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Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome

Keith Chan, Leanne R De Souza, Karen Kobayashi, Esme Fuller-Thomson
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to provide population-based data from California on: (a) the prevalence and the odds of diabetes among non-obese South Asian (SA) Americans compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW); (b) to assess the prevalence and odds of optimal medical care including regular eye exams, foot exams, and the monitoring of hemoglobin A1C blood glucose levels; and (c) To identify the factors that are associated with diabetes among SA Americans. METHODS: The combined 2007, 2009, and 2011 waves of the adult California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) was used to analyze a non-obese (BMI<30) sample of 1251 SA and 72,072 NHW...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Virun Vichaibun, Kamonwan Khananurak, Thanet Sophonnithiprasert
AIMS: The aim of this study was to measure plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) level and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in order to assess the oxidative stress status and the antioxidant defense system in patients with hyperglycemia and both hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty blood samples of hyperglycemia, 60 blood samples of both hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia and 60 blood samples of normoglycemia and normolipidemia (controls) were collected into study...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Akram Ghadiri-Anari, Zohre Mozafari, Somaye Gholami, Seyed-Ali Khodaei, Marzieh Aboutorabi-Zarchi, Fariba Sepehri, Azade Nadjarzade, Masoud Rahmanian, Nasim Namiranian
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes mellitus. This study was set to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a quasi-experimental trial in Yazd diabetic research center. Sixty T2DM subjects (30-65 years old) with painful diabetic neuropathy enrolled in this study from March 2017 till April 2018. Patients received weekly 50000 IU of vitamin D3 for 12 weeks orally...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Saeed Yafei, Fathy Elsewy, Eman Youssef, Mohammed Ayman, Mohamed El-Shafei
AIM: To evaluate the association of serum FGF21 with subclinical atherosclerosis and pulse wave velocity, a marker of arterial stiffness, in type 2 diabetes Egyptian patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fasting serum FGF21 was measured in 120 type 2 diabetes patients without clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (mean age 51.1 ± 7.7 years; 63.3 women). In addition to basic laboratory tests, serum adiponectin and ultrasonographic examination of CIMT, ankle brachial index (ABI) and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) were performed...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Adel Abdel-Moneim, Basant Mahmoud, Eman A Sultan, Rania Mahmoud
AIMS: The current study aimed to explore the correlation between leukocytes and platelets indices with adipocytokines (leptin and adiponectin) and MetS components. METHODS: A total of 100 healthy subjects and 200 patients diagnosed with different MetS components were enrolled in the study. Eligible patients were allocated into four groups (50 patients). Group1 include patients with 2 criteria of MetS components, group 2 with 3 criteria, group 3 with 4 criteria and group 4 had patients with 5 criteria...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Gomathi Ramaswamy, Palanivel Chinnakali, Sriram Selvaraju, Divya Nair, Pruthu Thekkur, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Roopa Shivashankar, Akash Ranjan Singh, Halevoor Nanjundappa Vrushabhendra
AIM: We aimed to screen for prediabetes, diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors among family members of people with diabetes registered for care in a primary health centre in South India. METHODS: During 2017-2018, we screened eligible family members of individuals with diabetes at their homes. We measured fasting capillary blood glucose (FCBG); for those with FCBG≥126 mg/dl, we confirmed the diagnosis of diabetes with fasting plasma glucose (FPG). We defined prediabetes as FCBG between 100 and 125 mg/dl; diabetes as both FCBG and FPG ≥126 mg/dl...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Zahra Asadi, Mojtaba Shafiee, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Susan Darroudi, Maryam Tayefi, Hamideh Ghazizadeh, Alireza Heidari Bakavoli, Mohsen Moohebati, Habibollah Esmaeily, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: The role of dietary patterns in metabolic syndrome has not been investigated sufficiently among Iranian population. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of major dietary patterns with the risk of metabolic syndrome and its components among healthy individuals of Iran. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that was performed on 5895 men and women who participated in MASHAD study project. Factor analysis was employed to determine major dietary patterns with regard to a validated 65-item food frequency questionnaire...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Akram Ahangarpour, Majed Sayahi, Miaad Sayahi
BACKGROUND: One class of phytochemicals are phenols with (OH) group bounded to aromatic hydrocarbon group. The aim of this study was to review the anti-diabetic and anti-oxidant properties of important phenols. METHODS: This is a review study with ethic number (95s108) from AJUMS. About 450 articles (original, review,etc) been screened; 40 of them in the range of (1992-2017) were used due to their correlation to the study purpose. 28 of them were indexed by "Web of science (ISI)", 24 of them indexed by pubmed and also 29 of them were indexed by scopus data center...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Dina Ali Ahmed, Lobna Farag El-Toony, Omer Mohammed Herdan, Amal Mohammed Abd El-All
BACKGROUND: Egyptian Christians account for about 10%-15% of the population; the largest absolute number in the Middle East and North Africa. The Lent period is one of the three principal fasting periods which is less documented in the scientific literature. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of Lenten fasting on anthropometric measures, biochemical and glycemic parameters in Christian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A prospective study, which was carried out in Assiut university hospital clinics of internal medicine during the period between February and May 2018 on 125 Christian patients with type 2 diabetes who fasted the Lent...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Akram Ghadiri-Anari, Somaye Gholami, Fariba Zolfaghari, Nasim Namiranian
AIMS: Prediabetes associate with known micro and macrovascular complications of diabetes. Also gastrointestinal symptoms are present in diabetics higher than general population. The aim of this study was evaluation of gastrointestinal symptoms in subjects with prediabetes. METHODS: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 130 persons 30-65 years old, 65 pre-diabetic patients and 65 persons without glucose disorders from 2014 to 2015 in YAZD province...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Mohammed Bashir, Emad Naem, Faten Taha, Justin C Konje, Abdul-Badie Abou-Samra
AIMS: To study pregnancy outcomes in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and the factors associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study of 110 patients with T2DM who attended our diabetes in pregnancy clinic at the Women's Wellness and Research centre, Doha, between March 2015 and December 2016 and 1419 normoglycaemic controls. RESULTS: There was no difference in age, weight, and BMI between the two groups. The incidence of macrosomia, shoulder dystocia and stillbirth were similar in the two groups while that of pre-term labour, pre-eclampsia, Caesarean section (CS), large for gestational age (LGA), neonatal ICU (NICU) admission and neonatal hypoglycaemia were significantly higher in the T1DM than in the control group...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Elaheh Rashidbeygi, Maryam Safabakhsh, Saeideh Delshad Aghdam, Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Shahab Alizadeh
BACKGROUND & AIM: Previous studies have explored the relation of metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components and the risk of albuminuria/proteinuria but their results are inconsistent. Then, we aimed to conduct a meta-analysis in order to resolve these controversies. METHOD: PubMed and Scopus were systematically searched from their inception to 1 march 2018. Risk estimates and their 95% confidence intervals were extracted and pooled using the random-effects approach...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Youssouf Kachekouche, Majda Dali-Sahi, Rachid Bendaoud, Nouria Dennouni-Medjati, Meziane Abderahim
BACKGROUND: Non high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people with type 2 diabetes. The aim of our study is to estimate the relative multivariate risk of non-HDL-C in the occurrence of CVD in a population in the extreme western Algeria with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Our study was carried out in western Algeria on a population of 1111 subjects, 371 cardiopaths with T2DM and 740 controls...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Morteza Izadi, Ramin Kheirjou, Roya Mohammadpour, Mohammad Hassan Aliyoldashi, Saeedreza Jamali Moghadam, Farzin Khorvash, Nematollah Jonaidi Jafari, Shahram Shirvani, Nahid Khalili
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the common complications of diabetes disease that is costly and difficult to treat. This problem can lead to morbidity and even mortality. Ozone is a gas that can optimize cellular metabolism and, because of its antioxidant and antibacterial effects, can help the better healing of diabetic foot ulcer. METHOD: Two hundred patients, aged 18-85 with diabetic foot ulcers ranging from grade 1 to 4 according to Wagner classification in two groups were studied...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Senthil Kumar Subramani, Sunil Mahajan, Pratibha Chauhan, Dhananjay Yadav, Meerambika Mishra, Umamaheswari Pakkirisamy, G B K S Prasad
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of Metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the people of Gwalior. Three criteria viz., National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) criteria, International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria and Harmonized criteria for MetS were employed to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in this region, their concordance with respect to this population was recorded. METHODS: The cross-sectional study involved the people, who had attended the Diabetes clinic at the Centre for Translational Research, Jiwaji University during 2015-2017...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Mohammad Zubair, Jamal Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The study aims to investigate the significance of predictors including HbA1c, Lipid, S. Creatinine, Adiponectin, Cat D, HSP70, HSP47, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D and to evaluate the rate of healing of ulcers among the diabetic foot patients. METHODS: A retrospective method is used to quantitatively assess the role of HbA1c, Lipid, S. Creatinine, Adiponectin, Cat D, HSP70, HSP47, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in the healing process of ulcer among diabetic patients...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Mohammad Sadaat Bukht, Kazi Rumana Ahmed, Sahadat Hossain, Parisha Masud, Shuhana Sultana, Rasheda Khanam
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the association of physical activity (PA) with the presence of diabetes related complications among Bangladeshi type 2 diabetic subjects. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Out Patient Department (OPD) of BIRDEM, Bangladesh. A group of 977 subjects were randomly selected and followed up. Diabetes was diagnosed following the WHO study group criteria. The level of PA was categorized into inactive/low (<150 min/week) and moderate-to-vigorous (≥150 min/week)...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Hanan Elimam, Azza M Abdulla, Inas Mohamed Taha
BACKGROUND: Subclinical inflammation and presence of almost all indicators of systemic inflammation are found in type 2 diabetic patients. Such a systemic and subclinical inflammatory process can be characterized by elevated circulating levels of inflammatory markers. AIM: To study the state of subclinical inflammation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and establish a correlation between glycemic control and inflammatory markers. METHODS: This research included 90 subjects divided into 2 groups; Group A: 70 patients with type 2 diabetes and Group B: 20 Age and sex matched people as the control group...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Breberg Breanna, Halikas Alicia
Anxiety is prevalent among young adults; research shows metabolic inflexibility, the inability to oxidize fat, can increase the occurrence of hyper-aroused states. Fasting blood glucose is the current protocol for assessing metabolic impairment. However, recent studies have shown young adults may have normal fasting blood glucose levels with underlying irregularities in postprandial glucose regulation, insulin secretion and cortisol release, which causes a pattern of visceral fat accumulation. Visceral fat of the volunteers was assessed using the DXA (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) full body scanning method; the waist was assessed by taking the circumference at the midpoint between the lower margin of the last palpable rib and the top of the iliac crest to formulate a waist to height ratio (WHtR); fasting glucose levels were measured via point-of-care (POC) finger-stick method using the Abbott Precision blood glucose meter and anxiety levels...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Khadijeh Kalan Farmanfarma, Mahmoud Ali Kaykhaei, Hosein Ali Adineh, Mehdi Mohammadi, Soroosh Dabiri, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam
AIMS: Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The present study investigated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Published articles in English and Persian during 2000-2016 identified using keywords of prevalence, metabolic syndrome, and Iran in the following databases: Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Google scholar, SID and Magiran. Random effect model used to calculate the pooled estimates...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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