was performed utilizing child-centric educational video...
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
Abhinav Pal, Kultida Soontarapornchai, Lawrence Noble, Ivan Hand
Objective. The purpose of our study was to identify attitudes towards donor breast milk in our population and identify barriers to its acceptance. Methods. The study sample was comprised of a convenience sample of 174 postpartum women. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information and 12 questions relating to attitudes and understanding of donor breast milk was administered. Results. Among the mothers surveyed, 34% were aware of the use of donor breast milk and donor milk banks. 62% of mothers preferred the use of formula compared to donor breast milk if they were unable to provide their own breast milk...
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
David Oldak, Gabriela García, Estela E Gonzalez, Enver Aillon, Juan C Falcon, Ernesto Ayala, Bernardo Oldak
Background: Newborn hyperbilirubinemia is considered a worldwide health problem that demands medical evaluation. Noninvasive transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) has been used as a screening method with different devices but there has not been any evaluation of reproducibility of the same brand devices. The BiliCare™ system is evaluated to demonstrate consistency between measurements with four different devices. Methods: 336 TcB measurements were obtained with four BiliCare™ devices in 21 Mexican icteric newborns with a mean postnatal age of 44...
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
Gedion Asnake Azeze, Kelemu Abebe Gelaw, Natnael Atnafu Gebeyehu, Molalegn Mesele Gesese, Taklu Marama Mokonnon
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding tops the table of life-saving interventions for newborns. A child who is exclusively breastfed is 14 times less likely to die in the first six months compared to its counterpart. Approximately 18,000 children globally still die every day and if current trend continues, some 60 million children under age 5 will die between 2017 and 2030, and half of them will be newborns. Five countries, including Ethiopia, accounted for half of all newborn deaths in the world...
2019: International Journal of Pediatrics
Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Adilson Marques, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal, Maria do Céu Machado
Living with a chronic disease (CD) in adolescence involves new multifaceted challenges. This study aims to conduct a psychosocial characterization of a group of adolescents with chronic diseases in a hospital setting and to compare such dimensions for the total group and for different diseases. A cross-sectional study included 135 adolescents with chronic diseases (51.9% boys; 48.1% girls), having an average age of 14±1.5 years (SD=1.5) and attending a paediatric outpatient department in a hospital setting...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Mohammed Al Nuhait, Laila C Abu Esba, Khalid Al Harbi, Meshary Al Meshary, Rami T Bustami
Background: Vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ) are commonly used as empirical therapy for patients with health care associated infections. Vancomycin has been recognized as a nephrotoxic agent and in a few cases in the literature PTZ has been associated with interstitial nephritis nevertheless; the combination of these agents has routinely been used for many years. However, there have been some observational studies that showed high rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving vancomycin and PTZ concomitant treatment compared to patients receiving vancomycin alone...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Winfred Muringi Wambui, Samuel Kimani, Eunice Odhiambo
Background: Poor, delayed, or inappropriate health seeking for a sick infant with acute childhood illness is associated with high morbidity/mortality. Delay in health seeking is implicated with fatal complications and prolonged hospital stay. Thus, caregivers ought to identify danger signs and promptly seek professional help for a sick infant. Objective: Establish determinants of health seeking behavior among caregivers of infants admitted with acute childhood illnesses in Kenyatta National Hospital...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Danny Wadden, Leigh-Anne Allwood Newhook, Laurie Twells, Jamie Farrell, Zhiwei Gao
Background: Asthma and obesity are two common health problems in the pediatric population. Obesity is associated with several comorbidities which are of great consequence. Excess adipose tissue has been linked to asthma in a number of studies. However, little is known about childhood body mass index (BMI) trajectories and the development of asthma phenotypes. Objective: The current study aims to investigate the significance of BMI trajectories over childhood and the risk of asthma phenotypes...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Pasqua Anna Quitadamo, Giuseppina Palumbo, Liliana Cianti, Matteo Luigi Napolitano, Ciro Coviello, Paola Lurdo, Massimiliano Copetti, Maria Assunta Gentile, Pierpaolo Cristalli
The breast milk is the gold standard food for the feeding of the premature baby: it is the natural way to provide excellent nutritional, immunological, and biological nutriment so as to facilitate a healthy growth and the development of the infants. When the breast milk is not available, the alternative is represented by the donated milk. The mothers of premature infants are important opportunity if we consider the fact that they could devote some milk both because they provide a food which is closer to the needs of the vulnerable category of newborns and because it is, for the mothers, a way to overcome the detachment and the psychological trauma of a premature birth...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Teshale Fikadu, Shimels Girma
Background: Diarrheal disease is one of the main causes of childhood malnutrition. In developing countries 30% of pediatric beds are occupied with children having diarrheal disease. Fluid replacement, continued feeding, and increasing appropriate fluid at home during the diarrhea episodes are the cornerstone of treatment package. The purpose of this study was to assess feeding practice during diarrheal episodes among children aged 6 to 23 months in Mirab Abaya district, Gamo Gofa Zone, South Ethiopia...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Christina Sul, Sherif M Badawy
In-flight medical emergencies (IMEs) are acute onboard events of illnesses or injuries with potential immediate risk to a passenger's short- or long-term health, or life. IMEs are significant events that are related to public safety concerns. With the increasing amount of annual air travel every year, it is expected that the number of encountered IMEs will continue to grow. Thus, it will be critical to develop and implement appropriate measures to manage IMEs with the best possible outcome. Despite the fact that most IMEs are self-limited with no serious adverse events, serious IME can lead to death, disability, or other unfavorable health outcomes, particularly as a result of suboptimal medical care...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Pradeep Alur, Harithsa Asuri, Jane Cirelli, Ankita Patel, Theodore Bell, Jonathan Liss, Naveed Hussain
Since fluid and nutrition needs and delivery in ELBW infants are calculated based on their body weights, there could be a measurable difference in fluid, nutrition, and protein intake calculations based on birth weight (BW) or current weight of the infant, especially in the first two weeks of life. Theoretically, the use of current daily weight (CW) for calculations may result in decreased fluid, nutrition, and protein delivery as well as a cumulative protein deficit (cPD) over the first two weeks of life until the infant regains birth weight...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Nahed Abdel-Haq, Zeinab Moussa, Mohamed Hani Farhat, Leela Chandrasekar, Basim I Asmar
Objective: The study was undertaken to determine the etiology, review management, and outcome in children diagnosed with acute pericarditis during 11 years at tertiary pediatric institution. Methods: Retrospective chart review of children diagnosed between 2004 and 2014. Patients with postsurgical pericardial effusions were excluded. Results: Thirty-two children were identified (median age 10yr/11mo). Pericardiocentesis was performed in 24/32 (75%) patients...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Nazanin Alavi, Matthew Stefanoff, Alyssa Hirji, Sarosh Khalid-Khan
Background: Limited help-seeking behaviours, among adolescents with mental health concerns and many barriers to accessing mental health services, make innovative approaches to administering mental health therapies crucial. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficacy of e-CBT given via PowerPoint slides to treat adolescents with anxiety and/or depression. Method: 15 adolescents referred to an outpatient adolescent psychiatry clinic to treat a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression chose between 8 weeks of e-CBT (n=7) or 7 weeks of live CBT (n=8)...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Laura A Czerkies, Brian D Kineman, Sarah S Cohen, Heidi Reichert, Ryan S Carvalho
Background: For infants who are partially or exclusively fed infant formula, many options exist with compositional differences between formulas making choices difficult for caregivers and healthcare professionals. The protein in routine infant formulas differs by the source, fraction of cow's milk protein used, and degree of hydrolysis. All commercially available regulated infant formulas support growth and development, but different stool patterns have been observed based on formula composition...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Sasigarn A Bowden, Rohan Henry
Adrenal insufficiency may result from a wide variety of congenital or acquired disorders of hypothalamus, pituitary, or adrenal cortex. Destruction or dysfunction of the adrenal cortex is the cause of primary adrenal insufficiency, while secondary adrenal insufficiency is a result of pituitary or hypothalamic disease. Timely diagnosis and clinical management of adrenal insufficiency are critical to prevent morbidity and mortality. This review summarizes the etiologies, presentation, and diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency utilizing different dynamic hormone testing and describes current treatment recommendations and new therapies...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Mette Engan, Asle Hirth, Håvard Trønnes
Objective: Triage is a tool developed to identify patients who need immediate care and those who can safely wait. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and interrater reliability of a modified version of the pediatric South African triage scale (pSATS) in a single-center tertiary pediatric emergency department in Norway. Methods: This prospective, observational study included all patients with medical conditions, referred to the pediatric emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Norway from September 1, 2015, to November 17, 2015...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
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