journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39022123/case-report-gait-induced-palilalia-in-a-patient-with-hemiplegia-due-to-cerebral-infarction
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yoshiyuki Kaneko, Takahiro Suzuki, Hideto Nakajima, Tadashi Kanamori, Masahiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Palilalia is a type of speech characterized by compulsive repetition of words, phrases, or syllables. Several reports have noted that palilalia can occur in response to external verbal stimuli. Here, we report, for the first time, a patient with palilalia induced by gait, which we call "movement-related palilalia." CASE PRESENTATION: Eleven months after the onset of cerebral infarction sparing the right precentral gyrus and its adjacent subcortical regions, a 63-year-old, left-handed Japanese man was referred for psychiatric consultation because of a complaint of irritability caused by the stress of compulsive repetition of a single meaningless word, "wai...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39015825/towards-optimized-methodological-parameters-for-maximizing-the-behavioral-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tyler Santander, Sara Leslie, Luna J Li, Henri E Skinner, Jessica M Simonson, Patrick Sweeney, Kaitlyn P Deen, Michael B Miller, Tad T Brunye
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) administers low-intensity direct current electrical stimulation to brain regions via electrodes arranged on the surface of the scalp. The core promise of tDCS is its ability to modulate brain activity and affect performance on diverse cognitive functions (affording causal inferences regarding regional brain activity and behavior), but the optimal methodological parameters for maximizing behavioral effects remain to be elucidated...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39015824/brain-structure-correlates-of-social-information-use-an-exploratory-machine-learning-approach
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Esra Cemre Su de Groot, Lieke Hofmans, Wouter van den Bos
INTRODUCTION: Individual differences in social learning impact many important decisions, from voting behavior to polarization. Prior research has found that there are consistent and stable individual differences in social information use. However, the underlying mechanisms of these individual differences are still poorly understood. METHODS: We used two complementary exploratory machine learning approaches to identify brain volumes related to individual differences in social information use...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39015823/editorial-analyzing-and-computing-humans-the-role-of-language-culture-brain-and-health
#4
EDITORIAL
Cornelia Herbert, Georg Northoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39010893/eeggan-net-enhancing-eeg-signal-classification-through-data-augmentation
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiuxiang Song, Qiang Zhai, Chuang Wang, Jizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Emerging brain-computer interface (BCI) technology holds promising potential to enhance the quality of life for individuals with disabilities. Nevertheless, the constrained accuracy of electroencephalography (EEG) signal classification poses numerous hurdles in real-world applications. METHODS: In response to this predicament, we introduce a novel EEG signal classification model termed EEGGAN-Net, leveraging a data augmentation framework. By incorporating Conditional Generative Adversarial Network (CGAN) data augmentation, a cropped training strategy and a Squeeze-and-Excitation (SE) attention mechanism, EEGGAN-Net adeptly assimilates crucial features from the data, consequently enhancing classification efficacy across diverse BCI tasks...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39010892/differences-in-perceptual-representations-in-multilinguals-first-second-and-third-language
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chen Donggui, Su Jingan, Wang Ruiming
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the differences in perceptual representations among multilingual individuals. In Experiment 1, the immediate sentence-picture verification paradigm was used to investigate perceptual representations in the working memory stage. The results suggest a match effect within the first language (Cantonese), but not within the second language (Mandarin) or the third language (English), showing perceptual representations only in first language comprehension. In Experiment 2, the delayed sentence-picture verification paradigm was used to investigate perceptual representations in long-term memory...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39006157/the-ethical-significance-of-user-control-in-ai-driven-speech-bcis-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
O C van Stuijvenberg, D P S Samlal, M J Vansteensel, M L D Broekman, K R Jongsma
AI-driven brain-computed interfaces aimed at restoring speech for individuals living with locked-in-syndrome are paired with ethical implications for user's autonomy, privacy and responsibility. Embedding options for sufficient levels of user-control in speech-BCI design has been proposed to mitigate these ethical challenges. However, how user-control in speech-BCIs is conceptualized and how it relates to these ethical challenges is underdetermined. In this narrative literature review, we aim to clarify and explicate the notion of user-control in speech-BCIs, to better understand in what way user-control could operationalize user's autonomy, privacy and responsibility and explore how such suggestions for increasing user-control can be translated to recommendations for the design or use of speech-BCIs...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38993330/investigating-multilevel-cognitive-processing-within-error-free-and-error-prone-feedback-conditions-in-executed-and-observed-car-driving
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah S Pulferer, Cuntai Guan, Gernot R Müller-Putz
Accident analyses repeatedly reported the considerable contribution of run-off-road incidents to fatalities in road traffic, and despite considerable advances in assistive technologies to mitigate devastating consequences, little insight into the drivers' brain response during such accident scenarios has been gained. While various literature documents neural correlates to steering motion, the driver's mental state, and the impact of distraction and fatigue on driving performance, the cortical substrate of continuous deviations of a car from the road - i...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38993329/mobile-phone-short-video-use-negatively-impacts-attention-functions-an-eeg-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tingting Yan, Conghui Su, Weichen Xue, Yuzheng Hu, Hui Zhou
The pervasive nature of short-form video platforms has seamlessly integrated into daily routines, yet it is important to recognize their potential adverse effects on both physical and mental health. Prior research has identified a detrimental impact of excessive short-form video consumption on attentional behavior, but the underlying neural mechanisms remain unexplored. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the effect of short-form video use on attentional functions, measured through the attention network test (ANT)...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38993328/editorial-deep-brain-stimulation-think-tank-updates-in-neurotechnology-and-neuromodulation-volume-iv
#10
EDITORIAL
Kara A Johnson, James J Giordano, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Marta San Luciano, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Michael S Okun, Joshua K Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38993327/corrigendum-high-definition-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-upper-extremity-rehabilitation-in-moderate-to-severe-ischemic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#11
Jordan N Williamson, Shirley A James, Dorothy He, Sheng Li, Evgeny V Sidorov, Yuan Yang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2023.1286238.].
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38988825/dominance-of-attentional-focus-a-comparative-study-on-its-impact-on-standing-postural-control-in-healthy-younger-and-older-adults
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shun Sawai, Shin Murata, Yuya Sakano, Shoya Fujikawa, Ryosuke Yamamoto, Yusuke Shizuka, Hideki Nakano
INTRODUCTION: Attentional focus is a phenomenon in which shifting the focus of attention alters performance of standing postural control. It can be categorized as internal focus (IF), which directs attention to the body parts, or external focus (EF), which directs attention to the external environment. Although attentional focus that improves standing postural control in younger people exhibits individual dominance, the dominance of attentional focus in standing postural control in older adults remains ambiguous...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983755/editorial-online-data-collection-for-human-neuroscience-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
EDITORIAL
Colleen Mills-Finnerty, Peter J Bayley, James O Clifford, J Wesson Ashford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38983754/attention-switching-through-text-dissimilarity-a-cognition-research-on-fragmented-reading-behavior
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jingjing Cao, Jingtao Luo, Jia Zhou, Yunshan Jiang
People tend to obtain information through fragmented reading. However, this behavior itself might lead to distraction and affect cognitive ability. To address it, it is necessary to understand how fragmented reading behavior influences readers' attention switching. In this study, the researchers first collected online news that had 6 theme words and 60 sentences to compose the experimental material, then defined the degree of text dissimilarity, used to measure the degree of attention switching based on the differences in text content, and conducted an EEG experiment based on P200...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38979100/controlled-ultrasonic-interventions-through-the-human-skull
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew G Wilson, Thomas S Riis, Jan Kubanek
Transcranial focused ultrasound enables precise and non-invasive manipulations of deep brain circuits in humans, promising to provide safe and effective treatments of various neurological and mental health conditions. Ultrasound focused to deep brain targets can be used to modulate neural activity directly or localize the release of psychoactive drugs. However, these applications have been impeded by a key barrier-the human skull, which attenuates ultrasound strongly and unpredictably. To address this issue, we have developed an ultrasound-based approach that directly measures and compensates for the ultrasound attenuation by the skull...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974482/differential-roles-of-brain-oscillations-in-numerical-processing-evidence-from-resting-state-eeg-and-mental-number-line
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saied Sabaghypour, Farhad Farkhondeh Tale Navi, Nooshin Basiri, Fereshteh Shakibaei, Negin Zirak
Recent works point to the importance of emotions in special-numerical associations. There remains a notable gap in understanding the electrophysiological underpinnings of such associations. Exploring resting-state (rs) EEG, particularly in frontal regions, could elucidate emotional aspects, while other EEG measures might offer insights into the cognitive dimensions correlating with behavioral performance. The present work investigated the relationship between rs-EEG measures (emotional and cognitive traits) and performance in the mental number line (MNL)...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974481/hearing-rehabilitation-of-adults-with-auditory-processing-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-current-evidence-based-interventions
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rachel Crum, Sanathorn Chowsilpa, Diego Kaski, Paola Giunti, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Nehzat Koohi
BACKGROUND: For adults with auditory processing disorder (APD), listening and communicating can be difficult, potentially leading to social isolation, depression, employment difficulties and certainly reducing the quality of life. Despite existing practice guidelines suggesting treatments, the efficacy of these interventions remains uncertain due to a lack of comprehensive reviews. This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to establish current evidence on the effectiveness of interventions for APD in adults, addressing the urgent need for clarity in the field...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974480/neural-correlates-of-motor-imagery-and-execution-in-real-world-dynamic-behavior-evidence-for-similarities-and-differences
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Magda Mustile, Dimitrios Kourtis, Martin G Edwards, David I Donaldson, Magdalena Ietswaart
A large body of evidence shows that motor imagery and action execution behaviors result from overlapping neural substrates, even in the absence of overt movement during motor imagery. To date it is unclear how neural activations in motor imagery and execution compare for naturalistic whole-body movements, such as walking. Neuroimaging studies have not directly compared imagery and execution during dynamic walking movements. Here we recorded brain activation with mobile EEG during walking compared to during imagery of walking, with mental counting as a control condition...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974479/modelling-individual-differences-in-reading-using-an-optimised-mikenet-simulator-the-impact-of-reading-instruction
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ya-Ning Chang, Ting-Jung Chang, Wei-Fen Lin, Ching-En Kuo, Yu-Ting Shi, Hung-Wei Lee
Reading is vital for acquiring knowledge and studies have demonstrated that phonology-focused interventions generally yield greater improvements than meaning-focused interventions in English among children with reading disabilities. However, the effectiveness of reading instruction can vary among individuals. Among the various factors that impact reading skills like reading exposure and oral language skills, reading instruction is critical in facilitating children's development into skilled readers; it can significantly influence reading strategies, and contribute to individual differences in reading...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38962148/the-comparison-of-dbs-and-rns-for-adult-drug-resistant-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qinghua Li, Yongzhi Shan, Penghu Wei, Guoguang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Neuromodulation has been proven to be a promising alternative treatment for adult patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Deep brain stimulation (DBS) and responsive neurostimulation (RNS) were approved by many countries for the treatment of DRE. However, there is a lack of systematic studies illustrating the differences between them. This meta-analysis is performed to assess the efficacy and clinical characteristics of DBS and RNS in adult patients with DRE. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were retrieved to obtain related studies including adult DRE patients who accepted DBS or RNS...
2024: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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