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Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Jess Milakovich, Vanessa W Simonds, Suzanne Held, Velma Picket, Deborah LaVeaux, Jason Cummins, Christine Martin, Lynn Kelting-Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Kathryn Rollins, Charley Lewis, T Edward Smith, Ryan T Goeckner, Jason W Hale, Niaman Nazir, Babalola Faseru, K Allen Greiner, Sean M Daley, Won S Choi, Christine M Daley
This study describes a multiphasic approach to the development of a smokeless tobacco cessation program targeted for American Indians (AI) of different tribal nations. The authors gathered formative data from a series of focus groups and interviews to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of AI and smokeless tobacco (SLT) use. Predominant themes emerged from four major topic areas (SLT use, initiation and barriers, policy, and program development) across both studies. This study further assessed educational materials developed for the cessation program for scientific accuracy, readability, and cultural appropriateness...
2018: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Faustine Williams, Graham A Colditz, Peter Hovmand, Sarah Gehlert
Although patterns of African American and white women breast cancer incidence and mortality in St. Louis, Missouri is consistent with those seen elsewhere in the United States, rates vary greatly across zip codes within the city of St. Louis. North St. Louis, whose neighborhoods are primarily African American, exhibits rates of breast cancer mortality that are among the highest in the city and the state as a whole. Based on information that up to 50% of women in North St. Louis with a suspicious diagnosis of breast cancer never enter treatment, we conducted three 2-hour group model building sessions with 34 community stakeholders (e...
2018: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Dea L Biancarelli, Ashley A Leech, Meg Sullivan, Angela R Bazzi
Couples in HIV serodiscordant relationships frequently desire children. Although partners who are virally suppressed pose almost no risk of transmitting HIV to their partners, partners who are inconsistently on therapy may transmit HIV to their partners when attempting to conceive. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an available safer conception strategy for these couples but is not consistently offered. We sought to better understand barriers to PrEP implementation for couples seeking conception and patient perceptions on what providers could do to encourage use...
2018: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Faustine Williams, Emmanuel Thompson
This study investigated the association of race, age, and census tract area poverty level on breast cancer stage at diagnosis. The study was limited to women residing in Missouri, aged 18 years and older, diagnosed with breast cancer, and whose cases were reported to the Cancer Registry between 2003 and 2008. The risk, relative risk, and increased risk of late-stage at diagnosis by race, age, and census tract area poverty level were computed. We found that the odds of late-stage breast cancer among African-American women were higher when compared with their white counterpart (OR 1...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Abraham A Salinas-Miranda, Lindsey M King, Hamisu M Salihu, Estrellita Berry, Deborah Austin, Susan Nash, Kenneth Scarborough, Evangeline Best, Lillian Cox, Georgette King, Carrie Hepburn, Conchita Burpee, Eugene Richardson, Marlo Ducket, Richard Briscoe, Julie Baldwin
Little is known about the patterns of risk factors experienced by communities of color and how diverse community contexts shape the health trajectory of women from the early childhood period to the time of their pregnancies. Thus, we conducted a focus group study to identify social risks over the life course that contribute to maternal and child health from the perspective of community members residing in low income urban areas. Ten community-based participatory focus groups were conducted with residents from selected communities in Tampa, Florida, from September to November 2013...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Karon L Phillips, Charles R Rogers, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan
Research has documented that African Americans suffer disproportionately from chronic diseases when compared to the general population. Yet, limited research examines older African Americans' perceptions about having chronic diseases. Accordingly, the first aim of the study provided insight into this disparity with the intent of revealing how older African Americans feel about their overall health, and how much they understand about their individual chronic disease(s). The second aim was to gather information about strategies and coping mechanisms older African Americans use to manage their chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Daisy Y Morales-Campos, Robin C Vanderpool
Background: In 2015, only 42% of Puerto Rican (PR) girls aged 13-17 and 44% of U.S. Hispanic girls aged 13-17 were vaccinated with all three Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine doses; These percentages were far lower than the Healthy People 2020 goal of 80% of girls aged 13-15 the Healthy People 2020 goal of 80%. The purpose of this study was to examine potential differences in HPV awareness and knowledge and HPV vaccine awareness and acceptability between a population-based sample of U...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Kevin M Greene, Wayne A Duffus, Jian Xing, Hope King
OBJECTIVES: To describe how select Social Determinants of Health (SDH) are associated with the burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among foreign-born persons residing in the United States. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) 2010 Risk Factor Survey data to investigate the independent relationship between SDH and HBV testing and access to care. RESULTS: HBV infected persons with insurance were more likely to see a physician than those without...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Darin B Zahuranec, Lynda D Lisabeth, Jonggyu Baek, Eric E Adelman, Nelda M Garcia, Erin C Case, Morgan S Campbell, Lewis B Morgenstern
Mexican Americans (MAs) have been shown to have worse outcomes after stroke than non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs), but it is unknown if ethnic differences in stroke quality of care may contribute to these worse outcomes. We investigated ethnic differences in the quality of inpatient stroke care between MAs and NHWs within the population-based prospective Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project (February 2009- June 2012). Quality measures for inpatient stroke care, based on the 2008 Joint Commission Primary Stroke Center definitions were assessed from the medical record by a trained abstractor...
2017: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Sheila McLaughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Sheryl L Coley, Tracy R Nichols
INTRODUCTION: Few studies examined socioeconomic contributors to racial disparities in low birth weight outcomes between African-American and Caucasian adolescent mothers. This cross-sectional study examined the intersections of maternal racial status, age, and neighborhood socioeconomic status in explaining these disparities in low birth weight outcomes across a statewide sample of adolescent mothers. METHODS: Using data from the North Carolina State Center of Health Statistics for 2010-2011, birth cases for 16,472 adolescents were geocoded by street address and linked to census-tract information from the 2010 United States Census...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Mohsen Bazargan, Magda Shaheen, Senait Teklehaimanot, Alireza Ahmadi, Joan Smith Cooper, Stacey Teruya
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are 1) to depict the prevalence of moderate depressive symptoms (MDS) in adolescents living in California, 2) to examine the role of acculturation in reported MDS, and 3) to identify any relationship between acculturation, "needing emotional help," and "receiving psychological or emotional counseling," as reported by adolescents with MDS. METHODS: We analyzed data from a cross-sectional population-based telephone survey for adolescents who completed the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) in 2007, 2009, and 2011-2012...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Stephanie W Kanuch, Kristin A Cassidy, Neal V Dawson, Melanie Athey, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Martha Sajatovic
Recruitment and retention of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and comorbid diabetes mellitus (DM) in research studies can be challenging with major impediments being difficulties reaching participants via telephone contact, logistic difficulties due to lack of transportation, ongoing psychiatric symptoms, and significant medical complications. Research staff directly involved in recruitment and retention processes of this study reviewed their experiences. The largest barriers at the macro, mediator, and micro levels identified in this study were inclement weather, transportation difficulties, and intermittent and inaccessible telephone contact...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Gail Boe, Carolyn Noonan, Leslie Carroll, Dedra Buchwald
The Institute of Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have identified policy and environmental strategies as critical to the prevention and control of obesity. However such strategies are rare in American Indian communities despite significant obesity-related disparities. Tribal policymaking processes differ by tribal nation and are often poorly understood by researchers and public health practitioners, hindering the dissemination, implementation, and successful scale-up of evidence-base obesity strategies in tribal communities...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Jordan B Hearod, Kim Tran, Keith C Norris, Dedra Buchwald
In the United States, medical students must demonstrate a standard level of "cultural competence," upon graduation. Cultural competence is most often defined as a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, organization, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. The Association of American Medical Colleges developed the Tool for Assessing Cultural Competence Training (TACCT) to assist schools in developing and evaluating cultural competence curricula to meet these requirements...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Ashley J Housten, Regina A Abel, Terianne Lindsey, Allison A King
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell trait (SCT) screening is required at birth in the United States; however, adults rarely know their SCT status prior to having children. PURPOSE: Assess feasibility of a community-based SCT education and testing intervention. METHODS: Participants were recruited from eight community sites to complete an educational program and offered a hemoglobin analysis. A genetic counselor met individually with participants to discuss lab results...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Lee S Caplan, Tabia H Akintobi, Tandeca King Gordon, Tiffany Zellner, Selina A Smith, Daniel S Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: For minority populations, there is a continuing disparity in the burden of death and illness from cancer. Research to address this disparity should be conducted by investigators who can best understand and address the needs of culturally diverse communities. However, minorities are under-represented in health-related research. The goal of this project was to develop and evaluate an approach to motivating and preparing master's degree students for careers dedicated to cancer disparities research...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Catherine Wolff, Amelia K Boehme, Karen C Albright, Tzu-Ching Wu, Michael T Mullen, Charles C Branas, James C Grotta, Sean I Savitz, Brendan G Carr
BACKGROUND: Women have more frequent and severe ischemic strokes than men, and are less likely to receive treatment for acute stroke. Primary stroke centers (PSCs) have been shown to utilize treatment more frequently. Further, as telemedicine (TM) has expanded access to acute stroke care we sought to investigate the association between PSC, TM and access to acute stroke care in the state of Texas. METHODS: Texas hospitals and resources were identified from the 2009 American Hospital Association Annual Survey...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Celia P Kaplan, Anna Nápoles, Sharon Davis, Monica Lopez, Rena J Pasick, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 Latino cancer patients diagnosed in California; 10 health professionals from the San Francisco Bay Area and Fresno, California; and 10 Cancer Information Services (CIS) information specialists from the regional offices handling calls from Spanish-speakers. Interview guides were designed by the investigators to answer three main research questions: 1) How do Latinos obtain information about cancer and what types of information do they access?; 2) What sources of cancer information do they seek out and find credible?; and 3) What are the barriers and facilitators to Latinos obtaining cancer information? Stakeholders generally viewed health professionals as the most credible source of cancer information...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
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