journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38385961/adapting-the-early-recognition-inventory-eriraos-to-estonian-a-validation-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kairit Sirts, Kätlin Anni, Roman Balõtšev, Siim Jakobsoo, Kirti-Ly Jaanson, Liina Haring
AIM: Validated assessment tools are needed to identify clinically high risk for psychosis. This study aimed to validate the early recognition inventory ERIraos, which consists of the ERIraos Checklist for risk screening and the ERIraos Symptom List for a more thorough risk assessment in the Estonian language to detect psychotic prodromal symptoms. METHODS: A prospective cohort study provided an opportunity to evaluate the characteristics of the ERIraos instrument in predicting the increased risk of a psychotic disorder in the future...
February 22, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38375973/the-italian-version-of-the-16-item-prodromal-questionnaire-pq-16-and-its-psychometric-features-in-help-seeking-ultra-high-risk-subjects-and-in-the-general-population
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alberto Parabiaghi, Alessandro Alberto Rossi, Anna Castelnovo, Lorenzo Del Fabro, Stefania Mannarini, Mauro Emilio Percudani
BACKGROUND: Increasing attention to the early stages of psychosis and the identification of symptomatic prodromal states have led to the development of a growing number of screening tools. The 16-item version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) is a worldwide used self-administered tool for this purpose. However, to date, fundamental psychometric properties of PQ-16 were not thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to examine the structural validity, measurement invariance, reliability and other psychometrical properties of the Italian version of the PQ-16 (iPQ-16) in help-seeking individuals and in the general population...
February 20, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357849/which-clinical-factors-delay-proper-treatment-in-panic-disorder-a-cross-sectional-multicentric-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
T Surace, M Buoli, L M Affaticati, G Esposito, E Capuzzi, L Colzani, D La Tegola, E Biagi, F Colmegna, A Caldiroli, M Clerici
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify clinical and socio-demographic factors associated with duration of untreated illness (DUI) in patients affected by panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Data were collected from patients' medical records (N = 157) of two mental health services respectively located in Milan and in Monza (Italy). Correlation analyses and analysis of variance (ANOVAs) were run to analyse the relation between DUI and quantitative/qualitative variables respectively...
February 15, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38356414/approaches-and-challenges-to-assessing-risk-of-violence-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-clinicians-patients-and-carers
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Whiting, Margaret Glogowska, Seena Fazel, Belinda Lennox
AIM: Clinical services for early psychosis seek to improve prognosis for a range of adverse outcomes. For some individuals, perpetration of violence is an important potential outcome to reduce. How these clinical services currently assess this risk however is uncertain. This study aimed to address this gap by using qualitative methods to examine in depth current approaches, attitudes and challenges to assessing violence risk in this clinical setting, from the perspectives of multidisciplinary clinicians, patients and carers...
February 15, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38356407/young-people-s-pathways-to-a-specialist-suicide-prevention-service-and-the-influence-of-caregiver-prior-suicidality-and-mental-health-treatment
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zozan Onay, Anna Sidis, Laura Robinson, Frank P Deane
AIM: Timely help-seeking and pathways to care (PtC) have been linked to positive outcomes in suicidal adolescents. While the importance of formal contacts is recognized, caregivers also play a significant role in these pathways. Caregiver's familiarity with mental health issues may influence an adolescent's PtC. This study explores the relationship between a caregiver's prior suicidality and mental health treatment on their children's pathways to entering a specialist suicide prevention treatment program...
February 15, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38356356/structural-barriers-to-help-seeking-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#6
REVIEW
Chiara Causier, Felicity Waite, Nithura Sivarajah, Matthew T D Knight
AIM: Access to timely treatment is key to early intervention in psychosis. Despite this, barriers to treatment exist. In this review, we aimed to understand the structural barriers that patients and caregivers face in help-seeking for first-episode psychosis, and the recommendations provided to address these. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42021274609) of qualitative studies reporting structural barriers to help-seeking from the patient or caregiver perspective...
February 15, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38356325/exercise-behaviours-and-motivation-after-a-first-psychotic-episode-a-digital-intervention
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bernalyn Ruiz-Yu, Thanh P Le, Joseph Ventura, Armen Arevian, Gerhard S Hellemann, Keith H Nuechterlein
AIM: Research has demonstrated that participation in aerobic exercise can have significant beneficial effects across both physical and mental health domains for individuals who are in the early phase of schizophrenia. Despite these notable benefits of exercise, deficits in motivation and a lack of methods to increase engagement are significant barriers for exercise participation, limiting these potentially positive effects. Fortunately, digital health tools have the potential to improve adherence to an exercise program...
February 14, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38353025/risk-factors-for-homelessness-and-housing-instability-in-the-first-episode-of-mental-illness-initial-findings-from-the-amont-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laurence Roy, Marichelle Leclair, Anne G Crocker, Amal Abdel-Baki, Luigi de Benedictis, Felix-Antoine Bérubé, Esther Thibeault, Eric Latimer, Marc-André Roy
AIM: People living with mental illness are more likely than the general population to experience adverse housing outcomes, including homelessness. The aim of the current study is to examine residential status when participants have their first contact with mental health services, and the correlates of residential status at that moment. METHODS: First-time mental health service users were recruited from seven clinical sites across Québec. Data on residential status at entry in the project, as well as demographic, clinical and social variables, were collected using self-report and interviewer-rated questionnaires...
February 14, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38351895/anticipating-future-threats-evidence-for-association-but-not-interaction-of-childhood-adversity-and-identity-development-with-threat-anticipation-in-adolescence
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Celine Samaey, Aleksandra Lecei, Robin Achterhof, Noëmi Hagemann, Karlijn S F M Hermans, Anu P Hiekkaranta, Olivia J Kirtley, Ulrich Reininghaus, Bart Boets, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel
AIM: Childhood adversity may result in a negative expectation of future interactions with others, also referred to as 'threat anticipation'. It may also negatively impact on identity development, which subsequently may influence how individuals deal with their environment. Here, we examine the hypotheses that (1) identity synthesis is associated with reduced anticipation of threat, whereas the opposite would be true for identity confusion, and (2) that identity confusion exacerbates the association between childhood adversity and threat anticipation...
February 14, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38351643/identification-of-distinct-clinical-profiles-and-trajectories-in-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-psychosis-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-north-american-prodrome-longitudinal-study-consortium-3-dataset
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Bergé, Cameron S Carter, Jason Smucny
AIM: People at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis are a heterogeneous population in regard to clinical presentation and outcome. It is unclear, however, if their baseline clinical characteristics can be used to construct orthogonal subgroups that differ in their clinical trajectory to provide early identification of individuals in need of tailored interventions. METHODS: We used latent profile analysis (LPA) to determine the number of distinct clinical profiles within the CHR population using the NAPLS-3 dataset, focusing on the clinical features incorporated in the NAPLS psychosis risk calculator (including age, unusual thought content and suspiciousness, processing speed, verbal learning and memory function, social functioning decline, life events, childhood trauma, and family history of psychosis)...
February 13, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38348926/evaluating-outcomes-following-adolescent-and-youth-mental-health-inpatient-admissions-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Chia Jie Hsu, Alice Ayres, Leanne Payne
AIM: Increasing rates of mental illness among young people, exacerbated by the negative impacts of COVID-19, has resulted in growing pressure on available psychiatric resources to meet increasing demand. Inpatient units provide specialist care for young people with the most severe and complex mental disorders but are one of the most expensive models of psychiatric care. The aim of this review is to provide an update on the effectiveness of adolescent and youth mental health inpatient units in improving outcomes to inform the most efficacious use of psychiatric resources...
February 13, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38339807/association-of-non-essential-metals-with-chinese-schizophrenia-a-case-control-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiale Li, Jiewen Chen, Bing Shen, Rumei Lu, Wanting He, Xiaolan Huang, Dongmei Li, Li Su, Jianxiong Long
BACKGROUND: The potential link between environmental pollutants, including metals, and schizophrenia development remains debated. This study aimed to explore the association between plasma levels of three non-essential metals-barium (Ba), tungsten (W), and uranium (U)-and schizophrenia risk among Chinese individuals. METHOD: We recruited a total of 221 patients and 219 healthy controls. Plasma levels of three non-essential metals were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
February 9, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38334214/negative-self-reference-as-a-component-of-subthreshold-psychotic-symptoms-in-clinical-high-risk-youth
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michelle Sloan, Rebecca Sturner, Jean Addington, Barbara Cornblatt, Eric Granholm, Kristin S Cadenhead
AIM: Schizophrenia is a leading cause of disability worldwide; early detection and intervention are critical. Early in their illness, individuals at clinical high-risk (CHR) for psychosis have subthreshold psychotic symptoms that are often derogatory and self-directed. We hypothesized that CHR participants with negative self-reference (NSR) as a component of subthreshold psychosis would also have higher levels of social anxiety and depression, lower self-esteem and lower social/role/global functioning as compared with CHR participants without NSR...
February 9, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38334187/implementation-of-a-lifestyle-and-life-skills-intervention-to-prevent-weight-gain-and-cardiometabolic-abnormalities-in-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis-as-part-of-routine-care-the-keeping-the-body-in-mind-program
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jackie Curtis, Scott B Teasdale, Rachel Morell, Prarthna Wadhwa, Andrew Watkins, Oscar Lederman, Catherine O'Donnell, Hamish Fibbins, Philip B Ward
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, a cluster-controlled pilot study found the 12-week Keeping the Body in Mind (KBIM) lifestyle and life skills intervention was able to prevent weight gain in a small sample of youth experiencing first-episode psychosis (FEP) with fewer than 4 weeks of antipsychotic exposure. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of KBIM as routine care on anthropometry and metabolic biochemistry in a larger sample of youth with FEP across three community mental health services...
February 9, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38327246/a-delphi-method-investigation-to-prioritize-activity-related-determinants-thought-to-affect-mental-health-in-adolescent-populations
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jackie Parsonage-Harrison, Mona Eklund, Helen Dawes
INTRODUCTION: Emergent mental illness during adolescence affects daily functioning, causing disruption to daily activities, routines, and patterns. Multiple inter-related personal, social and environmental determinants influence the onset, nature and subsequent course of those difficulties. Research suggests a bi-directional relationship exists between mental health and activity choices. Activity-focused interventions such as occupational therapy may improve adolescent mental health related outcomes...
February 8, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38323501/economic-evaluations-of-treatment-of-depressive-disorders-in-adolescents-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Darren Courtney, Joyce Mason, Bahar Amani, Terri Rodak, Peter Szatmari, Jo Henderson, Claire de Oliveira
AIM: Depressive disorders in adolescents are common and impairing. Evidence-based treatments are available; however, at a cost. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, we anticipate increased demand for treatment services for adolescents with depression. We also anticipate that economic resources will be strained. Identifying cost-effective strategies to optimally treat depression in adolescents is imperative. This protocol for a scoping review aims to describe the literature with respect to economic evaluations of treatments for depression in adolescents...
February 7, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38323386/first-episode-psychosis-caregiver-perspectives-on-motivational-interviewing-for-loved-ones-training-a-qualitative-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bediha Ipekci, Heather Thibeau, Emily Barnard, Matcheri S Keshavan, Akansha Vaswani Bye, Emily R Kline
BACKGROUND: Past research has found that family involvement in psychosis treatment leads to better patient outcomes. Thus, caregiver communication skills training can be a viable approach to reducing caregiver stress and increasing self-efficacy and communication. AIM: The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe family caregivers' perceptions of changes in themselves and their family member with psychosis following their participation in Motivational Interviewing in Loved Ones (MILO), a brief four to five-hour psychoeducational intervention for caregivers...
February 7, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38320862/relapse-in-schizophrenia-the-role-of-factors-other-than-non-adherence-to-treatment
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R Smit, H K Luckhoff, L Phahladira, S Du Plessis, R Emsley, L Asmal
AIM: Relapse rates are very high in schizophrenia. However, little is known about the predictors of the time to relapse other than treatment non-adherence. We investigated possible risk factors for the time to relapse in patients with first-episode schizophrenia (n = 107) who received assured treatment by way of long-acting injectable antipsychotic over 24 months and who underwent regular clinical, cognitive, and metabolic assessments. METHODS: Using Cox regression analyses we assessed selected premorbid and baseline potential predictors of time to relapse...
February 6, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38320861/the-potential-predictors-for-treatment-resistance-depression-after-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-therapy-in-han-chinese-a-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yi Li, Yan Yin, Yingyi Yu, Xiwen Hu, XiaoYan Liu, Sha Wu
AIM: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are among the most important antidepressants. However, there is limited research on predicting the occurrence of treatment-resistant depression (TRD) after 5 years. Examining the predictive effect of TRD occurrence using resting-state fMRI in patients initiating SSRIs treatment at the onset of major depressive disorder (MDD) could potentially enhance TRD management. METHODS: A total of 60 first-episode drug-naive MDD patients who met the criteria, along with 41 healthy controls of Han Chinese ethnicity, were recruited...
February 6, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38318965/stigma-experienced-as-worse-than-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-study-about-the-opuspanel
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Josefine Winther Davy, Benjamin Thorup Arnfred, Lene Qvist Larsen, Freja Pagels Christensen, Tina Iversen, Lene Falgaard Eplov, Merete Nordentoft, Marianne Melau
AIM: Former patients and relatives of people who have received treatment in OPUS, a Danish specialized early intervention for first episode psychosis, have since 2009 worked to reduce stigma and increase hope related to schizophrenia and psychosis. They established The OpusPanel to share their own stories of living with an invisible disorder with new patients, health care professionals, politicians, and members of the public. The impact of The OpusPanel on stigma has not previously been explored or evaluated...
February 6, 2024: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
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