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Informatics for Health & Social Care

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30922142/stakeholders-perspectives-and-deployment-strategies-of-health-information-exchange-illustrated-through-an-in-depth-case-study-of-pakistan
#1
Ather Akhlaq, Brian McKinstry, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Ready access to reliable data is essential to support decision-making in patient care planning and delivery. Health information exchange (HIE), which is fundamental to achieve this, is currently limited in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), reflecting the lack of prioritization of this issue and the many barriers to its successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore and understand stakeholders' perspectives on the context of and deployment strategies for HIE in Pakistan...
March 28, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919711/older-women-s-perceptions-of-wearable-and-smart-home-activity-sensors
#2
Blaine Reeder, Jane Chung, Kate Lyden, Joshua Winters, Catherine M Jankowski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to characterize perceptions of wearable and smart home technologies of older women using semi-structured interviews. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants (n = 10) were shown two wearable sensors and a smart home sensor. All participants were 60 years of age or older with the exception of one participant (ages: 57-70,average age: 64.6 years). Sensor function and placement were explained. Participants were asked questions about technology, perceptions of sensors, and thoughts about the use of these types of sensors...
March 28, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30917718/assessing-the-relative-importance-of-social-determinants-of-health-in-malaria-and-anemia-classi%C3%AF-cation-based-on-machine-learning-techniques
#3
Boubacar Sow, Hamid Mukhtar, Hafiz Farooq Ahmad, Hiroki Suguri
Disparate types of data including biological and environmental have been used in supervised learning to predict a specific disease outcome. However, social determinants of health, which have been explored very little, promise to be significant predictors of public health problems such as malaria and anemia among children. We considered studying their contribution power in malaria and anemia predictions based on Variable Importance in Projection (VIP). This innovative method has potential advantages as it analyzes the impact of independent variables on disease prediction...
March 27, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30917717/patient-centered-care-via-health-information-technology-a-qualitative-study-with-experts-from-israel-and-the-u-s
#4
Maxim Topaz, Ofrit Bar-Bachar, Hanna Admi, Yaron Denekamp, Eyal Zimlichman
Although patient-centered care (PCC) is one of the cornerstones of modern healthcare, the role that health information technology (HIT) plays in supporting PCC remains unclear. In this qualitative study, we interviewed academic and clinical experts from the US and Israel to understand to what extent current HIT systems are supportive of PCC and how PCC should be supported by HIT in the future. A maximum variation sampling approach was used to identify nine experts in both HIT and PCC from clinical and academic settings in Israel and the US...
March 27, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30913949/-waiting-for-science-to-catch-up-with-practice-an-examination-of-10-year-youtube-trends-in-discussions-of-chronic-cerebral-spinal-venous-insufficiency-treatment-for-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Sinéad M Hynes, Setareh Ghahari, Susan J Forwell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this longitudinal study examined, first, whether people with multiple sclerosis who previously advocated for angioplasty to treat chronic cerebral spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) through YouTube continued reporting benefits. Second, it examined a new cohort reporting on CCSVI treatment, and third, whether perspectives have changed. METHOD: YouTube videos from August 2011 to January 2019 related to CCSVI were retrieved. Once retrieved, all videos were compiled, classified and analyzed...
March 26, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30913946/a-decision-tree-based-classifier-for-e-visit-service-provision
#6
Ching-Chin Chern, Pin-Syuan Ho, Bo Hsiao
This study proposes a decision tree-based e-visit classification approach (DTEVCA) to determine clinic visits qualified as e-visits using clinics' medical records and patients' demographic data. This study assumes that health care insurance will subsidise e-visit service costs, in which case, identifying patients who benefit most from e-visit service is essential. Using a large data set from Taiwan's National Health Insurance, this study verifies the efficiency and validity of the DTEVCA. Results indicate that this approach can accurately classify in-office clinic visits that could switch to e-visit services...
March 26, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30653364/recent-advances-in-computational-tools-and-resources-for-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#7
Oveeyen Moonian, Abha Jodheea-Jutton, Kavi Kumar Khedo, Shakuntala Baichoo, Soulakshmee Devi Nagowah, Leckraj Nagowah, Zahra Mungloo-Dilmohamud, Sudha Cheerkoot-Jalim
BACKGROUND: While healthcare systems are investing resources on type 2 diabetes patients, self-management is becoming the new trend for these patients. Due to the pervasiveness of computing devices, a number of computerized systems are emerging to support the self-management of patients. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review is to identify and categorize the computational tools that exist for the self-management of type 2 diabetes, and to identify challenges that need to be addressed...
January 17, 2019: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30543137/design-and-implementation-of-the-competency-assessment-tool-cat-user-experience-usability-study
#8
Mélanie Tremblay, Catherine Vallée, Maude Carignan, Véronique Provencher, Nathalie Delli-Colli, Valérie Poulin, Anik Giguère, Emmanuelle Careau, Dominique Giroux
The decision on patients' competency to manage their affairs and take care of themselves requires a rigorous evaluation process and consistency among practice settings. Research indicates there is a lack of resources to guide healthcare and social service professionals in the interprofessional decision-making process that such an evaluation requires. A web-based tool, the Competency Assessment Tool (CAT), was designed to assist professionals in that process. The authors conducted a usability study with a beta version of the CAT...
December 13, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29746784/socioeconomic-disparities-and-chronic-respiratory-diseases-in-thailand-the-national-socioeconomics-survey
#9
Amornrat Luenam, Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Nattapong Puttanapong, Jiamjit Saengsuwan, Teerasak Phajan
This study aimed to determine the association between socioeconomic determinants and Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) in Thailand. The data were used from the National Socioeconomics Survey (NSS), a cross-sectional study conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO), in 2010 and 2012. The survey used stratified two-stage sampling to select a nationally representative sample to respond to a structured questionnaire. A total of 17,040 and 16,905 individuals in 2010 and 2012, respectively, were included in this analysis...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29256715/digital-age-and-the-public-ehealth-perspective-prevailing-health-app-use-among-austrian-internet-users
#10
Marlene Naszay, Andreas Stockinger, David Jungwirth, Daniela Haluza
New technological developments affect almost every sector of our daily lives including the healthcare sector. Successful adoption and sustainable integration of eHealth and telemedicine in Public Health strategies (also known as Public eHealth) depend on knowledge and constant evaluation of consumers' needs, proficiencies, and preferences. We therefore assessed how the general Austrian population perceived innovative Public eHealth solutions. The online survey on 562 Austrian adults (58.9% females) collected self-reported data on current and expected use of smartphone-based health applications (apps) of digital natives (35 years and younger) and digital immigrants (aged 35+)...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29045164/ehealth-literacy-research-quo-vadis
#11
Lena Griebel, Heidi Enwald, Heidi Gilstad, Anna-Lena Pohl, Julia Moreland, Martin Sedlmayr
The concept of electronic health (eHealth) literacy evolved from the social and information sciences and describes competencies necessary to use electronic health services. As it is a rather new topic, and as there is no current overview of the state of the art in research, it is not possible to identify research gaps. Therefore, the objective of this viewpoint article is to increase knowledge on the current state of the art of research in eHealth literacy and to identify gaps in scientific research which should be focused on by the research community in the future...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29035606/awareness-perception-and-barriers-to-seeking-information-from-online-academic-databases-and-medical-journals-as-sources-of-information
#12
Li Ping Wong, Sharina Mahavera Mohamad Shakir, Wen Ting Tong, Haridah Alias, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Kulenthran Arumugam
Medical students' use of online medical journals as a source of information is crucial in the learning pathway to become medical doctors. We conducted a cross-sectional survey study among University medical students between December 2012 and March 2013 to assess their awareness, perceived usefulness, practices, and barriers to seeking information from online academic databases and medical journals. The response rate was 67.53%. The majority of the students knew of the availability of online academic databases and medical journals...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28920708/perceived-usefulness-and-perceived-ease-of-use-of-electronic-health-records-among-nurses-application-of-technology-acceptance-model
#13
Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly being implemented in healthcare organizations but little attention has been paid to the degree to which nurses as end-users will accept these systems and subsequently use them. OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' perceptions of usefulness and ease-of-use of EHRs. The relationship between these constructs was examined, and its predictors were studied. METHOD: A national exploratory study was conducted with 1539 nurses from 15 randomly selected hospitals, representative of different regions and healthcare sectors in Jordan...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28829650/user-acceptance-factors-of-hospital-information-systems-and-related-technologies-systematic-review
#14
Putu Wuri Handayani, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Indra Budi
This study reviews the literature on the most important acceptance factors associated with Hospital Information Systems (HIS) and related technologies based on user groups' perspectives (medical staff, hospital management, administrative personnel, patient, medical student, and IT staff), which can assist researchers and hospital management to develop suitable acceptance models to improve the quality of HIS. We conducted searches in online databases with large repositories of academic studies, written in English and fully accessible by the authors...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28786714/creating-objects-with-3d-printers-to-stimulate-reminiscence-in-memory-loss-a-mixed-method-feasibility-study
#15
Allison Garlinghouse, Shaina Rud, Kari Johnson, Tom Plocher, Daniel Klassen, Thomas Havey, Joseph E Gaugler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current project was to determine the feasibility of using 3D printed technology to facilitate reminiscence-related activities for persons with memory loss (PWMLs). METHODS: A parallel convergent mixed methods design was used. Fifteen PWMLs, 13 family members, and six staff from two residential long-term care facilities participated. Participants were observed and interviewed initially, during a 2-week reminiscence session, and again during a 1-month reminiscence session...
December 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479185/phone-based-interventions-to-control-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review-on-features-and-effects
#16
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Ehsan Nabovati, Shima Anvari, Zahra Vahedpoor, Reihane Sharif
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence regarding the effects and the features of phone-based interventions to control gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: We included studies that evaluated the effects of phone-based interventions on controlling GWG. The characteristics of studies, effects, and features of interventions were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies met the inclusion criteria. Outcomes were categorized into three groups (GWG control, proportion of women returning to pre-pregnancy weight, and proportion of women who exceeded the Institute of Medicine recommendations for GWG)...
November 27, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30457025/how-habit-affects-continuous-use-evidence-from-jordan-s-national-health-information-system
#17
Mohammad Alsharo, Yazan Alnsour, Mohammad Alabdallah
Implementing a health information system (HIS) to enhance healthcare services and patients' experience has become a growing trend in developing countries. Yet little is known about acquainted users' attitudes on continuing the use of an HIS after adoption. Healthcare professionals (physicians and nurses in particular) are reluctant to use HISs because they perceive them as an interruption of their interaction with patients, thus negatively influencing their efficiency. In this study, we extend the technology acceptance model (TAM) by integrating habit as an exogenous variable that affects HISs' perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU) to investigate experienced healthcare professionals' attitudes in continuing to use an HIS...
November 20, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30444166/color-encoding-visualizations-as-a-tool-to-assist-a-nonliterate-population-in-completing-health-survey-responses
#18
Maichou Lor
Visual representations of data have increasingly included color-encodings to help engage participants in health research. However, there is limited information on the way in which participants interpret color or on the influence of embedded cultural interpretations of color on survey responses. This study examines the interpretation of color-encodings used to indicate survey response options and their impact on participants' responses. Using a descriptive, cross-sectional design, interviews were conducted with 30 older Hmong adults from one Midwestern city in the United States...
November 16, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351983/bibliometric-analysis-of-the-international-medical-informatics-association-official-journals
#19
Helena Blažun Vošner, Danica Železnik, Peter Kokol
OBJECTIVES: This research article aims to analyze the bibliometric characteristics of four official International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) journals, namely: the International Journal of Medical Informatics, Methods of Information in Medicine, Applied Clinical Informatics, and Informatics for Health and Social Care. METHOD: We used descriptive bibliometrics to study the trends of literature production, identify documents` types, most prolific authors, institutions, countries, and most cited publications of all four IMIA journals...
October 23, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351975/persuasive-system-features-in-computer-mediated-lifestyle-modification-interventions-for-physical-activity
#20
Khin Than Win, Madeleine R H Roberts, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing physical activity has been identified as one of the most important factors in lifestyle modification. Previous studies have reported the effectiveness of using the Internet in motivating behavioral modifications of physical activities. The aim of this study is to identify the persuasive system features most frequently used in computer-mediated physical activities in the current literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this review, intervention studies were identified through a structured computerized search of PubMed, PsychInfo, and Web of Science...
October 23, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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