Erin Meier, Monica Malviya, Sukhdeep Kaur, Jacklynn Ibrahim, Andrew Corrigan, Andrew Moawad, Sathya Alekhya Bukkuri, Joshua Trebach, Mark K Su, Manju Pillai
Nitrous oxide is a commonly used inhaled anesthetic for medical procedures, as well as a drug of abuse throughout the world. Excessive nitrous oxide inhalation has been shown to cause a functional vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia, which can lead to peripheral neuropathy and hypercoagulability, respectively. While the development of neurologic toxicity from chronic nitrous oxide abuse (i.e., encephalopathy, myelopathy, and neuropathy) has been previously described, the thrombotic potential of chronic nitrous oxide abuse is less known...
2023: Case Reports in Medicine
Jiao Jie Cherie Tan, Yuen Lei Sze, Clarice Choong Shi Hui
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The median age of diagnosis for FL is 65 years old. Although the median life expectancy after diagnosis is approximately 10 years, the incurable disease has a high risk of transformation. This case report focuses on an 80-year-old patient diagnosed with low-grade follicular lymphoma which subsequently transformed leading to the patient's eventual demise as the patient took on the palliative intent. This case report aims to highlight the importance of clinical markers or prognostic factors to identify patients, specifically the elderly population who are at risk of transformation to aggressive forms when their FL remains at stage I-II phases...
2023: Case Reports in Medicine
Carlos Alberto Hurtado Gonzalez, Sebastian Ospina Otalvaro, Carlos Steven Marmolejo Escobar, Karen Julieth Quebrada Mera, Pablo Miguel Arango de la Pava, Carlos Andres Clavijo, Lucely Ortega Bolaños, Narda Rátiva Hernández, Angelica Maria Vidal Rosero, Paola Andrea Gutierrez Lenis, Armando Lucumí, Jean Paul Cappellaro Sánchez, Angela Agudelo Zamorano, Juan Pablo Jacome, Valentina Herrera Montoya, Luis Miguel Saldarriaga, Carolina Prado Salcedo, Sharon Fabiana Alvarado Carranza, Carlos Andres Marín Hoyos, Juan Pablo Beltran Alomia, Juan Felipe Ayala Rico, Luigui Andres Torres Colorado, Julia Andrea Arias Díaz
Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) is an insidious and progressive neuropsychiatric disorder that affects specific neurocognitive functioning, especially in tasks that require sustained attention, memory, executive functions, and visuospatial functioning. Usually, this disease generates neuropsychiatric complications that worsen the quality of life (QOL) of patients in the medium term. We present a case of a 63-year-old male who presented with a diagnosis of advanced Korsakoff's syndrome and has a clinical history of recurrent memory loss and a history of alcohol abuse...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Novi Apriany, Usi Sukorini, Tri Ratnaningsih, Rizka Humardewayanti Asdie, Yanri Wijayanti Subronto, Susanna Hilda Hutajulu, Ibnu Purwanto, Mardiah Suci Hardianti
Transient pancytopenia due to reactive bone marrow suppression often occurs in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a syndrome resulting from excessive immune activation following a severe infection. We reported two cases with pancytopenia and disseminated histoplasmosis accompanied by HLH, initially suspected to be blood malignancies. Our first case documented the relevance between the improvement of pancytopenia and the clearance of Histoplasma capsulatum in serial bone marrow aspirations. The second case showed immense Histoplasma engulfment by the macrophage in relation to a severe clinical condition, followed by improvement of clinical symptoms in accordance with the recovery of pancytopenia...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Neeka N Akhavan, Edlira Maska
INTRODUCTION: Graves' disease is an autoimmune thyroid disorder that is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Common manifestations of Graves' disease include weight loss, palpitations, heat intolerance, fatigue, tremors, and exophthalmos, occurring in more than 50% of patients. In rare cases, findings may predominate in one organ system; isolated findings of diarrhea, anxiety, or gynecomastia (as in our case) may occur, distracting from the correct diagnosis. Case Report . We report on a 37-year-old male who presented to the primary care clinic with the chief complaint of a tender right-sided breast mass and with an associated loss of appetite and forty-pound weight loss...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Ho-Man Yeung, Lauren Gaffaney
Basilar predominant emphysema, or disproportionate emphysematous involvement of the lung bases compared to the apices, is an uncommon radiographic pattern of emphysema traditionally associated with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD). We present a case of a 59-year-old female with 41 pack-year tobacco use, Stage IV COPD with supplemental oxygen, and bibasilar predominant emphysema who successfully underwent bronchoscopic lung volume reduction. She presented with recurrent hospitalizations for frequent exacerbations...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Ana Carolina Pereira de Godoy, Henrique Jose Pereira de Godoy, Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy
BACKGROUND: Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) is a rare congenital abnormality involving multiple craniofacial malformations, such as micrognathia, prominent frontal and nasal bones, vision defects, and dental anomalies, which can result in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The aim of the present study was to report a case of nasal obstruction in an individual with Hallermann-Streiff syndrome who had never breathed through the nose during treatment for lower limb lymphedema involving cervical lymphatic therapy...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Zahra A Natsha, Islam A Hamarsheh, Rawan S Utt, Bassam Abu Alrob, Adnan A Wahdan
Kimura's disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of unknown aetiology. It is a benign disease that might mimic a neoplastic process. It primarily affects the head and neck region, presenting as deep subcutaneous masses, and is often accompanied by triad regional lymphadenopathy, salivary gland involvement, and high serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels. Here, we report the second documented case of KD in Palestine diagnosed in a 28-year-old male patient who presented with lymphadenopathy and increased serum immunoglobulin E and G (IgE and IgG) associated with intermittent abdominal pain, generalised fatigue, hepatomegaly, cardiomyopathy, reactive airway disease, peripheral vasculopathy, peripheral neuropathy, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Sami Nabhani, Eric Cheysson, Pamela Sabbah, Georges Baaklini
Pseudoaneurysm of the profundal femoris artery (PFA) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a rare and unusual complication. Awareness of this complication and a high level of suspicion allow early diagnosis and treatment, thereby reducing the morbidity of this condition. We present a case of a pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the PFA after revision THA which was treated successfully by selective coil embolization.
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Iris S Harrison, Kiran Lukose, Bhagwan Dass, Nila S Radhakrishnan
Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HrCLM) is a clinical diagnosis based on a history of exposure to contaminated soil and is associated with a characteristic red serpiginous lesion that migrates within the epidermis . Our patient presented with a red, tortuous migratory rash with localized pruritus on the left plantar foot of 1-month duration. He lacked recent travel history outside the southeastern United States. Upon admission, he presented with peripheral blood eosinophilia, an uncommon feature of HrCLM...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Apurva Vedire, Gautham Upadrasta, Ndausung Udongwo, Faseeha Rehman, Mohammad A Hossain
The double-positive disease is the co-occurrence of antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) and is an uncommon cause of renal failure. Our case of triple-positive disease is an even rarer cause of isolated renal failure, as it includes anti-GBM, antimyeloperoxidase (MPO), and antiproteinase 3 (PR3). We present a case of a 62-year-old Caucasian male with a history of multiple comorbidities, who presented to the emergency department (ED) with worsening dyspnea on exertion that started about one month prior to admission...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Kanhai Lalani, M Sudhakar Rao, Padmakumar Ramachandran, A J Ashwal, Abdul U K Razak, Tom Devasia, Ganesh Paramasivam, Pankti Parikh
Background: Single coronary artery (SCA) is a rare anomaly with a prevalence of 0.024-0.066%. Some anomalies are merely benign anatomical variants, whereas some can result in myocardial ischemia or life-threatening arrhythmia. Case Presentation . We described seven cases in which all three major coronaries emerged from the right sinus of Valsalva via a single ostium and supplied the vast majority of the myocardium. A smaller branch arising from the left sinus supplied a modest quantity of myocardium in some of those few cases...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Mateo Zuluaga-Gómez, Daniela Giraldo-Campillo, Daniel González-Arroyave, Carlos M Ardila
Vertebral artery dissection is a common cause of stroke in young adults without predisposing risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. We describe the case of a 28-year-old patient who presented with an ischemic stroke secondary to a stab wound to the neck that affected the vertebral artery. A physical examination revealed neurological deterioration (Glasgow 8/15), a sutured neck wound, no palpable hematoma, no thrills, and no active bleeding. A computed tomography angiography revealed a left vertebral artery arteriovenous fistula with a component of a pseudoaneurysm, for which a neurointerventional consultation was carried out...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
José C Alvarez-Payares, Daniel Ribero, Luis Rodríguez, Carlos E Builes, Carolina Prieto, Clara Arango, Juan G Gamboa, Cristian Alvarez-Payares
The association of type B insulin resistance syndrome (TBIRS) due to autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is uncommon. This is partly due to the lack of established criteria for the diagnosis of this resistance. However, some clinical aspects may suggest that the diagnosis does not necessarily have to be positive insulin receptor antibodies as such patients could respond to immunosuppressive treatment. Methods . We describe a case and have performed a literature review on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar bibliographic databases to identify all case reports...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Victoria Giglio, Zain Badar, Yasovineeth Bhogadi, Brian Van Adel, Gordon Yip
Aortosternal venous compression (AVC) is a rare venous compression syndrome that involves brachiocephalic venous compression due to its positioning between the sternum and the aorta. One of the features of AVC involves compression of the left innominate vein with variability in luminal caliber on inspiration and expiration. Imaging modalities such as computed tomography (CT) examination can aid in initial diagnosis; however, venography can be utilized for confirmatory diagnosis due to its higher specificity during the inspiratory and expiratory phases...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Razieh Taghizadeh-Sarvestani, Hamid Reihani, Ali Ghanei-Shahmirzadi, Alireza Keshtkar, Parsa Yazdanpanahi
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common RBC abnormality, affecting 400 million people globally. Neonatal jaundice, hemolytic anemia, icteric skin, dark urine, and fever are usually the primary signs of this condition, which is generally diagnosed between the ages of infancy and 16 years old. Therefore, its first manifestation in old age is an unexpected phenomenon. Here, we present the case of a 70-year-old man with no past medical history of G6PD deficiency that was admitted to our hospital due to COVID-19 infection and developed acute hemolytic anemia while receiving hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) medication for COVID-19-related pneumonia...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Karen Daniela Manchola Narváez, Natalia Del Pilar Delgado Ortíz, Iván José Ardila Gómez, Pilar Pérez López, Martín Fernando Rivera Ortíz
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a postinfectious condition which usually develops 4 to 6 weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection in a genetically predisposed individual. Clinical features are heterogeneous and include fever, respiratory compromise, mucocutaneous involvement with conjunctival abnormalities and erythematous exanthem, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Neurologic and cardiovascular symptoms can also develop, including coronary artery dilatation. Some cases involve 2 or more organs and require critical admission...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Florence M F Cheung, Timothy Y C So, Tony H T Sung, Ying-Lee Lam
We presented a case of diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumour (DTSGCT) of foot masquerading as Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Preliminary diagnosis by needle biopsy was difficult due to the major involvement of bones and the overshadowing effect of the accompanying Langerhans cells. The complete curettage specimen with relevant immunohistochemistry and molecular tests made the final diagnosis of DTSGCT possible. The biomolecular mechanism for the masquerading phenomenon was explained by CSF1 overexpression in the neoplastic cells attracting migration and proliferation of CSF1R-positive Langerhans cells...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Dylan Morrissey, Yuheng Sun, Sarina Koilpillai, Jacqueline Kropf, Steve J Carlan
BACKGROUND: Clinical B12 deficiency with hematological or neurological manifestations is rare. An unusual manifestation of B12 deficiency is pseudo-thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), which is characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and schistocytosis and only occurs in 2.5% of those with B12 deficiency. Pseudo-TMA is misdiagnosed as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in 40% of cases, resulting in misguided treatment including plasmapheresis. CASE: A 44-year-old Hispanic presented with 3 weeks of progressively worsening non-radiating chest pain, fatigue, and shortness of breath (SOB)...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
Tagrid Ahmad, Somar Hamdan, Imad Saadeh
Objective: To report two cases of COVID-19 complicated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) from a public hospital in Damascus, Syria. Results: Two unvaccinated patients, 49-year-old and 34-year-old men, presented with a history of paresthesia followed by ascending symmetric weakness with absent tendon reflexes. They were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using chest CT and RT-PCR. Clinical status and lumbar puncture (LP) findings were consistent with GBS...
2022: Case Reports in Medicine
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