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Analysis of Verbal Behavior

Mark R Dixon, Caleb Stanley, Jordan Belisle, Megan E Galliford, Amani Alholail, Ayla M Schmick
The present study evaluated the efficacy of a stimulus-equivalence training procedure in teaching basic geography skills to two children with autism. The procedures were taken directly from a standardized training curriculum based in stimulus equivalence theory called Promoting the Emergence of Advanced Knowledge Equivalence Module (PEAK-E). Results suggest that the procedures were efficacious in directly training several geographical relations, as well as promoting the derivation of several untrained relations for three countries and their corresponding continents...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Stuart Mullen, Mark R Dixon, Jordan Belisle, Caleb Stanley
The current study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a stimulus equivalence training procedure in establishing auditory-tactile-visual stimulus classes with 2 children with autism and developmental delays. Participants were exposed to vocal-tactile (A-B) and tactile-picture (B-C) conditional discrimination training and were tested for the emergence of vocal-picture (A-C) and picture-vocal (C-A) responses. The results demonstrated that, following training, both participants responded successfully on both the training stimulus arrangements and the test probes that were never trained, illustrating emergence of cross-modal transitive and equivalence relations...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
M Alice Shillingsburg, Tom Cariveau, Bethany Talmadge, Sarah Frampton
Deficits in reporting past behavior may have implications for a child's social development and safety. Behavioral interpretations of memory and research on do/say correspondence provide valuable strategies to teach reporting past behavior when deficits are observed. The current study examined procedures to teach accurate reporting of past behavior following a delay for two children diagnosed with autism. During baseline, both participants accurately reported past behavior when immediately probed. Neither participant emitted accurate reporting following a delay during end-of-day probes...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Barbara E Esch, John W Esch, David C Palmer
When the B. F. Skinner Foundation reprinted Skinner's Verbal Behavior in 1992, Jack Michael wrote one of its two forewords, a detailed outline of the book's purpose and scope. On the 60th anniversary of the first publication (1957) of Verbal Behavior , Jack reflects on the book's impact and its importance to the understanding of language from a behavioral perspective.
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Mark L Sundberg
Jack Michael offered a course on verbal behavior almost every year throughout his teaching career. Jack was also interested in the application of Skinner's work and in 1976 began to offer a graduate course at Western Michigan University titled Verbal Behavior Applications. Jack and his students pursued the application of Skinner's work on verbal behavior with dozens of empirical studies during the 1970s. In honor of the 60th anniversary of the publication of Skinner's book Verbal Behavior , the current paper presents some of my recollections of Jack's work on verbal behavior as his student, graduate teaching assistant, and research collaborator during that time period...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Andresa A DeSouza, Jessica S Akers, Wayne W Fisher
Sundberg and Michael (2011) reviewed the contributions of Skinner's (1957) Verbal Behavior to the treatment of language delays in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and discussed several aspects of interventions, including mand training, intraverbal repertoire development, and the importance of using Skinner's taxonomy of verbal behavior in the clinical context. In this article, we provide an update of Sundberg and Michael's review and expand on some discussion topics. We conducted a systematic review of studies that focused on Skinner's verbal operants in interventions for children with ASD that were published from 2001 to 2017 and discussed the findings in terms of journal source, frequency, and type of verbal operant studied...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Anna Ingeborg Petursdottir, Bailey Devine
B. F. Skinner's (1957) Verbal Behavior had a limited influence on empirical research in the first few decades following its publication, but an increase in empirical activity has been evident in recent years. The purpose of this article is to update previous analyses that have quantified the influence of Verbal Behavior on the scholarly literature, with an emphasis on its impact on empirical research. Study 1 was a citation analysis that showed an increase in citations to Verbal Behavior from 2005 to 2016 relative to earlier time periods...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
David C Palmer
The task of extending Skinner's (1957) interpretation of verbal behavior includes accounting for the moment-to-moment changes in stimulus control as one speaks. A consideration of the behavior of the reader reminds us of the continuous evocative effect of verbal stimuli on readers, listeners, and speakers. Collateral discriminative responses to verbal stimuli, beyond mere echoic or textual behavior, are potential sources of control and must be included in any complete account of both verbal and nonverbal behavior...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Caio F Miguel
The mand is a type of verbal operant whose response form is under control of a motivating operation (MO). It is the first verbal operant to be acquired, directly benefits the speaker, leads to the development of other behaviors, and may serve to replace problem behavior. Even though the topography of the mand is under the functional control of an MO, its occurrence is influenced by a multitude of variables functioning as discriminative stimuli (SD s). Thus, the generalization of mands can occur across both MOs and SD s...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Henry D Schlinger
In the present essay, commemorating the 60th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior , I stand by and defend the judgment I expressed in my article "The Long Goodbye: Why B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior Is Alive and Well on the 50th Anniversary of Its Publication" (2008c)-that Skinner's "interpretation of the behavior of the speaker , given the contingencies of reinforcement maintained by the community" (Skinner, 1987, p. 11), is not only adequate but is also consistent with the principles of operant learning...
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
James E Carr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Thomas S Critchfield, Amel Becirevic, Derek D Reed
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s40616-017-0077-7.].
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Ian Stewart, J McElwee, S Ming
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/BF03393131.].
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Sarah A Lechago, Rachel E Jackson, Fernanda S Oda
An annotated bibliography is provided that summarizes journal articles on verbal behavior published outside of The Analysis of Verbal Behavior in 2016, the primary journal for scholarship in this area. Thirty-seven such articles were identified and annotated as a resource for practitioners, researchers, and educators.
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Barbara E Esch, Heather J Forbes
The open-source Journal of Speech and Language Pathology-Applied Behavior Analysis (JSLP-ABA) was published online from 2006 to 2010. We present an annotated bibliography of 80 articles published in the now-defunct journal with the aim of representing its scholarly content to readers of The Analysis of Verbal Behavior . We hope this effort will stimulate discussion, research, and treatment applications with respect to disorders of speech, language, hearing, swallowing, and voice and that collaborative efforts may be fostered between the two professions represented by JSLP-ABA : speech-language pathology and applied behavior analysis...
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Rodrigo Dal Ben, Celso Goyos
The Analysis of Verbal Behavior ( TAVB ) is the only journal focused on theoretical and empirical research in verbal behavior. An assessment of authorship trends can provide a critical perspective on practices in verbal behavior analysis (e.g., participation by non-US institutions, contributions by female authors). The present study examines authorship trends in all articles published in TAVB since its inception (between 1982 and 2016). All authors and their affiliations were listed and the first authors denoted as such...
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Tiffany Stauch, Kate LaLonde, Joshua B Plavnick, M Y Savana Bak, Kenzie Gatewood
Teaching complex intraverbal responding to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be challenging and often requires careful programming. Divergent and convergent multiple control are particularly important elements to incorporate into intraverbal training programs, as well as procedures to ensure responding is under control of both discriminative and conditional vocal verbal stimuli. The current study systematically reviewed research articles on intraverbal training methods for individuals with ASD published and available from 2005 to 2016...
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Aleksander Vie, Erik Arntzen
The primary focus of the present experiment was to study participants' self-talk during conditional discrimination training and test for the emergence of conditional relations consistent with equivalence. Eighteen adult participants were exposed to either a Many-to-One (MTO) or a One-to-Many (OTM) training structure arranged as a 6-s delayed matching-to-sample (DMTS) procedure. During training and testing, participants were asked to talk aloud. Each trial was divided into three time-windows for recording vocal responses...
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Christopher A Tullis, Sarah E Frampton, Caitlin H Delfs, M Alice Shillingsburg
Instructive feedback (IF) is a procedure in which extra information is presented to a participant during the consequence portion of instruction for other skills. Previous research has demonstrated that participants with intellectual disabilities may acquire a portion of non-targeted skills (secondary targets) without explicit instruction when extra information is presented. Previous research has demonstrated that IF has resulted in more efficient instruction for participants with disabilities as a whole. However, few studies have focused on participants with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)...
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Catia Cividini-Motta, Nicole Scharrer, William H Ahearn
The research literature has revealed mixed outcomes on various procedures for increasing vocalizations and echoic responding in persons with disabilities (Miguel, Carr, & Michael The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 18 , 3-13, 2002; Stock, Schulze, & Mirenda The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 24 , 123-133, 2008). We examined the efficacy of an assessment procedure for identifying the most effective echoic teaching procedure to six students diagnosed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental delays...
June 2017: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
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