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Journal of Smoking Cessation

Kristin M Berg, Douglas E Jorenby, Timothy B Baker, Michael C Fiore
Introduction: The majority of attempts to stop smoking end in failure. One way to improve success may be to explore different combinations of existing cessation medications. Aims: This observational study examined "triple therapy" (varenicline + nicotine patch + nicotine lozenge) in 36 smokers trying to quit. Methods: A 12-week, observational study exploring tolerability, via adverse events (AEs) elicited at each of 9 phone assessments...
September 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Heather L Gainforth, Sarita Y Aujla, Emma Beard, Emma Croghan, Robert West
Introduction: There is wide variation in the success rates of practitioners employed to help smokers to stop, even once a range of potential confounding factors has been taken into account. Aim: This paper examined whether personality characteristics of practitioners might play a role success rates. Methods: Data from 1,958 stop-smoking treatment episodes in two stop-smoking services (SSS) involving 19 stop-smoking practitioners were used in the analysis. The outcome measure was clients' biochemically verified quit status 4 weeks after the target quit date...
June 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Erika Snow, Tye Johnson, Deborah J Ossip, Geoffrey C Williams, Duncan Ververs, Irfan Rahman, Scott McIntosh
Introduction: This study evaluates the impact of baseline e-cigarette use on smoking cessation rates in a national sample of two-year college student smokers. Methods: Participants were 1400 students from over 60 two-year colleges across 25 states who were current smokers enrolled in a web-assisted tobacco intervention (WATI) trial. Survey data were collected at baseline, 1-, 6-, and 12-months, with primary outcomes evaluated at 6-months. Results: At 6-months, baseline e-cigarette users were more likely to report cessation of traditional cigarettes compared to non-users (OR 1...
June 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Stephen R Baldassarri, Geoffrey L Chupp, Frank T Leone, Graham W Warren, Benjamin A Toll
Introduction: The emergence of electronic cigarettes (ECs) has become a growing phenomenon that has sharply split opinion among the public health community, physicians, and lawmakers. Aims: We sought to determine chest physician perceptions regarding ECs. Methods: We conducted a web-based survey of 18,000 American College of Chest Physician (CHEST) members to determine healthcare provider experiences with EC users and to characterize provider perceptions regarding ECs...
June 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Krista L DeStasio, Anne P Hill, Elliot T Berkman
Introduction: Text-message-based interventions hold great potential for intervention and are increasingly feasible, given advances in information technology. Aims: This pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to compare the efficacy of self-versus expert-authored content delivered via text-messaging for smoking cessation. Methods: Sixty-two participants aged 25-66 attended laboratory sessions pre- and post-30 days of text-messaging intervention...
March 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Michael Shayne Gallaway, Eric Tai, Elizabeth A Rohan
Background: Many people with cancer continue smoking despite evidence that it negatively effects cancer treatment, worsens chemotherapy toxicity, and increases risk for a second cancer. Aims: We examined tobacco treatment services offered to cancer patients at hospitals providing oncology services, including National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Designated Cancer Centers (NDCCs). Methods: We examined survey data of 6,400 U.S. hospitals from 2008 to 2015 to determine the manner in which tobacco treatment/cessation program services were provided among NDCCs and non-NDCC hospitals providing oncology services (HPOs)...
2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Gina R Kruse, Nancy A Rigotti, Martin Raw, Ann McNeill, Rachael Murray, Hembadoon Piné-Abata, Asaf Bitton, Andy McEwen
Introduction: There are limited existing data describing the training methods used to educate tobacco cessation treatment providers around the world. Aims: To measure the prevalence of tobacco cessation treatment content, skills training and teaching methods reported by tobacco treatment training programs across the world. Methods: Web-based survey in May-September 2013 among tobacco cessation training experts across six geographic regions and four World Bank income levels...
December 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Michael R Frank, Rachel Blumhagen, David Weitzenkamp, Shane R Mueller, Brenda Beaty, Sung-Joon Min, Ingrid A Binswanger
Introduction: Tobacco use is common among people who have been in prison. The relationship between social stressors, risky health behaviours, and smoking cessation has not been studied in people recently released from prison. Studying this relationship could yield information that guides strategic and cost-effective tobacco cessation interventions for an under-resourced population. Methods: One hundred and forty-three smokers were interviewed 7 to 21 days after they had been released from USA prisons...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Joshua L Karelitz, Valerie C Michael, Kenneth A Perkins
Introduction: The current study examined the level of agreement in expired-air carbon monoxide (CO) values, focusing especially on those confirming abstinence, between the two most commonly used CO monitors, the Vitalograph BreathCO and the Bedfont piCO+ Smokerlyzer. Methods: Expired-air samples were collected via both monitors from adult dependent smokers (44 M, 34 F) participating in studies using CO values to confirm abstinence durations of: 24 hours, 12 hours, or no abstinence...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Erin McClure, Nathaniel Baker, Matthew J Carpenter, Frank A Treiber, Kevin Gray
INTRODUCTION: Despite the public health relevance of smoking in adolescents and emerging adults, this group remains understudied and underserved. High technology utilization among this group may be harnessed as a tool for better understanding of smoking, yet little is known regarding the acceptability of mobile health (mHealth) integration. METHODS: Participants (ages 14-21) enrolled in a smoking cessation clinical trial provided feedback on their technology utilization, perceptions, and attitudes; and interest in remote monitoring for smoking...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Rebecca L Ashare, Caryn Lerman, Rachel F Tyndale, Larry W Hawk, Tony P George, Paul Cinciripini, Robert A Schnoll
INTRODUCTION: The nicotine-metabolite ratio (NMR) predicts treatment response and is related to treatment side effect severity. Sleep disturbance may be one important side effect, but understanding sleep disturbance effects on smoking cessation is complicated by the fact that nicotine withdrawal also produces sleep disturbance. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of withdrawal and treatment side effects on sleep disturbance. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial (Lerman et al...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Behnoosh Momin, Antonio Neri, Lei Zhang, Jennifer Kahende, Jennifer Duke, Sonya Goode Green, Ann Malarcher, Sherri L Stewart
INTRODUCTION: The National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP) and National Tobacco Control Program (NTCP) are both well-positioned to promote the use of population-based tobacco cessation interventions, such as state quitlines and Web-based interventions. AIMS: This paper outlines the methodology used to conduct a comparative effectiveness research study of traditional and Web-based tobacco cessation and quitline promotion approaches. METHODS: A mixed-methods study with three components was designed to address the effect of promotional activities on service usage and the comparative effectiveness of population-based smoking cessation activities across multiple states...
March 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Raul M Mejia, Sandra Braun, Lorena Peña, Steven E Gregorich, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
BACKGROUND: Following cessation interventions, self-reported smoking abstinence with biochemical verification is the "gold standard" for defining outcomes. Because obtaining biochemical verification is challenging in community studies, we compared self-reported cessation among smokers completing treatment to the smoking status reported by each participant's spouse or proxy. METHOD: Participants were smokers who had reported quitting 12 months after a cessation intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Jeremy E Drehmer, Bethany Hipple, Deborah J Ossip, Emara Nabi-Burza, Jonathan P Winickoff
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation among adults is associated with increased happiness. This association has not been measured in parents, a subset of adults who face uniquely stressful and challenging circumstances that can affect happiness. AIMS: To determine if parental smoking cessation is associated with increased happiness and to identify characteristics of parental quitters who experience increased happiness. METHODS: 1355 parents completed a 12-month follow-up interview from a U...
March 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Carla J Berg, Pinpin Zheng, Michelle C Kegler
INTRODUCTION: Spousal support predicts smoking cessation. China is the world's largest consumer of tobacco, with drastic differences in smoking prevalence among men and women. Thus, understanding marital interactions around husbands' smoking has implications for cultures with similarly large gender disparities in smoking. AIMS: We examined interactions among family members regarding husbands' smoking in homes with small children in Shanghai. METHODS: In Spring 2013, we conducted in-person semi-structured interviews among 13 male smokers and 17 female nonsmokers recruited from an urban and a suburban community in Shanghai...
December 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Deborah J Ossip, Zahíra Quiñones, Sergio Diaz, Kelly Thevenet-Morrison, Susan Fisher, Heather Holderness, Xeuya Cai, Scott McIntosh, Ann Dozier, Nancy Chin, Emily Weber, Jose Javier Sanchez, Arisleyda Bautista, Almonte Héctor
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use and harm continue to increase in low- and middle income countries (LMICs) globally. Smoking cessation is the most effective means of reducing morbidity and mortality from tobacco use. Increasing the prevalence of ex-users is an indicator of population cessation. AIMS: This study provides the first examination of factors associated with ex-tobacco use status in the Dominican Republic (DR), a LMIC in the Latin America and Caribbean region...
December 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Veronica Schoj, Raul Mejia, Mariela Alderete, Celia P Kaplan, Lorena Peña, Steven E Gregorich, Ethel Alderete, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
BACKGROUND: Physician-implemented interventions for smoking cessation are effective but infrequently used. We evaluated smoking cessation practices among physicians in Argentina. METHODS: A self-administered survey of physicians from six clinical systems asked about smoking cessation counselling practices, barriers to tobacco use counselling and perceived quality of training received in smoking cessation practices. RESULTS: Of 254 physicians, 52...
September 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Lisa M Fucito, Benjamin A Toll, Corey R Roos, Andrea C King
INTRODUCTION: Smokers' treatment expectancies may influence their choice of a particular medication as well as their medication experience. AIMS: This study examined the role of smokers' treatment expectancies to their smoking cessation outcomes in a completed, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of naltrexone for smoking cessation, controlling for perceptions of treatment assignment. METHODS: Treatment seeking cigarette smokers (N = 315) were randomized to receive either naltrexone (50 mg) or placebo in combination with nicotine patch and behavioral counseling...
September 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Deborah J Ossip, Sergio Diaz, Zahira Quiñones, Scott McIntosh, Ann Dozier, Nancy Chin, Emily Weber, Heather Holderness, Essie Torres, Arisleyda Bautista, Jose Javier Sanchez, Esteban Avendaño, Timothy De Ver Dye, Paul McDonald, Eduardo Bianco
Engaging partners for tobacco control within low and middle income countries (LMICs) at early stages of tobacco control presents both challenges and opportunities in the global effort to avert the one billion premature tobacco caused deaths projected for this century. The Dominican Republic (DR) is one such early stage country. The current paper reports on lessons learned from 12 years of partnered United States (US)-DR tobacco cessation research conducted through two NIH trials (Proyecto Doble T, PDT1 and 2)...
June 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Kenneth D Ward
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June 2016: Journal of Smoking Cessation
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