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Journal of Medicine and Life

Robabeh Soleimani, Somayeh Shokrgozar, Mahnaz Fallahi, Hashem Kafi, Maryam Kiani
Introduction: The escalating rate of old people with a functional impairment in Iran and the weakness of the family support due to the diminishing of family size have increased the demand for long-term care for the elderly with cognitive impairment (CI). Objective: The purpose of this research is to explore the frequency of cognitive impairment in the elderly and its association with their daily functional impairment and disability. Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytic study conducted in 2016-2017...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Roya Mansour-Ghanaei, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Mohammadreza Naghipour, Farahnaz Joukar, Zahra Atrkar-Roushan, Mohammadjavad Tabatabaii, Najmeh Ghorani
Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an obesity-associated health problem that causes other liver diseases for the patient. Four anthropometric indices: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were analyzed as NAFLD predictors in the present study. Methods: From the total number of individuals who referred to the PERSIAN Guilan Cohort study (PGCS) located in the north of Iran during the period of study, a total of 960 people were enrolled in the present study...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Mohammad Islami Vaghar
Objective and background: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an educational program on blood and blood products transfusion on nurses' knowledge and performance in hospitals affiliated with Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. Method: The present study was a semi-experimental before-after study. We selected study participants through the simple random sampling method using sampling framework of all reference population. Data collection tool was a valid and reliable questionnaire. In order to evaluate the effect of the educational program on nurses' level of knowledge and practice, we asked them to fill out the questionnaires before and after the education course...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Victor Lorin Purcarea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Fatemeh Mahjoub, Kambiz Akhavan Rezayat, Mahdi Yousefi, Masoud Mohebbi, Roshanak Salari
Pistacia atlantica is the main herbal medicine that has been widely used in the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean areas since ancient time. Pistacia atlantica has been used for multiple purposes like stomach diseases, renal disorders, wounds and coughs. The aim of this study is to review its botanical characterization, traditional applications, photochemistry effects and pharmacological activities. Data in this review article was gathered from credible pharmacopeias, electronic databases such as Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, EBSCO, Google Scholar, SID and Iran Medex and textbooks of Persian medicine such as Canon of medicine ( Ibn-e Sina , 980-1037 AD) and Makhzan-al-Advia ( Aghili , 18th century)...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Mehrzad Jafari Barmak, Alireza Dehghan Menshadi, Reza Mahmoudi, Hassan Bardania
Introduction: Many drugs with high efficacy are used to treat stomach ulcers, but they have many side effects. Therefore, much effort has been made to find new effective compounds from plant extracts. The aqueous extract of the internal layer of oak fruit (jaft) contains antioxidants and tannins; it has many desirable properties such as inhibition of the growth of pathogens. In this study, the preventing effect of Jaft extract on stomach ulcers induced by stress was investigated. Matherials and Methods: The effect of the extract on the prevention of gastric ulcer was investigated using a variety of methods including pH measurement, nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), and histological methods...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Anca Bordianu, Florin Bobirca
Rationale: In the last decade, the incidence of skin cancers has been increasing. Early diagnosis, treatment and prevention are crucial in helping to diminish the incidence, mortality and morbidity associated with skin cancers. Objective: This article presents arguments for and against local anesthesia in the treatment of skin cancers, including the clinical cases, a summary of treatment, and prognosis. Methods and results: Under local anesthesia, local and loco-regional flaps offer an optimal shape and volume for face reconstruction, minimizing the operative time and therefore the hospitalization...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Maria Radu, Gabriel Radu, Alexandru Condurache, Victor Lorin Purcărea
Healthcare marketing extended in a surprising way, being indispensable to any healthcare unit that wishes to carry out its work by focusing on the needs and desires of patients. In the context of the medical activity taking more and more a commercial direction, the perception of the public about the profession of a physician should be considered, a perception which can be very easily negatively influenced by unethical marketing strategies. The notion of reputation refers to the perception of a group of people over a person or an entity, based on several criteria...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Gabriel Radu, Maria Radu, Andrei Condurache, Victor Lorin Purcărea
Service quality of healthcare organizations is more and more determined by the patients' satisfaction data. Therefore, the fairness of this comparison raises questions. The factors that could affect it are represented by the demographic characteristics of patients but also the institutional characteristics of the healthcare organization. In this study, we will analyze the demographic factors. 150 questionnaires were analyzed, completed by the patients of an obstetrics-gynecology clinic in order to complete an observer study...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Cristian Botezatu, Bogdan Mastalier, Traian Patrascu
Introduction: the hydatic disease, caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus, is a serious disease, potentially lethal, which can be found anywhere in the world, but especially in endemic areas such as the Mediterranean Basin, Australia, New Zealand, North Africa, Eastern Europe, the Balkans, Middle East and South America. The hydatic cyst is mainly found in the liver (75% of the cases), being asymptomatic in most cases and discovered accidentally on a routine abdominal ultrasound or an ultrasound performed for diagnosing other pathologies...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Petruta Violeta Filip, Denisa Cuciureanu, Laura Sorina Diaconu, Ana Maria Vladareanu, Corina Silvia Pop
Primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) represents a rare pathology, which can be easily misdiagnosed because of unspecific symptoms of the digestive tract. Histologically, PGL can vary from indolent marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) to aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). During the years, clinical trials revealed the important role of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in the pathogenesis of gastric MALT lymphoma. Infection with Helicobacter pylori is an influential promoter of gastric lymphomagenesis initiation...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Amina Otsmane, Ghouti Kacimi, Saida Adane, Farid Cherbal, Souhila Aouichat Bouguerra
Hypothesis: How are the epidemiologic repartition and the physiopathology of lung cancer (LC) in Algeria? Objective: Our study aimed to establish the clinico-epidemiological profile and evaluate redox imbalance in Algerian patients with LC. Methods and results: Our study concerned 94 Algerian patients with LC treated at two hospitals of Algiers, the capital of Algeria. The clinico-epidemiological profile was established. Moreover, the redox imbalance was evaluated by dosing oxidative stress (OS) parameters in tumor tissues and blood...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Craita Isabela Andronescu, Monica Roxana Purcarea, Petru Aurel Babes
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by hepatic steatosis in the absence of significant alcohol consumption (<40 g/week). The essential metabolic trait is insulin resistance, which is why NAFLD is associated with obesity, diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperlipidemia. Approximately one-quarter of adults with NAFLD present nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) leading to progressive hepatic fibrosis and finally cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. If liver biopsy (LB) has traditionally been NAFLD's gold standard, over the past 15 years, its use has undergone an important transformation...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
P Leahu, A Matei, S Groppa
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation method used worldwide to make causality-based inferences about brain-behavior interactions, assess cortical reactivity, and map functionally relevant brain regions inducing a controlled current pulse in a specific cortical area. Clinical applications of TMS have shown promising results in the treatment of a vast number of psychiatric and neurological conditions such as headache disorders - migraine being one of the most encountered...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Ș Spiridon, C M Gheorghe, I R Gheorghe, V L Purcărea
The competitive environment forces health care organizations to measure the quality and satisfaction as perceived by their health care consumers in order to determine both their financial and non-financial performance. The aim of this study was to examine the role of the consumers' emotional satisfaction in health care services. More exactly, the study investigated the role of emotional satisfaction in two directions: as a consequence of perceived functional quality and as a precursor of the consumers' behavioral intentions, such as loyalty and WOM, integrated into a conceptual model...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
P Purkan, I Ihsanawati, D Natalia, Y M Syah, D S Retnoningrum, I Siswanto
Isoniazid (INH) is a drug for the treatment of tuberculosis in patients infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The katG enzyme, or catalase-peroxidase, activates the pro-drug INH that is coded by the katG gene in M. tuberculosis. Mutations of the katG gene in M. tuberculosis are a major INH resistance mechanism. The M. tuberculosis clinical isolate R2 showed INH resistance at a high level of 10 µg/mL. However, the molecular basis for the resistance is unclear. The identification of a mutation in the katG gene of the clinical isolate R2 showed four mutations, i...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
I Dumbraveanu, E Ceban, P Banov
A transversal study based on 1,186 respondents' group questioning was realized in order to study lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED) prevalence in men from the Republic of Moldova. The basic tools used included IPSS (International Prostate Symptom Score) and IIEF-5 (International Index of Erectile Function) questionnaires as well as general questions to assess the presence of risk factors. ED total prevalence in the studied population was 47.1%, inclusively mild form - 22%, slightly moderate - 12...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
A Perenyi, F Toth, A A Nagy, J Skrivan, J Boucek, D C Gheorghe, A Neagos, J G Kiss, J Jori, L Rovo
RATIONALE: Cochlear implantation is the most effective method of rehabilitation for patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. Binaural hearing forms the basis of the development of hearing-associated cortical networks in infants and toddlers, but simultaneous bilateral implantation is often postponed due to the demands of classical surgical methods, which are associated with large incisions and a deep bony well. OBJECTIVE: The authors report on the use of a modern, thin implant type and the possibilities it provided to simplify the surgical technique...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
M Radu, C Bordea, A Noditi, A Blidaru
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the appropriate preoperative evaluation methods for the quality of the skin flaps and subcutaneous breast layer using different imaging techniques in correlation with the intraoperative findings and also their importance for the outcome in immediate implant-based breast reconstruction. Materials and Methods: Clinical evaluation, mammography, breast ultrasound and breast MRI were used for the assessment of the mastectomy skin flaps which enhanced the selection of the adequate surgical technique for breast reconstruction...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
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