Jorge A Potosí-García, Julian H Velez-Varela, Rosa H Morales-Benítez, Juliana Velez-Tamayo, Evelyn E Peña-Zarate, Maria F Escobar-Vidarte
PURPOSE: The velamentous cord insertion is a rare pathology in which the umbilical blood vessels branch before reaching the placenta; by varying its structure, the cord becomes prone to spontaneous internal ruptures. This pathology is an obstetric emergency, so its early diagnosis is essential. METHODS AND RESULTS: We present a 27-year-old pregnant woman who attends an antenatal check-up for a routine third-trimester examination. Ultrasound reveals grade I polyhydramnios and suggestive findings of a trivascular umbilical cord with velamentous insertion 35 mm from the nearest placental border...
September 26, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Ryan L DeSanti, Kara G Gill, Jonathan O Swanson, Pierre D Kory, Jessica Schmidt, Eileen A Cowan, Michael R Lasarev, Awni M Al-Subu
PURPOSE: Chest x-ray (CXR) is the standard imaging used to evaluate children in acute respiratory distress and failure. Our objective was to compare the lung-imaging techniques of CXR and lung ultrasound (LUS) in the evaluation of children with acute respiratory failure (ARF) to quantify agreement and to determine which technique identified a higher frequency of pulmonary abnormalities. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective observational study evaluating the sensitivity and specificity of LUS in children with ARF from 12/2018 to 02/2020 completed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA)...
September 25, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Morgana Lunardi, Franklin Everaldo Furtado, Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Francesca Chaida Sonda, Lucas Tavares Sampaio, Fernando Diefenthaeler
The objective of this study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-rater reliability and agreement between conditions with and without a special device (SD) in the evaluation of the patellar tendon (PT) cross-sectional area (CSA). Forty trained adult volunteers participated in the study. With the knee positioned at 90°, the ultrasound probe was placed in the transverse plane at 25, 50, and 75% of the PT length. Two raters and one analyzer obtained the images. We use a two-way ANOVA with a significance level of α = 0...
September 24, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Rosa Morello, Danilo Buonsenso
Hepatopulmonary fusion (HPF) is an extremely rare condition characterized by a fusion between the herniated liver and lung right parenchyma. Knowledge about this condition comes from the few cases reported in the literature (less than 40 cases). While diagnostic evaluation as X-Ray, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) were described, poor ultrasound findings are available. In this paper, the authors provide the detailed chest ultrasound findings of this rare condition...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Pari Singh, Arjun Verma, Nandini Malshe, Aditya Kallimath, Gauri Oak, Manoj Malviya, Nitin Chouthai, Pradeep Suryawanshi
OBJECTIVES: To measure the Doppler velocimetry parameters in the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and main renal artery (RA) in neonates with late-onset sepsis and correlate it with associated clinical morbidities. METHODOLOGY: Prospective observational study carried out at a tertiary-level neonatal intensive care unit in India in 2022, enrolling 20 neonates with late-onset neonatal sepsis (LONS). Baseline characteristics and sepsis parameters obtained...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Issac Cheong, Victoria Otero Castro, Fernando Ariel Sosa, Bárbara Tort Oribe, María Florencia Früchtenicht, Francisco Marcelo Tamagnone, Pablo Martín Merlo
PURPOSE: The passive leg raising test (PLR) is a noninvasive method widely adopted to assess fluid responsiveness. We propose to explore if changes in the carotid flow assessed by echo-Doppler can predict fluid responsiveness after a PLR. METHODS: We conducted a performance diagnostic study in two intensive care units from Argentina between February and April 2022. We included patients with signs of tissular hypoperfusion that required fluid resuscitation. We labeled the patients as fluid responders when we measured, after a fluid bolus, an increase greater than 15% in the left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT) VTI in an apical 5-chamber view and we compared those results with the carotid flow (CF) velocity-time integral (VTI) from the left supraclavicular region in a semi-recumbent position and during the PLR...
September 5, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Maurizio Radicioni, Serena Pennoni, Ambra Fantauzzi, Vittorio Bini, Piergiorgio Camerini
PURPOSE: Concerns remain on different alveolar deposition of surfactant between LISA and INSURE methods. Ultrasound evaluation of diaphragm kinetics may provide clinical evidence on this issue, as indirect representation of the respiratory system compliance. METHODS: This was a prospective-observational pilot study. The inclusion criterion was CPAP-supported infants ≤ 32 weeks with RDS receiving surfactant via minimally invasive technique...
September 3, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Ferdinando Spagnuolo
The use of ultrasound is advantageous in many respects: pre-procedural vein selection, real-time venipuncture, tip navigation (to verify guidewire or catheter progression) and post-procedural tip location, detection of early (hematoma, pneumothorax, hemothorax) and late complications (cardiac tamponade, fibroblastic sleeve, thrombosis).Such assessment is best performed using a systematic and standardized approach, as the Rapid Central Vein Assessment, described in this study for neonates too.
September 1, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Raquel Delgado-Delgado, Orlando Conde-Vázquez, Fiona Mc Fall, Tomás Fernández-Rodríguez
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the reliability and validity of a single lateral condyle-capsule distance (LCCD) measurement while saving on economic costs and clinical resources. METHODS: A longitudinal test-retest design was used to assess the reliability and validity of single-examiner measures over 72 TMJ sonographic analyses. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and a Bland-Altman plot were used to study reliability and validity, comparing the first measurement of the LCCD to the mean of 3 measurements taken one week later by the same examiner...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Nuno Ferreira-Silva, Rita Ribas, Mark Friedrich B Hurdle, Sahil Gupta, Steven R Clendenen, Guilherme Ferreira-Dos-Santos
Pain arising from the thoracic region has been reported to be potentially as debilitating as cervical or lumbar back pain, and may stem from a vast number of spinal sources, including zygapophysial, costovertebral and costotransverse joints, intervertebral discs, ligaments, fascia, muscles, and nerve roots. Over the last two decades, the use of ultrasound in interventional spinal procedures has been rapidly evolving, due to the ultrasound capabilities of visualizing soft tissues, including muscle layers, pleura, nerves, and blood vessels, allowing for real-time needle tracking, while also reducing radiation exposure to both patient and physician, when compared to traditional fluoroscopy guidance...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Rosita Comune, Francesca Grassi, Stefania Tamburrini, Carlo Liguori, Fabio Tamburro, Salvatore Masala, Mariano Scaglione
Post-traumatic segmental renal infarction is an extremely rare event, especially in case of minor blunt abdominal trauma. While major trauma guidelines are well established, several problems account for the adequate management of minor trauma. Herein, we report a case of minor blunt abdominal trauma determining traumatic thrombosis of the apical renal artery and segmental renal infarction, firstly diagnosed by CEUS in emergency care setting.
August 23, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Nathalia Helbig Dias, Douglas Rodrigues Gomes, Ana Claudia Tonelli de Oliveira, José Augusto Santos Pellegrini, Márcio Manozzo Boniatti
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether there is an association between abnormal common femoral vein (CFV) Doppler waveform and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality in patients with sepsis. METHODS: Patients admitted to the ICU with sepsis were included. Pulsed-wave Doppler was performed by examining the CFV in the short axis without angle correction and in the long axis with angle correction. An abnormal CFV Doppler waveform was determined by a retrograde velocity peak (RVP) > 10 cm/s in the long axis or RVP > 50% of the antegrade velocity peak in the short axis...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Konstantinos Chlapoutakis, Joseph O'Beirne, Sonja Placzek, Ustun Aydingoz
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to use the chondro-osseous border (COB) as an indispensable assessment criterion to evaluate the quality of baby hip ultrasonography (US) images in the literature pertaining to the application of Graf's technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our literature review search yielded 144 articles. Of these, 41 contained images that were stated to be based on the application of Graf's technique. Two reviewers, a radiologist and an orthopaedic surgeon, both course instructors for the use of baby hip US for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), independently evaluated the articles to assess the diagnostic validity of the published images on the basis of a single criterion: the identification of the COB...
August 20, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Mirco Cleva, Bruschi Ennio, Bruschi Ferdinando, Valentino Massimo
Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare inflammatory disorder of the bladder, characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall, fibrosis of the mucosa, and muscle necrosis. Ultrasonography, when performed, shows a pseudotumoral mass that can be mistaken for malignancy. We report a case of a woman referred to our department in which an ultrasound showed a bladder mass and the biopsy demonstrated the presence of eosinophilic cystitis. The patient was treated with medical treatment and the outcome was favorable with the disappearance of symptoms and no recurrence at controls...
August 17, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Zülbiye Eda Tezel, Ayşe Keven, İlker Mersinlioğlu
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare, proliferative disorder that occurs primarily in children. Periportal lesions were detected on ultrasound at different stages of evolution. In this article, we aim to discuss the sonographic findings in liver involvement of LCH.
August 12, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Federico Matías Álvarez Vilariño, Issac Cheong, Raúl Alejandro Gómez
Minoxidil is a drug designed for the treatment of arterial hypotension. Due to its secondary effect of hypertrichosis, it is also used for alopecia treatment. We present a case of a 50-year-old female patient who was orally consuming Minoxidil for medical reasons. She presented with severe hypotension, requiring vasoactive drugs, and evidence of myocardial injury was detected using speckle tracking echocardiography. It is worth noting that the patient did not have any coronary heart disease, and the myocardial injury was found to be associated with Minoxidil consumption...
August 11, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Peter D Vu, Gregory Blazek, Mogran Cowan, Kemly Philip, Ajai Sambasivan
Pulmonary hernias are typically a result of trauma, thoracic operations, or congenital defects. Spontaneous lung hernias without a prior overt injury are notably rare. The presence of spontaneous lung hernias has not been reported in post-polio syndrome. Post-polio syndrome is a late sequela of poliomyelitis that usually presents 30-40 years after the initial illness with new presentations of progressive muscle weakness, abnormal muscle fatigue, muscle atrophy, and myalgia. This case report describes the presentation and imaging of a post-polio patient with an atraumatic, spontaneous lung hernia...
August 11, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Oriana Monzeglio, Vittoria Maria Melissa, Sara Rodolfi, Eleonora Valentini, Alessandro Carriero
Breast cancer stands as the most frequent malignancy and leading cause of death among women. Early and accurate detection of this pathology represents a crucial factor in enhancing both incidence and mortality rates. Ultrasound (US) examination has been extensively adopted in clinical practice due to its non-invasiveness, affordability, ease of implementation, and wide accessibility, thus representing a valuable first-line diagnostic tool for the study of the mammary gland. In this scenario, recent developments in nanomedicine are paving the way for new interpretations and applications of US diagnostics, which are becoming increasingly personalized based on the molecular phenotype of each tumor, allowing for more precise and accurate evaluations...
August 11, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Peter Connell, Woon Senn Koh, Frederick Vonberg, Stuart Viegas, Clara Limback-Stanic, Dimitri Amiras
INTRODUCTION: Open surgical muscle biopsy has traditionally been required for the histological diagnosis of myopathy but requires neurosurgical expertise with a variable diagnostic yield. Ultrasound guided percutaneous approaches are less resource intensive and invasive. This follow-up study aims to assess the diagnostic yield and tolerability of this approach to assess its utility as an adjunct to the traditional open surgical technique. METHODOLOGY: Between March of 2020 and June of 2021, 24 patients underwent a muscle biopsy following discussion at our regional neuromuscular multi-disciplinary team meeting...
August 4, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
Nour Mohamed Kandil, Mohamed Abd El Fattah Hassan, Ashraf Nehad Moharram, Omnia Abd El Fattah Hammad Saleh, Aya Bassam Hashem
PURPOSE: This prospective study aims to determine the role of ultrasound (US) in diagnosing different types of ankle impingement due to osseous and soft tissue pathologies and to compare the results with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is considered our gold standard. METHODS: The study population included 90 patients with unilateral ankle pain who presented with symptoms and signs suggestive of ankle impingement. Their age ranged from 17 to 57 years, with a mean age of 33...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Ultrasound
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