journal
Journals Circulation. Cardiovascular Qu...

Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38362767/trends-in-patient-access-to-and-utilization-of-prescribed-pcsk9-inhibitors-in-a-large-us-claims-database-from-2015-to-2021
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Diane E MacDougall, Seth J Baum, Catherine D Ahmed, Mary P McGowan, Katherine A Wilemon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38362766/why-does-a-cardiologist-believe-in-a-therapy-the-role-of-intuitiveness-and-understanding-the-mechanism
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael J Foley, Christopher A Rajkumar, Fiyyaz Ahmed-Jushuf, Alexandra N Nowbar, Florentina Simader, Olamide Bello, Rasha Al-Lamee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357792/familial-hypercholesterolemia-and-our-family-s-heart-history-from-atherosclerosis-and-angina-to-awareness-and-advocacy
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Reed Mszar, Eugene Mszar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328917/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-risk-of-heart-failure-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gargya Malla, D Leann Long, Andrea Cherrington, Parag Goyal, Boyi Guo, Monika M Safford, Yulia Khodneva, Doyle M Cummings, Tara P McAlexander, Shanika DeSilva, Suzanne E Judd, Bertha Hidalgo, Emily B Levitan, April P Carson
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) affects >6 million US adults, with recent increases in HF hospitalizations. We aimed to investigate the association between neighborhood disadvantage and incident HF events and potential differences by diabetes status. METHODS: We included 23 645 participants from the REGARDS study (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke), a prospective cohort of Black and White adults aged ≥45 years living in the continental United States (baseline 2005-2007)...
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328916/cost-of-cardiovascular-disease-event-and-cardiovascular-disease-treatment-related-complication-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gabriel S Tajeu, Natalia Ruiz-Negrón, Andrew E Moran, Zugui Zhang, Paul Kolm, William S Weintraub, Adam P Bress, Brandon K Bellows
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is among the costliest conditions in the United States, and cost-effectiveness analyses can be used to assess economic impact and prioritize CVD treatments. We aimed to develop standardized, nationally representative CVD events and selected possible CVD treatment-related complication hospitalization costs for use in cost-effectiveness analyses. METHODS: Nationally representative costs were derived using publicly available inpatient hospital discharge data from the 2012-2018 National Inpatient Sample...
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328915/relationship-of-blood-pressure-health-behaviors-and-new-diagnosis-and-control-of-hypertension-in-the-bp-check-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yoshio N Hall, Melissa L Anderson, Jennifer B McClure, Kelly Ehrlich, Laurel D Hansell, Clarissa W Hsu, Karen L Margolis, Sean A Munson, Matthew J Thompson, Beverly B Green
BACKGROUND: Undiagnosed hypertension and uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) are common and contribute to excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We examined whether BP control, changes in BP, and patient behaviors and attitudes were associated with a new hypertension diagnosis. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of 323 participants from BP-CHECK (Blood Pressure Checks for Diagnosing Hypertension), a randomized diagnostic study of BP measuring methods in adults without diagnosed hypertension with elevated BP recruited from 12 primary care clinics of an integrated health care system in Washington State during 2017 to 2019...
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328914/sex-based-disparities-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-treatment-patterns-and-outcomes-in-older-adults-hospitalized-across-6-high-income-countries-an-analysis-from-the-international-health-systems-research-collaborative
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah Lu, Laura A Hatfield, Saeed Al-Azazi, Pieter Bakx, Amitava Banerjee, Nitzan Burrack, Yu-Chin Chen, Christina Fu, Michal Gordon, Renaud Heine, Nicole Huang, Dennis T Ko, Lisa M Lix, Victor Novack, Laura Pasea, Feng Qiu, Therese A Stukel, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Gabe Weinreb, Bruce E Landon, Peter Cram
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in acute myocardial infarction treatment and outcomes are well documented, but it is unclear whether differences are consistent across countries. The objective of this study was to investigate the epidemiology, use of interventional procedures, and outcomes for older females and males hospitalized with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in 6 diverse countries. METHODS: We conducted a serial cross-sectional cohort study of 1 508 205 adults aged ≥66 years hospitalized with STEMI and NSTEMI between 2011 and 2018 in the United States, Canada, England, the Netherlands, Taiwan, and Israel using administrative data...
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328913/impact-of-residential-social-deprivation-on-prediction-of-heart-failure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-external-validation-and-recalibration-of-the-watch-dm-score-using-real-world-data
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salil V Deo, Sadeer Al-Kindi, Issam Motairek, David McAllister, Anoop S V Shah, Yakov E Elgudin, Eiran Z Gorodeski, Salim Virani, Mark C Petrie, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes are at risk of heart failure hospitalization. As social determinants of health are rarely included in risk models, we validated and recalibrated the WATCH-DM score in a diverse patient-group using their social deprivation index (SDI). METHODS: We identified US Veterans with type 2 diabetes without heart failure that received outpatient care during 2010 at Veterans Affairs medical centers nationwide, linked them to their SDI using residential ZIP codes and grouped them as SDI <20%, 21% to 40%, 41% to 60%, 61% to 80%, and >80% (higher values represent increased deprivation)...
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328912/safety-and-effectiveness-of-the-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-heart-pathway-in-patients-with-possible-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Simon A Mahler, Nicklaus P Ashburn, Brennan E Paradee, Jason P Stopyra, James C O'Neill, Anna C Snavely
BACKGROUND: The HEART Pathway (History, Electrocardiogram, Age, Risk factors, Troponin) can be used with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin to risk stratify emergency department patients with possible acute coronary syndrome. However, data on whether a high-sensitivity HEART Pathway (hs-HP) are safe and effective is lacking. METHODS: An interrupted time series study was conducted at 5 North Carolina sites in 26 126 adult emergency department patients being investigated for possible acute coronary syndrome and without ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction...
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38328911/accurate-blood-pressure-measurement-is-a-necessary-but-insufficient-step-to-diagnose-and-control-hypertension
#10
EDITORIAL
Sarah E Slone, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38318703/impact-of-embedding-a-venous-thromboembolism-risk-assessment-model-in-the-electronic-health-record-versus-usual-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael B Rothberg, Aaron C Hamilton, Bo Hu, Megan Sheehan, Jacqueline Fox, Alex Milinovich, Oleg Lisheba, Toyomi Goto, Sidra L Speaker, Matthew A Pappas
BACKGROUND: There are multiple risk assessment models (RAMs) for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, but it is unknown whether they increase appropriate prophylaxis. METHODS: To determine the impact of a RAM embedded in the electronic health record, we conducted a stepped-wedge hospital-level cluster-randomized trial conducted from October 1, 2017 to February 28, 2019 at 10 Cleveland Clinic hospitals. We included consecutive general medical patients aged 18 years or older...
February 6, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38318702/association-between-cardiovascular-event-type-and-smoking-cessation-rates-among-outpatients-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-insights-from-the-ncdr-pinnacle-registry
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vittal Hejjaji, Edward F Ellerbeck, Philip G Jones, Christina M Pacheco, Ali O Malik, Paul S Chan, John A Spertus, Suzanne V Arnold
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how the type of an atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) event potentially influences patients' likelihood of smoking cessation. METHODS: Using 2013 to 2018 data from the US based National Cardiovascular Data Registry Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence outpatient cardiac registry, we identified patients who were current smokers at a clinic visit and followed them over time for a subsequent ASCVD event. Self-reported smoking status was assessed at each consecutive visit and used to determine smoking cessation after each interim ASCVD event (myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft, stroke/transient ischemic attack, peripheral artery disease)...
February 6, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38318701/racial-bias-in-pulse-oximetry-measurement-considerations-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Scott W Ketcham, Matthew C Konerman, Vincent D Marshall, Sarah K Adie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38258574/considering-social-context-to-understand-child-adversities-and-cardiovascular-health
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shakira F Suglia, Ayana K April-Sanders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38258561/evidence-for-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-family-environment-child-abuse-and-caregiver-warmth-and-cardiovascular-health-across-the-lifespan-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Robin Ortiz, Kiarri N Kershaw, Songzhu Zhao, David Kline, Guy Brock, Sara Jaffee, Sherita H Golden, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Judith Carroll, Teresa E Seeman, Joshua J Joseph
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to quantify the association between childhood family environment and longitudinal cardiovascular health (CVH) in adult CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) Study participants. We further investigated whether the association differs by adult income. METHODS: We applied the CVH framework from the American Heart Association including metrics for smoking, cholesterol, blood pressure, glucose, body mass index, physical activity, and diet...
January 23, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38240159/classification-algorithm-to-distinguish-between-type-1-and-type-2-myocardial-infarction-in-administrative-claims-data
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jason H Wasfy, Mary Price, Sharon-Lise T Normand, James L Januzzi, Cian P McCarthy, John Hsu
BACKGROUND: Type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI) and type 1 myocardial infarction (T1MI) differ with respect to demographics, comorbidities, treatments, and clinical outcomes. Reliable quality and outcomes assessment depends on the ability to distinguish between T1MI and T2MI in administrative claims data. As such, we aimed to develop a classification algorithm to distinguish between T1MI and T2MI that could be applied to claims data. METHODS: Using data for beneficiaries in a Medicare accountable care organization contract in a large health care system in New England, we examined the distribution of MI diagnosis codes between 2018 to 2021 and the patterns of care and coding for beneficiaries with a hospital discharge diagnosis International Classification of Diseases , Tenth Revision code for T2MI, compared with those for T1MI...
January 19, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38240158/identification-of-fatigue-subtypes-and-their-correlates-in-prevalent-heart-failure-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noelle Pavlovic, Chiadi E Ndumele, Martha Abshire Saylor, Sarah L Szanton, Christopher S Lee, Amil M Shah, Patricia P Chang, Roberta Florido, Kunihiro Matsushita, Cheryl Himmelfarb, Jeannie Marie Leoutsakos
BACKGROUND: Among patients with heart failure (HF), fatigue is common and linked to quality of life and functional status. Fatigue is hypothesized to manifest as multiple types, with general and exertional components. Unique subtypes of fatigue in HF may require differential assessment and treatment to improve outcomes. We conducted this study to identify fatigue subtypes in persons with prevalent HF in the ARIC study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) and describe the distribution of characteristics across subtypes...
January 19, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38240157/role-of-biomarkers-of-myocardial-injury-to-predict-adverse-outcomes-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Zhang, Minghao Liu, Channa Zhang, Yubao Zou, Lianming Kang, Lei Song
BACKGROUND: Serum troponins and CK-MB (creatine kinase-MB) are readily detectable and reliable cardiac-specific biomarkers of subclinical myocardial injury. This study explores the roles of cTnI (cardiac troponin I) and CK-MB in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: This study included 1045 patients with HCM who had baseline cTnI and CK-MB measurements at Fuwai Hospital between 1999 and 2019. Patients were excluded if they had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting, or had renal failure...
January 19, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38189127/approval-evidence-and-off-label-device-utilization-the-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-story
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew M Goldsweig, Yihong Deng, Xiaoxi Yao, Nihar R Desai, David J Cohen, Herbert D Aronow, Steven R Messé, Joseph S Ross, Alexandra J Lansky, Samuel T Savitz
BACKGROUND: Following regulatory approval, medical devices may be used "off-label." Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure is indicated to reduce recurrent stroke but has been proposed for other indications, including migraine, transient ischemic attack, and diving decompression illness. We sought to evaluate PFO closure rates and indications relative to the timing of regulatory approval and publication of key randomized trials. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the OptumLabs Data Warehouse of US commercial insurance enrollees from 2006 to 2019...
January 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38189126/why-are-we-weighting-understanding-the-estimates-from-propensity-score-weighting-and-matching-methods
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Niveditta Ramkumar, Alexander Iribarne, Elaine M Olmstead, David J Malenka, Todd A Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: Propensity score methods are used in observational studies to compensate for the lack of random allocation by balancing measured baseline characteristics between treated and untreated patients. We sought to explain the treatment effect estimates derived from different propensity score methods. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of long-term mortality after single internal mammary artery versus bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) conduit in 47 984 index isolated coronary artery bypass grafting procedures from 1992 to 2014 in the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group registry using multivariable Cox regression, 1:1 propensity score matching, inverse probability weighting (IPW) among the treated, and IPW among the overall population treatment estimates...
January 8, 2024: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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