journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38627855/unusual-cerebral-intraventricular-hemorrhage-and-cardiomyopathy-related-to-congenital-cytomegalovirus-from-non-primary-maternal-infection-a-case-report
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victoria Malherbe, Stefanie Celen, Katherine Carkeek, Evelina Carapancea, Cinzia Auriti, Fiammetta Piersigilli
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection, resulting from non-primary maternal infection or reactivation during pregnancy, can cause serious fetal abnormalities, complications in the immediate neonatal period, and severe sequelae later in childhood. Maternal non-primary cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy is transmitted to the fetus in 0.5-2% of cases (1). CASE PRESENTATION: An African full term male newbornwas delivered by emergency caesarean section...
April 16, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38627836/acute-compartment-syndrome-and-fasciotomy-after-a-viper-bite-in-italy-a-case-report
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco Sassoè-Pognetto, Riccardo Cavalcante, Matteo Paonessa
BACKGROUND: Bites caused by European vipers are rare medical emergencies but can occasionally cause life-threatening complications. Viper venom causes local symptoms, which can be accompanied by systemic manifestations in severe cases. The local effects of snakebites include edema and, more rarely, necrosis and compartment syndrome. The consequences of envenomation are often more pronounced in children due to their smaller body size. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 6-year-old girl who experienced multiple viper bites in the lower limb in northwest Italy...
April 16, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616286/evaluation-of-apparently-healthy-egyptian-infants-and-toddlers-on-the-bayley-iii-scales-according-to-age-and-sex
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zeinab M Monir, Ebtissam M Salah El-Din, Wafaa A Kandeel, Sara F Sallam, Eman Elsheikh, Mones M Abushady, Fawzia Hasseb Allah, Sawsan Tawfik, Dina Abu Zeid
BACKGROUND: Child development is shaped throughout the first years of life through the interaction of genetics and the environment. Bayley-III is valuably used to determine early developmental delay (DD). The aim of this study was to detect the differences in performance of a sample of apparently healthy Egyptian infants and toddlers on the Bayley-III scales in relation to their age and gender. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Bayley scales were applied to 270 of the 300 recruited children following the inclusion criteria; to avoid potential risk factors affecting development...
April 14, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616285/carnitine-palmitoyltransferase-ii-cpt-ii-deficiency-responsible-for-refractory-cardiac-arrhythmias-acute-multiorgan-failure-and-early-fatal-outcome
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gregorio Serra, Vincenzo Antona, Vincenzo Insinga, Giusy Morgante, Alessia Vassallo, Simona La Placa, Ettore Piro, Sergio Salerno, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Eloisa Gitto, Mario Giuffrè, Giovanni Corsello
BACKGROUND: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is a rare inborn error of mitochondrial fatty acid metabolism with autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Its phenotype is highly variable (neonatal, infantile, and adult onset) on the base of mutations of the CPT II gene. In affected subjects, long-chain acylcarnitines cannot be subdivided into carnitine and acyl-CoA, leading to their toxic accumulation in different organs. Neonatal form is the most severe, and all the reported patients died within a few days to 6 months after birth...
April 14, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616250/the-impact-of-indoor-air-pollution-on-children-s-health-and-well-being-the-experts-consensus
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elena Bozzola, Rino Agostiniani, Laura Pacifici Noja, Jibin Park, Paolo Lauriola, Tiziana Nicoletti, Domenica Taruscio, Giovanni Taruscio, Alberto Mantovani
BACKGROUND: Pollution of the indoor environment represents a concern for human health, mainly in case of prolonged exposure such as in the case of women, children, the elderly, and the chronically ill, who spend most of their time in closed environments. MAIN BODY: The aim of the study is to organize a group of experts in order to evaluate the evidence and discuss the main risk factors concerning indoor air and the impact on human health as well as challenging factors regarding preventive strategies to reduce pollution...
April 14, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594715/clinical-functional-correlation-with-brain-volumetry-in-severe-perinatal-asphyxia-a-case-report
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juan Pablo Velasquez-Minoli, Natalia Cardona-Ramirez, Hernan Felipe Garcia-Arias, Feliza Restrepo-Restrepo, Gloria Liliana Porras-Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) appears in neurological conditions where some brain areas are likely to be injured, such as deep grey matter, basal ganglia area, and white matter subcortical periventricular áreas. Moreover, modeling these brain areas in a newborn is challenging due to significant variability in the intensities associated with HIE conditions. This paper aims to evaluate functional measurements and 3D machine learning models of a given HIE case by correlating the affected brain areas with the pathophysiology and clinical neurodevelopmental...
April 9, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38589916/association-of-congenital-heart-disease-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-an-observational-and-mendelian-randomization-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhi-Yuan Liu, Qiong-Qiong Wang, Xian-Yong Pang, Xiao-Bi Huang, Gui-Ming Yang, Sheng Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study aims to thoroughly study the connection between congenital heart disease (CHD) and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) through observational and Mendelian randomization (MR) designs. METHODS: This observational study uses data from the National Survey of Children's Health (2020-2021). Multivariable logistic regression and propensity score matching (PSM) were performed to analyze the association. PSM was used to minimize bias for covariates such as age, race, gender, maternal age, birth weight, concussion or brain injury, preterm birth, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and other inherited conditions...
April 8, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38589886/epidemiology-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital-in-central-italy-and-development-of-a-forecasting-model-to-predict-the-seasonal-peak
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Renato Cutrera, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Andrea Dotta, Carmen D'Amore, Lucilla Ravà, Carlo Federico Perno, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is responsible for the majority of acute lower respiratory infections in infants and can affect also older age groups. Restrictions linked to the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and their subsequent lifting caused a change in the dynamics of RSV circulation. It is therefore fundamental to monitor RSV seasonal trends and to be able to predict its seasonal peak to be prepared to the next RSV epidemics. METHODS: We performed a retrospective descriptive study on laboratory-confirmed RSV infections from Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital in Rome from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2022...
April 8, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581027/association-study-of-flt4-and-hydin-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-with-atrial-septal-defect-susceptibility-in-the-han-chinese-population-of-southwest-china
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ye Jin, Miao Zhao, Qiuzhe Guo, Wanyu Zhao, Min Lei, Yifei Zhang, Yunhan Zhang, Yan Shen, Keqin Lin, Zhaoqing Yang, Jiayou Chu, Hao Sun, Zhiling Luo
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common form of congenital heart disease. Although several genes related to ASD have been found, the genetic factors of ASD remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between 10 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and sporadic atrial septal defects. METHODS: Based on the results of 34 individual whole exome sequences, 10 candidate SNPs were selected. In total, 489 ASD samples and 420 normal samples were collected...
April 5, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38580981/the-myofascial-release-as-neuromotor-support-to-improve-the-ineffective-sucking-ability-in-term-infants-a-preliminary-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrea Arcusio, Maria Cristina Villa, Federica Felloni, Claudio Migliori
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding plays a primary role in the events that characterize the development of the relationship between a mother and her newborn. However, this essential process sometimes does not fully cover the nutritional requirements of the newborn due to altered biomechanical sucking skills. In this context, adequate osteopathic treatment associated with neuromotor facilitation techniques could play a promoting role. METHODS: This study evaluated the effect of the osteopathic approach using myofascial release on 26 infants with ineffective sucking ability, identified by the POFRAS scale and LATCH score, compared with 26 untreated similar infants...
April 5, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38575971/esdm-intervention-in-severe-preschool-autism-an-italian-case-report-psychological-and-social-medicine-reflections
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rosaria Ferrara, Felice Damato, Leonardo Iovino, Flavio Marti, Roberto Latina, Costanza Colombi, Pasquale Ricci
BACKGROUND: The goal of our contribution is to discuss a preschool intervention based on the Early Start Denver Model and the use of the main tools for the detection of adaptive behaviour in cases of autism: Vineland, ABAS. CASE PRESENTATION: the work is the presentation of a clinical case that has benefited from an intervention with the Early Start Denver Model methodology for the benefit of a child with socio-cultural and economic disadvantages. This early intervention, in a child of 36 months, which followed the diagnosis, was possible thanks to the intervention of many third-sector organizations which allowed this child, with a serious autism profile, to receive an evidence-based intervention for free...
April 4, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561850/new-and-old-criteria-for-diagnosing-celiac-disease-do-they-really-differ-a-retrospective-observational-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salvatore Accomando, Ilenia Rita Piazza, Francesca Cacciatore, Veronica Notarbartolo, Giovanni Corsello, Mario Giuffrè
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare two groups of celiac patients: the first one, in which diagnosis was based on a "biopsy sparing" approach according to the 2012 ESPGHAN criteria, and the second one, based on the biopsy approach like the one of the 1991 Revised Criteria, in order to find relevant difference for sex, M/F ratio, age at diagnosis, clinical features at the onset, presence and prevalence of concomitant autoimmune disorders. METHODS: Our study involves 61 patients having the Celiac Disease (CD) onset from February 2013 to February 2020...
April 1, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561824/critical-period-of-oxygen-supplementation-and-invasive-ventilation-implications-for-severe-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ho Jung Choi, Baek Sup Shin, Seung Han Shin, Ee-Kyung Kim, Han-Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Several studies have identified graded oxygen saturation targets to prevent retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a serious complication in preterm infants. We aimed to analyze the critical period of oxygen supplementation and/or invasive ventilation associated with severe ROP. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included neonates with a gestational age (GA) < 29 weeks. Participants were divided into two groups: treated retinopathy and untreated/no retinopathy...
April 1, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38528616/clinical-and-economic-burden-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-children-aged-0-5-years-in-italy
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melania Dovizio, Chiara Veronesi, Fausto Bartolini, Arturo Cavaliere, Stefano Grego, Romina Pagliaro, Cataldo Procacci, Loredana Ubertazzo, Lorenzo Bertizzolo, Barbara Muzii, Salvatore Parisi, Valentina Perrone, Eugenio Baraldi, Elena Bozzola, Fabio Mosca, Luca Degli Esposti
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is among the leading causes of hospitalization due to lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children younger than 5 years worldwide and the second cause of infant death after malaria. RSV infection occurs in almost all the infants before the second year of life with variable clinical severity, often requiring medical assistance. This analysis investigated patients aged 0-5 years with RSV infection focusing on epidemiology, clinical features, and economic burden of RSV-associated hospitalizations in a setting of Italian real clinical practice...
March 25, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38528568/an-epidemiological-investigation-of-high-risk-infants-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michela Servadio, Marco Finocchietti, Chiara Vassallo, Riccardo Cipelli, Franca Heiman, Giulia Di Lucchio, Bianca Oresta, Antonio Addis, Valeria Belleudi
BACKGROUND: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infections may lead to severe consequences in infants born preterm with breathing problems (such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)) or congenital heart diseases (CHD). Since studies investigating the influence of different gestational age (WGA) and concomitant specific comorbidities on the burden of RSV infections are scarce, the present study aimed to better characterize these high-risk populations in the Italian context...
March 25, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38504292/the-specialized-pediatric-palliative-care-service-in-italy-how-is-it-working-results-of-the-nationwide-palliped-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Franca Benini, Anna Mercante, Sara Di Nunzio, Simonetta Papa
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of the specialized pediatric palliative care (PPC) burden and the definition of the extent and quality of PPC service in Italy represent urgent needs to enable the proper allocation of PPC resources and the definition of prevention and educational plans. The PalliPed project aimed to provide the first comprehensive assessment of the characteristics of Italian patients requiring PPC, the quality and extent of regional PPC networks/facilities, and the number of dedicated resources...
March 19, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38500213/an-association-between-heart-rate-variability-and-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nuntigar Sonsuwan, Krittika Houngsuwannakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
BACKGROUND: There are different findings on heart rate variability (HRV) and pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (pOSA) by an overnight HRV or a 1-hr HRV. However, there is limited data of HRV and pOSA diagnosis by using a 24-h HRV test. This study aimed to evaluate if HRV had potential for OSA diagnosis by using a 24-h HRV test. METHODS: This was a prospective study included children age between 5 and 15 years old, presenting with snoring, underwent polysomnography and a 24-h Holter monitoring...
March 18, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38500138/factors-associated-with-hospitalization-in-a-pediatric-population-of-rural-tanzania-findings-from-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vincenzo Mancini, Martina Borellini, Paolo Belardi, Maria Carolina Colucci, Emanuel Yuda Kadinde, Christina Mwibuka, Donald Maziku, Pasquale Parisi, Anteo Di Napoli
BACKGROUND: Despite pediatric acute illnesses being leading causes of death and disability among children, acute and critical care services are not universally available in low-middle income countries, such as Tanzania, even if in this country significant progress has been made in child survival, over the last 20 years. In these countries, the hospital emergency departments may represent the only or the main point of access to health-care services. Thus, the hospitalization rates may reflect both the health system organization and the patients' health status...
March 18, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38486305/italian-guidelines-for-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-joint-consensus-from-the-italian-societies-of-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-pediatric-nutrition-sigenp-pediatrics-sip-gastroenterology-and-endoscopy-sige-and-neurogastroenterology
#19
REVIEW
Giovanni Di Nardo, Giovanni Barbara, Osvaldo Borrelli, Cesare Cremon, Valentina Giorgio, Luigi Greco, Michele La Pietra, Giovanni Marasco, Licia Pensabene, Marisa Piccirillo, Claudio Romano, Silvia Salvatore, Michele Saviano, Vincenzo Stanghellini, Caterina Strisciuglio, Renato Tambucci, Rossella Turco, Letizia Zenzeri, Annamaria Staiano
The irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID), whose prevalence has widely increased in pediatric population during the past two decades. The exact pathophysiological mechanism underlying IBS is still uncertain, thus resulting in challenging diagnosis and management. Experts from 4 Italian Societies participated in a Delphi consensus, searching medical literature and voting process on 22 statements on both diagnosis and management of IBS in children. Recommendations and levels of evidence were evaluated according to the grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) criteria...
March 14, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38486257/plasma-metabolomic-profile-in-orthostatic-intolerance-children-with-high-levels-of-plasma-homocysteine
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yaqi Li, Baoling Bai, Hui Wang, Haojie Wu, Yanjun Deng, Chen Shen, Qin Zhang, Lin Shi
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic intolerance, which includes vasovagal syncope and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, is common in children and adolescents. Elevated plasma homocysteine levels might participate in the pathogenesis of orthostatic intolerance. This study was designed to analyze the plasma metabolomic profile in orthostatic intolerance children with high levels of plasma homocysteine. METHODS: Plasma samples from 34 orthostatic intolerance children with a plasma homocysteine concentration > 9 µmol/L and 10 healthy children were subjected to ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography and quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis...
March 14, 2024: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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