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Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30558716/editor-s-page
#1
EDITORIAL
Daniel Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30509778/systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-percentiles-by-age-and-gender-in-northeastern-iran
#2
Maryam Tayefi, Niloofar Shabani, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Mohammadreza Oladi, Mohsen Mouhebati, Zahra Farjami, Zeinab Sadat Hoseini, Maryam Mohammadi-Bajgyran, Ali Asghar Mahmoudi, Marzieh Eidi Doustabad, Gordon A Ferns, Habibollah Esmaily, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Its frequency is increasing globally. The aim of our study was to evaluate the reference range of blood pressure (BP) in the Iranian population stratified for age and gender. A total of 1449 subjects without diabetes, CVD, dyslipidemia, HTN history and with a normal BMI (18.5 ≤ BMI<25) were recruited in the present study. Participants were enrolled from the Mashhad stroke and heart atherosclerotic disorder study. Anthropometric indices and demographic data were collected by two health care specialists...
December 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30503144/neck-circumference-and-blood-pressure-among-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sajjad Moradi, Hamed Mohammadi, Abed Ghavami, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani
Emerging evidence suggested that large neck circumference (NC) in children and adolescents may be an indicator of increased blood pressure. We sought to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the association between NC and blood pressure in children. Pertinent studies were identified by searching PubMed and Scopus databases, up to January 2018. Studies which reported the correlation coefficient between NC, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in children (aged <18 years) were selected...
December 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30502313/renal-sonographic-changes-in-heterogeneity-index-and-echogenicity-in-children-with-hypertension-a-novel-assessment
#4
Christine B Sethna, Dustin Kee, Pablo Casado, Megan Murphy, Lane S Palmer, Sleiman R Ghorayeb, Bradley Morganstern
The kidneys are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of primary hypertension, but hypertension is also known to cause target organ damage in the kidney. Noninvasive methods to capture possible changes in the kidney related to hypertension are limited. A new program that has been used to quantify the heterogeneity and percent echogenicity in renal ultrasound images was implemented to assess patients with hypertension. Children and adolescents <21 years with primary hypertension diagnosed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were compared with normotensive age- and sex-matched controls...
December 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30528103/brd4-expression-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension-and-its-effect-on-blood-pressure-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#5
Yan-Min Yang, Rong-Hua Shi, Chuan-Xiang Xu, Lei Li
The objective of this study was to investigate BRD4 expression in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and its effects on the blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats. BRD4 expression was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot in 163 patients with EH and its relation to systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were analyzed accordingly. In vivo, rats were divided into WKY (Wistar-Kyoto rats), SHR (spontaneously hypertensive rats), SHR + JQ1 (BRD4 inhibitor), and SHR + Vehicle control...
November 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30509779/the-variance-of-hypertension-prevalence-detected-by-epidemiological-survey-against-clinical-practice-data-from-a-rural-population-in-south-china
#6
Min Lai, Huiyu Tong, Yirong Wan, Wenying Wang, Hai Su
The present study intended to evaluate the variation of the hypertensive prevalence detected on a single-day blood pressure (BP) value against that on an average of 3-day BP values. This study included 1185 residents (age 21-94, 62.6 ± 14.0 years, 491 males) for BP measurements over three separate visits within a 7-day period. The newly diagnosed hypertension on the first day BP value was recorded as hypertension by epidemiological method, whereas that on the average of 3-day BP values as hypertension by clinical method...
November 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30503717/editorial-commentary-on-aha-scientific-statement-on-meditation-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#7
EDITORIAL
Robert H Schneider, Jeremy Z Fields, John W Salerno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30482471/a-risk-score-for-carotid-plaque-as-an-assessment-risk-of-cardiovascular-risk-among-patients-with-hypertension
#8
Hui-Juan Zuo, Xian-Tao Song, Jin-Wen Wang, Li-Qun Deng
This study aimed to describe the status of carotid plaques and develop a simple scoring system to predict the risk of carotid lesions in patients with hypertension. Basic testing for carotid plaques was carried out and used for risk score development (the training dataset, n = 2665) and validation (the test dataset, n = 1333). Independent predictors of carotid plaques from the multivariate model were assigned integer weights based on their coefficients and incorporated into a risk score. The discriminant ability of the score was tested by receiver operating characteristic analysis using the test dataset...
November 12, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30502789/editor-s-page
#9
EDITORIAL
Daniel Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30392848/predicting-the-risk-of-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-an-urban-hypertension-referral-clinic
#10
Michael G Buhnerkempe, Albert Botchway, Carlos E Nolasco Morales, Vivek Prakash, Lowell Hedquist, John M Flack
Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) is associated with higher prevalence of secondary hypertension, greater risk for adverse pressure-related clinical outcomes, and influences diagnostic and therapeutic decision-making. We previously showed that cross-sectional prevalence estimates of aTRH are lower than its true prevalence as patients with uncontrolled hypertension undergoing intensification/optimization of therapy will, over time, increasingly satisfy diagnostic criteria for aTRH. aTRH was assessed in an urban referral hypertension clinic using a 140/90 mm Hg goal blood pressure target in 745 patients with uncontrolled blood pressure, who were predominately African-American (86%) and female (65%)...
November 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30342777/a-comparison-of-blood-pressure-reductions-following-12-weeks-of-isometric-exercise-training-either-in-the-laboratory-or-at-home
#11
Benjamin D H Gordon, Erin Vinoski Thomas, Jan Warren-Findlow, Joseph S Marino, Jeanette M Bennett, Adam M Reitzel, Larry J Leamy, Ian Swaine, Reuben Howden
Isometric exercise training (IET)-induced reductions in resting blood pressure (RBP) have been achieved in laboratory environments, but data in support of IET outside the laboratory are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare 12 weeks of home-based (HOM) IET with laboratory-based, face-to-face (LAB) IET in hypertensive adults. Twenty-two hypertensive participants (24-60 years) were randomized to three conditions: HOM, LAB, or control (CON). IET involved isometric handgrip training (4 × 2 minutes at 30% maximum voluntary contraction, 3 days per week)...
November 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30425019/a-dose-response-association-of-night-sleep-duration-with-hypertension-in-a-chinese-rural-population-the-henan-rural-cohort-study
#12
Haiqing Zhang, Yuqian Li, Zhenxing Mao, Min Liu, Wenqian Huo, Ruihua Liu, Xiaotian Liu, Runqi Tu, Kaili Yang, Xinling Qian, Jingjing Jiang, Xia Zhang, Zhongyan Tian, Ronghai Bie, Chongjian Wang
The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a relationship between night sleep duration and hypertension, and to evaluate as to whether blood lipid levels played a role in this relationship. A total of 37,317 participants aged 18-79 years were included in this study. Night sleep duration was classified as <5, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9-, and ≥10 hours. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline analysis was carried out to evaluate the association of sleep duration with hypertension. Compared with reference sleep duration (7 hours), in males, the multivariate odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval [95% CI]) of the groups with longest sleep duration (≥10 hours) and shortest sleep duration (<5 hours) for hypertension was 1...
October 24, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30425018/postexercise-hypotension-as-a-clinical-tool-a-single-brick-in-the-wall
#13
REVIEW
Leandro C Brito, Rafael Y Fecchio, Tiago Peçanha, Aluisio Andrade-Lima, John R Halliwill, Claudia L M Forjaz
After an exercise session, a reduction of blood pressure (BP) is expected, a phenomenon called postexercise hypotension (PEH). PEH as a predictor of chronic training responses for BP has been broadly explored. It suggests that when PEH occurs after each exercise sessions, its benefits may summate over time, contributing to the chronic adaptation. Thus, PEH is an important clinical tool, acting as a "single brick" in the wall, and building the chronic effect of decreasing BP. However, there is large variation in the literature regarding methodology and results, creating barriers for understanding comparisons among PEH studies...
October 24, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30420250/pediatric-reference-values-for-arterial-stiffness-parameters-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-cavi-0
#14
Tomas Jurko, Michal Mestanik, Alexander Jurko, Bart Spronck, Alberto Avolio, Andrea Mestanikova, Nikola Sekaninova, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
The process of arteriosclerosis begins early in life, and cardiovascular risk factors identified in childhood tend to persist into adulthood. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), a recent parameter of arterial stiffness, is considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. However, there are no studies reporting sex- and age-specific physiological values of CAVI in childhood. We aimed to establish reference values for CAVI and its blood pressure-corrected variant (CAVI0 ) in 500 healthy children and adolescents aged 7 to 19 years and to study potential relationships with anthropometric indices...
October 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416080/determinants-of-hypertension-among-adults-in-bangladesh-as-per-the-joint-national-committee-7-and-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-hypertension-association-hypertension-guidelines
#15
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Krystal Swasey, Md Zabir Hasan, Allysha Choudhury, Rajat Das Gupta, Samuel A Abariga, Atia Sharmeen, Vanessa Burrowes
We investigated determinants of hypertension in Bangladesh using both Joint National Committee 7 (JNC7) and 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Hypertension Association (2017 ACC/AHA) guidelines. After reporting background characteristics, odds ratios (ORs) were obtained by multilevel logistic regression. Among 7839 respondents aged ≥35 years, 25.7% (n = 2016) and 48.0% (n = 3767) respondents had hypertension as per the JNC7 and 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines, respectively. The following factors were significant according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline: ≥65 years (adjusted OR [AOR]: 2...
October 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30396852/national-trends-in-the-emergency-department-management-of-adult-patients-with-elevated-blood-pressure-from-2005-to-2015
#16
Elizabeth M Goldberg, Sarah J Marks, Roland C Merchant
Emergency department (ED)-based screening and referral of patients with elevated blood pressure (BP) are recommended by 2006 and 2013 American College of Emergency Physicians guidelines; however, it is unknown if these recommendations or disparities in care impact clinical practice. The objectives of the study were to assess temporal trends in antihypertensive prescriptions, outpatient follow-up referrals, and diagnosis of hypertension (HTN)/elevated BP and to identify potential disparities by patient characteristics...
October 14, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30425017/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-size-and-timing-and-hypertension-related-emergency-department-claims-among-medicaid-enrollees
#17
Chinedum O Ojinnaka, Colleen Heflin
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a public policy program that aims to reduce food insecurity-a social determinant of health that has been associated with suboptimal blood pressure control in the United States. The aim of the article was to explore the association between SNAP benefit timing and size and probability of hypertension-related emergency department (ED) claims. This study used the SNAP data from the Missouri's Department of Social Services for January 2010 to December 2013 linked to Medicaid ED claims data...
October 12, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30243430/editor-s-page
#18
EDITORIAL
Daniel Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30150096/regarding-cadmium-body-burden-hypertension-and-changes-in-blood-pressure-over-time-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-american-indians
#19
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30145322/association-between-subjective-sleep-duration-on-workdays-or-non-workdays-and-uncontrolled-blood-pressure-in-southern-china
#20
Lihua Hu, Yihua Zhou, Xiao Huang, Qian Liang, Chunjiao You, Wei Zhou, Juxiang Li, Ping Li, Yanqing Wu, Qinghua Wu, Zengwu Wang, Runlin Gao, Huihui Bao, Xiaoshu Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration on workdays or non-workdays and unsatisfactory blood pressure (BP) control in Southern China. METHODS: We analyzed 4370 hypertensive patients, including their self-reported sleep duration on workdays or non-workdays and their BP. Unsatisfactory BP control was defined as systolic BP of ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between sleep duration and unsatisfactory BP control...
October 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
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