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Global Health Promotion

Andrew E Springer, Melissa B Harrell, Lucía Martínez Gomensoro, María Traversa Fresco, Shannon Rogers, Martina Florines, Viviana Moreno, Joowon Lee, Cheryl L Perry, Eduardo Bianco, Diego Estol
PURPOSE: ¡Activate Ya! was a group-randomized controlled intervention trial aimed at developing and evaluating the impact of a school-based intervention on preventing cigarette smoking and promoting physical activity (PA) in secondary school students in Uruguay. Secondary aims were to evaluate the program's impact on students' smoking- and PA-related psychosocial risk and protective factors. METHODS: Sixteen schools and n = 654 students participated in the study...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Natalicio Serrano, Gunter Diem, Vilius Grabauskas, Aushra Shatchkute, Sylvie Stachenko, Anjali Deshpande, Kathleen N Gillespie, Elizabeth A Baker, Erkki Vartinaien, Ross C Brownson
OBJECTIVE: Since 2002, a course entitled 'Evidence-Based Public Health (EBPH): A Course in Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) Prevention' has been taught annually in Europe as a collaboration between the Prevention Research Center in St Louis and other international organizations. The core purpose of this training is to strengthen the capacity of public health professionals, in order to apply and adapt evidence-based programmes in NCD prevention. The purpose of the present study is to assess the effectiveness of this EBPH course, in order to inform and improve future EBPH trainings...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Kathryn Roberts, Sarah Gordon, Lorraine Sherr, Jackie Stewart, Sarah Skeen, Ana Macedo, Mark Tomlinson
The impact of the research process on the researcher is an emerging topic of interest. Data collection in most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is often the responsibility of community members who are identified and trained specifically for data collection. When research involves data on mental health and social well-being, data collectors may have specific competency needs and the task of data gathering may impact data collectors. This study aims to explore the experiences and needs of data collectors within South Africa using qualitative methods to examine the impact of data collection on data collectors...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Nasrul Ismail, James Woodall, Nick de Viggiani
In this commentary, we propose using laws in implementing the Healthy Prisons Agenda. We evaluate the efficacy of laws in tackling health inequalities in prisons, provide recommendations on how states can uphold their international commitments that safeguard prisoners' right to healthcare, and frame prisons as health-promoting settings. We also assess the challenges that can thwart this proposal, such as the non-binding nature of international obligations, global prison overcrowding and the dependency on prison governors and staff for implementation of the Agenda...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Cong Tuan Pham, Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Thi Lien Huong Nguyen, Jin-Ding Lin, Shahmir Ali, Cordia Chu
Workplaces in the rapidly industrializing Asia-Pacific region face growing pressures from high-speed development driven by global competition, migration and the aging of the workforce. Apart from addressing work-related injuries, workplaces in the region also have to deal with increasing occupational stress, chronic diseases and their associated socio-economic burden. Meanwhile, interventions in workplace health are still dominated by a narrow behavioral change model. To this end, the integrative workplace health promotion model, initiated by the World Health Organization from successful post-1990 pilot projects, emerges as a timely, comprehensive and appropriate means to manage contemporary workplace health and safety issues in the region...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Fereshteh Taheri, Masoud Motallebi, Ali Yazdanpanah, Yahya Khosravi, Maryam Borhani Jebeli, Hope J Corbin, Ali Asghar Farshad
Organisations can have a significant impact (positive or negative) on society through their actions and decisions. Given this reality, it is important that they are held responsible and accountable for the consequences of their actions. This concept is often referred to as 'social responsibility'. However, 'social responsibility', as currently conceived in the literature, neglects a specific focus on health as a social goal. Additionally, there are no practical tools to capture this concept in a holistic way to facilitate implementation and monitoring of organisational improvement...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Marietou Niang
This commentary discusses the different roles of community health workers (CHWs), their challenges and limitations in a historical perspective of primary health care (PHC). We first try to show that the comprehensive philosophy of PHC promulgated in Alma-Ata proposed the role of CHWs as actors who work in community development. On the other hand, in the 1980s, with the emergence of the selective philosophy of PHC, CHWs' role was more affiliated with the health system. We conclude our pitch about the balance that can exist between these different roles by suggesting that CHWs can work in continuity with the health system, but they should not be considered as affordable labor...
April 3, 2019: Global Health Promotion
David Loutfi, Neil Andersson, Susan Law, Leagajang Kgakole, Jon Salsberg, Jeannie Haggerty, Anne Cockcroft
Almost one-fifth of Botswana's population is infected with HIV. The Inter-Ministerial National Structural Intervention Trial is a trial to test the impact on HIV rates of a structural intervention that refocuses government structural support programs in favor of young women. Ensuring that the intervention reaches all vulnerable young women in any given community is a challenge. Door-to-door recruitment was inefficient in previous work, so we explored innovative ways to reach this population. We sought to understand the support networks of marginalized young women, and to test the possibility of using social networks to support universal recruitment in this population...
March 14, 2019: Global Health Promotion
Margo Greenwood, Nicole Marie Lindsay
This commentary explores the relationships between land, knowledge, and health for Indigenous peoples. Indigenous knowledge is fundamentally relational, linked to the land, language and the intergenerational transmission of songs, ceremonies, protocols, and ways of life. Colonialism violently disrupted relational ways, criminalizing cultural practices, restricting freedom of movement, forcing relocation, removing children from families, dismantling relational worldviews, and marginalizing Indigenous lives. However, Indigenous peoples have never been passive in the face of colonialism...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Ilima Ho-Lastimosa, Jane J Chung-Do, Phoebe W Hwang, Theodore Radovich, Ikaika Rogerson, Kenneth Ho, Samantha Keaulana, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Michael S Spencer
Prior to western arrival in 1778, Native Hawaiians possessed a sophisticated culture and resource management system conducive to an island ecosystem. However, disenfranchisement from ancestral lands and traditional food sources as a result of colonization led to Native Hawaiians being forced to abandon many of their traditional practices. Today, many Native Hawaiians experience food insecurity, placing them at further risk for obesity and other nutrition-related chronic diseases. Consequently, there is a growing need for place-based and culturally relevant strategies rooted in Hawaiian epistemology to address these issues...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Bonnie M Freeman
This research explores and supports the importance of Indigenous cultural knowledge and practices as guiding factors in understanding the agency and actions of Indigenous youth in seeking justice while journeying across the land. The article examines the work of Indigenous scholars and the significance of Indigenous knowledge in connecting to the land and natural environment, thus contributing to 'being alive well'. An example from Indigenous youth-focused research is highlighted to hear from the youth about the importance of being on ancestral land, journeying with peers and more importantly (re)gaining a sense of well-being and health through culture-based activism...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Mihi Ratima, Debbie Martin, Heather Castleden, Treena Delormier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Emma Woodward, Patricia Marrfurra McTaggart
In caring for Country, Indigenous Australians draw on laws, knowledge and customs that have been inherited from ancestors and ancestral beings, to ensure the continued health of lands and seas with which they have a traditional attachment or relationship. This is a reciprocal relationship, whereby land is understood to become wild/sick if not managed by its people, and in turn individuals and communities suffer without a maintained connection to Country. It is well understood by Indigenous people that if you 'look after country, country will look after you'...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Mihi Ratima, Debbie Martin, Heather Castleden, Treena Delormier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Lana Ray, Kristin Burnett, Anita Cameron, Serena Joseph, Joseph LeBlanc, Barbara Parker, Angela Recollet, Catherine Sergerie
While land is a nexus for culture, identity, governance, and health, as a concept land is rarely addressed in conversations and policy decisions about Indigenous health and well-being. Indigenous food sovereignty, a concept which embodies Indigenous peoples' ability to control their food systems, including markets, production modes, cultures and environments, has received little attention as a framework to approach Indigenous health especially for Indigenous people living in urban spaces. Instead, discussions about Indigenous food sovereignty have largely focused on global and remote and rural communities...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Mihi Ratima, Debbie Martin, Heather Castleden, Treena Delormier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Helen Moewaka Barnes, Wendy Henwood, Joanne Murray, Pauline Waiti, Mina Pomare-Peita, Selena Bercic, Rebecca Chee, Mishayla Mitchell, Tim McCreanor
Connections and belonging to ancestral lands are strongly and consistently argued as fundamental to Māori education, health and wellbeing. When our connections with and access to health-promoting places of belonging are damaged, we lose more than component parts of wellbeing. An entire cultural infrastructure integral to identity, community, spirituality, sustainability and even material sustenance is eroded, compromising health, wellbeing and vitality. Young people in rural areas are often seen as missing out on the amenities and attractions available in cities, but are assumed to have compensatory access to and positive relationships with 'nature'...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Angela Mashford-Pringle, Suzanne L Stewart
Indigenous learning traditionally comes from the land. Akiikaa ('it is the land' in Algonkian) is designed to assist graduate students in thinking beyond the classroom and understanding the elements of life as known by Indigenous people to live a healthy life. Akiikaa will provide graduate students (both Indigenous and non-Indigenous) with opportunities to learn about Indigenous ways of knowing. They will learn from an instructor, Elders and their peers about how the land is an instrumental part of all aspects of Indigenous life including health and well-being...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Fred Wien, Jeff Denis, Jennifer S Dockstator, Mark S Dockstator, Gérard Duhaime, Charlotte Loppie, John Loxley, Carla Moore, David Newhouse, Warren Weir, Judy Whiteduck, Wanda Wuttunee
This paper describes a poverty reduction approach to addressing an important determinant of health and well-being among Canada's First Nations. The Poverty Action Research Project (PARP) has its origins in the Make Poverty History Committee established by the Assembly of First Nations (AFN) in 2008. Academic members of the Committee in cooperation with the AFN subsequently applied for an action research grant to the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). The project selected five volunteer First Nations from different parts of Canada, hiring a coordinator in each, undertaking background research, developing a profile and working with First Nation representatives in the development of a strategy to address upstream determinants of health and well-being...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
Ruakere Hond, Mihi Ratima, Will Edwards
For Māori in Aotearoa New Zealand, land is not only an economic foundation but an anchor for tribal identity and a spiritual base. The forced alienation of Māori land since the 1800s, due to colonisation, has distanced communities from a direct relationship with their lands. There is little published research on Māori community gardens (māra) and their potential to reconnect Māori with ancestral lands. This study explores the motivations for developing māra and examines the role of māra in Māori health promotion...
April 2019: Global Health Promotion
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