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ARYA Atherosclerosis

Yousef Rasmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mostafa Ahmadi, Ramin Khamene-Bagheri, Reza Jafarzadeh-Esfehani
BACKGROUND: Trans-radial coronary intervention is a popular technique due to patient comfort and lower complication rate. The main complications of this method are artery spasm, vessel perforation, and formation of pseudo-aneurysm. CASE REPORT: In this report, an unusual complication of radial access angiography was encountered. Shortly after the procedure, the patient's right arm began to swell and a pulsating mass grew over the medial aspect of the arm. Right brachial artery angiography was performed immediately for rolling out brachial artery perforation...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Hamid Sharif Nia, Erika Sivarajan-Froelicher, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Yiong Huak-Chan, Ali Asghar Farsavian, Roghieh Nazari, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Amir Hossein Goudarzian
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that the age of onset of first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an essential element in the life expectancy that has been decreasing in developing countries. There are various studies performed in Iran reporting a range of ages at time of AMI. Thus, this meta-analysis study is designed to determine the mean age at first AMI in the Iranian population. METHODS: All studies that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were reviewed using standard keywords in the databases from 2000 to 2016...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Ebrahim Abbasi-Oshaghi, Iraj Khodadadi, Heidar Tavilani, Fatemeh Mirzaei, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: High lipid accumulation in hepatocyte and blood vessels can lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and heart diseases, respectively. These disorders are the main reasons of mortality in various countries. In this experiment, we evaluated the effect of leaf extracts of Anethum graveolens (AG), also known as Dill, and AG tablet on expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and liver lipid in hypercholesterolemic hamsters. METHODS: In this experimental study, 36 male golden hamsters were divided into 6 groups: 1) standard diet + 0...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Ali Eshraghi, Emadoddin Hoseinjani, Majid Jalalyazdi, Mohammad Vojdanparast, Reza Jafarzadeh-Esfehani
BACKGROUND: Slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon is an angiographic finding which is defined as slow contrast passage through coronary arteries which may predispose patients to serious cardiac complications such as fatal arrhythmias. P-wave and QT-interval dispersion are electrocardiographic findings which are related to atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. In the present study, the relation between SCF and presence of P-wave and QT-interval dispersion in electrocardiography has been evaluated...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Heidar Dadkhah-Tirani, Tolou Hasandokht, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Arsalan Salari, Bijan Shad, Soheil Soltanipour
BACKGROUND: There has been a change in the risk factor profile of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in the western world. We sought to compare the risk factor profile of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in northern part of Iran in 2010 and 2016. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, medical records of 296 CABG patients in 2010 and 500 patients in 2016 were collected from a referral university hospital in Guilan province, Iran...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Hamidreza Roohafza, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Azam Khani, Omid Behnamfar, Hamid Afshar, Carl Eduard Scheidt
BACKGROUND: Growth of cardiovascular disease (CVD), variation in provision of medical services, rising costs, and increasing information availability through the media are making patients more actively involved in decision-making process of their treatment. The aim of this study was to better understand the components of patient competence in the context of coronary artery disease (CAD) and to further evaluate their relations with medical, demographic, and psychosocial characteristics...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Vahid Sobhani, Mahmoudreza Taghizadeh, Maryam Moshkani-Farahani
BACKGROUND: It has been indicated that the acute exercise increases the thrombotic events that stem from platelet hyper-reactivity. The present randomized controlled trial study was carried out with the aim to compare high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) with moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) in terms of platelet indices and function in patients who had undergone post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). METHODS: 30 men with a history of CABG were recruited and divided into 3 groups (MICE, HIIE-1, and HIIE-2)...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Samaneh Abolbashari, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Zahra Meshkat
Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Chronic inflammation is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis, and viral infections can cause cardiovascular disease by developing inflammation. Infection with human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is endemic in some parts of the world such as Japan, Africa, Caribbean islands, South America, and Iran. HTLV-1 is an oncogenic retrovirus, and can cause adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL or ATLL). It also causes HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP)...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohammad Reza Sabri, Mohammad Shoja, Mohsen Shoja, Mohsen Hosseinzadeh
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CHD) in children. Various surgical procedures including palliative shunts and TOF total correction (TFTC) were done with some complications, of which, the most common is pulmonary valve regurgitation (PR). Tadalafil is a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor which reduces pulmonary vascular resistance, and improves right ventricular function and vascular endothelium, and may have some beneficial effects after TFTC...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Gholamreza Veghari, Aref Salehi, Masoumeh Vaghari
BACKGROUND: Central obesity is a common health disorder, and the main objective of this study was to compare its changings among rural women in the north of Iran, between the years 2004 and 2013. METHODS: Two cross-sectional studies were established on the 2839 and 2478 subjects in 2004 (first stage) and 2013 (second stage), respectively. Among 118 villages, 20 were selected using random sampling; they were the same in two studies. Central obesity was defined as waist circumference (WC) > 88 cm, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) > 0...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Nazanin Alaei Faradonbeh, Fariborz Nikaeen, Mojtaba Akbari, Naser Almasi, Mehrbod Vakhshoori
BACKGROUND: Risk assessment in clinical practice plays an important role in classifying population for appropriate preventive medicine for each category. Several multivariable risk predictor algorithms and inflammatory biomarkers are developed for assessing risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We aimed to depict a picture of the cardiovascular risk profiles in the Iranian population with diabetes mellitus (DM) through three risk predictors for the first time, as the patients with DM have an increased risk for CVDs...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Effat Farrokhi, Keihan Ghatreh-Samani, Najmeh Salehi-Vanani, Amin Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is involved in extracellular matrix degradation and remodeling. An increase in MMP-9 expression by vascular component cells plays an important role in atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic substance, was suggested to play a role in preventing the progress of atherosclerotic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol on MMP-9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) after treatment with H2O2...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Manizheh Dadbakhsh, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that temperature may have an effect on the number of cardiovascular deaths in societies. Global warming is a concern, and cardiovascular diseases are the top cause of death worldwide. This study investigated the relation between temperature and cardiovascular mortality in Shiraz City, Iran. METHODS: In this ecological study, data about temperature and cardiovascular deaths (in age and gender groups) in Shiraz City were inquired from 2006 to 2012...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Saeid Komasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Habibolah Khazaie, Saeid Komasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Feridoun Sabzi, Aghigheh Heidari, Reza Faraji
BACKGROUND: We report an unusual visceral complication of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) due to the malpositioning of the catheter in the aorta. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old man with severe left ventricular dysfunction underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with the preoperative use of an intra-aortic balloon pump. Postoperative course was complicated by renal and hepatic failure. The early occurrence of complications during 36 hours after operation exhibited a serious vascular complication...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Masoud Eslami, Reza Mollazadeh, Roya Sattarzadeh-Badkoubeh
BACKGROUND: Trans-septal puncture (TSP) is a safe and effective method to approach left atrium and ventricle. Nowadays, cardiac electrophysiologists perform this procedure routinely to treat left-sided arrhythmias. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old man was referred to our center due to Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. After trans-septal puncture, contrast injection into the sheath showed that it was in the left ventricle (LV) rather than left atrium. Trans-esophageal echocardiography confirmed left ventricle outflow tract to right atrial (RA) jet...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Hossein Farshidi, Marzieh Nikparvar, Iran Rostami-Qeshmi, Roghaieh Ezzati-Rad, Afsoon Piroozan, Elham Boushehri
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common risk factor for developing cardiovascular, brain, and kidney disorders; and today, it affects about one billion people worldwide. Insufficient clinical knowledge of the practitioners and family physicians and not following the guidelines has led to the improper control of hypertension. This study intended to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general practitioners (GPs) about hypertension in Hormozgan province, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used consecutive sampling method...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Farshad Roghani-Dehkordi, Rooholah Mansouri, Alireza Khosravi, Behzad Mahaki, Mehdi Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Kermani-Alghoraishi
BACKGROUND: Transulnar approach was introduced as an alternative procedure for transradial coronary angiography (CAG) due to its safety and feasibility. The present study was accomplished with the aim to compare major and minor complications of these two upper extremity approaches in the population under study. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 216 patients who underwent CAG and/or angioplasty via radial (111 cases) or ulnar artery (105 cases) were observed and followed for 6 months and were evaluated for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), minor and major neurovascular events (access related) of the arm including paresthesia/pain, pseudoaneurysm, artery spasm, arterial occlusion, large hematoma, and necessity for amputation or emergency surgery...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
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