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Journal of Ovarian Research

Rebeca González-Pastor, Ahmad Mohammad Ashshi, Adel Galal El-Shemi, Igor P Dmitriev, Elena A Kashentseva, Zhi Hong Lu, S Peter Goedegebuure, Osvaldo L Podhajcer, David T Curiel
BACKGROUND: Virotherapy represents a promising approach for ovarian cancer. In this regard, conditionally replicative adenovirus (CRAd) has been translated to the context of human clinical trials. Advanced design of CRAds has sought to exploit their capacity to induce anti-tumor immunization by configuring immunoregulatory molecule within the CRAd genome. Unfortunately, employed murine xenograft models do not allow full analysis of the immunologic activity linked to CRAd replication. RESULTS: We developed CRAds based on the Ad5/3-Delta24 design encoding cytokines...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Eleonora Ghisoni, Furio Maggiorotto, Fulvio Borella, Gloria Mittica, Sofia Genta, Gaia Giannone, Dionyssios Katsaros, Alberto Sciarrillo, Annamaria Ferrero, Ivana Sarotto, Jessica Erriquez, Maria Flavia Di Renzo, Massimo Aglietta, Giorgio Valabrega
OBJECTIVE: Relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is frequently treated with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD). Unfortunately, most patients do not benefit from treatment. Prediction of response is crucial to optimize PLD use and avoid unnecessary toxicities. We aimed at assessing the value of topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) expression as predictive marker of response to PLD-based therapy in patients with relapsed EOCs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) tissues from 101 patients with platinum resistant (PR) or partially platinum-sensitive (PPS) EOCs treated with PLD-based chemotherapy beyond second line in three referral cancer centers between January 2010 and June 2018...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Mehmet Ufuk Ceran, Umit Tasdemir, Eser Colak, Tayfun Güngör
SUBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic significance of preoperative complete blood count inflammatory markers in women operated for invasive Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (EOC). METHOD: Two hundred forty four patients that underwent operation with the diagnosis of invasive EOC between 2006 and 2014 were included in the study. The date of operation, date of recurrence and final mortality evaluations were performed for survival analysis...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Enrique Pedernera, María J Gómora, Flavia Morales-Vásquez, Delia Pérez-Montiel, Carmen Mendez
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all gynecologic malignancies. The relationship between sexual steroids receptors and ovarian cancer progression has been largely evaluated. The presence of progesterone receptors has been associated with an increase of a disease-free period and overall survival in patients with ovarian carcinoma. In the present study, primary cultures of ovarian carcinoma obtained from 35 patients diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer were evaluated for cell survival after treatment with 10- 8  M of 17β-estradiol, progesterone, testosterone and dihydrotestosterone...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Ryo Maekawa, Yumiko Mihara, Shun Sato, Maki Okada, Isao Tamura, Masahiro Shinagawa, Yuichiro Shirafuta, Haruka Takagi, Toshiaki Taketani, Hiroshi Tamura, Norihiro Sugino
BACKGROUND: In ovarian endometriomas (OE), the expression statuses of various steroid hormone receptors are altered compared with their expression statuses in eutopic endometrium (EE). For example, in OE, the expressions of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), which encodes ERα, and progesterone receptor (PGR) are downregulated, while the expression of ESR2, which encodes ERβ, is upregulated. The causes of these changes are unclear. DNA methylation of a specific region of a gene can result in tissue-specific gene expression...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Gun Oh Chong, Shin Young Jeong, Yoon Hee Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Sang-Woo Lee, Hyung Soo Han, Dae Gy Hong, Yoon Soon Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to (1) evaluate the ability of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) parameters to predict suboptimal cytoreduction and (2) to create a risk model for predicting suboptimal cytoreduction in advanced ovarian cancer. From 2011 to 2015, 51 patients underwent primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced ovarian cancer were enrolled. A residual disease with maximal diameter >  1 cm was considered a suboptimal surgical result...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
R O A Benevides, C C Vale, J L L Fontelles, L M França, T S Teófilo, S N Silva, A M A Paes, R S Gaspar
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic and multifactorial disease characterized by increased adipose tissue. In females, obesity leads to reduced ovulation and lower chances of conception in diseases like polycystic ovary syndrome, making it important to characterize complementary medicine to attenuate such deleterious effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of a hydroethanolic extract from Syzigium cumini leaves in female reproductive impairments present in the obesity model of neonatal L-monosodium glutamate injection...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Ting Wang, Xiaodan Zhang, Zhiying Lu, Junyan Wang, Keqin Hua
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate and compare the differences in the clinicopathological variables and overall survival (OS) of synchronous primary cancers of the endometrium and ovary (SCEO) and endometrial cancer with ovarian metastasis (ECOM). In addition, we aimed to determine the characteristics of and effective treatments for patients with SCEO to avoid misdiagnosis and overtreatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of medical records from January 2009 to January 2017 revealed 111 patients with coexisting ovarian and endometrial carcinoma diagnosed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Kaijian Ling, Lupin Jiang, Shi Liang, Joseph Kwong, Leiyan Yang, Yudi Li, PingYin, Qingchun Deng, Zhiqing Liang
AbstractThe original article [1] contains errors in Figs. 6 and 8. The corrected figures can be shown ahead.
January 30, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Angiolo Gadducci, Valentina Guarneri, Fedro Alessandro Peccatori, Graziana Ronzino, Giuseppa Scandurra, Claudio Zamagni, Paolo Zola, Vanda Salutari
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. In most women, it is diagnosed at an advanced stage, which largely explains the poor prognosis of this malignancy. Germline mutations of the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, which encode proteins essential for the repair of double-strand DNA breaks through homologous recombination, lead to increased cancer predisposition. BRCA mutations are present in approximately 14% of epithelial ovarian cancers. Somatic BRCA mutations have also been described. Current first-line treatment of high-grade epithelial ovarian cancer includes debulking surgery followed by combination chemotherapy, usually carboplatin and paclitaxel...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
L L Engmann, B S Maslow, L A Kaye, D W Griffin, A J DiLuigi, D W Schmidt, D R Grow, J C Nulsen, C A Benadiva
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome remains a serious complication during in vitro fertilization cycles if high dose human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is used to trigger ovulation in high responder patients. Though much of this risk is mitigated with trigger using gonadotropin releasing-hormone (GnRH) agonist alone, it may result in lower birth rates. GnRH-agonist trigger and adjuvant low dose hCG has been proposed to improve birth rates, but timing of this hCG support to corpus luteum function has never been fully described...
January 26, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Hiroyuki Suzuki, Mitsutake Yano, Mariko Miyazawa, Masaki Miyazawa, Naoki Ogane, Kosei Hasegawa, Hitoshi Tsuda, Masayuki Yoshida, Ryugo Okagaki, Osamu Ishihara, Masanori Yasuda
BACKGROUND: Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) is the second most common ovarian cancer after serous carcinoma in Japan. OCCC has a more unfavorable clinical outcome due to a poor response to platinum-based chemotherapy, compared with serous carcinoma. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a key regulator of cellular response to hypoxia and plays an important role in tumor growth, and HIF-1α gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) adversely affect the outcome in some cancers...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Ying Ying Su, Li Sun, Zhi Rui Guo, Jin Chang Li, Ting Ting Bai, Xiao Xiao Cai, Wen Han Li, Ye Fei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) is associated with high mortality in gynecological oncology; this is mainly due to the low diagnosis rate. Exosomal miRNA has demonstrated potential as a tumor biomarker. We aimed to explore the diagnostic potential of serum exosomal miR-1307 and miR-375 for OC. METHODS: The first six candidate miRNAs were selected from the previous literature. The relative quantification of qRT-PCR was used to screen for the stability of exosomal miRNAs, followed by validation of the cohort...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Vahidreza Ostadmohammadi, Mehri Jamilian, Fereshteh Bahmani, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D and probiotic co-administration on mental health, hormonal, inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out on 60 subjects, aged 18-40 years old. Subjects were randomly allocated to take either 50,000 IU vitamin D every 2 weeks plus 8 × 109  CFU/day probiotic (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Long Cui, Fang Zhou, Cui Chen, Chi Chiu Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to explore the relationship between CCDC69 expression and resistance of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin and reveal the underlying mechanism. METHODS: One hundred thirty five ovarian cancer patients with intact chemo-response information from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were included and analyzed. Stable CCDC69 overexpressing 293 and ovarian cancer A2780 cell lines were established and subjected to examine cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution using CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
O'Llenecia S Walker, Alison C Holloway, Sandeep Raha
There has been increasing interest in the role of endocannabinoids as critical modulators of the female reproductive processes. Endocannabinoids are natural ligands of cannabinoid, vanilloid, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. Together with their receptors, enzymes and downstream signaling targets, they form the endocannabinoid system (ECS). While the ECS is known to modulate pain and neurodevelopment, it is also known to impact the female reproductive system where it affects folliculogenesis, oocyte maturation, and ovarian endocrine secretion...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Yi-Le Lee, Chiung-Ru Lai, Ming-Shyen Yen
BACKGROUND: The value of this report is the identification of late recurrence with an extremely unusual combination of malignant transformation. In particular, the retroconversion of immature to mature teratoma as well as a somatic-type malignant transformation were both observed postchemotherapeutically in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 20-year-old girl who completed fertility-sparing surgery and chemotherapy under the diagnosis of ovarian mixed germ cell tumor (immature teratoma and yolk sac tumor) and experienced subsequent recurrence 4 years after a second debulking surgery with a somatic type malignant transformation (teratoma with melanoma and leiomyosarcoma)...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Kaipeng Xie, Chenyang Fu, Suli Wang, Hanzi Xu, Siyu Liu, Yang Shao, Zhen Gong, Xiaoli Wu, Bo Xu, Jing Han, Juan Xu, Pengfei Xu, Xuemei Jia, Jiangping Wu
Ovarian cancer remains the most fatal gynecologic malignancy worldwide due to delayed diagnosis as well as recurrence and drug resistance. Thus, the development of new tumor-related molecules with high sensitivity and specificity to replace or supplement existing tools is urgently needed. Cancer-testis antigens (CTAs) are exclusively expressed in normal testis tissues but abundantly found in several types of cancers, including ovarian cancer. Numerous novel CTAs have been identified by high-throughput sequencing techniques, and some aberrantly expressed CTAs are associated with ovarian cancer initiation, clinical outcomes and chemotherapy resistance...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Ovarian Research
Hiroki Matsutani, Go Nakai, Takashi Yamada, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Masahide Ohmichi, Yoshifumi Narumi
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing stromal tumors (SST) are rare, benign tumors classified as sex cord stromal tumors. To our knowledge, positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) findings of SST have only been described in one report and imaging findings on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) have only been described in three reports. Characteristic imaging features of SST on PET-CT and DWI have not yet been identified. Here we report a case of multilocular SST with solid components showing mild FDG uptake and slight hyperintensity on DWI, and reviewed the literature...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Yuki Inada, Go Nakai, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takashi Yamada, Yoshinobu Hirose, Yoshito Terai, Masahide Ohmichi, Yoshifumi Narumi
BACKGROUND: Ovarian granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) are divided into adult GCT (AGCT) and juvenile GCT (JGCT). The AGCT is more common type, conversely, less than 5% of tumors are the JGCT and occur in mainly premenarchal girls and in women younger than 30 years. Although JGCT have different histologic features compared to AGCT, the two types have similar imaging features because they have similar gross appearance. Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish two types by radiologic findings...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
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