Journals Topics in Companion Animal Med...

Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Amanda L Day, Julia Katzenbach, Alison C Manchester, Rachael Figueroa, Marta Karn, Lance Visser, Jenelle Sharpley, Miranda J Sadar
Treatment of Mycoplasma spp. pneumonia has rarely been described in domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). A 10-month-old, 0.53 kg, female spayed domestic ferret was presented for oxygen-dependent, chronic dyspnea of one-month's duration. Physical examination findings included dyspnea, tachypnea, increased bronchovesicular sounds bilaterally, and an intermittent non-productive cough. Bloodwork abnormalities included a mild leukocytosis (8.6×103 /µL), mild neutrophilia (4.0×103 /µL), mild hypoalbuminemia (2...
July 5, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Logan Kopp, Michael Garner, Kara Priest
A geriatric Holland Lop rabbit presented for acute lameness. A pathologic fracture of the right distal femur associated with a pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma was diagnosed, and staging radiographs showed no overt metastasis upon initial presentation. The limb was amputated and submitted for microscopic examination. Immunohistochemical evaluation revealed the neoplastic cells were positive for desmin and MyoD1, and negative for cytokeratin AE1/AE3, CD204, IBA-1, and SMA. Gross, histologic, and immunohistochemical evaluation confirmed a diagnosis of pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma...
July 5, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Pavlos Natsios, Kyriakos Chatzimisios, Vassiliki Tsioli, Dimitra Psalla, Vasileia Angelou, Ioannis Savas, Lysimachos G Papazoglou
Fifteen male dogs with squamous cell carcinoma of the external genitalia were admitted for further investigation and surgical management between 1994 and 2020. The dogs belonged to various breeds. Thirteen dogs were intact and two were castrated with a median age of 8 years and a median weight of 28 kg. Seven dogs were white-coated and eight nonwhite coated. Scrotal ablation and orchiectomy were performed in four dogs, partial penile amputation in two, partial penile amputation plus partial preputial ablation in one, penile amputation, and scrotal urethrostomy in seven, and local preputial excision in one dog...
July 2, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
A Anatolitou, A A Krystalli, K I Sideri, M Markou, G Kazakos, N N Prassinos
Monteggia fractures (MFs) are proximal ulnar fractures with concurrent dislocation of the radial head. This retrospective study aims to report the clinical findings and discuss the treatments and outcomes in MFs cases of 9 cases. Previous medical records of the animals were reviewed for history, clinical features, radiographic findings and choice of treatment. Treatment follow-up was evaluated over the telephone by discussion with the owners. Six animals included in the study were presented 2 days after the initial trauma...
July 2, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Maya Grayck, Michelle N Sullivan, Pedro Boscan, Megan Gish, Laila Proença, William Guerrera, Sangeeta Rao, Miranda J Sadar
OBJECTIVE: To describe the effect of two doses of maropitant on pain scores, food intake, and fecal output in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy or orchiectomy. ANIMALS: 26 (11 female, 15 male) rabbits from three institutions. PROCEDURES: Rabbits were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: low-dose maropitant (LDM; 2 mg/kg SC once; n=8), moderate-dose maropitant (MDM; 4 mg/kg SC once; n=10), and control (saline equivalent to 4 mg/kg maropitant SC once; n=8), administered prior to surgery...
July 2, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Sumin Yun, Taesik Yun, Sijin Cha, Jimin Oh, Dohee Lee, Yoonhoi Koo, Yeon Chae, Mhan-Pyo Yang, Byeong-Teck Kang, Hakhyun Kim
Changes in neutrophil-to-lymphocite ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been identified in dogs with hypercortisolism (HC), but, no studies have investigated the changes in these inflammatory biomarkers as cost-effective and available parameters for the diagnosis and management of HC. This study was performed to evaluate whether NLR and PLR could be used as biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment response in dogs with HC. This retrospective study included 67 dogs with HC, 58 dogs with non-adrenal illness (NAI), and 39 healthy dogs...
July 2, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Jared A Jaffey, Tamara Chamberlin, Jennifer Hu
Two unrelated dogs residing in the same house including an 11-year-old, female spayed, mixed breed dog and a 7-year-old, female spayed, mixed breed dog ingested approximately 75 capsules of a human joint health supplement (Ligaplex I; Standard Process, WI, USA). A total of 2,062 mg of manganese was ingested between both dogs. Dog 1 developed acute fulminant liver failure and a severe coagulopathy that led to hepatic fractures and exsanguination from hemoabdomen. The estimated maximum time from ingestion of the joint health supplement to death was 36 to 48 h...
May 22, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
T Blanchard, S Hoummady, M Roche, D Banuls, A Bynens, M Meunier, M Djerene, N Dos Santos, E Tissaoui, P Rouch-Buck, M Fantinati, N Priymenko
Pet obesity is still a major health issue, which is considered an epidemic by some researchers. Prevention is one of the cornerstones of veterinary care, emphasizing the importance of proactive measures. Human lifestyle was affected during the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in an increased overweight prevalence in the population. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in dogs during this period has been poorly explored. This study's objectives were to assess the percentage of the French dog population with overweight and obesity, compare the results with a study conducted before the COVID-19 pandemic, and investigate any potential changes in the risk factors...
April 15, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Edison Lorran Jerdlicka Coelho, Helloine Mariane Ribeiro Antunes, Thaiza Fernanda da Silva, Naiani Domingos Gasparetto Veggi, Valéria Régia Franco Sousa, Arleana do Bom Parto Ferreira de Almeida
This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of otitis externa (OE) in cats using cytology, direct otoscopic examination, and parasitological examination through swabs and curettage, and to compare the accuracy between collection methods for parasitological examination. Direct otoscopic evaluation of the external auditory canal (right and left), swabs for cytological examination of the external auditory canal, and collection of cerumen for parasitological examination through swabs and curettage of 137 cats from a veterinary hospital care were conducted between March 2021 and March 2022...
April 15, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Glaucia P Kanashiro, Camila M S Lima, Isabela P G A Nicácio, Gabriel M Nicácio, Rejane B Brinholi, Renata N Cassu
The aim of this study was to compare the safety and clinical efficacy of epidural levobupivacaine combined with fentanyl or sufentanil for bitches undergoing elective cesarean-section and the impact of these anesthetic protocols on neonatal viability. The anesthetic protocol consisted of intramuscular morphine (0.2 mg/kg), followed by an intravenous bolus of propofol, in a dose sufficient to allowed the puncture of the lumbosacral space. The dogs were randomly allocated to receive 0.5% levobupivacaine plus fentanyl (2...
April 12, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Andhika Putra, Curtis Plowgian
A 3.5-year-old male intact domestic short hair cat presented for a chronic wound and crusts over the claw and claw folds over several months. The cat was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus based on the presence of persistent hyperglycemia, glucosuria, and compatible clinical signs which consist of polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, and weight loss. Glipizide (Glucotrol XL, Pfizer, Indonesia) 2.5 mg orally twice daily was prescribed. By the seventeenth day, the patient's claws and skin around the paw had normalized and the abnormal claw sloughed off, revealing a normal claw underneath...
April 12, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Marcela Wolf, Stephany B Lucina, Vinícius B C Silva, Matheus F Silveira, Victoria G Silva, Ana P Sarraff, Claudia C Custódio, Marlos G Sousa
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial dysfunction in cardio-oncology is generally thought to be related to the cardiotoxicity of chemotherapy treatment. However, it is known that some tumors have direct effects on myocardial function. These effects have already been studied in man, but there are no publications of these of the effects in dogs. Novel advanced echocardiographic techniques may allow early detection of myocardial dysfunction when compared to conventional echocardiographic techniques. This study aims to assess myocardial systolic function in dogs with multicentric lymphoma prior to initiation of chemotherapy...
March 23, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
B Alcocer, P Bou, L Bosch, C Torrente
OBJECTIVE: To describe an unusual case of spontaneous hemothorax resulting from thymic involution in a dog with suspected acquired bleeding dyscrasia associated with steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis (SRMA). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-month-old spayed female Golden Retriever was referred due to the sudden onset of lethargy, fever (pyrexia), loss of appetite (anorexia), and moderate neck pain. These symptoms emerged six days after an ovariohysterectomy performed by the primary veterinarian...
March 19, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Vanessa de C Pereira, Luan C Henker, Jean C O Menegatt, Andréia Vielmo, Marianna Bertolini, Wilson M Legramanti, Welden Panziera, Marcele B Bandinelli, Saulo P Pavarini
Lymphoma is the most common hematopoietic neoplasm in dogs. However, cases primarily involving the third eyelid are rarely reported in the species. The subtype most frequently described in this location is marginal zone lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, which has an indolent behavior. A 10-year-old intact female Poodle was presented with a 2-month history of a nodule in the left third eyelid for evaluation. This nodule was surgically excised; however, local recurrence was detected nineteen days postoperatively, with the formation of a mass that expanded and replaced the extraocular orbital tissues and infiltrated the eye...
March 19, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
C Mansour, R Najjar, R Chaaya
Pre-emptive analgesia consists of administering drugs such as opioids and nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs. This study aims to evaluate the intraoperative antinociceptive effects of diclofenac administered alone in premedication or combined with morphine along with its potential influence on recovery of dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. A total of 34 dogs (ASA I or II) admitted for ovariohysterectomy were randomly allocated into three groups according to the drugs given in premedication: Diclofenac (D) (n=11), Morphine (M) (n=13) and Diclofenac-Morphine (DM) (n=10) groups...
March 18, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Taylor Curley, Jenna K Rooks, Adesola Odunayo
Dentigerous cysts are the most common type of odontogenic cysts and arise from an unerupted tooth. These cysts have stereotypical radiographic and clinical findings. They can be extremely invasive but rarely present as a life-threatening emergency. This case report describes the stabilization and treatment of a 6-year-old mixed breed dog with a dentigerous cyst with concurrent life-threatening hemorrhage. The dog presented with severe oral hemorrhage from the mandibular artery and required multiple blood transfusions...
March 18, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Elise H Krcatovich, Jason Workman, Karen Stasiak, Richard E Goldstein
Two studies were developed to compare Borrelia burgdorferi antibody detection between the VetScan Flex4 and SNAP 4Dx Plus tests. The objective of the first study was to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of VetScan Flex4 and SNAP 4Dx Plus B. burgdorferi results using field sourced samples compared to a Western Blot reference method. The sensitivity and specificity of VetScan Flex4 were 81.9% (95% CI: 71.9%-89.5%) and 89.3% (95% CI: 85.2%-92.9%) respectively, and SNAP 4Dx Plus's sensitivity and specificity were 80...
March 18, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Mervenur Güvendi, Hüseyin Can, Ahmet Efe Köseoğlu, Sedef Erkunt Alak, Cemal Ün
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative diseases affecting humans and animals. A relationship between variations in the prion gene of some species and susceptibility to prion diseases has been detected. However, variations in the prion protein of cats that have close contact with humans and their effect on prion protein are not well-known. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the variations of prion protein-encoding gene (PRNP gene) in stray cats and to evaluate variants detected in terms of genetic factors associated with susceptibility or resistance to feline spongiform encephalopathy using bioinformatics tools...
March 18, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Anelise Bonilla Trindade-Gerardi, Camila Alves da Silveira, Janyni Duz, Isabella Teixeira Caçapietra Pires da Silva, Tainã Normanton Guim, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, Cristiano Gomes, Daniel Guimarães Gerardi
An 11-year-old male Schnauzer dog was referred for investigation of cough and regurgitation of one month duration and gradual hyporexia for the previous five months. Complete blood count showed severe leukocytosis. On ventrodorsal and lateral thoracic radiographs a soft tissue mass was visible in the craniodorsal mediastinum. Endoscopy showed esophageal dilatation and an irregular, nodular, friable, exophytic mass in the thoracic esophagus, which was invasive, vascularized and had ulcerated areas. The mass occluded approximately 90% of the esophageal lumen...
February 9, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Antonella Colella, Dora Buonfrate, Federica Lo Tempio, Serena Digiaro, Alessandra Recchia, Beatrice Greco, Paola Paradies
Canine strongyloidosis by Strongyloides stercoralis is a parasitic disease emerging in Europe, which represents both a veterinary clinical issue and a public health challenge because of the zoonotic potential. The disease, not yet frequent in Europe, could induce severe clinical signs in dogs; thus, an early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are desirable. The aim of the present work is to retrospectively investigate the clinical and paraclinical findings in sick dogs naturally infected by S. stercoralis, with particular attention to ultrasound (US) changes at the gastrointestinal level...
January 4, 2024: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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