Journals Current Reviews in Musculoskel...

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Tomomasa Nakamura, Hideyuki Koga
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an aging population, extending healthy life expectancy is a global challenge. Maintaining healthy knee joint function is one of the essential factors to preserve the ability to walk and extend healthy life expectancy. Meniscus centralization was introduced in 2012 as a procedure for meniscus extrusion, one of the causes of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Initially, it was performed only for lateral meniscus (LM) extrusion, and favorable 2-year results were reported in 2016...
May 17, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Makena J Mbogori, Jie Ma, Ivan Wong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasingly, massive irreparable rotator cuff tears present a treatment challenge due to their high re-tear rates. The reparability of such tears depends on factors like tear size, the number of involved tendons, tendon retraction extent, muscular atrophy, fatty infiltration, and the presence or absence of arthritis. There are non-surgical and several surgical treatment options described each with their specific indications, contraindications, pros, and cons. Bridging reconstruction restores the superior rotator cuff tissue and arrests humeral head superior migration...
May 16, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
B S van Minnen, T G van Tienen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The field of meniscus replacement is changing continuously, with new devices emerging and others disappearing from the market. With the current tendency to preserve the knee joint, meniscus implants may become more relevant than ever. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current state of partial and total meniscus replacements that have been developed beyond the academic phase. The available clinical and pre-clinical data is evaluated, and omissions are identified...
May 14, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Paul M Inclan, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the evolution of the open labral repair with capsular shift, including the current role of this procedure in the treatment of shoulder instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Currently, a subset of patients - high-level collision/contact sport athletes, patients with significant inferior or multi-directional instability, and individuals with failed arthroscopic Bankart repair without bone loss - may experience benefit from undergoing open Bankart repair with capsular shift...
April 29, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Jason Corban, Sarav Shah, Arun J Ramappa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arthroscopy has become increasingly popular for a addressing a wide variety of shoulder pathology. However, despite increasing interest, there is still much uncertainty and variability amongst providers regarding optimal post-operative rehabilitation. This review provides an overview of the evidence underlying common rehab protocols used following arthroscopic interventions for rotator cuff disease, shoulder instability, superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) tears and adhesive capsulitis...
April 26, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Kevin Chen, Sarthak Aggarwal, Hayden Baker, Aravind Athiviraham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The limited blood supply and intrinsic healing capacity of the meniscus contributes to suboptimal tissue regeneration following injury and surgical repair. Biologic augmentation techniques have been utilized in combination with isolated meniscal repair to improve tissue regeneration. Several innovative strategies such as Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP), fibrin clots, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), bone marrow stimulation, meniscal scaffolds, and meniscal wrapping, are being explored to enhance repair outcomes...
April 23, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Elise C Bixby, Benton E Heyworth
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anterior cruciate ligament (ALC) tears are increasingly common in skeletally immature patients, as more children and adolescents participate in intensive sports training and specialization at increasingly younger ages. These injuries were historically treated nonoperatively, given concerns for physeal damage and subsequent growth disturbances after traditional ACL reconstruction techniques. However, there is now sufficient data to suggest superior outcomes with operative treatment, specifically with physeal-sparing and physeal-respecting techniques...
April 19, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Shelby E Johnson, Ryan C Kruse, Brennan J Boettcher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates the current understanding of the role of ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of meniscal disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Ultrasound (US) demonstrates similar sensitivity and specificity when compared to magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of meniscal injuries when compared to arthroscopy. Meniscal extrusion (ME) under US can be a reliable metric to evaluate for meniscal root tears in knees with and without osteoarthritis (OA)...
April 19, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Allison Morgan, Michael Moore, Kendall Derry, Andrew Bi, Jahnya Brown, Thomas Youm, Daniel Kaplan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gluteus medius and minimus tears, or hip abductor tendon tears, are increasingly identified as a source of lateral hip pain. Once underappreciated and undertreated, they are now recognized as a cause of greater trochanteric pain syndrome and a pathology amenable to both nonoperative and operative modalities. This review summarizes relevant anatomy, clinical presentation, and treatment options for gluteus medius tears, focusing on surgical options. RECENT FINDINGS: When surgical intervention is indicated, repair, reconstruction, or tendon transfer may be considered...
April 15, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Stephen P Canton, Confidence Njoku Austin, Fritz Steuer, Srujan Dadi, Nikhil Sharma, Nicolás M Kass, David Fogg, Elizabeth Clayton, Onaje Cunningham, Devon Scott, Dukens LaBaze, Edward G Andrews, Jacob T Biehl, MaCalus V Hogan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Augmented reality (AR) has gained popularity in various sectors, including gaming, entertainment, and healthcare. The desire for improved surgical navigation within orthopaedic surgery has led to the evaluation of the feasibility and usability of AR in the operating room (OR). However, the safe and effective use of AR technology in the OR necessitates a proper understanding of its capabilities and limitations. This review aims to describe the fundamental elements of AR, highlight limitations for use within the field of orthopaedic surgery, and discuss potential areas for development...
April 12, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Jennifer A Knight, Garret M Powell, Adam C Johnson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Posterior shoulder instability is an uncommon but important cause of shoulder dysfunction and pain which may occur as the result of seizure, high energy trauma, or repetitive stress related to occupational or sport-specific activities. This current review details the imaging approach to the patient with posterior shoulder instability and describes commonly associated soft tissue and bony pathologies identified by radiographs, CT, and MR imaging. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in MR imaging technology and techniques allow for more accurate evaluation of bone and soft tissue pathology associated with posterior shoulder instability while sparing patients exposure to radiation...
April 12, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Seong Jun Jang, Jake Rosenstadt, Eugenia Lee, Kyle N Kunze
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) play a critical role in evaluating the success of treatment interventions for musculoskeletal conditions. However, predicting which patients will benefit from treatment interventions is complex and influenced by a multitude of factors. Artificial intelligence (AI) may better anticipate the propensity to achieve clinically meaningful outcomes through leveraging complex predictive analytics that allow for personalized medicine...
April 8, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Christian S Rosenow, Devin P Leland, Christopher L Camp, Jonathan D Barlow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anterior shoulder instability is associated with concomitant injury to several stabilizing structures of the shoulder, including glenoid bone loss. While instability is most common in young athletes and patients with predisposing conditions of hyperlaxity, recurrent shoulder instability can occur throughout various age ranges and may lead to longer term effects including pain and shoulder arthritis. Glenoid bone loss exceeding certain thresholds is generally treated by glenoid reconstruction via bone block augmentation to adequately stabilize the glenohumeral joint...
April 8, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Stephen J DeMartini, Daniel E Pereira, Christopher J Dy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are substantial costs associated with orthopedic injury and management. These costs are likely not experienced equally among patients. At the level of the healthcare and hospital systems, disparities in financial burden and patient demographics have already been identified among orthopedic trauma patients. Accordingly, disparities may also arise at the level of the patient and how they experience the cost of their care. We sought to determine (1) how patient demographics are associated with financial burden/toxicity and (2) if patients experience disproportionate financial burden/toxicity and social support secondary to their economic standing...
March 16, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Filip Vuletić, Berte Bøe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to analyze and compare the existing research on open and arthroscopic Latarjet procedures for treating anterior shoulder instability. The review will assess different factors such as graft positioning, functional outcomes, complications, and return-to-play rates for both approaches. The study's primary goal is to establish which technique yields superior outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have suggested that arthroscopic Latarjet surgery can produce outcomes similar to open surgery regarding functional scores and patient satisfaction...
March 11, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Ignacio Pasqualini, Joseph C Brinkman, John M Tokish, Patrick J Denard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCTs) present treatment challenges. Recently, superior capsule reconstruction (SCR) and anterior cable reconstruction have emerged as surgical options, but no single approach is superior. This review provides an overview of SCR and cable reconstruction techniques, including biomechanical studies, clinical outcomes, and surgical considerations. RECENT FINDINGS: Biomechanical studies show SCR with autografts or allografts improves glenohumeral stability and mechanics...
April 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functionally irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears (FIRCT) represent a substantial source of morbidity for many patients. Several surgical options can be considered for the salvage of FICRTs. Transfer of the tendon of the lower trapezius to the greater tuberosity, originally described for surgical management of the paralytic shoulder, has emerged as an attractive option, particularly for patients with external rotation lag and those looking for strength restoration...
April 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Rhonda A Watkins, Rafael Verduzco Guillen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aimed to provide an overview of some of the medical concerns surrounding the care of the pediatric endurance athletes and add to the limited literature specific to the pediatric endurance athlete. RECENT FINDINGS: Endurance athletes are at risk for overtraining, relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S), overuse injuries, nutritional deficiencies, and sleep dysfunction. Youth runners and female endurance athletes are particularly high-risk populations for RED-S; nutritional deficiencies and their care should involve thoughtful mitigation of modifiable risk factors...
March 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Brian T Feeley, Sonali E Feeley, Caitlin C Chambers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fastpitch softball is one of the most popular sports among youth and high school female athletes. Despite some similarities to baseball, key differences between the two sports result in different injury patterns, and there is comparatively less literature describing injury epidemiology in fastpitch softball. The purpose of this review is to describe the epidemiology, biomechanics, and injury prevention efforts in regards to fastpitch softball injury with a particular focus on underhand pitching...
February 12, 2024: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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