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Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640722/conclusions-race-as-social-fact-and-scientific-fiction
#1
Alan Goodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640721/races-racism-and-physical-anthropology-in-mexico
#2
Florencia Peña-Saint-Martin, José Luis Vera-Cortés
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640720/problematizing-miscegenation-the-fact-fiction-of-race-in-contemporary-brazil
#3
Elena Calvo-González, Ricardo Ventura Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640719/what-is-race-in-australia
#4
Emma Kowal, Elizabeth Watt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640718/vestiges-of-colonial-anthropology-and-race-in-nigerian-higher-education
#5
Kamela Heyward-Rotimi, Omotayo Owoeye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640717/structure-project-process-anthropology-colonialism-and-race-in-africa
#6
Jemima Pierre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640716/the-science-race-ethnicity-and-identity-workshop
#7
Noa Sophie Kolher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640715/neutral-theory-and-the-evolution-of-human-physical-form-an-introduction-to-models-and-applications
#8
Timothy Weaver
Anthropologists have long been interested in explaining patterns of variation in human physical form, in both present-day and ancient humans. Starting in the 1950s, their explanations became more firmly rooted in evolutionary theory, but they have typically focused on adaptive accounts. Neutral explanations - those grounded in models of evolution by mutation, genetic drift, and gene flow rather than natural selection - provide an alternative to adaptive explanations, and in recent years, neutral models have become an important tool for researchers investigating the evolution of human physical form...
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640714/the-manifesto-of-human-diversity-and-unity-eighty-years-after-the-italian-racial-laws
#9
Giovanni Destro Bisol, Maria Enrica Danubio, Alessandra Magistrelli, Pietro Greco, Mariano Pavanello, Elena Gagliasso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566085/paleo-oscillomics-inferring-aspects-of-neanderthal-language-abilities-from-gene-regulation-of-neural-oscillations
#10
Elliot Murphy, Antonio Benítez-Burraco
Language seemingly evolved from changes in brain anatomy and wiring. We argue that language evolution can be better understood if particular changes in phasal and cross-frequency coupling properties of neural oscillations, resulting in core features of language, are considered. Because we cannot track the oscillatory activity of the brain from extinct hominins, we used our current understanding of the language oscillogenome (that is, the set of genes responsible for basic aspects of the oscillatory activity relevant for language) to infer some properties of the Neanderthal oscillome...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566084/two-cognitive-transitions-underlying-the-capacity-for-cultural-evolution
#11
Liane Gabora, Cameron Smith
This paper proposes that the distinctively human capacity for cumulative, adaptive, open-ended cultural evolution came about through two temporally-distinct cognitive transitions. First, the origin of Homo-specific culture over two MYA was made possible by the onset of a finer-grained associative memory that allowed episodes to be encoded in greater detail. This in turn meant more overlap amongst the distributed representations of these episodes, such that they could more readily evoke one another through self-triggered recall (STR)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30321137/acheulean-without-handaxes-assemblage-variability-at-flk-west-lowermost-bed-ii-olduvai-tanzania
#12
Policarpo Sánchez-Yustos, Fernando Diez-Martín, Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Cristina Fraile, Javier Duque, Isabel Díaz, Sara de Francisco, Enrique Baquedano, Audax Mabulla
The FLK West sequence is divided into six fluvial stratigraphic levels, each of which provided archaeological materials. In the present paper we outline the major similarities and differences displayed by the lithic assemblages in FLK W, particularly the lower assemblages, which have yielded more objects than the upper ones. The differences noted in the absence-presence and frequency of LCTs may be explained in occupational terms, while the similarities in raw material selection, core reduction and flake retouching patterns indicate homogeneous cultural decisions and cognitive skills...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30153108/assessing-neanderthal-land-use-and-lithic-raw-material-management-in-discoid-technology
#13
Davide Delpiano, Kristen Heasley, Marco Peresani
Neanderthal groups developed different models of mobility and exploitation of resources across their territory: these differences can be linked to various knapping methods and are probably related to adaptative strategies and responses at many ecological and cultural levels. Neanderthals associated with Discoid knapping are known to depend on an opportunistic exploitation of lithic raw materials for daily food procurement and be more mobile than others using different technologies. However, we have no defined data for most of the geographical contexts where this technocomplex was found...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30153107/human-deciduous-teeth-from-the-middle-stone-age-layers-of-sibudu-cave-south-africa
#14
Alessandro Riga, Gregorio Oxilia, Daniele Panetta, Piero Salvadori, Stefano Benazzi, Lyn Wadley, Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi
In the African Pleistocene, the fossil evidence for early Homo sapiens populations is still relatively limited. Here we present two additional specimens (two deciduous teeth) recovered from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) deposits of Sibudu Cave (KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa). We describe their morphology and metrics, using three-dimensional models of the teeth obtained from high-resolution micro-CT images. The first specimen is a Ldm₁ (HUM. TO 1) recovered in the BS5 layer dated 77.3±2.7 ka, and associated with stone tools assigned to the "pre-Still Bay" assemblage...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30036183/grotta-del-cavallo-apulia-southern-italy-the-uluzzian-in-the-mirror
#15
Adriana Moroni, Annamaria Ronchitelli, Simona Arrighi, Daniele Aureli, Shara Bailey, Paolo Boscato, Francesco Boschin, Giulia Capecchi, Jacopo Crezzini, Katerina Douka, Giulia Marciani, Daniele Panetta, Filomena Ranaldo, Stefano Ricci, Sem Scaramucci, Vincenzo Spagnolo, Stefano Benazzi, Paolo Gambassini
The Uluzzian techno-complex is commonly considered to be a "transitional industry" mostly on the basis of some inferred characteristics such as a chiefly flake-based production, a small amount of Upper Palaeolithic-like tools and a combination of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic elements both in the toolkit and in the technical systems. Following its discovery, the Uluzzian was identified as the Italian counterpart of the French Châtelperronian and attributed to Neandertals. However, a study issued in 2011 has established the modern character of the two deciduous teeth found in 1964 in the Uluzzian deposit of Grotta del Cavallo, fostering renewed interests to the Uluzzian culture, which real nature is almost unknown to the international scientific community...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30036182/new-insights-on-final-epigravettian-funerary-behavior-at-arene-candide-cave-western-liguria-italy
#16
Vitale Stefano Sparacello, Stefano Rossi, Paul Pettitt, Charlotte Roberts, Julien Riel-Salvatore, Vincenzo Formicola
We gained new insights on Epigravettian funerary behavior at the Arene Candide cave through the osteological and spatial analysis of the burials and human bone accumulations found in the cave during past excavations. Archaeothanathological information on the human skeletal remains was recovered from diaries, field pictures and notes, and data from recent excavations was integrated. The secondary deposits have traditionally been interpreted as older burials that were disturbed to make space for new inhumations...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29717992/gender-balance-in-the-scientific-production-of-the-atapuerca-archaeological-and-palaeontological-research-project
#17
Xosé-Pedro Rodríguez-Álvarez, Sergi Lozano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29717991/survival-to-amputation-in-pre-antibiotic-era-a-case-study-from-a-longobard-necropolis-6th-8th-centuries-ad
#18
Ileana Micarelli, Robert Paine, Caterina Giostra, Mary Anne Tafuri, Antonio Profico, Marco Boggioni, Fabio Di Vincenzo, Danilo Massani, Andrea Papini, Giorgio Manzi
The Longobard necropolis of Povegliano Veronese dates from the 6th to the 8th centuries AD. Among the 164 tombs excavated, the skeleton of an older male shows a well-healed amputated right forearm. The orientation of the forearm fracture suggests an angled cut by a single blow. Reasons why a forearm might be amputated include combat, medical intervention, and judicial punishment. As with other amputation cases reported in literature, this one exhibits both healing and osteoblastic response. We argue that the forelimb stump morphology suggests the use of a prosthesis...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28885982/anthropologists-italians-and-human-races
#19
Giovanni Destro Bisol, Maria Enrica Danubio, Stefano Allovio, Cristina Papa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28885981/from-surnames-to-linguistic-and-genetic-diversity-five-centuries-of-internal-migrations-in-spain
#20
Roberto Rodríguez-Díaz, María José Blanco-Villegas, Franz Manni
In a previous study concerning 33,753 single Spanish surnames (considered as tokens) occurring 51,419,788 times we have shown that the present-day geography of contemporary surname variability in Spain still corresponds to the political geography of the country at the end of the Middle Ages. Here we reprocess the same database, by clustering surnames with Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs) according to their geographic distribution, to identify the monophyletic surnames showing a geo-historical origin in one of the 47 provinces of continental Spain...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
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