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American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715926/similarities-in-functional-play-and-differences-in-symbolic-play-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Kathy Thiemann-Bourque, Lynette K Johnson, Nancy C Brady
Contradictory reports of play strengths and weaknesses for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) persist in the literature. We compared the play of 19 children with ASD to 19 typically developing (TD) children matched on language and cognitive skills. All children were verbal. Results revealed no differences in indiscriminate actions, functional play, and object interest. The children with ASD showed less symbolic play and a significantly fewer number of children met criteria for emerging or mastered symbolic play...
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715925/a-description-of-the-educational-setting-among-individuals-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#2
Rebecca Nash, Catharine Riley, Pangaja Paramsothy, Kendra Gilbertson, Melissa Raspa, Anne Wheeler, Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock
Children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) display wide-ranging intellectual and behavioral abilities that affect daily life. We describe the educational setting of students with FXS and assess the relationships between school setting, co-occurring conditions, and functional ability using a national survey sample ( n = 982). The majority of students with FXS in this sample have formal individualized education plans, spend part of the day outside regular classrooms, and receive modifications when in a regular classroom...
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715924/a-primer-on-single-case-research-designs-contemporary-use-and-analysis
#3
Jennifer R Ledford, Erin E Barton, Katherine E Severini, Kathleen N Zimmerman
The overarching purpose of this article is to provide an introduction to the use of rigorous single-case research designs (SCRDs) in special education and related fields. Authors first discuss basic design types and research questions that can be answered with SCRDs, examine threats to internal validity and potential ways to control for and detect common threats, and provide guidelines for selection of specific designs. Following, contemporary standards regarding rigor, measurement, description, and outcomes are presented...
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715923/improvement-in-mental-health-outcomes-and-caregiver-service-experiences-associated-with-the-start-program
#4
Luther G Kalb, Joan Beasley, Andrea Caoili, Ann Klein
This study examined outcomes from the Systemic, Therapeutic, Assessment, Resources, and Treatment (START) program, a community-based tertiary care model for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities and mental health needs. The sample included 111 START service users and their family caregivers, who were receiving START Clinical Team services, located in the Northeast and Southwest regions of the United States. Results from the analyses found a significant 1-year pre-post improvement in caregiver service experiences and mental health symptoms of the service user...
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715922/early-predictors-of-later-expressive-language-in-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#5
Heather Fielding-Gebhardt, Steven F Warren
The predictive ability of early consonant inventory and intentional communication on later expressive language was examined in 36 boys with fragile X syndrome (FXS). Autism symptom severity was included as a potential moderator. Participants were visited in their homes twice over a 6-year period, and mother-child interactions were videotaped, coded, and transcribed behavior by behavior. Consonant inventory and concurrent autism symptom severity were predictive of later number of different words, as was the interaction between the two...
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715921/the-prevalence-of-osa-among-an-adult-population-with-down-syndrome-referred-to-a-medical-clinic
#6
Michelle Cornacchia, Janis Sethness, Philip Alapat, Yu-Hsiang Lin, Cynthia Peacock
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder affecting approximately 16% of adults (24% of men and 9% of women), and, if untreated, it can cause significant complications ( Young, 2009 ). This study evaluates 56 adult patients with Down syndrome and analyzed retrospective data to determine the: (1) prevalence of OSA, (2) severity of OSA, and (3) association between body mass index (BMI) and OSA. Of those participants that had polysomnography (PSG) testing available, 82.1% were diagnosed with OSA, divided by severity into mild (45...
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715920/the-past-and-the-future-are-in-the-present-the-continuing-evolution-of-ajidd
#7
Frank J Symons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715899/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30615470/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421974/the-relationship-between-children-s-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-and-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Sarah Dababnah, Cynthia Fraga Rizo, Karen Campion, Katherine D Downton, Helen M Nichols
Children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) can experience negative social, emotional, behavioral, and academic outcomes. A growing body of research has examined the relationship between intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and IPV exposure. We systematically reviewed the literature for research exploring this relationship and found a limited number of studies meeting inclusion criteria ( N = 11). Over half (64%) identified a significant relationship between IPV and IDD, although the cross-sectional methodologies of the majority of studies (82%) prevented the ability to ascertain directionality...
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421973/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421972/the-pretend-program-evaluating-the-feasibility-of-a-remote-parent-training-intervention-for-children-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#12
Olena Zyga, Sandra W Russ, Anastasia Dimitropoulos
Research has shown that children with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have social-cognitive challenges and decreased quality parent-child interactions. However, given the low prevalence rate, developing interventions for children with PWS is faced with the significant challenge of enrolling enough participants for local studies. To better understand the feasibility and acceptability of telehealth, the current study delivered a 6-week remote parent training intervention to 15 primary caregivers of a child with PWS (ages 3-6)...
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421971/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421970/the-association-between-continuity-of-primary-care-and-preventive-cancer-screening-in-women-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Natasha Plourde, Hilary K Brown, Simone Vigod, Virginie Cobigo
Women with intellectual disability have low screening rates for breast and cervical cancer. This population-based cohort study examined the association between the level of primary care continuity and breast and cervical cancer screening rates in women with intellectual disability. Data were obtained from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and the Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services. Neither high (adjusted OR [aOR] = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.88-1.29) nor moderate (aOR = 1.11; 95% CI: 0.91-1...
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421969/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-self-determination-inventory-student-self-report-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#15
Cristina Mumbardó-Adam, Joan Guàrdia-Olmos, Climent Giné, Karrie A Shogren, Eva Vicente Sánchez
Instruments to measure self-determination have only been available in the Spanish language to date, for adolescents with intellectual disability (ID). However, given the development of a new measure of self-determination for youth with and without disabilities, the Self-Determination Inventory, there is a need to adapt and validate this tool in the Spanish language so as to provide practitioners with a psychometrically strong measure of self-determination. This study provides evidence of reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the scale, empirically tested with a sample of 620 youth with and without disabilities in Spain...
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421968/associations-between-medical-history-cognition-and-behavior-in-youth-with-down-syndrome-a-report-from-the-down-syndrome-cognition-project
#16
Tracie C Rosser, Jamie O Edgin, George T Capone, Debra R Hamilton, Emily G Allen, Kenneth J Dooley, Payal Anand, John F Strang, A Chelsea Armour, Michelle A Frank-Crawford, Marie Moore Channell, Elizabeth I Pierpont, Eleanor Feingold, Cheryl L Maslen, Roger H Reeves, Stephanie L Sherman
The cause of the high degree of variability in cognition and behavior among individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is unknown. We hypothesized that birth defects requiring surgery in the first years of life (congenital heart defects and gastrointestinal defects) might affect an individual's level of function. We used data from the first 234 individuals, age 6-25 years, enrolled in the Down Syndrome Cognition Project (DSCP) to test this hypothesis. Data were drawn from medical records, parent interviews, and a cognitive and behavior assessment battery...
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421967/using-a-functional-analysis-followed-by-differential-reinforcement-and-extinction-to-reduce-challenging-behaviors-in-children-with-smith-magenis-syndrome
#17
Jennifer Hodnett, Mindy Scheithauer, Nathan A Call, Joanna Lomas Mevers, Sarah J Miller
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a genetic disorder, commonly caused by a 17p11.2 deletion, affecting the Retinoic Acid Induced 1 gene. It affects approximately 1 in 25,000 individuals, with over 90% engaging in challenging behaviors. Function-based treatments, using the principles of applied behavior analysis, have consistently been shown to decrease challenging behaviors exhibited by individuals with developmental delays. However, additional research is needed to determine the effects of these interventions with specific diagnostic subsets, including SMS...
November 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30198769/identifying-needs-based-groupings-among-people-accessing-intellectual-disability-services
#18
Jon Painter, Barry Ingham, Liam Trevithick, Richard P Hastings, Ashok Roy
There is increasing emphasis on needs-led service provision for people with intellectual disability (ID). This study outlines the statistical cluster analysis of clinical data from 1,692 individuals accessing secondary care ID services in the United Kingdom (U.K.) Using objective needs assessment data from a newly developed ID assessment tool, six clusters were identified. These had clinical face validity and were validated using six concurrently (but independently) rated tools. In keeping with previous studies, the clusters varied in terms of overall level of need as well as specific clinical features (autism spectrum disorder, mental health problems, challenging behaviors and physical health conditions)...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30198768/employment-income-and-ssi-effects-of-postsecondary-education-for-people-with-intellectual-disability
#19
Thomas Sannicandro, Susan L Parish, Steve Fournier, Monika Mitra, Maria Paiewonsky
The low employment rates of individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are a major concern. This study examined the effect of postsecondary education on employment atrnd earnings for individuals with ID and the effect of state variation on those outcomes. Rehabilitation Services Administration 911 (RSA-911) files for 2008-2013 were analyzed (n = 11,280 individuals with ID). Multilevel modeling techniques were used to understand state variation, such as various economic and programmatic features that influence outcomes...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30198767/systematic-review-of-interventions-involving-aided-aac-modeling-for-children-with-complex-communication-needs
#20
Elizabeth E Biggs, Erik W Carter, Carly B Gilson
Building the communicative competence of individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) requires intervention and support. This systematic review examined experimental studies involving aided AAC modeling to promote the expressive communication of children and youth (i.e., birth to age 21) with complex communication needs. A search yielded 48 studies involving 267 participants. Interventions were categorized according to three different approaches to aided AAC modeling-augmented input, models as prompts, and models within instructional demonstrations...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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