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Open Dentistry Journal

Marcelo Santos Coelho, Marcos de Azevêdo Rios, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno
Objective: This review aimed to evaluate clinical studies that assessed separated NiTi rotary and reciprocating instruments. Design and Methods: This review assessed clinical studies involving treatments performed by undergraduate students, graduate students, and endodontic specialists. This review evaluated studies using rotary instruments, reciprocating instruments, and hybrid techniques. The number of uses of the different NiTi rotary and reciprocating systems was also assessed...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Isadora Luana Flores, Tissiana Rachel Rossi Schneider, Ana Carolina Uchoa Vasconcelos, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Ricardo Alves de Mesquita, Ana Paula Neutzling Gomes
Background: Peripheral Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumors (CEOT) rich in clear cells are a rare entity in the oral cavity, with only 14 previous case reports in the English literature. None have discussed recommended treatment approaches for extraosseous CEOT. Objective: This brief descriptive review describes a treatment approach for peripheral CEOT including the clear cell variant. Study design: A complete review of all well-documented extraosseous case reports with an emphasis on the treatment was performed...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Abdulelah M Binmahfooz, Ghadeer I Basunbul, Aws S ArRejaie
Background: The major difference in the chemical composition of Y-TZP ceramics, as compared with conventional porcelain, led researchers to develop alternative solutions for achieving durable and long term bonding with the zirconia surface. Objective: The study aims to evaluate the effects of glow discharge treatment on the bonding between cement and zirconia. Methods: The zirconia rings and rods were prepared with the Zirconia Y-TZP powder and TZ-3YSB-E (Tosoh-Zirconia) through auto-mix to investigate the glow discharge and thermo-cycling...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Vittorio Checchi, Gaia Pascolo
Background: Periodontitis is a multifactorial infection caused by a complex of pathogenic bacterial species that induce the destruction of periodontal structures. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence and bacterial load of six periodontal pathogens bacteria, measured at initial visit and after osseous surgery in patients affected by chronic periodontitis and treated between 2005 and 2007. Methods: This cohort study was carried out on a sample of 38 consecutive patients affected by severe chronic periodontitis, diagnosed at baseline on the basis of probing depths equal to 6...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Ahmed Hassan Kamil Mustafa, Ahmed Mohammed Sulaiman
Background: Bell's palsy is an acute idiopathic facial nerve paralysis of sudden onset. It is the most common cause of lower motor neuron facial nerve paralysis with an annual incidence of 15-30 per 100,000.The objective of this work is to study the prevalence and the management of Bell's palsy in the Sudan. A descreptive retrospective cross-sectional study was carried at Khartoum Teaching Dental Hospital, Khartoum General Teaching Hospital.In the retrospective, the records and files of 698 patients with Bell's palsy, were reviewed in relation to age, gender, site, risk factors, season, and type of treatment...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Nagla'a A Abdel-Wahed, Maha Ahmed Bahammam
Introduction: The presence of an atrophic maxilla creates a serious challenge in cases of implant placement, while maxillary sinus pneumatization further complicates the surgery. This pilot study was performed to investigate the validity of two techniques used to estimate the volumes of bone graft material required in cases that included lateral window sinus augmentation. Materials and Methods: Cone beam computed tomography was used for preoperative volumetric analysis of the maxillary sinus...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Bennett T Amaechi, Hariyali Kasundra, Deepika Joshi, Azadeh Abdollahi, Parveez A A Azees, Linda O Okoye
Objectives: Using an established pH-cycling caries model, the authors evaluated the effectiveness of toothpastes containing Surface Pre-reacted Glass-ionomer filler (S-PRG) in preventing tooth surface demineralization. Materials and Methods: 210 tooth blocks were randomly assigned to seven experimental groups (30 blocks/group): no treatment (A), and toothpaste containing either NaF (B), 0 wt% S-PRG (C), 1 wt% S-PRG (D), 5 wt% S-PRG (E), 20 wt% S-PRG (F) or 30 wt% S-PRG (G)...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Mohammed Jasim Al Juboori, Mohammed Ahmed Al Attas, Raquel Zita Gomes, Basma Fathi Alanbari
Objective: Implants placed in the posterior region of the maxilla have a high incidence of implant failure due to poor bone quality, especially when immediate implant loading is needed. Immediate Progressive Loading (IPL) can enhance bone quality and may offer an alternative solution when Immediate Implant loading is needed. Methods: Six patients (one male and five females; 34-62 years old) were included in this study. Twelve implants were inserted in the posterior region of the maxilla...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Martin Gabriel Schürmann, Constanze Olms
Background: The esthetics plays an increasingly significant role in today's dentistry. Objective: The objective was to investigate the shade stability of a polymer-infiltrated and a resin nano ceramic in comparison to a conventional feldspar ceramic and an acrylate polymer. Methods: 20 specimens of each of the materials, CAD-Temp (CT), Mark II (M), VITA Enamic (VE) and Lava Ultimate (LU), were prepared using the standard method. These were divided into groups (n=5) and placed in the following stain solutions: Distilled water, coffee, Coca-Cola and red wine for 14 days...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Shubhangi Shalley, Nasib Chand, Amit Aggarwal, Laxmi Narayan Garg, Varuni Yadav, Aashit Yadav
Objective: Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a rapid, reliable and safe diagnostic tool used for various lesions of the oral cavity and salivary glands. The present study was undertaken to categorize the cytomorphology of the oral cavity and salivary gland lesions on FNAC and to assess the accuracy of FNAC in arriving at a diagnosis. Materials and Methods: A prospective study on oral cavity swellings and salivary gland aspirates was done during a 2 year period from August 2015 to July 2017 in which a total of 70 FNAC's were performed...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Deepak Gupta, Soheyl Sheikh, Shambulingappa Pallagatti, Ravinder Singh, Amit Aggarwal
Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of "subluxation" and presence of clinical signs of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) in asymptomatic individuals and its distribution according to age and sex. Materials and Methods: The material investigated comprised of 200 asymptomatic subjects with 400 joints. The subjects were divided into two groups of 18-25 years and 50-60 years of age consisting of equal number of males and females...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Vadivel Ilayaraja, Nalliapan Ganapathy, Georgebabu Jisha, Thambu Keerthipriyadharshini, Thangadurai Maheswaran, Thukanayakanpalayam R Yoithapprabhunath
Background: In recent years, the estimation of age in living individuals have become important to solve judicial or civil problems. Secondary dentin deposition occurs as the age advances and can be measured by calculating the reduction in pulp chamber through Noninvasive radiograph techniques. Aim: The aim is to derive precise population specific formulae for age estimation. Materials and Methods: Digitalized Orthopantomography of 150 subjects, was retrieved...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Lakshmi Padmaja Satheeswarakumar, Tatu Joy Elenjickal, Shashi Kiran Mohan Ram, Kartheesan Thangasamy
Background: Bruxism is the commonest of the many parafunctional activities of the masticatory system. Opinions on the causes of bruxism were numerous and widely varying. It can occur during sleep as well as wakefulness. Bruxism was for long considered a major cause of tooth wear. Other effects of bruxism may include tooth movement and tooth mobility, as well as changes in oral soft tissues and jaw bone. Since the exact etiology and manifestations are unclear, it was difficult to diagnose Bruxism...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Gundeep Singh, Amit Sood, Ambreen Kaur, Deepak Gupta
Introduction: With the advent of newer radiographic diagnostic procedures of the maxillofacial region, there is a drastic increase in the use of Ionizing radiation which further leads to increased chance of radiation hazards among the patients and the health care workers. In addition to the diagnostic information extracted, the radiation exposure carries the potential to induce carcinogenesis in the exposed individual. However, the amount of Radiation exposure in dentistry is significantly low but it is still harmful owing to the requirement of repeated radiographic examination during the dental treatment...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Mandeep Kumar, Rashmi Verma, Mohit Bansal, Sunint Singh, Sharique Rehan, Virender Kumar, Dr Simran
Aim: To determine the severity and distribution of occlusal tooth wear among young North Indian adults and to evaluate the correlation of occlusal tooth wear with bite force. Materials and Methods: A total of 164 subjects were enrolled in the present study. Inclusion criteria included subjects with age range of 25-40 years having a full complement of natural dentition (excluding third molars), with no history of orthodontic treatment, FPD and trauma. Maxillary and mandibular casts of each subject were taken...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Meltem Mayil, Gaye Keser, Arzu Demir, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to examine ultrasonographic appearances of Masseter Muscle (MM) in dentate and edentulous patients without Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). Materials and Methods: The thickness of the MM in 25 dentate (mean age: 30,68 ± 10,49) and 24 edentulous (mean age: 61,46 ± 9,71) patients, who visited routine dental examination, was measured at rest and at maximum contraction bilaterally. Examinations were performed using an Aloka Prosound α6 (Hitachi Aloka Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) equipped with an 8 MHz-wide bandwidth linear active matrix transducer (ranging from 1 to 15 MHz)...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Archana Rai, Avnish Singh, Ipseeta Menon, Jyoti Singh, Vineet Rai, Gunjan Singh Aswal
Background: The aim of this school-based, cross-sectional survey was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of permanent Molar Incisor Hypomineralization among 7-9 years old school children in Muradnagar. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed among 7-9 years old school children in Muradnagar. Estimated sample size was 992 in this study. Multistage cluster sampling technique was used in this study in which schools were the clusters which were selected randomly...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Renu Sharma, Shambulingappa Pallagatti, Amit Aggarwal, Soheyl Sheikh, Ravinder Singh, Deepak Gupta
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers (RAU) is one of the most common oral ulcerative Disease of the oral mucosa with high recurrence rate. Standard topical treatment options provide symptomatic relief with few have been found to be effective in treating or relieving the symptoms. Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of various topical agents in order to find the better treatment modality so as to decrease the number, size, exudate level and discomfort associated with pain with RAU...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Deepak Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Roberto Lo Giudice, Angelo Lizio, Gabriele Cervino, Nicita Fabiana, Puleio Francesco, Pietro Ausiello, Marco Cicciù
Objective: The aim of this retrospective analysis is to describe and to evaluate the middle third horizontal root fractures, long term clinical management results and to estimate the effect of treatments factors upon healing and survival rate. Methods: Our clinical study included 42 patients presenting a middle third horizontal root fracture in permanent dentition. For each patient at t0 the parameters recorded were: diastasis, mobility, sensibility, periodontal inflammation, pulpal pathology, associated fracture and dislocation of the coronal fragment...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
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