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PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30989836/neuroplasticity-modifications-following-a-lower-limb-amputation-a-systematic-review
#1
Francisco Molina-Rueda, Cristian Navarro-Fernández, Alicia Cuesta-Gómez, Isabel Ma Alguacil-Diego, Alberto Molero-Sánchez, María Carratalá-Tejada
BACKGROUND: Although there are studies that have examined brain functional reorganization following upper limb amputation, understanding of the brain changes that occur in people with lower limb amputation is limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate modifications in the brain following lower limb amputation. METHODS: We included case-control studies that evaluate neuroplasticity in the central nervous system using neuroimaging techniques. A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane...
April 15, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30985080/hyperhidrosis-and-dysautonomia-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-tetraplegia-following-cervical-facet-radiofrequency-ablation-a-case-report
#2
LETTER
Rajiv Reddy, Shawn Zardouz, Sepehr Rejai, Jeffrey Chen
Chronic pain in those with spinal cord injury (SCI) can significantly impact quality of life, with prevalence ranging from 26%-96%1 . Treatment of chronic pain is notoriously challenging and unsatisfactory for providers and patients1,2 . Patients with traumatic SCI and fusion can develop adjacent-level degeneration3 . Facet-mediated pain can be treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the medial branch nerves that innervate the zygapophyseal joints4 .
April 15, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957399/ultrasound-imaging-for-anterior-hip-pain-hypertrophic-bursitis-between-the-direct-tendon-of-the-rectus-femoris-and-the-iliocapsularis-muscle
#3
Vincenzo Ricci, Levent Özçakar
A 30-year-old man presented to our clinic with anterior pain and functional limitation of the left hip for the last two months. The pain had been constant (Numeric Rating Scale: 6/10), and more severe when playing football and climbing the stairs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 8, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900831/modulation-of-autonomic-function-by-physical-exercise-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#4
Alexandro Andrade, Guilherme Torres Vilarino, Thiago Teixeira Serafim, Altair Argentino Pereira Júnior, Cícero Augusto de Souza, Sofia Mendes Sieczkowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900830/using-clinical-balance-tests-to-assess-fall-risk-among-established-unilateral-lower-limb-prosthesis-users-cutoff-scores-and-associated-validity-indices
#5
Andrew Sawers, Brian Hafner
INTRODUCTION: Clinicians are routinely required to make decisions about fall risk among lower limb prosthesis (LLP) user. These decisions can be guided by standardized clinical balance tests, but require population- and test-specific cutoff scores and validity indices to categorize individuals as probable fallers or non-fallers on the basis of test performance. Despite the importance of cutoff scores and validity indices to clinical interpretation of clinical balance test scores, they are rarely reported for LLP users...
March 22, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900829/reliability-of-cognitive-measures-in-individuals-with-a-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Tom E Nightingale, Chloe A Lim, Rahul Sachdeva, M M Z Zheng, Aaron A Phillips, Andrei V Krassioukov
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficit is a common impairment in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), with an incidence of up to 64%. However, the reliability of commonly used neuropsychological tests is currently unknown in this population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of cognitive measures in individuals with SCI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Vancouver General Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with a chronic (>2 years) SCI (n=22)...
March 22, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900809/test-retest-reliability-of-the-re-integration-to-normal-living-index-rnl-i-to-assess-perceived-participation-in-adults-with-late-effects-of-polio
#7
Nilla Andersson, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with late effects of polio have difficulties participating in daily activities. The Re-integration to Normal Living Index (RNL-I) is a self-report questionnaire that evaluates perceived participation, but knowledge of the test-retest reliability and measurement errors in this population is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of the RNL-I in adults with late effects of polio. DESIGN: A postal survey with a test-retest design...
March 22, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900307/re-protocol-for-8-week-return-to-running-after-a-femoral-stress-reaction-no-bone-stress-injury-is-the-same
#8
LETTER
Adam S Tenforde
The authors of "Protocol for 8-Week Return to Running after a Femoral Stress Reaction" describe the management of a femoral shaft bone injury in a distance runner. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 22, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884142/concomitant-use-of-opioids-and-benzodiazepines-in-the-outpatient-setting
#9
Jeremy Simon, Jeffrey Gehret, David Stolzenberg, Pedro K Beredjiklian, Jonathon Teng, Taylor Paskey, Robin Raju
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines have been identified as a concurrent factor in opioid-related deaths. Although the dangers of concomitant administration of opioids and benzodiazepines are well documented, implementation of this knowledge into practice may be lagging behind. OBJECTIVE: To examine the concomitant use of opioids and benzodiazepines in the outpatient setting. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Academic outpatient multispecialty practice...
March 18, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30873696/pfilates-and-hypopressives-for-the-treatment-of-urinary-incontinence-after-radical-prostatectomy-results-of-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Darren Au, Andrew G Matthew, Shabbir Mh Alibhai, Jennifer M Jones, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Dean Elterman, Rajiv K Singal, Leah Jamnicky, Nelly Faghani, William J Hilton, Leslie E Auger, Paul Ritvo, John Trachtenberg, Daniel Santa Mina
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is an important side effect of radical prostatectomy (RP). Co-activation of surrounding muscles via novel techniques for pelvic floor rehabilitation known as Pfilates and Hypopressives have not been compared to pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMX) for UI. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of isolated PFMX with and without the addition of Pfilates and Hypopressives on UI recovery following RP. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial SETTING: Participants were recruited from a community and tertiary cancer centre in Toronto, Canada PARTICIPANTS: A total of 226 patients undergoing RP were assessed for eligibility...
March 14, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30859720/effectiveness-of-high-intensity-interval-training-for-fitness-and-mobility-post-stroke-a-systematic-review
#11
Joshua Wiener, Amanda McIntyre, Scott Janssen, Jeffrey Ty Chow, Cristina Batey, Robert Teasell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence on the effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in improving fitness and mobility post stroke. TYPE: Systematic review. LITERATURE SURVEY: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched for articles published in English up to January 2018. METHODOLOGY: Studies were included if the sample was adult human participants with stroke, the sample size was ≥3, and participants received >1 session of HIIT...
March 12, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30859716/preclinical-signs-of-a-temporomandibular-disorder-in-females-with-episodic-cervicogenic-headache-vs-asymptomatic-controls-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sarah Mingels, Wim Dankaerts, Marita Granitzer
The International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 accepted 'headache attributed to temporomandibular disorder (TMD)' as a valid headache-type.1 Such a headache can be explained by common neuronal pathways and central sensitization processes.2 Migraine, tension-type and secondary cervicogenic headache (CeH) are frequently associated with TMD.3-5 .
March 12, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30859692/pes-anserine-tendon-injury-resulting-from-cooled-radiofrequency-ablation-of-the-inferior-medial-genicular-nerve
#13
LETTER
Aaron Conger, Zachary L McCormick, A Michael Henrie
Early evidence from clinical trials suggests effectiveness of fluoroscopically guided genicular nerve radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of chronic knee pain due to osteoarthritis.1 One small sham-controlled study has demonstrated efficacy of this procedure.2 Additionally, there is interest in the use of genicular RFA for the treatment of persistent chronic knee pain post-total knee arthroplasty, though efficacy has yet to be demonstrated.3 .
March 12, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30859710/restoration-of-walking-after-surgical-management-of-equinus-in-a-non-ambulatory-child-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-presentation
#14
LETTER
Maryse Bouchard, Leslie F Vogel, Susan D Apkon
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular condition characterized by progressive muscle weakness and contractures resulting in loss of ambulation in childhood. The use of corticosteroids has generally replaced surgical management and long-leg bracing to prolong the ambulatory period. Once a child has lost the ability to walk independently there is currently no reported treatment to restore ambulation. We describe the rare case of a 13-year-old patient who was non-ambulatory for 18 months and receiving eteplirsen, an exon-skipping drug (Sarepta Therapeutics, Inc...
March 11, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851077/mri-of-lipofibromatous-hamartoma-involving-both-the-median-and-ulnar-nerve
#15
Jack A Porrino, Annie M Wang, Brittany Branson, Andrew Lischuk, Andrew Haims
The lipofibromatous hamartoma refers to the benign proliferation of mature adipocytes within peripheral nerves, infiltrating the endoneurium, perineurium, and epineurium, and resulting in fusiform nerve enlargement.[1,2] While mature fat infiltrates the nerve, separating the axonal bundles within the perineurium, a combination of perineural and endoneural fibrosis thickens the axonal bundles.[1] The etiology of the lesion is not clear, but they are believed to be of congenital origin or incited by nerve irritation or inflammation...
March 9, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30347255/posterior-vertebral-endplate-fractures-a-retrospective-study-on-a-rare-etiology-of-back-pain-in-youth-and-young-adults
#16
Erin M Conlee, Sherilyn W Driscoll, Krista A Coleman Wood, Amy L McIntosh, Mark L Dekutoski, Joline E Brandenburg
BACKGROUND: Posterior lumbar vertebral endplate fracture occurs with avulsion of the ring apophysis from the posterior vertebral body. Although this has been described in adolescents and young adults, proper diagnosis is often delayed or missed entirely. Surgery may be curative. OBJECTIVE: To determine the common clinical features and treatment outcomes in youth and young adults with posterior lumbar vertebral endplate fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
March 7, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30195704/treatment-of-knee-meniscus-pathology-rehabilitation-surgery-and-orthobiologics
#17
REVIEW
Paul S Chirichella, Steven Jow, Stephen Iacono, Hannah E Wey, Gerard A Malanga
The meniscal tear treatment paradigm traditionally begins with conservative measures such as physical therapy and referral for operative management for persistent or mechanical symptoms. As a result, the partial meniscectomy is performed more than any other orthopedic procedure in the United States. This treatment paradigm has shifted because recent literature has supported the attempt to preserve or repair the meniscus whenever possible given its importance for the structural integrity of the knee joint and the risk of early osteoarthritis associated after meniscus excision...
February 27, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784215/effect-of-lidocaine-on-viability-and-gene-expression-of-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Hai Nie, Eva Kubrova, Tao Wu, Janet M Denbeigh, Christine Hunt, Allan B Dietz, Jay Smith, Wenchun Qu, Andre J van Wijnen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the biological effects of lidocaine on the viability, proliferation and function of human adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) in vitro. METHODS: Adipose-derived MSCs from three donors were exposed to lidocaine at various dilutions (2mg/ml-8mg/ml) and exposure times (0.5 to 4 hours). Cell number and viability, mitochondrial activity, and quantitative real time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were analyzed at 0 (immediate effects) or 24 and 48 hours (recovery effects) after treatment with lidocaine...
February 19, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784201/patient-perspectives-on-osseointegration-a-national-survey-of-veterans-with-upper-limb-amputation
#19
Linda Resnik, Heather Benz, Matthew Borgia, Melissa A Clark
INTRODUCTION: Osseointegrated (OI) prostheses have a unique benefit-risk profile among prosthetic alternatives and have been marketed in the U.S. under a Humanitarian Device Exemption since 2015. Information about upper limb prosthesis user perspectives on benefits and risks, prosthesis-user subpopulations for whom OI is most acceptable, and outcomes that matter most to patients could help inform clinical and regulatory decision-making. Recent 21st Century Cures legislation expanded the role of patient experience data in the FDA decision-making process, recognizing that patient perspectives may be informative to regulators...
February 19, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779322/simulation-based-education-for-urgent-medical-complications-common-to-the-rehabilitation-setting-an-educational-program-for-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residents
#20
Laura Malmut, Monica Rho
BACKGROUND: Simulation technology is being increasingly adopted into medical education and is consistently associated with positive effects on knowledge, skills, and patient-related outcomes. There is little evidence on the use of simulation technology for the instruction of urgent medical complications to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a simulation-based educational program can improve PM&R resident confidence and knowledge in the assessment and management of urgent medical complications...
February 18, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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