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NCHS Data Brief

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707670/characteristics-of-office-based-physician-visits-2016
#1
Jill J Ashman, Pinyao Rui, Titilayo Okeyode
In 2016, most Americans had a usual place to receive health care (86% of adults and 96% of children) (1,2). The majority of children and adults listed a doctor's office as the usual place they received care (1,2). In 2016, there were an estimated 883.7 million office-based physician visits in the United States (3,4). This report examines visit rates by age and sex. It also examines visit characteristics-including insurance status, reason for visit, and services-by age. Estimates use data from the 2016 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)...
January 2019: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30500324/suicide-mortality-in-the-united-states-1999-2017
#2
Holly Hedegaard, Sally C Curtin, Margaret Warner
Since 2008, suicide has ranked as the 10th leading cause of death for all ages in the United States (1). In 2016, suicide became the second leading cause of death for ages 10-34 and the fourth leading cause for ages 35-54 (1). Although the Healthy People 2020 target is to reduce suicide rates to 10.2 per 100,000 by 2020 (2), suicide rates have steadily increased in recent years (3,4). This data brief uses final mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to update trends in suicide mortality from 1999 through 2017 and to describe differences by sex, age group, and urbanization level of the decedent's county of residence...
November 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30500323/drug-overdose-deaths-in-the-united-states-1999-2017
#3
Holly Hedegaard, Arialdi M MiniƱo, Margaret Warner
Deaths from drug overdose continue to be a public health burden in the United States (1-5). This report uses the most recent final mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to update trends in drug overdose deaths, describe demographic and geographic patterns, and identify shifts in the types of drugs involved.
November 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30500322/mortality-in-the-united-states-2017
#4
Sherry L Murphy, Jiaquan Xu, Kenneth D Kochanek, Elizabeth Arias
This report presents final 2017 U.S. mortality data on deaths and death rates by demographic and medical characteristics. These data provide information on mortality patterns among U.S. residents by variables such as sex, race and ethnicity, and cause of death. Life expectancy estimates, age-specific death rates, age-adjusted death rates by race and ethnicity and sex, 10 leading causes of death, and 10 leading causes of infant death were analyzed by comparing 2017 and 2016 final data (1).
November 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30475688/infant-mortality-by-age-at-death-in-the-united-states-2016
#5
Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll, T J Matthews
Infant mortality is an important public health measure in the United States and other countries (1-3). The United States' infant mortality rate started to decline in 2007 (the most recent high), but has remained relatively unchanged in recent years (4,5). Previous research shows differences in infant mortality rates by age at death (i.e., neonatal, or deaths to infants aged 0-27 days, and postneonatal, or deaths to infants aged 28-364 days), age and race and Hispanic origin of the mother, and leading causes of death (4-6)...
November 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30475687/use-of-yoga-meditation-and-chiropractors-among-u-s-children-aged-4-17-years
#6
Lindsey I Black, Patricia M Barnes, Tainya C Clarke, Barbara J Stussman, Richard L Nahin
Yoga, meditation, and use of chiropractors are types of complementary health approaches developed outside of mainstream Western medicine (1-2). Although complementary health approaches as a whole are not widely used among children, previous work has established a rise in the use of selected approaches over time (3). This report presents the most recent national estimates of use of the three most prevalent approaches during the past 12 months, among children aged 4-17 years in the United States. Comparable estimates from 2012 are also included to examine changes over time...
November 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30475686/use-of-yoga-meditation-and-chiropractors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-and-over
#7
Tainya C Clarke, Patricia M Barnes, Lindsey I Black, Barbara J Stussman, Richard L Nahin
Complementary health is the use of holistic or unconventional medicine with mainstream Western medicine for health and wellness (1,2). Past research has identified yoga, meditation, and seeing a chiropractor as some of the most commonly used approaches (3). This report examines changes over time in the percentage of adults who used yoga, meditation, and chiropractors in the past 12 months, as well as variation by sex, age, and race and Hispanic origin.
November 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30475685/trends-in-fertility-and-mother-s-age-at-first-birth-among-rural-and-metropolitan-counties-united-states-2007-2017
#8
Danielle M Ely, Brady E Hamilton
Since the most recent peak in the total fertility rate (the estimated number of lifetime births expected per 1,000 women) in 2007, the United States has experienced a decreasing total fertility rate and an increasing mean, or average, age of mothers at first birth (1-4). Previous research shows rural areas have persistently higher fertility and worse birth outcomes compared with metropolitan (metro) areas (2,5-8). This report describes trends and differences in total fertility rates and mean maternal age at first birth overall, and by race and Hispanic origin, between rural and small or medium metro, and rural and large metro counties, from 2007 through 2017...
October 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30312154/fast-food-consumption-among-adults-in-the-united-states-2013-2016
#9
Cheryl D Fryar, Jeffery P Hughes, Kirsten A Herrick, Namanjeet Ahluwalia
Fast food is a part of the American diet and has been associated with high caloric intake (1), and poor diet quality (2). Time, financial resources, price, and availability influence fast food consumption (3). This report presents data on the percentage of adults who consumed fast food on a given day in the United States during 2013-2016.
October 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30312150/seafood-consumption-in-the-united-states-2013-2016
#10
Ana L Terry, Kirsten A Herrick, Joseph Afful, Namanjeet Ahluwalia
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (1) recommend consuming two servings of seafood, including fish and shellfish, per week. Consuming approximately 8 ounces of a variety of seafood weekly is associated with reduced cardiac deaths (2). This report describes the percentage of U.S. adults and youth who reported consuming seafood at least two times per week by sex, age, and race and Hispanic origin during 2013-2016. Trends in the percentage of adults and youth who consumed seafood at least twice weekly, from 2005-2006 through 2015-2016, are also presented...
September 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30248006/beverage-consumption-among-youth-in-the-united-states-2013-2016
#11
Kristen A Herrick, Ana L Terry, Joseph Afful
Beverages contribute to hydration and affect total calorie intake (1). For all individuals aged 2 years and over, the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that water, fat-free and low-fat milk, and 100% juice be the primary beverages consumed (2). The American Academy of Pediatrics also supports this advice for youth (3). This report describes the contribution of different beverage types to total beverage consumption, by grams, among U.S. youth.
September 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30248004/prevalence-of-total-diagnosed-and-undiagnosed-diabetes-among-adults-united-states-2013-2016
#12
Nicholas D Mendola, Te-Ching Chen, Qiuping Gu, Mark S Eberhardt, Sharon Saydah
Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States (1-3). Diabetes can be present but undiagnosed, meaning that a person can have diabetes but not report having ever been told by a doctor or health professional that they have the condition. Type 2 diabetes can progress over an extended time period with gradual, often unnoticed, changes occurring before diagnosis. If left unmanaged, diabetes may contribute to serious health outcomes including neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease (4)...
September 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30156535/births-in-the-united-states-2017
#13
Joyce A Martin, Brady E Hamilton, Michelle J K Osterman
This report presents selected highlights from 2017 final birth data on key demographic, health care utilization, and infant health indicators. General fertility rates (the number of births per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years) and teen birth rates are presented by race and Hispanic origin. The use of Medicaid as the source of payment for the delivery and preterm birth rates are presented by the age of the mother. Data for 2017 are compared with 2016 for each indicator.
August 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30156534/high-deductible-health-plan-enrollment-among-adults-aged-18-64-with-employment-based-insurance-coverage
#14
Robin A Cohen, Emily P Zammitti
High-deductible health plans (HDHPs) are health insurance policies with higher deductibles than traditional insurance plans. Individuals with HDHPs pay lower monthly insurance premiums but pay more out of pocket for medical expenses until their deductible is met. An HDHP may be used with or without a health savings account (HSA). An HSA allows pretax income to be saved to help pay for the higher costs associated with an HDHP (1). This report examines enrollment among adults aged 18-64 with employmentbased private health insurance coverage by plan type and demographic characteristics...
August 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30089086/lack-of-change-in-perinatal-mortality-in-the-united-states-2014-2016
#15
Elizabeth C W Gregory, Patrick Drake, Joyce A Martin
Perinatal mortality (late fetal death at 28 weeks or more and early neonatal death under age 7 days) can be an indicator of the quality of health care before, during, and after delivery (1,2). The U.S. perinatal mortality rate based on the date of the last normal menses (LMP) declined 30% from 1990-2011, but was stable from 2011-2013 (1,3). In 2014, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) transitioned to the use of the obstetric estimate of gestational age (OE), introducing a discontinuity in perinatal measures for earlier years (4,5)...
August 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30044215/adoption-related-behaviors-among-women-aged-18-44-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#16
Chinagozi Ugwu, Colleen Nugent
People may choose to adopt a child for several reasons, including starting or growing a family, infertility, legal acknowledgment of a parental relationship with a nonbiological child, or for humanitarian reasons (1,2). Since 1973, the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) has gathered data from women on adoption and adoption-related topics (3-7). Using data from NSFG, this report provides the most recent estimates on current adoption and adoption-related behaviors among women aged 18-44 in the United States in 2011-2015...
July 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30044214/attempts-to-lose-weight-among-adults-in-the-united-states-2013-2016
#17
Crescent B Martin, Kirsten A Herrick, Neda Sarafrazi, Cynthia L Ogden
Almost 40% of adults in the United States had obesity in 2015-2016 (1). Obesity is associated with a range of serious health risks (2). Individuals may have multiple motivations for trying to losing weight, including health and appearance reasons (3). This report describes the percentage of U.S. adults who tried to lose weight in the past year by sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, family income, and weight status, based on data collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2013 -2016...
July 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30044212/trends-in-liver-cancer-mortality-among-adults-aged-25-and-over-in-the-united-states-2000-2016
#18
Jiaquan Xu
Liver cancer (including intrahepatic bile duct cancer) was the ninth leading cause of cancer death in 2000 and rose to sixth in 2016 (1). Although death rates for all cancer combined have declined since 1990, a recent report documented an increasing trend in liver cancer death rates during 1990-2014 (2,3). In this report, trends in liver cancer death rates are examined by sex, race and Hispanic origin, and age group from 2000 through 2016 for adults aged 25 and over. Death rates in 2016 by state and the District of Columbia (D...
July 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30312151/suicide-rates-in-the-united-states-continue-to-increase
#19
Holly Hedegaard, Sally C Curtin, Margaret Warner
In 2016, suicide was the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (1). Although the Healthy People 2020 target is to reduce suicide rates to 10.2 per 100,000 by 2020 (2), suicide rates have steadily increased in recent years (3,4). This Data Brief uses the most recent data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to update trends in suicide mortality from 2000 through 2016 and to describe differences by sex, age group, and means of suicide (e.g., suffocation, firearms, poisoning).
June 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30044213/describing-the-increase-in-preterm-births-in-the-united-states-2014-2016
#20
Joyce A Martin, Michelle J K Osterman
Infants born before 37 weeks of gestation, commonly referred to as preterm, are at greater risk of early death than those born later in pregnancy and can suffer numerous health and developmental problems, especially at earlier gestational ages (1-3). The incidence of preterm birth in the United States rose from the early 1980s through 2006 but declined from 2007 through 2014 (4-6). Recent data for 2014-2016, however, indicate that the preterm rate is on the rise again (6). This report describes trends in total, early (less than 34 weeks), and late (34-36 weeks) preterm births by plurality, race and Hispanic origin of the mother, and state of residence during 2014-2016...
June 2018: NCHS Data Brief
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