Journals Current Reviews in Musculoskel...

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Daniel J Cognetti, Thomas B Lynch, Elizabeth Rich, Asheesh Bedi, Aman Dhawan, Andrew J Sheean
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To characterize quadriceps muscle dysfunction associated with knee joint preservation surgery, with a focus on its pathophysiology and promising approaches to mitigate its impact on clinical outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Quadriceps dysfunction (QD) associated with knee joint preservation surgery results from a complex interplay of signaling, related to changes within the joint and from those involving the overlying muscular envelope. Despite intensive rehabilitation regimens, QD may persist for many months postoperatively and negatively impact clinical outcomes associated with various surgical procedures...
May 27, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Alexander R Markes, Joseph Bigham, C Benjamin Ma, Jaicharan J Iyengar, Brian T Feeley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Periprosthetic infection after shoulder arthroplasty is relatively uncommon though associated with severe long-term morbidity when encountered. The purpose of the review is to summarize the recent literature regarding the definition, clinical evaluation, prevention, and management of prosthetic joint infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty. RECENT FINDINGS: The landmark report generated at the 2018 International Consensus Meeting on Musculoskeletal Infection has provided a framework for diagnosis, prevention, and management of periprosthetic infections after shoulder arthroplasty...
May 25, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Nabil Mehta, Gregory P Nicholson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Glenoid bone loss presents distinct challenges in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) which, if unaddressed, can cause complications including poor outcomes and early implant failure. The purpose of this review is to discuss the etiology, evaluation, and management strategies of glenoid bone loss in primary rTSA. RECENT FINDINGS: Three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) imaging and preoperative planning software have revolutionized the understanding of complex glenoid deformity and wear patterns from bone loss...
May 25, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Benjamin S Albertson, Nicholas A Trasolini, John-Paul H Rue, Brian R Waterman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anterior glenohumeral instability is a common injury in contact and collision athletes, and in-season management remains a controversial topic. RECENT FINDINGS: Several recent studies have examined non-operative and operative management of in-season athletes after instability events. Non-operative treatment is associated with faster return to play and higher rates of recurrent instability. Dislocations and subluxations have similar rates of recurrent instability but non-operatively treated subluxations have a quicker return to play than dislocations...
May 17, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Mark T Langhans, Abhinav Lamba, Daniel B F Saris, Patrick Smith, Aaron J Krych
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The concept of meniscal extrusion has recently been recognized as a hallmark of meniscus dysfunction. This review examines contemporary literature regarding the pathophysiology, classification, diagnosis, treatment, and future directions for investigation regarding meniscus extrusion. RECENT FINDINGS: Meniscus extrusion, defined as >3 mm of radial displacement of the meniscus, leads to altered knee biomechanics and accelerated knee joint degeneration...
May 16, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Armin Arshi, Andrew J Hughes, Joseph X Robin, Javad Parvizi, Yale A Fillingham
PURPOSEOF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the available literature on the epidemiology, biomechanics, clinical outcomes, and complications of return to sport after TJA, as well as provide guidelines for patients' safe return to athletic activity. RECENT FINDINGS: As volume and indications for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) expand, arthroplasty candidates today are demographically younger, more physically active, and have higher expectations for postoperative function...
May 9, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Adam V Daniel, Aaron J Krych, Patrick A Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The lateral meniscus oblique radial tear (LMORT) of the posterior horn is a relatively new term for one of the more common types of lateral meniscal tears found in patients with acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Given the importance of anatomical reduction and preservation of the lateral meniscus to maintain normal knee stability and slow the progression of early-onset osteoarthritis, LMORT classification and treatment guidelines have been formulated...
April 22, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Prushoth Vivekanantha, Dan Cohen, Devin Peterson, Darren de Sa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on the etiology, diagnosis, and management of patellar instability in pediatric patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Radiological outcomes such as tibial-tubercle to trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance used in diagnosis are subject to factors of influence such as femoral anteversion and knee flexion angle, and new measure such as tibial-tubercle to posterior cruciate ligament distance as well as TT-TG/trochlear width (TT-TG/TW) are under investigation...
April 18, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Jeffrey Kay, Benton E Heyworth, Matthew D Milewski, Dennis E Kramer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Traumatic and atraumatic shoulder instability is common in pediatric and adolescent patients. It is well-established that young patients with anterior shoulder dislocation are at high risk of recurrent instability. This review assesses the current literature pertaining to management of both anterior instability and MDI in the pediatric and adolescent populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Current research suggests that pediatric and adolescent patients with shoulder instability have excellent outcomes following arthroscopic Bankart repair; however, higher rates of recurrent instability requiring revision surgical management have been identified in patients with more than one dislocation episode pre-operatively, those with Hill-Sachs lesions and those under age 16...
April 17, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Yousif Atwan, Allen Wang, Joseph T Labrum, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Jonathan D Barlow, Joshua S Dines, Christopher L Camp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with seizure disorders commonly suffer shoulder dislocations and subsequent instability. Due to high rates of recurrence and bone loss, management of this instability and associated pathology has proven to be more complex than that of patients without seizure disorders. The ultimate goal of this review is to outline the various treatment modalities and their respective outcomes in this complex patient population. RECENT FINDINGS: Optimization of medical management of seizure disorders is imperative...
April 17, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Kira Furie, Anna L Park, Stephanie E Wong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The psychological aspects of musculoskeletal injury are often overlooked in the rehabilitation process. This review examines the effects of musculoskeletal injury on mental health in adult athletes and identifies themes to guide further research. RECENT FINDINGS: Athletes are at risk for mental health struggles due to high athletic identity and identity foreclosure. Injured athletes have specifically been shown to have higher rates of anxiety and depression when compared to the general population...
April 4, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Renaud Siboni, Charles Pioger, Christophe Jacquet, Caroline Mouton, Romain Seil
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the recent scientific literature about ramp lesions of the medial meniscus and to summarise the current evidence on their prevalence, classification, biomechanics, surgical techniques and clinical outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Ramp lesions may be present in more than 1 patient undergoing ACL reconstruction out of 5 and almost half of the medial meniscal tears observed in this population. Due to the risk of persistent anterior and rotational laxity after ACL reconstruction, their repair has been advocated...
April 4, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Kellen M Worhacz, Thomas R Carter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Meniscal allograft transplantation is intended to address painful knees with symptoms that can be attributed to meniscal deficiency through injury or meniscectomy. Initially viewed as an experimental procedure, refinements in patient selection and surgical technique have led to improved clinical outcomes with wider acceptance. Our intention with this paper is to provide a review of meniscal allograft transplantation, with the focus on the different surgical techniques employed and their influence on outcomes...
April 4, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Warren K Young, William Briner, David M Dines
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature regarding the epidemiology of injuries in the volleyball athlete across all levels of play and to discuss areas where further studies are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Injury epidemiology for volleyball at the collegiate and high school level has been supported by a longitudinal injury surveillance program through the NCAA Injury Surveillance System (NCAA ISS) and High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) for the past 30 years...
April 4, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Bradley Petrisor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although developing PROMs is arduous and measuring their psychometric characteristics is even more so, the number of available PROMs has grown dramatically in the foot and ankle community over the past few years. The psychometric properties of foot and ankle PROMs vary considerably, which could explain why there are so many of them used in the literature. This review aims to shed light on the most commonly used PROMs in foot and ankle literature and assess the evidence supporting their use...
April 4, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Shaelyn B O'Connor, Kyle J Holmberg, Jon E Hammarstedt, Jonathan R Acosta, Kevin Monahan, Ryan D Sauber, Daniel T Altman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common injury experienced by athletes and has important clinical considerations for athletes including the timing of return to sport. Lumbar disc herniation may result in loss of individual training and playing time for athletes. Current literature is inconclusive on whether surgical or conservative treatment of LDH is superior in athletes. Our aim was to review the literature to identify return-to-play (RTP) rates and performance outcomes following operative and nonoperative treatment of LDH in the athletic population...
March 31, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Ehab M Nazzal, Laura E Keeling, Patrick M Ryan, Zachary J Herman, Jonathan D Hughes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The addition of lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) has become increasingly popular to address residual rotatory knee instability. The purpose of this article is to review the anatomy and biomechanics of the anterolateral complex (ALC) of the knee, outline different LET techniques, and provide biomechanical and clinical evidence for its use as an augmentation procedure with ACLR. RECENT FINDINGS: Rotatory knee instability has been identified as a common contributor to ACL rupture in both the primary and revision settings...
March 30, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Anna L Park, Kira Furie, Stephanie E Wong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Treatment for musculoskeletal sports injuries often neglects the psychological components of health and recovery. Pediatric patients require particular consideration of their psychosocial and cognitive development. This systematic review investigates the effects of musculoskeletal injury on mental health in pediatric athletes. RECENT FINDINGS: Athlete identity may increase in adolescence and is associated with worse mental health post-injury. Psychological models suggest loss of identity, uncertainty, and fear mediate the association between injury and symptoms of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder...
March 30, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Abigail L Campbell, J Lee Pace, Bert R Mandelbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) is a well-known meniscus variant, and comprises excess and thickened meniscal tissue, altered collagen ultrastructure, and peripheral instability. This article presents a comprehensive review on current knowledge of DLM, focusing on pathology in parallel with surgical techniques and outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: A paradigm shift in surgical management of DLM is taking place as knee surgeons are seeing more patients with long-term sequelae of partial lateral meniscectomy, the standard treatment for DLM for many years...
March 15, 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Enzo S Mameri, Garrett R Jackson, Felipe Gonzalez, Daniel J Kaplan, Harkirat Jawanda, Anjay Batra, Zeeshan A Khan, Jorge Chahla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides a historical perspective on the approach to radial tears and collates the currently available evidence on repair techniques, rehabilitation, and outcomes following the treatment of meniscus radial tears. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature shows that the repair of meniscus radial tears reports improved patient-reported outcome scores with high return to function and activity. However, no single technique nor construct was proven better than the other...
May 2023: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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