Read by QxMD icon Read

Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being

Ryan E Rhodes, Tanya Berry, Guy Faulkner, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Norman O'Reilly, Mark S Tremblay, Leigh Vanderloo, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper was to apply a framework designed to evaluate the intention-behaviour gap, known as multi-process action control (M-PAC), to understand parental support for the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth. METHOD: Parents (N = 1,208) of children 5-17 years of age, completed measures of reflective (attitudes, perceived control), regulatory (planning), and reflexive (identity, habit) processes as well as intention and support behaviours...
February 11, 2019: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Aura Ankita Mishra, Elliot M Friedman, Sharon L Christ, Madison Denning
OBJECTIVE: Objectives were to explore subgroups of individuals with differential disability trajectories and evaluate the protective effects of psychological well-being (i.e. hedonic and eudaimonic) in the presence of multiple disease conditions (or multimorbidity) and sociodemographic disadvantages. METHODS: Data come from the prospective longitudinal cohort study the Midlife Development in the United States (n = 3,904). Three waves of data spanning a 20-year period were used to identify subgroups with different disability trajectories...
February 5, 2019: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Shigehiro Oishi, Minkyung Koo, Nangyeon Lim, Eunkook M Suh
BACKGROUND: Research in the US found that gratitude increases happiness. We conducted three studies to examine whether gratitude increases happiness among Koreans, as well. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to a gratitude or a control condition in Studies 1 and 2, and into a gratitude toward someone important or a gratitude toward own health condition in Study 3. Their moods were then measured. RESULTS: Gratitude writing marginally significantly evoked indebtedness among Korean students (Study 1, N = 336) but not among American students (Study 2, N = 219)...
February 5, 2019: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Martin S Hagger, Nelli Hankonen, Eva-Maria Kangro, Taru Lintunen, Jeffrey Pagaduan, Juho Polet, Francis Ries, Kyra Hamilton
BACKGROUND: We examined effects of trait self-control, constructs from social cognition theories, and intentions on health behaviours. Trait self-control was expected to predict health behaviour indirectly through theory constructs and intentions. Trait self-control was also predicted to moderate the intention-behaviour relationship. METHODS: Proposed effects were tested in six datasets for ten health-related behaviours from studies adopting prospective designs...
February 5, 2019: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Clancy Black, Lenny R Vartanian, Kate Faasse
BACKGROUND: Public health campaigns commonly emphasise the association between excess weight and poor health. The present study aimed to examine the effect of information about weight and engagement with health behaviours on judgements of a person's health. METHOD: In two experimental studies, participants were asked to evaluate a target person's health and to make recommendations about that person's health-related behaviours. In Study 1 (n = 306), we manipulated the target's behaviours (healthy, unhealthy) and body weight (normal, overweight, obese); in Study 2 (n = 192), we manipulated the behaviour of an overweight target (healthy, unhealthy)...
November 22, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Christopher W Wiese, Zhuo Job Chen, Louis Tay, Elliot M Friedman, Jerrald L Rector
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have investigated the interplay between affect and health (1) over an extended period of time, (2) in a representative population, and (3) while modelling positive and negative affect simultaneously, no single study has done all three at once. METHODS: The present study accomplishes this by sampling adults from the Midlife Development in the US study who completed affect (Mroczek & Kolarz, 1998) and health measures (chronic conditions, Charlson, Szatrowski, Peterson, & Gold, 1994; functional limitations, McHorney, Ware, Lu, & Sherbourne, 1994; self-reported health) measured three times over 20 years...
November 22, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Simone Dohle, Wilhelm Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the sequential interplay of different health behaviours. Health behaviours may be connected in four different ways: a healthy behaviour may lead to a subsequent healthy or unhealthy behaviour (positive consistency and licensing, respectively), or an unhealthy behaviour may lead to a subsequent unhealthy or healthy behaviour (negative consistency and cleansing, respectively). In this study, these four possible types of sequential health behaviours were examined jointly in people's daily life...
November 13, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Petra L Klumb, Chantal Wicki, Antje Rauers
BACKGROUND: We investigated how accurately physicians judge colleagues' states during shift handovers on intensive-care units, the role of physician characteristics, and how accuracy is related to handover partners' satisfaction. METHODS: Using mobile phones, we assessed momentary judgements during N = 272 shift handovers by 36 physicians of five Swiss clinics. Physicians rated their own and their partner's affective states. We calculated the covariation of the perceiver's judgements of the partner's affect with the partner's self-reported affect and the perceiver's own self-reported affect...
October 25, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Kwok Hong Law, James Dimmock, Kym J Guelfi, Thinh Nguyen, Daniel Gucciardi, Ben Jackson
BACKGROUND: First-time mothers commonly experience stress and depressive symptoms in the postpartum period. Maternal self-efficacy has been shown to be an important protective factor against these experiences; however, research on the dynamic nature of stress, depressive symptoms, and maternal self-efficacy is limited. The aim of this study was to document changes in these psychological factors among first-time mothers, and determine how early maternal self-efficacy perceptions may predict change in stress and depressive symptoms over the first 6 months postpartum...
October 21, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Enrico Sella, Nicola Cellini, Laura Miola, Michela Sarlo, Erika Borella
BACKGROUND: Sleep has a crucial role in physical and mental health across the lifespan. In addition to an excessive intrusive sleep-related cognitive activity, another factor that may influence sleep quality in old age is sleep-related metacognitive activity, such as metacognitive beliefs about sleeping difficulties, and night-time thought control strategies. Here, we aimed to assess the relationship between sleep-related metacognitive beliefs, thought control strategies, excessive intrusive cognitive activities, such as dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, or objective and/or perceived sleep disruptions in elderly people...
October 18, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Susan Churchill, Louisa Pavey, Paul Sparks
BACKGROUND: Autonomy-supportive implementation intention exercises have been shown to facilitate goal-directed behaviour (Koestner et al., ). The current study explored whether eating self-efficacy moderated the impact of autonomy-framed versus control-framed implementation intentions to reduce high-calorie snack intake. METHODS: The study employed a randomised prospective design, involving two waves of data collection conducted in 2016. At Time 1, UK participants (N = 300) completed an online questionnaire which asked them to report their snacking behaviour over the previous 7 days...
October 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
James D Sessford, Lawrence R Brawley, Miranda A Cary, Parminder K Flora, Jocelyn E Blouin, Shaelyn M Strachan, Nancy C Gyurcsik
BACKGROUND: Research about exercise adherence amongst adults with arthritis has been largely correlational, and theoretically based causal studies are needed. We used an experimental design to test the social cognitive theory premise that high self-efficacy helps to overcome challenging barriers to action. METHODS: Exercising individuals (N = 86; female = 78%; M age = 53; BMI = 27) with differential self-regulatory efficacy for managing salient, non-disease barriers were randomly assigned to many or few barrier conditions...
October 5, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Karolina Zarychta, Carina K Y Chan, Magdalena Kruk, Aleksandra Luszczynska
BACKGROUND: Body satisfaction is one of the key modifiable cognitive determinants of eating behaviours, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI). As the sociocultural models suggest, low body satisfaction may explain unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours. Importantly, body satisfaction levels and body areas that individuals focus on vary across genders. This study aims at investigating links between the global index of body areas satisfaction (BAS), gender-specific BAS, fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake, energy-dense foods intake, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and BMI...
October 5, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Emily R Arps, Myron D Friesen, Nickola C Overall
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research has documented the positive effects of gratitude programs on participants' mental health and well-being. For children and adolescents, these programs typically rely on school-based group designs tied with a health curriculum, whereas innovative technology-based programs are relatively understudied. METHODS: This experiment investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a gratitude text-messaging program for promoting adolescent mental health relative to a positive reflective control condition...
September 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Dario Monzani, Marco D'Addario, Francesco Fattirolli, Cristina Giannattasio, Andrea Greco, Francesco Quarenghi, Patrizia Steca
BACKGROUND: Healthy lifestyles are modifiable risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) onset and recurrence. While unhealthy lifestyles tend to cluster together within the general healthy population, little is known about the prevalence and clustering of these behaviours in people with ACS before and after the first acute event. The aim of this study was to identify lifestyle profiles of patients with ACS and to explore their change after their first coronary event. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-six patients completed self-report measures of healthy habits at the beginning of cardiac rehabilitation and 6 months later...
September 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Hongfei Du, Xiaoming Li, Peilian Chi, Shenran Zhao, Junfeng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Sociometer theory posits that self-esteem is a subjective monitor of the quality of one's interpersonal relationships. When people feel excluded by others, they may have negative relational evaluation about themselves-low self-esteem. In the present study, we hypothesised and tested that feelings of loneliness among children and adolescents affected by parental HIV would decrease their self-esteem over time; moreover, low self-esteem would intensify feelings of loneliness...
September 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Katherine E Brown, Kerrie Beasley, Satyajit Das
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent use of the contraceptive pill and condoms contributes significantly to poor sexual health outcomes for young people. There is evidence that action planning interventions may improve pill and condom use, but this approach is not systematically used in sexual healthcare. This study is the first to assess acceptability and feasibility of evaluating a digital intervention to support action plan formation for three sexual health behaviours with clinic attendees. It also considered the role of trait self-control and whether the intervention supported production of quality plans...
September 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Pascal Antoine, Anne Congard, Eva Andreotti, Bruno Dauvier, Johan Illy, Rollon Poinsot
OBJECTIVES: A 20-minutes-a-day, self-help, mindfulness-based intervention was conducted for 6 weeks with a French community sample. First, the intervention effects on affective and functioning variables were evaluated. Then, a differential approach was used to examine improvement potentiality and the perceived benefits of mindfulness according to the participants' baseline mindfulness competencies. METHOD: Participants were non-randomly assigned to a control group on the waiting list (n = 44) or a mindfulness group (n = 47)...
September 6, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Chelsey Saunders, Veronika Huta, Shane N Sweet
BACKGROUND: The theoretical conceptualisation of hedonic (HWB; pleasure) and eudaimonic (EWB; meaning) well-being has rarely been examined among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) graduates, including its relationship with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). First, this study examined the potential bidirectional relationship between MVPA and HWB/EWB. Second, this study tested the self-determination theory (SDT) model of eudaimonia where MVPA was set to predict the model's pathway between eudaimonic motives (seeking meaning), the basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and both types of well-being...
July 20, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Dusti R Jones, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Joshua M Smyth, Barbara J Lehman
BACKGROUND: Research examining the effects of mindfulness meditation (MM) on emotion seldom considers differences by arousal level or emotion variability. METHODS: In the present study, 115 participants (64% Female, 72% White, Mage = 19.03) were randomly assigned to a brief MM intervention condition (n = 60) or a wait-list control condition (n = 51). Participants in the MM condition were trained in MM and instructed to practice MM daily for one week. All participants provided daily diary reports of both higher- and lower-arousal positive (PE) and negative (NE) emotions...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"