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Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

S W Odeyemi, J De La Mare, A L Edkins, A J Afolayan
Background The cytotoxic properties of nanoparticles have attracted a great deal of attention in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology due to their small size and ability to penetrate cellular membranes. Methods The silver nanoparticles were synthesized using Elaeodendron croceum stem bark and characterized. The oral acute toxicity studies were carried out by administration of 500, 1000, 2000 mg/kg body weight to Wister rats in respective groups. An in vitro cytotoxicity assay was evaluated in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells using the WST-1 Cell Proliferation assay...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Ashu Mohammad, Priyanka Thakur, Rakesh Kumar, Sharanpreet Kaur, Reena V Saini, Adesh K Saini
From the last few decades, there are increasing incidences of disorders like premature aging, cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, and Alzheimer's disease In addition to medication, researchers have found that yoga, a mind-body therapy, can be used as an alternative medicine. Yoga combines specific physical postures, breathing techniques, relaxation and meditation that improve mental and physical health of the body. The purpose of this review is to collate the research evidences claiming health benefits of performing traditional yogic practices...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Elahe Bahonar, Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Hamid Haghani
Background Traumatic comatose patients may experience disturbances in hemodynamic indices due to the nature of their disorder. This study aimed to compare the effects of nature sounds and reflexology on hemodynamic indices in traumatic comatose patients. Methods This randomized clinical trial using a factorial design was conducted on 120 traumatic comatose patients in two teaching hospitals in two urban areas of Iran. The patients were selected using a sequential sampling method and assigned into randomized quadruple blocks as control, nature sounds, reflexology and nature sounds-reflexology (combined) groups...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Amany M Hegazy, Eman M El-Sayed, Khadiga S Ibrahim, Amal S Abdel-Azeem
Dietary antioxidants are widely distributed in various types of our food. They are strongly associated with reduced risk of many chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and Alzheimer's diseases. They include vitamins such as vitamins A, E, C, and carotenoids. Also, some minerals like; zinc, manganese, copper, iron, and selenium are essential for the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Furthermore, dietary polyphenols and flavonoids are considered as potent antioxidant compounds. Vegetables, fruits, and edible herbs are the richest sources of such antioxidants...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mehdi Ansari, Parvane Sadeghi, Hamid Mahdavi, Mohsen Fattahi-Dolatabadi, Neda Mohamadi, Amir Asadi, Fariba Sharififar
Background Fenugreek seeds have shown antinociceptive effect in animal studies. This double-blind placebo controlled trial was designed to study the effect of fenugreek transdermal patch 10% (FDP) for management of inguinal hernia (IH) post-operative pain. Methods Standardized extract of fenugreek seeds was used for FDP formulation. Ninety patients treated with 10% FDP, diclofenac dermal patch 1% (DP) and placebo twice daily after IH surgery. The pain intensity score was evaluated using a visual analogue score (VAS) up to 48 h after operation...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Neda Nayebi, Alireza Esteghamati, Alipasha Meysamie, Nahid Khalili, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Majid Emtiazy, Mohammad Hashem Hashempur
Background Diabetic patients are at increased risk for coronary artery disease. Since phytotherapy has been greatly common, finding safe and effective treatments is of importance. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a Melissa officinalis L. based product (MO) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods A randomized double-blinded controlled study was conducted with 37 dyslipidemic diabetic patients, assigned to either MO or placebo (P) groups receiving two 500 mg capsules daily for 3 months. Finally, 32 cases completed the study and were included in the analysis; MO (n=16) and P (n=16)...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Tayyeba Rehman, Saeed Ahmad, Qindeel Fatima
Background Migraine is a disabling disease and conventional treatment has many side effects. Dietary supplements and various herbs have reported valuable effects on migraine. Aim The present study systematically review the effects of these dietary supplements and herbs on migraine. Methods The literature search was done on electronic databases PubMed, Google Scholar and Science direct (2005-2015). The quality of articles was assessed through a criteria list of methodological quality assessment of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Reza Mohammadpourhodki, Hosein Bagheri, Mohammad Hasan Basirinezhad, Hosein Ramzani, Maryam Keramati
Background Anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) which has a very negative effect on the prognosis of their disease and their physical and mental health. We performed this study in order to find the impact of a peer based education (PE) on anxiety in patients with MI. Methods This was a randomized clinical trial study. The study participants included 60 patient with MI, who were randomly divided into two groups. The first group received routine education and the other one received PE. We assessed anxiety before and 30 days after the intervention through a valid questionnaires...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Younes Harassi, Mounir Tilaoui, Abderrazak Idir, Jullien Frédéric, Sylvie Baudino, Sana Ajouaoi, Hassan Ait Mouse, Abdelmajid Zyad
Background Myrtus communis L. is an aromatic evergreen plant common in Morocco. In addition to its culinary uses, it has been used medicinally as a disinfectant, an antiseptic or as a hypoglycemic agent. However, its cytotoxic activity has not been well investigated so far. The current study describes the chemical composition, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Myrtus communis L essential oil obtained from different regions of Morocco. Methods Myrtus communis essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation, and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Najla S Dar-Odeh, Rafal A Gasim, Sara M Binsaad, Shaden Abu-Hammad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
Background The study aimed to investigate natural remedies use (NRU) for oral diseases among female patients. Methods Dental patients attending the female section of Taibah University Dental Hospital were invited to complete an online questionnaire which explored demographic data, and pattern of NRU for oral diseases. Results A total of 540 patients participated in the survey. A total of 232 patients (43%) used natural remedies to treat oral diseases. The most commonly cited reasons for NRU were financial reasons (n=79, 34...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Ngoungoure Madeleine Chantal, Dzeufiet Djomeni Paul Désiré, Bilanda Danielle Caude, Mengue Ngandena Yolande Sandrine, Mbolang Nguegang Lohik, Mballa Marguerite Francine, Dzekui Tchuo Larissa, Kameni Poumeni Mireille, Kamtchouing Pierre
Background Estrogen deficiency in postmenopausal period causes severe neuroendocrine changes in brain which influences memory and other nervous functions. Anthocleista schweinfurthii is used traditionally to treat female infertility and menopause related symptoms. This study was performed to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of aqueous extract of Anthocleista schweinfurthii on brain in a postmenopause-like model of ovariectomized Wistar rats. Methods Thirty animals were sham-operated or ovariectomized (Ovx) 84 days after surgery, six groups of five rats each were daily treated orally during 28 days with: distilled water for groups 1 (sham-operated) and 2 (Ovx), estradiol valerate (group 3) and the three doses of extracts {groups 4, 5 and 6 (Ovx)}...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Atul Kumar Goyal, Jaimanti Bakshi, Sushma Rani, Bk Anita Didi, Akshay Anand
The present study is the case of a breast cancer patient who visited the local unit of the Brahma Kumaris (BK). Conversations with the patient revealed that the patient was being treated in the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. The treatment of the patient included the surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. The patient narrated her ability to manage the psychological stress associated with the cancer treatment. She ascribed it to the positive attitude developed by her practice of the Rajyoga meditation from last 15 years...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mitchell Manway, Stephanie Blackburn, Jason Barr, Elizabeth Hull, Richard Averitte, Yang Ahn
Background Conduct a pilot study addressing the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic idiopathic pruritus to aid in the design of a larger clinical trial. Routine laboratory tests to assess systemic inflammation in addition to subjective patient surveys were performed provide documentation of efficacy of treatment. Methods Patients with chronic pruritus who did not respond to standard treatment were recruited to participate. After exclusion of systemic or known reversible causes, each patient received up to 10 treatments which were performed approximately one week apart...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Mojtaba Heydari, Mesbah Shams
Background Despite growing demand for medicinal plants, there is little data about their use by patients with dyslipidemia. We aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern, and associated factors for the use of medicinal plants among patients with dyslipidemia. Methods A 17-item semi-structured questionnaire was filled out by 195 patients with dyslipidemia in a cross-sectional study carried out in two academic endocrinology clinics in Shiraz, Iran. The questionnaire comprised of three main domains of demographic data (6 questions), clinical data (2 of them), and data related to the use of medicinal plants (totally 9 questions)...
November 3, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Olufunke Olubunmi Falayi, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Emmanuel Abiodun Ayodele, Aduragbenro Deborah Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu, Adeolu Alex Adedapo
Background The use of plants for the treatment and prevention of diseases in man and his animals has led to a renewed scientific interest in the use of medicinal plants for therapeutic purposes. The nephroprotective properties of methanol stem bark extract of Abrus precatorius against gentamicin-induced renal damage in rats was evaluated in this study. Methods Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into five equal groups. Group A was the negative control group while B was the positive control group which received gentamicin 100 mg/kg intra-peritoneally for 6 days...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Élida Mara Carneiro, Luana Pereira Barbosa, Ana Carolina Bittencourt, César Gómez Hernández, Rodolfo Pessato Timóteo, Claudienne de Oliveira Almeida, Maria de Fátima Borges
Background Among the practices of complementary medicine used to treat several diseases is the Spiritist "passe (SP)." Experimental studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of this energy therapies in reducing anxiety in adults. However, studies evaluating the effects of the "passe" energy therapy on health outcomes in newborns (NBs) are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of SP on stress hormone levels, pain, physiological parameters and length of stay in NBs. Methods NBs were randomly allocated into two groups: intervention (3 days SP sessions, n=13) and control (3 days sham sessions, n=12)...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Ifeoma C Ezenyi, John O Igoli
Background Syzygium guineense (Myrtaceae) has been used in traditional medicine against various ailments, including diarrhoea. This study was conducted to scientifically evaluate the antidiarrheal effects of S. guineense extract and fractions. Methods An ethanol extract of S. guineense leaves was prepared and tested for its effect on small intestinal propulsion in mice and castor oil-induced fluid accumulation in rats. The extract was also evaluated for its effect on itopride-induced small intestine propulsion in mice...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Yuni Wang, Kashinath G Metri, Amit Singh, Nagaratna Raghuram
Background Mind sound resonance technique (MSRT) is a yoga-based relaxation technique. Previous studies on MSRT demonstrated its potential health-benefiting effects in both clinical and nonclinical population. Present study intended to assess the acute effect of MSRT intervention on blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and state anxiety in patients with essential hypertension (HTN). Methods Thirty participants (13 females) with HTN, within the age range 30-60 years (with mean±SD: 57.23±11.3 years), who visited SVYASA University campus to attend 1-week residential yoga program for HTN treatment, were considered for this study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya, Ram Nidhi
Background Globally obesity increase is a big challenge. Obesity causes many non-communicable diseases. Options to control obesity are in search. Aim: To assess the outcome of 3 months follow-up period, after 14 weeks yoga intervention, for body composition and sleep quality parameters on obese male in urban setting. Materials and methods Design: Parallel group RCT (randomized controlled trial) on obese male. The two groups were yoga and control groups, with yoga (n = 37, age 40.03 ± 8.74), control (n = 35, age 42...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
Background Albeit Indian system of medicine has been practised since long however it has got recent prominence after some policy decisions made to make it more accessible to the people of India. Methods A two fold search strategy was adopted to obtain the literature; search through PUBMED and hand search through cross references. Of the 58 articles obtained through both the search approaches 13 articles were finally included in the review. Results The studies reviewed assessed the utilization, preference, perception and characteristics of people adopting traditional and AYUSH systems of medicine in India...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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