Journals Journal of Otolaryngology - He...

Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
Makoto Hosoya, Yuriko Nagaoka, Takeshi Wakabayashi, Marie N Shimanuki, Takanori Nishiyama, Masafumi Ueno, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Naoki Oishi
Highly accurate real-time cochlear nerve monitoring to preserve cochlear nerve function is essential for simultaneous cochlear implantation and ipsilateral vestibular schwannoma resection. In the present study, we developed a novel real-time monitoring system that combines dorsal cochlear nucleus action potential monitoring with intracochlear stimulating electrodes (Auditory Nerve Test System, ANTS). We used this system for a case with vestibular schwannoma resection via the translabyrinthine approach. The monitoring system developed in this study detected highly reliable evoked potentials from the cochlear nerve every two seconds continuously during tumor resection...
October 6, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Jerome R Lechien, Francois Bobin
OBJECTIVE: To study the variability and diagnostic value of multiple salivary pepsin measurements in the detection of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). METHODS: Patients with LPR symptoms were consecutively recruited from December 2019 to Augustus 2022. Twenty-one asymptomatic individuals completed the study. The diagnostic was confirmed with hypopharyngeal-esophageal impedance-pH monitoring (HEMII-pH). Patients collected three saliva samples during the 24-h testing period...
October 4, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Liyona Kampel, Marga Serafimova, Shaun Edalati, Adi Brenner, Razan Masarwy, Anton Warshavsky, Gilad Horowitz, Yuval Shapira, Nidal Muhanna
BACKGROUND: Intracapsular resection of head and neck peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNST) has emerged as a nerve-preserving technique compared to en bloc resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the functional outcome of both surgical techniques performed at a single tertiary referral center. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort of patients with head and neck PNST undergoing surgical resection from 2011 to 2021 at the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Scott A Hardison, Brent A Senior
Dupilumab and other biologics have revolutionized the management of recalcitrant polyps in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Despite strong evidence for the efficacy of dupilumab in treating polyps, factors such as cost and uncertain efficacy over surgery have limited its use to patients who have failed the use of topical nasal steroids and initial surgical management. Likewise, the use of this drug is often directed towards patients with greater polyp burdens. Recent studies, however, have investigated the use of dupilumab and other biologics in expanded patient populations, including those with limited polyp burden...
September 28, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Ameen Biadsee, Craig Nathanson, Or Dagan, Firas Kassem, Avishai Stahl, Tova Mishali, Yaniv Ebner, Brian Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Partial Tonsillectomy (PT) is an alternative method to treat sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and/or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The current guidelines do not differentiate it from traditional tonsillectomy. Thus, children younger than 3 years old undergoing PT are admitted for surveillance similar to traditional tonsillectomy due to possible postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to assess the risks of PT in children 3 years old and younger, compared to older children...
September 23, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Nur Ain Nabila Za'im, Fahad Taha Al-Dhief, Mawaddah Azman, Majid Razaq Mohamed Alsemawi, Nurul Mu Azzah Abdul Latiff, Marina Mat Baki
BACKGROUND: A multidimensional voice quality assessment is recommended for all patients with dysphonia, which requires a patient visit to the otolaryngology clinic. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of an online artificial intelligence classifier, the Online Sequential Extreme Learning Machine (OSELM), in detecting voice pathology. In this study, a Malaysian Voice Pathology Database (MVPD), which is the first Malaysian voice database, was created and tested. METHODS: The study included 382 participants (252 normal voices and 130 dysphonic voices) in the proposed database MVPD...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Nguyen Truong, Bao Sciscent, F Jeffrey Lorenz, David Goldrich, Neerav Goyal
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with multiple chronic comorbidities with treatments including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), upper airway surgery (UAS), and hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HNS). Given the complexity of the condition and multiple treatment options, there is an ongoing debate to determine the best management. O'Connor-Reina et al. recently published a paper titled "Risk of diabetes in patients with sleep apnea: comparison of surgery versus CPAP in a long-term follow-up study...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Alice Q Liu, Oleksandr Butskiy, Veronique Wan Fook Cheung, Donald W Anderson
BACKGROUND: The post-operative management of parotidectomies is highly provider dependent. No guidelines are currently available for timing of parotid drain removal. This study aimed to assess: (1) outcomes and complications after early drain removal (< 4 h, post-operative day [POD] 0) versus late drain removal (POD ≥ 1); (2) current Canadian provider practices. METHODS: A single surgeons ten-year parotidectomy practice was reviewed, spanning his practice change from routine POD ≥ 1 drain removal to POD 0 removal, with extraction of patient demographic, disease, and complication variables...
September 13, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Chi Wang, Yu Zhou
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. A novel form of copper-dependent and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent cell death, cuproptosis, has been described in many cancers. The roles and potential mechanisms of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) are still unclear in HNSCC. METHOD: We downloaded TCGA datasets of HNSCC genomic mutations and clinic data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Based on the Cuproptosis-related differentially expressed genes in HNSCC, we constructed a prognostic signature...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Jerome R Lechien, Stephane Hans, Lise Crevier-Buchman
OBJECTIVE: To study the post-operative evolution of voice quality of patients treated by transoral CO2 laser microsurgery (TLM) according to the age. METHODS: Patients treated by type I to VI TLM and post-operative speech therapy were prospectively recruited from our hospital. The voice quality was assessed pre-, 1-, 3- 6- and 12-month posttreatment with voice handicap index (VHI), dysphonia, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain (GRBAS), maximal phonation time (MPT), F0, F0 standard deviation (STD), percent jitter, percent shimmer, noise-to-harmonic ratio (NHR), vocal fold vibration assessment and speech fluency...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Nicholas J Campion, Jonas Brugger, Aldine Tu, Victoria Stanek, Faris F Brkic, Tina J Bartosik, David T Liu, Bruna S Hoehl, Katharina Gangl, Julia Eckl-Dorna, Sven Schneider
BACKGROUND: Dupilumab significantly improves symptom control in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Patients with large polyps at the initiation of treatment (total polyp score (TPS) ≥ 5) have been the focus in published studies. Patients with significant burden of disease but small polyps (TPS ≤ 4) have not yet been evaluated for clinical response. This study set out to evaluate the benefit of dupilumab treatment on cohorts of small (TPS ≤ 4) compared to large polyps (TPS ≥ 5)...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Keshinisuthan Kirubalingam, Agnieszka Dzioba, Yvonne Chan, M Elise Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Mary Ott, Tavis Apramian, Sayra Cristancho, Kathryn Roth
BACKGROUND: Formative feedback and entrustment ratings on assessments of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are intended to support learner self-regulation and inform entrustment decisions in competency-based medical education. Technology platforms have been developed to facilitate these goals, but little is known about their effects on these new assessment practices. This study investigates how users interacted with an e-portfolio in an OtoHNS surgery program transitioning to a Canadian approach to competency-based assessment, Competence by Design...
August 23, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Austin Heffernan, Lindsay Booth, Roland Fletcher, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: Peripheral vestibular disorders affect 2.8-6.5% of people. Standard treatment is vestibular rehabilitation therapy, and virtual reality (VR) could improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to identify the commercially available VR video game that is most congruent to vestibular rehabilitation therapy. METHODS: A term search "virtual reality racing" was performed on the App Store in March 2022. Results were screened for free point-of-view racing games compatible with Android and iOS devices...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
D Soriano-Martín, L García-Consuegra, L Junquera, T Rodríguez-Santamarta, S Olay, S Junquera-Olay
BACKGROUND: Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is characterized by recurrent episodes of painful parotid swelling in children. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the diagnostic and therapeutic effectiveness of sialendoscopy in children affected by JRP. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and the Cochrane Library until April 2022, without language restrictions or specified start date. Quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS)...
August 19, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Nai-Chen Shih, James Cheng-Chung Wei
The bidirectional relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has been explored in several studies. O'Connor-Reina et al., published a paper entitled: "Risk of diabetes in patients with sleep apnea: comparison of surgery versus CPAP in a long-term follow-up study" to examine a cohort study comparing the effects of surgery and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the risk of diabetes in patients with OSA. The study findings suggest that both therapies offer protection against diabetes, with upper airway surgery demonstrating better preventive efficacy than CPAP...
August 11, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Stéphane Gargula, Mary Daval, Adrien Lecoeuvre, Denis Ayache
BACKGROUND: Stapes prosthesis dislocation is the first cause of revision stapes surgery. To our knowledge, there is no data about stability of the incus attachment of manual crimped prosthesis of different materials. This study aimed to compare the dislocation incidence between titanium and fluoroplastic stapes prostheses. METHOD: A monocentric retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2013 and June 2022 in a tertiary-care center. All patients that underwent a primary stapes surgery with manually crimped fluoroplastic or titanium prostheses were included...
August 11, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Yvonne Chan, Andrew V Thamboo, Joseph K Han, Martin Desrosiers
BACKGROUND: Remission, defined as absence of symptoms and objective markers of disease, is emerging as the penultimate goal in the management of several chronic diseases. The concept of remission, well-established in Rheumatology as well as Gastroenterology, is currently emerging in Respiratory Medicine for asthma. It is interesting to consider whether the disease remission concept might successfully be applied to Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery in the management of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP)...
July 28, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Chung-Wei Lin, Pei-Wen Lin, Li-Wen Chiu, Han-Tan Chai, Chun-Tuan Chang, Michael Friedman, Anna M Salapatas, Sara Rahavi-Ezabadi, Hsin-Ching Lin
BACKGROUND: Evidence has proved that high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were risk factors for cardiovascular comorbidities. The alterations of NLR and PLR following obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment were under studied and thus should be investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the changes of inflammatory biomarkers including NLR and PLR in severe OSA patients after surgical interventions of the upper airway, and their relationships with improvements in polysomnographic (PSG) parameters...
July 27, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Jingying Ma, Bing Zhou, Qian Huang, Shunjiu Cui, Dingfang Cao
BACKGROUND: Ossifying fibroma of the paranasal sinuses and skull base in paediatric patients is difficult to operate and can recur easily after surgery. This study aimed to analyse factors associated with recurrence after transnasal endoscopic resection of ossifying fibroma in paediatric patients. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 34 patients under 17 years of age who underwent transnasal endoscopic resection of ossifying fibroma of the paranasal sinuses and skull base from 2005 to 2021 at a single tertiary medical centre...
July 26, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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