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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Kofi Sekyere Boateng, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Daniel Boateng, George Nana Kwasi Rockson, Kofi Akohene Mensah, Anthony Kwaku Edusei
Introduction: Waste management is an important developmental issue globally, especially in developing countries like Ghana. A key challenge of waste management in developing countries is sustainable financing. This study assesses the willingness-to-pay, an integral attribute of sustainable financing mechanism for improved solid waste management (SWM) services in Ghana. Methods: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in Ghana from January to August 2017 among 1560 households in four regional capitals in Ghana; Accra, Takoradi, Kumasi, and Tamale...
2019: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Joan A Vaccaro, Gustavo G Zarini, Fatma G Huffman
Environmental factors, preventive medical care, and behaviors play a role in childhood obesity. This study used the National Survey of Children's Health, 2011-2012, for 42,828 children, ages 10-17 years. Greater percent of children in the overweight/obese category performed no moderate-to-vigorous physical activity: 11.9 (10.6, 13.3) as compared to children in the underweight/normal weight category: 9.7 (8.9 10.6). No moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with no preventive medical care, inadequate or no health care, parents reporting higher percent of no parks or playgrounds, and unsafe and unsupportive neighborhoods...
2019: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Alice Mannocci, Immacolata Ciarlo, Valeria D'Egidio, Angela Del Cimmuto, Maria de Giusti, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
The aim of this observational study was to assess the relationship between environmental risk factors and some aspects of social economic status (SES) of the population in different Italian municipalities. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) and particulate matter (PM10 ) annual means were extracted from ISPRA-BRACE (environmental information system of 483 Italian municipalities, 6% of the total amount of administrative units) from 2002 to 2012. As an indicator of sociodemographic and SES data, we collected the following: resident population, foreign nationality, low level of education, unemployment, nonhome ownership, single-parent family, and overcrowding...
2019: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Deborah Tolulope Esan, Ayodeji Akinwande Fasoro, Opeoluwa Esther Odesanya, Theophilus Olaide Esan, Elizabeth Funmilayo Ojo, Charles Oluwafemi Faeji
Background: Self-medication is the use of drugs to treat self-diagnosed disorders or symptoms or the intermittent or continued use of prescribed drug for chronic or recurrent disease or symptoms, and it is mostly common in developing countries. This study therefore assessed the practice of self-medication among undergraduate students of a private university in Nigeria. Methods: The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional design. A pretested questionnaire was self-administered to 384 undergraduate students of the university...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Mecthilde Mukangendo, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Regis Hitimana, Assumpta Yamuragiye
Background: Community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes are an emerging mechanism for providing financial protection against health-related poverty. In Rwanda, CBHI is being implemented across the country, and it is based on four socioeconomic categories of the "Ubudehe system": the premiums of the first category are fully subsidized by government, the second and third category members pay 3000 frw, and the fourth category members pay 7000 frw as premium. However, low adherence of community to the scheme since 2011 has not been sufficiently studied...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Amar Arhab, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Stefano Lanzi, Kerstin Stülb, Annina E Zysset, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, Simone Munsch, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder
Background: The childcare (CC) environment can influence young children's physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB), and adiposity. The aim of the study was to identify a broad range of CC correlates of PA, SB, and adiposity in a large sample of preschoolers. Methods: 476 preschool children (mean age 3.9 yrs; 47% girls) participated in the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). PA and SB were measured by accelerometry. Outcome measures included total PA (TPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), SB, body mass index (BMI), and skinfold thickness (SF)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Manas Kotepui, Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui
Purpose . This study aimed to evaluate climatic data, including mean temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall, and their association with malaria incidence throughout Thailand from 2012 to 2017. The correlation of climatic parameters including temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall in each province and the weekly malaria incidence was analyzed using Spearman's rank correlation. The results showed that the mean temperature correlated with malaria incidence ( p value < 0.05) in 44 provinces in Thailand...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Chalachew Genet Akal, Dessie Tegegne Afework
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the predominant way for children to acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection worldwide including Ethiopia. Thus, objective of this study was to determine the status of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services utilization and factors affecting PMTCT utilization in health facilities of Afar region, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2014 to April 2015 taking 347 pregnant women and 22 health care providers. Data were collected using a questioner prepared separately for pregnant women and health care providers involved in PMTCT service delivery...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Oscar H Del Brutto, Pablo R Castillo, Mark J Sedler, Victor J Del Brutto, Mauricio Zambrano, Robertino M Mera, Clinton B Wright, Tatjana Rundek
There is limited information on participants' adherence and reasons for declining consent in observational cohort studies conducted in remote rural communities. We aimed at sharing lessons learned during the Atahualpa Project, a population-based cohort study conducted in a rural Ecuadorian village. Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years identified during door-to-door surveys who signed a consent form were enrolled. Annual surveys were conducted to assess the number of participants who moved out of the village, as well as those who died, declined consent, and newly entered the study...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Minyichil Birhanu, Berhane Gebrekidan, Getasew Tesefa, Minale Tareke
Background: Workplace stress occurs in all professionals but, in particular, health-care professionals are highly prone to workplace stress. Health-care professionals comprise an important group that can be impacted by workplace stress because of their unique work environment. The study was done to determine the level of workplace stress and its associated factors among health-care professionals in Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected health-care professionals in Felege-Hiwot Referral Hospital...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Adetola Koleade, Jamie Farrell, Gerald Mugford, Zhiwei Gao
Background and Objective: Aboriginal peoples are at a higher risk of many chronic respiratory diseases compared to the general Canadian population. Patients with asthma-COPD overlap (ACO), a disease newly described in 2015, are associated with frequent exacerbations, rapid decline in lung function, poor quality of life, high mortality, and disproportionate utilization of health-care resources than patients with asthma and COPD alone. The objective was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of ACO in Aboriginal peoples...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Gbenga J Abiodun, Kevin Y Njabo, Peter J Witbooi, Abiodun M Adeola, Trevon L Fuller, Kazeem O Okosun, Olusola S Makinde, Joel O Botai
The recent resurgence of malaria incidence across epidemic regions in South Africa has been linked to climatic and environmental factors. An in-depth investigation of the impact of climate variability and mosquito abundance on malaria parasite incidence may therefore offer useful insight towards the control of this life-threatening disease. In this study, we investigate the influence of climatic factors on malaria transmission over Nkomazi Municipality. The variability and interconnectedness between the variables were analyzed using wavelet coherence analysis...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Pius Nsimbe, Hilbert Mendoza, Solomon Tsebeni Wafula, Rawlance Ndejjo
The domestic solid waste stream composition of urban settings in many developing countries including Uganda is largely biodegradable in nature, and thus, composting provides the most suitable solid waste management option for these wastes. However, there is limited information about waste composting at the household level and associated determinants in Uganda. A cross-sectional study was employed to collect quantitative data from 368 residents of Masaka municipality, Central Uganda. A semistructured interviewer administered questionnaire was used which assessed knowledge, perceptions, and practices of composting...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Hashem Neshati, Fereshte Sheybani, HamidReza Naderi, MohamadReza Sarvghad, Ahmad Khalifeh Soltani, Elaheh Efterkharpoor, Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi
Although there is still much to learn about the types of errors committed in health care and why they occur, enough is known today to recognize that a serious concern exists for patients. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is frequently subject to diagnostic errors. Missed or delayed diagnosis of TB can affect patients and community adversely. Our aim in the present study was at evaluating the type of diagnostic errors in TB patients from symptom onset to diagnosis. This was a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in three university hospitals in Mashhad, Iran...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Jeremy J Hess, Sathish Lm, Kim Knowlton, Shubhayu Saha, Priya Dutta, Parthasarathi Ganguly, Abhiyant Tiwari, Anjali Jaiswal, Perry Sheffield, Jayanta Sarkar, S C Bhan, Amit Begda, Tejas Shah, Bhavin Solanki, Dileep Mavalankar
Background: Ahmedabad implemented South Asia's first heat action plan (HAP) after a 2010 heatwave. This study evaluates the HAP's impact on all-cause mortality in 2014-2015 relative to a 2007-2010 baseline. Methods: We analyzed daily maximum temperature ( T max )-mortality relationships before and after HAP. We estimated rate ratios (RRs) for daily mortality using distributed lag nonlinear models and mortality incidence rates (IRs) for HAP warning days, comparing pre- and post-HAP periods, and calculated incidence rate ratios (IRRs)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Grazia Salvo, Bonnie M Lashewicz, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Gavin R McCormack
Despite evidence suggesting that neighbourhood characteristics are associated with physical activity, very few mixed methods studies investigate how relocating neighbourhood, and subsequent changes in the built environment, influences physical activity. This sequential mixed methods study estimates associations between changes in overall physical activity and transportation walking and cycling and changes in objectively assessed neighbourhood walkability (quantitative phase) and describes perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity following residential relocation (qualitative phase)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Nitin Joseph, Sevitha Bhat, Subhani Mahapatra, Ayush Singh, Sajal Jain, Ahamed Unissa, Namritha Janardhanan
Introduction: Safe drinking water is essential for human life. It is generally considered that bottled water is safe for usage by people. For long-distance travelers, it serves as the only source of reliable drinking water. But, several studies have reported that bottled water does not always meet the acceptability standards. Objectives: To assess the bacteriological and physical quality of bottled water marketed in major transit areas and to check its compliance with national standards...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Hanaa E Bayomy Helal, Abdelmoniem Yuonis, Rania H M Shaker, Mona Ahmed Elawady
Background: Egypt has the highest prevalence of HCV infection worldwide. This project aimed at identifying the role of HCV transmission among household contacts to index cases in the persistent high incidence of HCV infection in Egypt. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 70 Egyptian cases with chronic liver diseases and their household contacts (140 contacts) from Qalubeyia Governorate. An interview questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics and risk factors to HCV infection...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Fredrick Okoth Okaka, Beneah D O Odhiambo
Flooding can potentially increase the spread of infectious diseases. To enhance good understanding of the health consequences of flooding and facilitate planning for mitigation strategies, deeper consideration of the relationship between flooding and out-break of infectious diseases is required. This paper examines the relationship between occurrence of floods in Kenya and outbreak of infectious diseases and possible interventions. This review intended to build up the quality and comprehensiveness of evidence on infectious diseases arising after flooding incidence in Kenya...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Ryan Sinclair, Charity Russell, Genevieve Kray, Stephen Vesper
Indoor mold contamination has been associated in many studies with an increased risk of asthma and respiratory illness. This study investigated indoor mold contamination and the prevalence of asthma/respiratory illness in two low-income, Hispanic communities, Mecca and Coachella City, in the Eastern Coachella Valley (ECV) of California. The study consisted of a questionnaire to assess asthma/respiratory illness and the quantification of mold contamination in house dust samples using the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI) scale...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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