Hong-Juan You, Qi Li, Li-Hong Ma, Xing Wang, Huan-Yang Zhang, Yu-Xin Wang, En-Si Bao, Yu-Jie Zhong, De-Long Kong, Xiang-Ye Liu, Fan-Yun Kong, Kui-Yang Zheng, Ren-Xian Tang
Glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GLUD1) is implicated in oncogenesis. However, little is known about the relationship between GLUD1 and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we demonstrated that the expression levels of GLUD1 significantly decreased in tumors, which was relevant to the poor prognosis of HCC. Functionally, GLUD1 silencing enhanced the growth and migration of HCC cells. Mechanistically, the upregulation of interleukin-32 through AKT activation contributes to GLUD1 silencing-facilitated hepatocarcinogenesis...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Miao Wang, Xiao-Wei Li, Sen-Chao Yuan, Jie Pan, Zeng-Lin Guo, Li-Ming Sun, Shao-Zhen Jiang, Ming Zhao, Wen Xue, Hong Cai, Lin Gu, Dan Luo, Ling Chen, Xue-Qing Zhou, Qiu-Ying Han, Jin Li, Tao Zhou, Tian Xia, Tao Li
The recognition of cytosolic nucleic acid triggers the DNA/RNA sensor-IRF3 axis-mediated production of type I interferons (IFNs), which are essential for antiviral immune responses. However, the inappropriate activation of these signaling pathways is implicated in autoimmune conditions. Here, we report that indomethacin, a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, inhibits nucleic acid-triggered IFN production. We found that both DNA- and RNA-stimulated IFN expression can be effectively blocked by indomethacin...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Xinyuan Tong, Ningxia Zhang, Yun Xue, Hongbin Ji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Hao Jin, Zhouyuanjing Shi, Tianhua Zhou, Shanshan Xie
N 6,2'-O-dimethyladenosine (m6Am) is a prevalent modification frequently found at the 5' cap-adjacent adenosine of mRNAs and snRNAs and the internal adenosine of snRNAs. This dynamic and reversible modification is under the regulation of methyltransferases PCIF1 and METTL4, along with the demethylase FTO. m6Am RNA modification plays a crucial role in the regulation of pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA stability, and translation, thereby influencing gene expression. In recent years, there has been growing interest in exploring the functions of m6Am and its relevance to human diseases...
March 20, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Kaiju Li, Kaiyu Li, Jiaqi Fan, Xing Zhang, Chengyan Tao, Yijuan Xiang, Lele Cui, Hao Li, Minghan Li, Yanjing Zhang, Jia Geng, Ying Lai
Fusion pore opening is a transient intermediate state of synaptic vesicle exocytosis, which is highly dynamic and precisely regulated by the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex and synaptotagmin-1 (Syt1). Yet, the regulatory mechanism is not fully understood. In this work, using single-channel membrane fusion electrophysiology, we determined that SNAREpins are important for driving fusion pore opening and dilation but incapable of regulating the dynamics. When Syt1 was added, the closing frequency of fusion pores significantly increased, while the radius of fusion pores mildly decreased...
March 5, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Shuangshuang Zhao, Zhifang Li, Qian Zhang, Yue Zhang, Jiali Zhang, Gaofeng Fan, Xiaobao Cao, Yaming Jiu
The dynamic remodeling of the cytoskeletal network of vimentin intermediate filaments network supports various cellular functions, including cell morphology, elasticity, migration, organelle localization, and resistance against mechanical or pathological stress. Currently available chemicals targeting vimentin predominantly induce network reorganization and shrinkage around the nucleus. Effective tools for long-term manipulation of vimentin network dispersion in living cells are still lacking, limiting in-depth studies on vimentin function and potential therapeutic applications...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Mengyu Lai, Jiaomeng Li, Jiaying Yang, Qingli Zhang, Yujia Gong, Yuhang Ma, Fang Fang, Na Li, Yingxiang Zhai, Tingting Shen, Yongde Peng, Jia Liu, Yufan Wang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy-related metabolic disorder associated with short-term and long-term adverse health outcomes, but its pathogenesis has not been clearly elucidated. Investigations of the dynamic changes in metabolomic markers in different trimesters may reveal the underlying pathophysiology of GDM progression. Therefore, in the present study, we analyzed the metabolic profiles of 75 women with GDM and 75 women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) throughout the three trimesters...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Sm Faysal Bellah, Fangyuan Xiong, Zhen Dou, Fengrui Yang, Xing Liu, Xuebiao Yao, Xinjiao Gao, Liangyu Zhang
Stable transmission of genetic information during cell division requires faithful chromosome segregation. Mounting evidence has demonstrated that PLK1 dynamics at kinetochores control correct kinetochore-microtubule attachments and subsequent silencing of the spindle checkpoint. However, the mechanisms underlying PLK1-mediated silencing of the spindle checkpoint remain elusive. Here, we identified a regulatory mechanism by which PLK1-elicited ZW10 phosphorylation regulates spindle checkpoint silencing in mitosis...
February 24, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Zhikai Wang, Wenwen Wang, Shuaiyu Liu, Fengrui Yang, Xu Liu, Shasha Hua, Lijuan Zhu, Aoqing Xu, Donald L Hill, Dongmei Wang, Kai Jiang, Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, Xing Liu, Xuebiao Yao
Although the dynamic instability of microtubules (MTs) is fundamental to many cellular functions, quiescent MTs with unattached free distal ends are commonly present and play important roles in various events to power cellular dynamics. However, how these free MT tips are stabilized remains poorly understood. Here, we report that centrosome and spindle pole protein 1 (CSPP1) caps and stabilizes both plus and minus ends of static MTs. Real-time imaging of laser-ablated MTs in live cells showed deposition of CSPP1 at the newly generated MT ends, whose dynamic instability was concomitantly suppressed...
February 22, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Fengrui Yang, Mingrui Ding, Xiaoyu Song, Fang Chen, Tongtong Yang, Chunyue Wang, Chengcheng Hu, Qing Hu, Yihan Yao, Shihao Du, Phil Y Yao, Peng Xia, Gregory Adams, Chuanhai Fu, Shengqi Xiang, Dan Liu, Zhikai Wang, Kai Yuan, Xing Liu
In eukaryotes, microtubule polymers are essential for cellular plasticity and fate decisions. End-binding (EB) proteins serve as scaffolds for orchestrating microtubule polymer dynamics and are essential for cellular dynamics and chromosome segregation in mitosis. Here, we show that EB1 forms molecular condensates with TIP150 and MCAK through liquid-liquid phase separation to compartmentalize the kinetochore-microtubule plus-end machinery, ensuring accurate kinetochore-microtubule interactions during chromosome segregation in mitosis...
February 6, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Dorota Kmiec, Frank Kirchhoff
Extensive studies on HIV-1 have led to the discovery of a variety of structurally and functionally diverse innate defense factors that target various steps of the retroviral replication cycle. Some of them, such as APOBEC3, tetherin, and SERINC5, are well established. Their importance is evident from the fact that HIV-1 uses its accessory proteins Vif, Vpu, and Nef to counteract them. However, the list of antiviral factors is constantly increasing, and the innate defense mechanisms for them to restrict HIV-1 and/or how they are counteracted by viral proteins remain to be discovered...
February 5, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Ilaria Frasson, Linda Diamante, Manuela Zangrossi, Elena Carbognin, Anna Dalla Pietà, Alessandro Penna, Antonio Rosato, Ranieri Verin, Filippo Torrigiani, Cristiano Salata, Marìa Paula Dizanzo, Lorenzo Vaccaro, Davide Cacchiarelli, Sara N Richter, Marco Montagner, Graziano Martello
The high mutation rate of SARS-CoV-2 leads to the emergence of multiple variants, some of which are resistant to vaccines and drugs targeting viral elements. Targeting host dependency factors, e.g. cellular proteins required for viral replication, would help prevent resistance. However, it remains unclear whether different SARS-CoV-2 variants induce conserved cellular responses and exploit the same core host factors. To this end, we compared three variants of concern and found that the host transcriptional response was conserved, differing only in kinetics and magnitude...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Peter Zorn, Jaime Calvo Sánchez, Tala Alakhras, Barbara Schreier, Michael Gekle, Stefan Hüttelmaier, Marcel Köhn
Alternative splicing is one of the major cellular processes that determine the tissue-specific expression of protein variants. However, it remains challenging to identify physiologically relevant and tissue-selective proteins that are generated by alternative splicing. Hence, we investigated the target spectrum of the splicing factor Rbfox1 in the cardiac muscle context in more detail. By using a combination of in silico target prediction and in cell validation, we identified several focal adhesion proteins as alternative splicing targets of Rbfox1...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Yang Li, Qiang Sun, Zhi Yang, Gang Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Wei Liu, Zhen Dou, Chunyue Wang, Gangyin Zhao, Fengge Wu, Chunli Wang, Felix Aikhionbare, Mingliang Ye, Divine Mensah Sedzro, Zhenye Yang, Chuanhai Fu, Zhikai Wang, Xinjiao Gao, Xuebiao Yao, Xiaoyu Song, Xing Liu
Accurate chromosome segregation in mitosis depends on kinetochores that connect centromeric chromatin to spindle microtubules. Centromeres are captured by individual microtubules via a kinetochore constitutive centromere-associated network (CCAN) during chromosome segregation. CCAN contains 16 subunits, including CENP-W and CENP-T. However, the molecular recognition and mitotic regulation of the CCAN assembly remain elusive. Here, we revealed that CENP-W binds to the histone fold domain and an uncharacterized N-terminal region of CENP-T...
January 10, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Xiaozhen Song, Ruixing Hu, Yi Chen, Man Xiao, Hong Zhang, Shengnan Wu, Qing Lu
TRAF7 serves as a crucial intracellular adaptor and E3 ubiquitin ligase involved in signal transduction pathways, contributing to immune responses, tumor progression, and embryonic development. Somatic mutations within the coiled-coil (CC) domain and WD40 repeat domain of TRAF7 could cause brain tumors, while germline pathogenic mutations contribute to severe developmental abnormalities. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying TRAF7 involvement in embryonic development remains unclear. In this study, we employed zebrafish as an in-vivo model system...
January 4, 2024: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Han Yao, Meng Zhang, Donglai Wang
This year marks the fourth decade of research into the protein SET, which was discovered in 1992. SET was initially identified as an oncoprotein, but later, it was shown to be a multifaceted protein involved in regulating numerous biological processes under both physiological and pathophysiological conditions. SET dysfunction is closely associated with diseases, such as cancer and Alzheimer's disease. With the increasing understanding of how SET works and how it is regulated in cells, targeting aberrant SET has emerged as a potential strategy for disease intervention...
December 29, 2023: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Raku Son, Kenji Yamazawa, Akiko Oguchi, Mitsuo Suga, Masaru Tamura, Motoko Yanagita, Yasuhiro Murakawa, Satoshi Kume
The living body is composed of innumerable fine and complex structures. Although these structures have been studied in the past, a vast amount of information pertaining to them still remains unknown. When attempting to observe these ultra-structures, the use of electron microscopy (EM) has become indispensable. However, conventional EM settings are limited to a narrow tissue area, which can bias observations. Recently, new trends in EM research have emerged that provide coverage of far broader, nano-scale fields of view for two-dimensional wide areas and three-dimensional large volumes...
December 26, 2023: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Xuxia Ren, Zexu Cui, Qiaoqiao Zhang, Zhiguang Su, Wei Xu, Jinhui Wu, Hao Jiang
Endothelial damage is the initial and crucial factor in the occurrence and development of vascular complications in diabetic patients, contributing to morbidity and mortality. Although hyperglycemia has been identified as a damaging effector, the detailed mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, identified by ATAC-seq and RNA-seq, JunB reverses the inhibition of proliferation and the promotion of apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells treated with high glucose, mainly through the cell cycle and p53 signaling pathways...
December 22, 2023: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Qiyao Liu, Manyun Li, Minli Sun, Ruyue Xin, Yushu Wang, Qin Chen, Xiang Gao, Zhaoyu Lin
Homeostasis of the skin barrier is essential for maintaining normal skin function. Gasdermin A (GSDMA) is highly expressed in the skin and is associated with many skin diseases, such as melanoma and psoriasis. In mice, GSDMA is encoded by three gene homologues, namely Gsdma1, Gsdma2, and Gsdma3. Although Gsdma3 gain-of-function mutations cause hair loss and skin inflammation, Gsdma3-deficient mice show no phenotypes in skin or hair structures. To explore the physiological function of GSDMA, we generated conventional Gsdma1/2/3 knockout (KO) mice...
December 19, 2023: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
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