Nezih Ziroglu, Tansu Birinci, Alican Koluman, Yasemin Şahbaz, Mehmet Utku Çiftçi, Emre Baca, Altuğ Duramaz
BACKGROUND: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Hallux Metatarsophalangeal-Interphalangeal (AOFAS Hallux MTP-IP) scale is one of the most widely used outcome measures to evaluate hallux pathologies. This study aimed to translate the AOFAS Hallux MTP-IP scale into Turkish and investigate its psychometric properties. METHODS: The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the AOFAS Hallux MTP-IP (AOFAS Hallux MTP-IP-T) scale were tested in 66 patients with hallux pathologies (52 women; mean age, 47...
November 29, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Sara Mateen, James Cottom, Asma Jappar, Noman A Siddiqui
INTRODUCTION: Haglund's deformity is a posterosuperior calcaneal prominence often associated with a painful bursa and insertional Achilles tendinopathy. Endoscopic debridement has been previously described; however, the aim of this cadaveric study is to describe landmarks of a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach to Haglund's deformity. METHODS: Twelve specimens were dissected to identify medial and lateral portals for minimally invasive burr placement and anchor placement...
November 29, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Wonyong Lee, Dan Prat, Wen Chao, Daniel C Farber, Carol Wang, Keith L Wapner
BACKGROUND: Nonunion is one of the most common and devastating complications following midfoot joint arthrodesis. Many different types of bone grafts and bone substitutes have been used to promote osseous fusion. However, there is no consensus on the gold standard bone grafting material and whether biologic materials should be used alone or in combination. The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficiency of highly porous β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) with bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) in midfoot joint arthrodesis...
November 29, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Shingo Kawabata, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Yasunari Ikuta, Junichi Sumii, Akinori Nekomoto, Satoru Sakurai, Dan Moriwaki, Nobuo Adachi
In placing the medial suture button for syndesmosis injury, the risk of great saphenous vein and saphenous nerve injury has been reported. This study aimed to determine the safe insertion angle of the guide pin to avoid saphenous structure injury during suture button fixation. The incidence of saphenous structure injury was investigated using 8 legs of cadavers. The greater saphenous vein was depicted on the skin using near-infrared light (VeinViewer® Flex) and the distance between the greater saphenous vein and the posterior edge of the tibia at levels of 10, 20, and 30 mm from the joint line of the tibiotalar joint was measured in the 60 legs of healthy participants...
November 29, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Nicolas H Zingas, Brandon W King
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether the presence of an os peroneum is correlated with cavovarus foot alignment in patients without a neurologic explanation for their foot shape. We hypothesized that a large os peroneum would increase the power of the peroneus longus and lead to a forefoot-driven, hindfoot varus deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a single institution and reviewed patients with 3 weightbearing views of the foot on plain radiography...
November 20, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Hannah R Martin, Anish R Kadakia
Although hammertoe (HT) is a common complaint among foot patients, there is little consensus on the best surgical approach for correction. These authors hypothesized that the use of a headless intramedullary screw across both the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) and distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) would decrease many post-surgical complications, such as infection, pain, and mallet toe deformity, found in traditional HT corrective surgical techniques. In this retrospective cohort study, N = 163 adult patients who had undergone DIPJ/PIPJ arthrodesis for HT correction at least 1 year prior to the study were identified...
November 9, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Ainthira Sonsukong, Roongtiwa Vacshalathiti, Pongthanayos Kiratisin, Jim Richards, Daniel T P Fong, Komsak Sinsurin
BACKGROUND: Assessing and understanding the control of the ankle during multidirectional jump landings in athletes with chronic ankle instability (CAI) would help health professionals develop interventions to reduce the risk of recurrent injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the angle, angular velocity, and movements of the ankle joint, and the muscle activity of peroneus longus (PL), tibialis anterior (TA), and gastrocnemius (GAS) muscles during multidirectional landings in athletes with CAI...
November 8, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Amir Sabaghzadeh, Farsad Biglari, Mehrdad Sadighi, Meisam Jafari Kafiabadi, Adel Ebrahimpour
Numerous surgical procedures for the treatment of posterior tibialis tendon (PTT) dysfunction have been developed, including tendon transfers, osteotomies, and arthrodesis. Among these methods, foot and ankle surgeons most frequently use flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfer in conjunction with medial translational osteotomy of the calcaneus. Formerly, some less invasive techniques have been described to reduce surgical-related complications after FDL tendon transfer. Herein, we introduced a new modification of short-stump FDL tendon fixation to the navicular bone and reported the functional outcomes of the current technique in a patient with PTT dysfunction...
November 6, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Annika Willems, Mauro Minnaard, Edwin H G Oei, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Duncan E Meuffels
BACKGROUND: After talocrural arthrodesis, adjacent joints (subtalar, talonavicular, and calcaneocuboid) are often affected by osteoarthritis (OA)). It is unclear if OA is pre-existing to talocrural arthrodesis, or whether it develops after talocrural arthrodesis. This retrospective study is unique because it is the first study with preoperative and follow-up computed tomography (CT). The aim of this study is to investigate whether OA develops in adjacent joints after talocrural arthrodesis or if OA is already pre-existing...
November 2, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Philip G Ghobrial, Carlo K Eikani, Daniel R Schmitt, Nicholas M Brown, Michael S Pinzur, Adam P Schiff
Tranexamic acid has been shown to significantly reduce blood loss in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty. However, there is a paucity of data regarding its safety and efficacy in total ankle arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine whether tranexamic acid use in patients with total ankle arthroplasty affects blood loss or overall complication rate. A retrospective chart review was conducted for 64 patients who underwent total ankle arthroplasty with (n = 32) and without (n = 32) intraoperative tranexamic acid from 2014 to 2023 at a single academic medical center...
November 2, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Nour Nassour, Bardiya Akhbari, Noopur Ranganathan, Ahmed Tawakol, Rachel P Rosovsky, Daniel Guss, Christopher W DiGiovanni, Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors that correlate with the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) has the potential to improve VTE prevention and positively influence decision-making regarding prophylaxis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between statin consumption and the incidence of VTE in patients who sustained an ankle fracture. METHODS: In this retrospective, case-controlled study, cases were those who developed VTE and controls were those who had no VTE, and the ratio was 1:4...
October 31, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Albert T Anastasio, Emily M Peairs, Troy Q Tabarestani, Alexandra N Krez, Isabel Shaffrey, Jensen K Henry, Constantine A Demetracopoulos, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: As total talus replacement (TTR) grows in popularity as a salvage option for talar collapse, a critical evaluation of the complications associated with this procedure is indicated. METHODS: In this review of the literature, we present a patient report and provide a review of several complications seen after TTR, including ligamentous instability, infection, and adjacent joint osteoarthritis, which we have encountered in our practice. RESULTS: Total talus replacement has the potential to reduce pain and preserve range of motion...
October 31, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Jesús Mudarra García, Natalia Saus Milán, María Carmen Blasco Mollá, Francisco Forriol Brocal, Victor Martin-Gorgojo
Checkrein deformity is a rare entity that results in alteration of the normal flexion and extension of the hallux, caused by a retraction or adhesion of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) in its tendinous or muscular portion. It is usually caused by the sequelae of ankle and tibia fractures, such as adhesions and neuropathies, and often undiagnosed compartment syndromes. Its treatment is mainly surgical, and different techniques of release or lengthening of the FHL have been described. We present the clinical case of a 61-year-old patient treated by a simple arthroscopic tenotomy of the FHL at the retromalleolar level of the ankle, with complete functional recovery and absence of recurrence after 2 years of evolution...
October 26, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Danilo Ryuko Cândido Nishikawa, Fernando Aires Duarte, Guilherme Honda Saito, Ianara da Silva Santos, Vicente Mazzaro Filho, Alberto Abussamra Moreira Mendes, Matheus Gomes Cabral, Marcelo Pires Prado
This study reports the clinical outcomes and evolution of 4 patients with subungual glomus tumor (GT) of the hallux treated with tumor excision. Preoperatively, all patients had pain of intensity 9 or 10. Three were sensitive to cold and had stabbing pain, and one reported pulsatile pain. No patient presented nail alterations. There were no bone alterations on radiographic images and diagnostic suspicion of GT was supported by magnetic resonance images. Surgical treatment was indicated due to severe pain and functional limitation...
October 24, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Timothy Dusch, Alexander Guareschi, Andrew Moore, Caroline Hoch, Christopher E Gross, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the different surgical treatments for hallux valgus on various radiographic measures of bunion correction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single academic medical center involving 2 fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeons. One hundred and nineteen feet (110 patients) were included. Procedures included first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) arthrodesis (n = 88), Chevron and/or Scarf osteotomy (n = 23), and Lapidus (n = 8)...
October 16, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Aaron J Wilke, Robert Martin, Nathaniel A Bates, James R Jastifer, Kevin D Martin
INTRODUCTION: Lateral ankle sprains are the most common type of injury to the ankle and can lead to ankle instability. There are many described techniques for the surgical treatment of lateral ankle instability. The purpose of this study is to quantify the variation in surgeon technique for lateral ankle instability treatment. METHODS: Surveys were sent to 62 orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons regarding surgical technique for the treatment of lateral ankle instability...
October 12, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Kaissar Yammine
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) reflect a pivotal event that could lead to serious complications such as amputation and death. Although conservative surgery was reported to have better outcomes when compared to nonsurgical standard of care of forefoot wounds, the surgical management of diabetic toe ulcers (DTUs) is hardly researched. METHODS: The aim of this study is to describe the types and techniques of surgical procedures that could be needed when managing DTU...
October 11, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Emily M Peairs, Albert T Anastasio, Billy Kim, Kempland Walley, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: As total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is increasingly performed in younger individuals in the United States, the aim of this study was to analyze TAA outcomes and complications by age. METHODS: A total of 1619 primary and revision TAAs from 2012 to 2020 were collected and included from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Patients were stratified by age into those younger than 55 years, between 55 and 70 years, and older than 70 years. Demographics, medical comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Classification (ASA) class, operative time, 30-day complications, and comorbid conditions were compared by univariable analysis...
September 7, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
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December 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
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August 29, 2023: Foot & Ankle Specialist
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