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Emerging Health Threats Journal

Sadia Shakoor, Fatima Mir, Anita K M Zaidi, Afia Zafar
We have reviewed various strategies involved in containment of measles in healthcare facilities during community outbreaks. The strategies that are more applicable to resource-poor settings, such as natural ventilation, mechanical ventilation with heating and air-conditioning systems allowing unidirectional air-flow, and protection of un-infected patients and healthcare workers (HCWs), have been examined. Ventilation methods need innovative customization for resource-poor settings followed by validation and post-implementation analysis for impact...
2015: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Nurul Izzati Hamzan, Chan Yean Yean, Rosliza Abdul Rahman, Habsah Hasan, Zaidah Abdul Rahman
Background : Antibiotic resistance among Enterobacteriaceae posts a great challenge to the health care service. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is attracting significant attention due to its rapid and global dissemination. The infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, thus creating challenges for infection control and managing teams to curb the infection. In Southeast Asia, there have been limited reports and subsequent research regarding CRKP infections...
2015: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Vladimir N Kuznetsov, Andrej M Grjibovski, Andrej O Mariandyshev, Eva Johansson, Gunnar A Bjune
SETTING: Delay in tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis increases the infectious pool in the community and the risk of development of resistance of mycobacteria, which results in an increased number of deaths. OBJECTIVE: To describe patients' and doctors' perceptions of diagnostic delay in TB patients in the Arkhangelsk region and to develop a substantive model to better understand the mechanisms of how these delays are linked to each other. DESIGN: A grounded theory approach was used to study the phenomenon of diagnostic delay...
2014: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Ajay D Pathak, Zunjar B Dubal, Swapnil Doijad, Abhay Raorane, Savio Rodrigues, Rajeshwar Naik, Shraddha Naik-Gaonkar, Dewanand R Kalorey, Nitin V Kurkure, Rajesh Naik, Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic infection. This disease is endemic in many parts of Asia, including India. Brucellosis is a major cause of pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO). Persons exposed to infected animals or contaminated animal products are at high risk. Seropositivity among animal handlers, veterinarians and dairy workers has been documented in India. Thus, the present study was aimed to determine prevalence of brucellosis among PUO cases and occupationally exposed individuals...
2014: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Veena Iyer, Gulrez Shah Azhar, Nandini Choudhury, Vidwan Singh Dhruwey, Russell Dacombe, Ashish Upadhyay
BACKGROUND: India is known to be endemic to numerous infectious diseases. The infectious disease profile of India is changing due to increased human environmental interactions, urbanisation and climate change. There are also predictions of explosive growth in infectious and zoonotic diseases. The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) was implemented in Gujarat in 2004. METHODS: We analysed IDSP data on seven laboratory confirmed infectious diseases from 2005-2011 on temporal and spatial trends and compared this to the National Health Profile (NHP) data for the same period and with other literature...
2014: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Cyril C Y Yip, Susanna K P Lau, Patrick C Y Woo, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) epidemics have affected various countries in the past 40 years. EV71 commonly causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, but can result in neurological and cardiorespiratory complications in severe cases. Genotypic changes of EV71 have been observed in different places over time, with the emergence of novel genotypes or subgenotypes giving rise to serious outbreaks. Since the late 1990s, intra- and inter-typic recombination events in EV71 have been increasingly reported in the Asia-Pacific region...
September 10, 2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
David Scales, Alexei Zelenev, John S Brownstein
BACKGROUND: This is the first study quantitatively evaluating the effect that media-related limitations have on data from an automated epidemic intelligence system. METHODS: We modeled time series of HealthMap's two main data feeds, Google News and Moreover, to test for evidence of two potential limitations: first, human resources constraints, and second, high-profile outbreaks "crowding out" coverage of other infectious diseases. RESULTS: Google News events declined by 58...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Weijia Xing, Gilles Hejblum, Alain-Jacques Valleron
BACKGROUND: Should an emerging infectious disease outbreak or an environmental disaster occur, the collection of epidemiological data must start as soon as possible after the event's onset. Questionnaires are usually built de novo for each event, resulting in substantially delayed epidemiological responses that are detrimental to the understanding and control of the event considered. Moreover, the public health and/or academic institution databases constructed with responses to different questionnaires are usually difficult to merge, impairing necessary collaborations...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Kira A Christian, Kashef Ijaz, Scott F Dowell, Catherine C Chow, Rohit A Chitale, Joseph S Bresee, Eric Mintz, Mark A Pallansch, Steven Wassilak, Eugene McCray, Ray R Arthur
Disease outbreaks of international public health importance continue to occur regularly; detecting and tracking significant new public health threats in countries that cannot or might not report such events to the global health community is a challenge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Global Disease Detection (GDD) Operations Center, established in early 2007, monitors infectious and non-infectious public health events to identify new or unexplained global public health threats and better position CDC to respond, if public health assistance is requested or required...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Nathaniel Hupert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Pornpit Silkavute, Dinh Xuan Tung, Pongpisut Jongudomsuk
The Asia Partnership on Emerging Infectious Diseases Research (APEIR) was initiated in 2006 to promote regional collaboration in avian influenza research. In 2009, the partnership expanded its scope to include all emerging infectious diseases. APEIR partners include public health and animal researchers, officials and practitioners from Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. APEIR has accomplished several major achievements in three key areas of activity: (i) knowledge generation (i.e., through research); (ii) research capacity building (e...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Nancy Macpherson, Ann Marie Kimball, Charlanne Burke, Neil Abernethy, Sandra Tempongko, Jakob Zinsstag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Mark M Rweyemamu, Peter Mmbuji, Esron Karimuribo, Janusz Paweska, Dominic Kambarage, Luis Neves, Jean-Marie Kayembe, Aaron Mweene, Mecky Matee
Formed in 2008, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) is a One Health consortium of academic and research institutions involved with infectious diseases of humans and animals. Operating in partnership with world-renowned centres of research in industrialised countries, its mission is to harness innovations in science and technology for improving southern Africa's capacity to detect, identify, monitor (DIM) and manage the risk posed by infectious diseases of humans, animals, and ecosystems...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Melinda Moore, Katherine C Bond, Louise Gresham, Mark Rweyemamu, A Mushtaque R Chowdhury, Silvia Bino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Josette Najjar-Pellet, Jean-Louis Machuron, Flabou Bougoudogo, Jean Sakandé, Iyane Sow, Christophe Paquet, Christophe Longuet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Katherine C Bond, Sarah B Macfarlane, Charlanne Burke, Kumnuan Ungchusak, Suwit Wibulpolprasert
We examine the emergence, development, and value of regional infectious disease surveillance networks that neighboring countries worldwide are organizing to control cross-border outbreaks at their source. The regional perspective represented in the paper is intended to serve as an instructive framework for others who decide to launch such networks as new technologies and emerging threats bring countries even closer together. Distinct from more formal networks in geographic regions designated by the World Health Organization (WHO), these networks usually involve groupings of fewer countries chosen by national governments to optimize surveillance efforts...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Alex Leventhal, Assad Ramlawi, Adel Belbiesi, Sami Sheikh, Akhtam Haddadin, Sari Husseini, Ziad Abdeen, Dani Cohen
Formed before international negotiations of the revised International Health Regulations (IHR), the Middle East Consortium for Infectious Disease Surveillance (MECIDS) is a regional collaboration aimed at facilitating implementation of the revised IHR and, more broadly, improving the detection and control of infectious disease outbreaks among neighboring countries in an area of continuous dispute. Initially focused on enhancing foodborne disease surveillance, MECIDS has expanded the scope of its work to also include avian and pandemic influenza and other emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Louise S Gresham, Mark S Smolinski, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Ann Marie Kimball, Suwit Wibulpolprasert
Connecting Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance (CORDS) is an international non-governmental organization focused on information exchange between disease surveillance networks in different areas of the world. By linking regional disease surveillance networks, CORDS builds a trust-based social fabric of experts who share best practices, surveillance tools and strategies, training courses, and innovations. CORDS exemplifies the shifting patterns of international collaboration needed to prevent, detect, and counter all types of biological dangers - not just naturally occurring infectious diseases, but also terrorist threats...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Bounlay Phommasack, Chuleeporn Jiraphongsa, Moe Ko Oo, Katherine C Bond, Natalie Phaholyothin, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Kumnuan Ungchusak, Sarah B Macfarlane
The Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS) network was formally established in 2001 through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by six Ministers of Health of the countries in the Greater Mekong sub-region: Cambodia, China (Yunnan and Guangxi), Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The main areas of focus of the network are to: i) improve cross-border infectious disease outbreak investigation and response by sharing surveillance data and best practices in disease recognition and reporting, and by jointly responding to outbreaks; ii) develop expertise in epidemiological surveillance across the countries; and iii) enhance communication between the countries...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Silvia Bino, Semra Cavaljuga, Angel Kunchev, Dragan Lausevic, Bernard Kaic, Adriana Pistol, Predrag Kon, Zarko Karadjovski, Stela Georghita, Snezana Cicevalieva
The communicable disease threats and changes that began emerging in south-east Europe in the early 1990s - after a decade of war and while political and health systems region-wide were undergoing dramatic changes - demanded a novel approach to infectious disease surveillance. Specifically, they called for an approach that was focused on cross-border collaboration and aligned with European Union standards and requirements. Thus, the Southeastern European Health network (SEEHN) was established in 2001 as a cooperative effort among the governments of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia...
2013: Emerging Health Threats Journal
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