Michael-Andrei Pelea, Oana Serban, Maria Badarinza, Roxana Gutiu, Daniela Fodor
PURPOSE: Shear wave elastography (SWE) has seen many advancements in Achilles tendon evaluation in recent years, yet standardization of this technique is still problematic due to the lack of knowledge regarding the optimal way to perform the examination. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of ankle position, probe frequency and physical effort on the shear modulus of the Achilles tendon, but also to determine the intra and inter-observer reliability of the technique...
April 13, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Marco Becciolini, Giovanni Bonacchi, Salvatore Massimo Stella, Giorgio Tamborrini
We report a case of intermittent dislocation of the flexor hallucis longus at its passage in the retro-malleolar area, related to a post-traumatic detachment of the retrotalar pulley from the medial tubercle of the talus. High-resolution ultrasound depicted the anterior dislocation of the tendon during dynamic stress, by asking the patient to flex his hallux against the examiner resistance, with the ankle in slight dorsiflexion. The tendon normally relocated after the dynamic maneuver. Tendon dislocation was associated with a painful snap...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Fabian Moungondo, Hannah Van Rompaey, Mohamad K Moussa, Frédéric Schuind
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous release procedures under sonography using Sono-Instruments® in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and trigger finger (TF). METHODS: Prospective study involving 30 patients, divided into two groups (15 CTS, and 15 TF). The primary outcomes were surgical performance-related outcomes (visibility, ease of use, satisfaction, duration) using Sono-Instruments® and patient-related outcomes (pain, activity limitations, time to return to work, functional scores)...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Maria Franca Meloni, Ilaria Mariani, Pietro Galluzzi, Sabrina Pinto, Emanuela Filippi, Andrea Romanzi, Alberto Vannelli
BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumors of the liver (SFTL) are rare neoplasms, whose identification and definition of malignant potential are challenging. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old patient underwent conventional imaging and CEUS to characterize an indeterminate liver lesion after other imaging techniques were inconclusive. In fact, all diagnostic techniques concluded that it was a partially fibrotic lesion, while CEUS determined its extra-hepatocellular origin and malignant potential, initially hypothesized to be a cholangiocarcinoma...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Lydia Giannitrapani, Simona Amodeo, Luigi Mirarchi, Antonino Terranova, Aurelio Seidita, Chiara Mozzini, Daniela Cabibi, Giuseppe Brancatelli, Anna Licata, Maurizio Soresi
PURPOSE: Ultrasound (US) surveillance is a cornerstone for early diagnosis of HCC, anyway US presentation has undergone significant changes. With the aim of evaluating the effects of US surveillance program in the real-world clinical practice, we wanted to evaluate US presentation of HCCs over the last 30 years and the differences of HCCs presentation according to etiology. METHODS: 174 patients diagnosed between 1993 and 98 (G1), 96 between 2003 and 08 (G2), 102 between 2013 and 18 (G3), were compared...
April 7, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Suhel G Al Khayyat, Paolo Falsetti, Annarita Saponara, Salvatore Massimo Stella, Alberto Migliore, Andrea Del Chiaro, Luca Cantarini, Bruno Frediani
Active sacroiliitis and sacroiliac joint dysfunction represent a common cause of low back pain in the population and are cause of patients' quality of life reduction and disability worldwide. The use of musculoskeletal ultrasound allows to easily identify the sacroiliac joints and to study every pathological condition affecting its most dorsal part; moreover, musculoskeletal ultrasound allows to guide highly effective injective procedures aimed at improving patients' symptoms and enhance their well-being. This paper aims to briefly explain for the musculoskeletal sonographer the anatomy and biomechanics of the sacroiliac joints, the correct ultrasound scanning method for their visualization and the most appropriate ultrasound guided injection technique to help dealing with the diagnostic and management of sacroiliac joint pain in the everyday scenario...
April 6, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Giovanni Monteleone, Alfonso Tramontana, Roberto Sorge
BACKGROUND: Rugby is a sport involving a great number of shoulder collisions. Traumatic stress of the shoulder can weaken the static stabilizers and promote major injuries as dislocation or full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff. The goal of this study is to evaluate the clinical and ultrasonographic dominant shoulder factures in a group of amateur rugby players, with no history of shoulder injuries, and to compare them with those of a control group. METHODS: 52 male subjects join in the study: 26 amateur rugby players and 26 subjects, which did not practice rugby or competitive sport...
April 6, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Giulio Cocco, Vincenzo Ricci, Antonio Corvino, Michele Abate, Adele Vaccaro, Carlotta Bernabei, Vito Cantisani, Gianfranco Vallone, Corrado Caiazzo, Massimo Caulo, Andrea Delli Pizzi
Padel is a racket sport, combining high-frequency and low-intensity athletic gestures, that has been gaining growing scientific interest in recent years. Musculoskeletal injuries are very common among padel players with an incidence rate of 3 per 1000 h of training and 8 per 1000 matches. To the best of our knowledge, a comprehensive collection describing the most common sonographic findings in padel players with musculoskeletal injuries is lacking in the pertinent literature. In this sense, starting from the biomechanical features of padel-specific gestures we have reported the ultrasonographic patterns of most frequent injuries involving the upper limb, the trunk, and the lower limb...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
K Shirodkar, K P Iyengar, J Mehta, C A Azzopardi, R Botchu
Meralgia Paresthetica (MP) causes outer thigh discomfort, numbness, and tingling. Compression or injury to the Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve (LFCN), which gives sensory innervation to outer aspect of the thigh. It frequently gets impinged beneath the inguinal ligament resulting in in sensory impairment in the distribution of LFCN. Compression of the LFCN is a frequent cause of MP, whereas LFCN neuromas is a rare cause. This case report describes a unique case of Meralgia Paresthetica produced by a LFCN neuroma and enhances our knowledge of Meralgia Paresthetica...
April 4, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Thalita Diógenes Muniz, Liliam Cristine Rolo, Edward Araujo Júnior
Gastroschisis is the most common congenital defect of the abdominal wall, typically located to the right of the umbilical cord, through which the intestinal loops and viscera exit without being covered by the amniotic membrane. Despite the known risk factors for gastroschisis, there is no consensus on the cause of this malformation. Prenatal ultrasound is useful for diagnosis, prognostic prediction (ultrasonographic markers) and appropriate monitoring of fetal vitality. Survival rate of children with gastroschisis is more than 95% in developed countries; however, complex gastroschisis requires multiple neonatal interventions and is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes...
March 29, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Maryam Nabati, Saeed Kavousi, Jamshid Yazdani, Homa Parsaee
BACKGROUND: Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is more common than ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), consisting of 60-70% of myocardial infarctions. When left ventricular (LV) pressure increases during early systole, regionally ischaemic myocardium with a reduced active force exhibit stretching. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of this parameter in determining high risk angiographic territory involvement in NSTEMI patients. RESULTS: This study was a descriptive correlational research that was conducted on 96 patients with NSTEMI and a left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50% who underwent coronary angiography (CAG)...
March 29, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Frisone Alessio, Antonio Scarano, Giulia Valentini, Andrea Boccatonda, Lorenzo Andreetto, Susanna Vicari
Masses in the parapharyngeal area are rare and often due to infectious phenomena arising from the oral cavity or pharynx which lead to abscess formation. Less frequently, the lesion can be neoplastic. Tumours of the parapharyngeal space are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all head and neck neoplasms. We report the case of a patient who came to our observation for mandibular pain. Multiparametric diagnostic imaging was done thus showing a parapharyngeal mass. An ultrasound guided biopsy was performed by a transcutaneous route with a high median approach at neck level, to characterize the mass in the right tonsillar region...
March 29, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh Vahdani, Azadeh Shabani, Mohammad Haddadi, Seyedeh Mojgan Ghalandarpoor-Attar, Zahra Panahi, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Sedigheh Borna, Maryam Deldar, Sanaz Ghashghaee, Mamak Shariat
PURPOSE: Diagnosing the placenta accreta spectrum is crucial to prevent morbidities and mortalities among women with the suspicion of this pathology. We aim to evaluate novel ultrasonography markers for these patients in diagnosing and predicting prognosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in a referral academic hospital. The population was composed of 51 pregnant women with a suspect of placenta accreta spectrum who had scheduled C-sections. Their primary information and past medical histories were documented...
March 29, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Ann T Foran, Luis Octavio Tierradentro-Garcia, Sophie Haddad, Santiago Martinez-Correa, Misun Hwang
Bacterial meningitis is a severe and life-threatening disease that rapidly progresses in neonates and infants; prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are lifesaving. Magnetic resonance imaging remains the primary imaging technique for diagnosing meningitis; however, due to its limited availability and cost, ultrasound is often used for initial screening. Microvascular imaging ultrasound (MVI) is an emerging technique that offers insight into the brain microvasculature beyond conventional ultrasound. Here we present three patients with confirmed bacterial meningitis and associated cerebral microvascular findings on brain MVI to instigate further validation of cerebral microvascular imaging markers of bacterial meningitis for early detection and intervention...
March 28, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Maria Clara Albuquerque Brandão, Lino de Azevedo Matias, Thiago Torres da Matta, Liliam Fernandes de Oliveira
PURPOSE: Recent advancements in elastography techniques, specifically supersonic shearwave elastography (SWE), have enabled non-invasive assessment of muscle stiffness. However, there is limited research on the immediate and short-term effects of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) in well-trained individuals. This study aimed to follow up on the effects of eccentric training on the biceps brachialis stiffness by supersonic shearwave imaging (SSI) as well as the soreness and elbow flexion maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), immediately post-intervention, at 10 min, 48 h, and 96 h in well-trained men...
March 28, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Niranjan Yadav, Rajeshwar Dass, Jitendra Virmani
Ultrasonography is widely used to screen thyroid tumors because it is safe, easy to use, and low-cost. However, it is simultaneously affected by speckle noise and other artifacts, so early detection of thyroid abnormalities becomes difficult for the radiologist. Therefore, various researchers continuously address the limitations of sonography and improve the diagnosis potential of US images for thyroid tissue from the last three decays. Accordingly, the present study extensively reviewed various CAD systems used to classify thyroid tumor US (TTUS) images related to datasets, despeckling algorithms, segmentation algorithms, feature extraction and selection, assessment parameters, and classification algorithms...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Michele Domenico Spampinato, Andrea Portoraro, Soccorsa M Sofia, Francesco Luppi, Marcello Benedetto, Luca D'Angelo, Giorgio Galizia, Irma Sofia Fabbri, Teresa Pagano, Benedetta Perna, Matteo Guarino, Giulia Passarini, Rita Pavasini, Angelina Passaro, Roberto De Giorgio
PURPOSE: Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is the third leading cause of cardiovascular death, following myocardial infarction and stroke. The latest European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on PE recommend short-term prognostic stratification based on right ventricular (RV) overload detected by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or contrast-enhanced chest CT. The aim of the study is to find out which of the signs of right ventricular dysfunction best predicts in-hospital mortality (IHM)...
March 23, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Gian Marco Petroni, Vincenza Cofini, Stefano Necozione, Francesca De Sanctis, Rita Commissari, Emanuele Nazzarro, Walter Ciaschi, Stefano Meloncelli, Marco Divizia, Pierfrancesco Fusco
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hip pain is a common painful condition in the elderly population. A mini invasive technique that is increasingly being considered for management of CHP is the percutaneous denervation of hip articular branches via radiofrequency ablation. We described a new ultrasound-guided technique based on the combination of 90° ultrasound-guided anterior radiofrequency ablation of the articular branches of femoral nerve, accessory obturator nerve and obturator nerve for anterior hip, combined with 90° ultrasound-guided ablation of the articular branches of the nerve of the quadratus femoris for posterior pericapsular neurolysis of the hip...
March 21, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Noemi Macerola, Laura Riccardi, Enrico Di Stasio, Massimo Montalto, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maurizio Pompili, Matteo Garcovich
PURPOSE: Heart failure (HF) is a major health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. In the latest years, many efforts have been made to identify predictors of poor prognosis in these patients. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to enlighten the correlation between liver stiffness (LS), assessed by Shear Wave Elastography techniques, and HF, particularly focusing on the prognostic value of LS on cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: We searched the PUBMED databases (up to May 1st, 2023) for studies that enlightened the correlation between LS and cardiovascular outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF)...
March 18, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
Enas Mamdooh Awad Allah Mohamed, Ayman Emil Eskander, Reham Osama Mahmoud, Hadeel Mohamed Seif Eldin Ali
BACKGROUND: Intestinal changes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are frequently observed on ultrasound. Invasive diagnostic procedures are often employed to differentiate between the main types of IBD and detect complications. Ultrasound Strain Elastography (SE) is a promising non-invasive technique for detecting intestinal changes and assessing inflammatory activity in pediatric IBD. AIM OF THE STUDY: This research aims to evaluate the diagnostic performance of conventional ultrasound, color Doppler, and SE in assessing inflammatory bowel disease in pediatric patients, both separately and in combination as additional tools...
March 14, 2024: Journal of Ultrasound
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