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Global Health Action

Patricia Maritim, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Choolwe Jacobs, Mumbi Chola, Gershom Chongwe, Jessy Zyambo, Hikabasa Halwindi, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: The SAFE strategy (surgery for trichiasis, antibiotics for active infection, facial cleanliness and environmental improvement) is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended guideline for the elimination of blindness by trachoma by the year 2020. OBJECTIVE: While evaluations on the implementation of the SAFE strategy have been done, systematic reviews on the factors that have shaped implementation are lacking. This review sought to identify these factors...
2019: Global Health Action
Iqbal Ansary Khan, Ashraful Islam Khan, Anisur Rahman, Shah Alam Siddique, Md Taufiqul Islam, Md Amirul Islam Bhuiyan, Atique Iqbal Chowdhury, Nirod Chandra Saha, Prasanta Kumar Biswas, Amit Saha, Fahima Chowdhury, John D Clemens, Firdausi Qadri
Bangladesh has historically been cholera endemic, with seasonal cholera outbreaks occurring each year. In collaboration with the government of Bangladesh, the Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) initiated operational research to test strategies to reach the high-risk urban population with an affordable oral cholera vaccine (OCV) "ShancholTM" and examine its effectiveness in reducing diarrhea due to cholera. Here we report a sub-analysis focusing on the organization, implementation and effectiveness of different oral cholera vaccine delivery strategies in the endemic urban setting in Bangladesh...
2019: Global Health Action
Peter Byass, Nawi Ng, Stig Wall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Global Health Action
Peter Phillimore, Abla M Sibai, Anthony Rizk, Wasim Maziak, Belgin Unal, Niveen Abu Rmeileh, Habiba Ben Romdhane, Fouad M Fouad, Yousef Khader, Kathleen Bennett, Shahaduz Zaman, Awad Mataria, Rula Ghandour, Bülent Kılıç, Nadia Ben Mansour, Ibtihal Fadhil, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell, Julia A Critchley
BACKGROUND: This paper examines one EC-funded multinational project (RESCAP-MED), with a focus on research capacity building (RCB) concerning non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa. By the project's end (2015), the entire region was engulfed in crisis. OBJECTIVE: Designed before this crisis developed in 2011, the primary purpose of RESCAP-MED was to foster methodological skills needed to conduct multi-disciplinary research on NCDs and their social determinants...
2019: Global Health Action
Pruthu Thekkur, Ajay Nv Kumar, Palanivel Chinnakali, Sriram Selvaraju, Ramachandra Bairy, Akash Ranjan Singh, Abhay Nirgude, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Vinayagamoorthy Venugopal, Suresh Shastri
BACKGROUND: In India, a new care package consisting of (i) daily regimen with fixed-dose combination drugs, collected once-a-month and self-administered by the patient, (ii) 'one stop service' at antiretroviral treatment (ART) centre for both HIV and tuberculosis (TB) treatment and (iii) technology-enabled adherence support (99DOTS, which required patients to give a missed phone call after consuming drugs) was piloted for treatment of TB among HIV-infected TB patients. Conventional care included intermittent regimen (drugs consumed thrice-weekly) delivered under direct observation of treatment supporter and the patients needing to visit TB and HIV care facilities, separately for treatment...
2019: Global Health Action
Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Guillermo Martínez Pérez, Kelvin Oruko, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Pamela Catherine Angoissa Minsoko, Kounandji Diarra, Mahamane Djiteye, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Shujaat Zaidi, Carla Carrilho, Ariadna Sanz, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menendez, Quique Bassat, Khatia Munguambe
The minimally invasive autopsy (MIA), an innovative approach for obtaining post-mortem samples of key organs, is increasingly being recognized as a robust methodology for cause of death (CoD) investigation, albeit so far limited to pilot studies and research projects. A better understanding of the real causes of death in middle- and low-income countries, where underlying causes of death are seldom determined, would allow improved health planning, more targeted prioritization of available resources and the implementation of coherent public health policies...
2019: Global Health Action
Mpoe Johannah Keikelame, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: It is becoming increasingly important for researchers to critically reflect on approaches that can have a positive impact on the health outcomes of indigenous people. Such issues are of great importance and perhaps of special relevance to researchers in the Global South, and to the African context in which we work. OBJECTIVE: To share some lessons learned from our fieldwork to contribute to current knowledge and conversations on decolonising research process...
2019: Global Health Action
Sumit Kane, Esther Miedema, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline Broerse
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy amongst adolescent girls is common in many parts of the world. The dominant discourse in public health unquestioningly paints this as a problem; it does not pay sufficient attention to girls' views. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents a critical account of adolescent South Sudanese girls' reasons for and explanations of childbearing. It discusses their experiences and views on childbearing and attempts to explain their reproductive choices and actions, in context...
2019: Global Health Action
Annelies Wilder-Smith, Hasitha Tissera, Sazaly AbuBakar, Pattamaporn Kittayapong, James Logan, Andreas Neumayr, Joacim Rocklöv, Peter Byass, Valérie R Louis, Yesim Tozan, Eduardo Massad, Raman Preet
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever persists as a major global disease burden, and may increase as a consequence of climate change. Along with other measures, research actions to improve diagnosis, surveillance, prevention, and predictive models are highly relevant. The European Commission funded the DengueTools consortium to lead a major initiative in these areas, and this review synthesises the outputs and findings of this work conducted from 2011 to 2016. Research areas: DengueTools organised its work into three research areas, namely [1] Early warning and surveillance systems; [2] Strategies to prevent dengue in children; and [3] Predictive models for the global spread of dengue...
2018: Global Health Action
Ryan G Wagner, Nigel J Crowther, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Chodziwadziwa Kabudula, Kathleen Kahn, Memory Mhembere, Zola Myakayaka, Stephen Tollman, Alisha N Wade
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing obesity in South African adults, data on the prevalence and determinants of body mass index (BMI) from rural communities, home to a significant proportion of the population, are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate overall and sex-specific determinants of BMI in a rural adult South African population undergoing rapid social and epidemiological transitions. METHODS: Baseline cross-sectional demographic, socioeconomic, anthropometric, clinical and behavioural data were collected between 2015 and 2016 from 1388 individuals aged 40-60 years and resident in the Agincourt sub-district of Mpumalanga province, a setting typical of rural northeast South Africa...
2018: Global Health Action
Elena Jirovsky, Kathryn Hoffmann, Elisabeth Anne-Sophie Mayrhuber, Enkeleint Aggelos Mechili, Agapi Angelaki, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Elena Petelos, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Tessa van Loenen, Michel Dückers, László Róbert Kolozsvári, Imre Rurik, Danica Rotar Pavlič, Diana Castro Sandoval, Giulia Borgioli, Maria José Caldés Pinilla, Dean Ajduković, Pim De Graaf, Nadja van Ginneken, Christopher Dowrick, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: The ongoing refugee crisis has revealed the need for enhancing primary health care (PHC) professionals' skills and training. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to strengthen PHC professionals in European countries in the provision of high-quality care for refugees and migrants by offering a concise modular training that was based on the needs of the refugees and PHC professionals as shown by prior research in the EUR-HUMAN project. METHODS: We developed, piloted, and evaluated an online capacity building course of 8 stand-alone modules containing information about acute health issues of refugees, legal issues, provider-patient communication and cultural aspects of health and illness, mental health, sexual and reproductive health, child health, chronic diseases, health promotion, and prevention...
2018: Global Health Action
Kyaw Zin Linn, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kyaw Ko Ko Htet, Thae Maung Maung, San Hone, Htun Nyunt Oo
BACKGROUND: Among people living with HIV (PLHIV) enrolled into care, time to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has not been studied in Myanmar. To inform progress, we conducted this operational research among treatment-naive PLHIV (≥18 years) enrolled during a period of three years (2014-2016) at Pyin Oo Lwin, Myanmar. OBJECTIVES: To determine (i) the time from HIV diagnosis to ART initiation (time to ART) and associated factors and (ii) the association between time to ART and attrition (loss to follow-up and death) from ART care...
2018: Global Health Action
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Cosima Lenz, Emmanuel Adebayo, Iliana Lang Lundgren, Lucia Gomez Garbero, Subidita Chatteriee
BACKGROUND: Mystery client methodology is a form of participatory research that provides a unique opportunity to monitor and evaluate the performance of health care providers or health facilities from the perspective of the service user. However, there are no systematic reviews that analyse the use of mystery clients in adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) research and monitoring and evaluation of programmes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of adolescent mystery clients in examining health care provider and facility performance in providing ASRH services in high, middle, and low-income countries...
2018: Global Health Action
Heleen Elise Nelissen, Tochi Joy Okwor, Oluyemisi Khalidson, Akin Osibogun, Anja Helena Van't Hoog
BACKGROUND: In Lagos, Nigeria, approximately 33% of the population suffers from hypertension, yet antihypertensive treatment coverage is low. To improve access to care, a decentralized pharmacy-based hypertension care model was piloted. This study reports on the recruitment strategies used and is part of a larger study to evaluate the feasibility of the care model. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience executing three different strategies to recruit hypertensive patients in the program: community hypertension screenings, hospital and pharmacy referral...
2018: Global Health Action
Darcelle Schouw, Robert Mash, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander
BACKGROUND: The workplace is an important setting for the prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Policies for transformation of the workplace environment for occupational health and safety in South Africa have focused more on what to do and less on how to do it. There are no guidelines and little evidence on workplace-based interventions for NCDs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to learn how to transform the workplace environment in order to prevent and control cardio-metabolic risk factors for NCDs amongst the workforce at a commercial power plant in Cape Town, South Africa...
2018: Global Health Action
Yan Jin, Paul Mansiangi Mankadi, Jose Irineu Rigotti, Seungman Cha
BACKGROUND: During the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era, impressive reductions in the under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) have been observed, although the MDG 4 target was not met. So far, cause-specific progress in child mortality has been analyzed and discussed mainly at the global and regional levels. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore annual changes in cause-specific mortality at the country level, assess which causes contributed the most to child mortality reduction in 2000-2015, and estimate how many child lives were saved...
2018: Global Health Action
Lubna Al-Ansary, Navaratnasamy Paranietharan, Siswanto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Health Action
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Devaki Nambiar, Anne Schlotheuber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Health Action
Sulakshana Nandi, Helen Schneider, Samir Garg
BACKGROUND: Countries are increasingly adopting health insurance schemes for achieving Universal Health Coverage. India's state-funded health insurance scheme covers hospital care provided by 'empanelled' private and public hospitals. OBJECTIVE: This paper assesses geographical equity in availability of hospital services under the universal health insurance scheme in Chhattisgarh state. METHODS: The study makes use of district data from the insurance scheme and government surveys...
2018: Global Health Action
Sanjeev Sridharan, Amanda Pereira, Katherine Hay, Arnab Dey, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Scott Veldhuizen, April Nakaima
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the heterogeneities in antenatal care (ANC) utilization in India's most populated state, Uttar Pradesh. Taking an intersectionality lens, multiple individual- and district-level factors are used to identify segments of any antenatal care usage in Uttar Pradesh Objective: This paper seeks to understand the multilevel contexts of ANC utilization. The planning and programming challenge is that such knowledge of contextual specificity is rarely known upfront at the initial stages of planning or implementing an intervention...
2018: Global Health Action
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