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Journals Journal of Infection in Develo...

Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38991003/evaluation-of-t-gondii-rubella-and-cytomegalovirus-seroprevalences-among-female-syrian-refugees-in-sanliurfa-turkiye
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gülcan Gürses, Nebiye Yentür Doni, Zeynep Şimşek, Mustafa Aksoy, Neşe Gül Hilali, Behire Özek
INTRODUCTION: Since the Syrian Civil War began in 2011, the official number of refugees under temporary protection in Turkiye is reported to be 3,522,036 in 2023. Most of the Syrians living outside the refugee camps have worse conditions in terms of access to healthcare centers and social opportunities, compared to those living in camps. The Sanliurfa province hosts the third highest number of Syrians (370,291) in Turkiye. There are no data about the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38991002/seroprevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-infections-among-blood-donors-in-makkah-saudi-arabia
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Faisal Minshawi, Asim A Abdulshakoor, Emran M Alwakil, Ghaiyda T Basfar, Saeed Kabrah, Akhmed Aslam, Hibah Almasmoum, Abdulrahman Mujalli, Rabab H Moaminah, Ghadeer A Almoalad, Mohammed A Alwadani, Mohammad G Alzahrani, Kholoud A Alsehemi, Bassem Refaat
INTRODUCTION: Blood donation is vital for healthcare; however, transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) pose a serious risk. This study investigated the seroprevalence of TTIs among Saudi blood donors. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study included male blood donors aged ≥ 18 years who donated blood at Al-Noor Specialist Hospital in Makkah from January 2017 to December 2022. The blood units were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and core antibodies (HBc-IgG), hepatitis C antibodies (HCV-Abs), syphilis, HIV-1 antigen/antibody (HIV-1 Ag/Ab), human T-lymphotropic virus 1, 2 (HTLV-1/2), and malaria...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38991001/associations-between-tlrs-2-and-4-and-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotics-in-copd-patients-complicated-with-pulmonary-infections
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yunchen Lou, Guofeng Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the world. We aimed to investigate the associations between toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR-2 and TLR-4) and β-lactam antibiotics in COPD patients complicated with pulmonary infections. METHODOLOGY: A total of 156 COPD patients complicated with pulmonary infections were included. Their blood gas, airway resistance, health status, expression levels of TLR-2 and TLR-4, and pulmonary function were analyzed after treatment with β-lactam antibiotics...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38991000/coexistence-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-and-biofilm-forming-potential-among-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-lahore-pakistan
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maqsood Arif, Amina Asif, Kiran Nazeer, Sikander Sultan, Saba Riaz
INTRODUCTION: Our goal was to investigate the antimicrobial resistance due to beta-lactamase genes and virulent determinants (biofilm-forming ability) expressed by Acinetobacter collected from health settings in Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted for the molecular characterization of carbapenemases and biofilm-producing strains of Acinetobacter spp. METHODOLOGY: Two twenty-three imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter isolates were analyzed from 2020 to 2023...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990999/six-year-evaluation-of-device-associated-nosocomial-infections-in-intensive-care-units
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Duygu Mert, Burcu Çalışkan Demirkıran, Gülşen İskender, Zuhal Avşar, Arif Timuroğlu, Songül Binay, Tuğba Aşkın, Mustafa Ertek
INTRODUCTION: Invasive device-associated nosocomial infections commonly occur in intensive care units (ICUs). These infections include intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with invasive device-associated nosocomial infections based on the underlying diseases of the patients and antibiotic resistance profiles of the pathogens causing the infections detected in the ICU in our hospital over a five-year period...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990998/purification-of-a-chemotherapeutic-agent-l-arginase-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-soil
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zainab Abbas Abd, Zaid Raad Abbas, Aqeel Mohammad Majeed
INTRODUCTION: L. arginase refers to the enzyme arginase found in the genus Lactobacillus, it plays a crucial role in the urea cycle, and has implications in various biological applications. This study aimed to purify arginase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, isolated from soil, and apply it as an anticancer. METHODOLOGY: 28 soil samples of P. aeruginosa were collected from different places of Baghdad, and rice lands in Najaf and Diwaniyah governorates. Different standard laboratory and biochemical assays, and Vitik system were used in diagnosis and growth of arginase enzyme under certain pH, temperature, incubation period...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990997/effects-of-dietary-supplement-use-during-covid-19-treatment-on-post-covid-academic-motivation-a-sample-of-college-students
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emre Adıgüzel
INTRODUCTION: Although few studies have emphasized the preventive and therapeutic efficacy of dietary supplements in COVID-19, their efficacy in the postinfection period has not been focused. The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of therapeutic use of dietary supplements during COVID-19 treatment on post-COVID academic motivation in college students METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted with 1584 college students studying at Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University. Three-day food consumption was recorded and anthropometric measurements (height and body weight) were taken to assess nutritional status...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990996/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-bacterial-vaginosis-among-pregnant-women-in-hue-vietnam
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anh Tc Nguyen, Na Tl Nguyen, Trang Tq Tran, Tuyen T Nguyen, Thu Ta Hoang, Linh M Tran, Khoi Tuan Tran, Thanh Dc Phan, Xuan T Nguyen, Tam M Le, An V Le, Andres Salumets, Reet Mändar
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most frequent vaginal infection affecting women of childbearing age worldwide. It is associated with significant adverse healthcare outcomes, especially during pregnancy. Although screening for BV could reduce potential pregnancy-related obstetric complications, there is no routine screening of pregnant women for BV in Vietnam. We aimed to identify the prevalence of BV among pregnant women and the associated factors in two tertiary hospitals in Hue, Vietnam...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990995/incidence-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-humans-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-baluchistan-province-pakistan
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Syeda Atiya Bukhari, Lamia Shafqat, Khawar Bilal, Ashiq Hussain, Shaista Gul, Shumaila Naz, Naseer Ali Shah, Emina Dervišević, Lejla Dervišević, Zurifa Ajanović, Hajra Manahil, Muhammad Aamir Ghafoor Chaudhary, Ying Wang, Haroon Ahmed, Jianping Cao
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the neglected tropical diseases that affects impoverished communities throughout the world. In Pakistan CL is an endemic disease. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the incidence of CL infection in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan from January 2020 to March 2022 during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODOLOGY: A total of 1047 clinically suspected cases of CL from Bolan Medical College Hospital, Quetta, were followed up in the study...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990994/early-ultrasound-guided-drainage-of-tubo-ovarian-abscesses-versus-conservative-treatment-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vicente S Antonello, Suelyn Cristina P Ramos, Mirela F Jimenez, Felipe F Bassols
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short and long-term benefits (the length of hospital stay, surgical complications, and early clinical improvement) of adding early ultrasound-guided drainage to broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment. METHODOLOGY: Patients undergoing tubo-ovarian abscess treatment between January 2017 and June 2022 in a tertiary hospital were retrospectively evaluated. Of the patients studied, 50 subjects were treated with antibiotics alone and 63 underwent guided drainage...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990993/extensive-mycetoma-in-forearm-chest-and-neck-due-to-nocardia-mexicana
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Roberto Arenas, Erika J Damián-Magaña, Karla A Sandoval-Navarro, Balfré Torres-Bibiano, Marina Romero-Navarrete, Luary C Martínez-Chavarría, Juan Xicohtencatl-Cortes, Rigoberto Hernández-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease of the subcutaneous tissue, which affects deep structures and bone. Most cases of actinomycetoma are caused by members of the genus Nocardia. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the case of a 43-year-old male who presented a disseminated mycetoma on the forearm, chest and neck, characterized by enlarged and erythematous lesions through which seropurulent material drains, and numerous atrophic scars...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990992/gastric-microbiome-composition-in-obese-patients-and-normal-weight-subjects-with-functional-dyspepsia
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Umut Gazi, Gunnur Kocer, Emrah Ruh, Can Holyavkin, Ozgur Tosun, Mustafa Celik, Aysegul Cort Donmez, Onur Birsen
INTRODUCTION: Despite the numerous studies demonstrating gut microbiota dysbiosis in obese subjects, there is no data on the association between obesity and gastric microbiota. The aim of this study was to address this gap in literature by comparing the composition of gastric microbiota in obese patients and a control group which included normal weight volunteers diagnosed with functional dyspepsia (FD). METHODOLOGY: A total of 19 obese patients, and 18 normal weight subjects with FD and normal endoscopy results were included in the study...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990991/histopathological-findings-and-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-confirmed-by-pcr-in-an-endemic-region-of-brazil
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Heber P Pena, Vinícius S Belo, Igor dC Fontes, Saulo N De Melo, Paulo Ha Soares, Ingrid M Santos, Tiago J Leitão, Maria Zélia dO Costa, Rafael G Teixeira-Neto, Eduardo S Da Silva, José Cândido C Xavier-Junior
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is difficult, and the correct use of histopathological criteria can be useful in clinical practice. The present study evaluates the association between histopathological findings and the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in clinically suspected cases of CL. METHODOLOGY: Skin samples were received in a laboratory from an endemic region of Brazil for over nine years. Associations were analyzed by means of the Chi square test with a 5% level of significance...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990990/characterization-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-isolated-from-clinical-specimens-and-oysters-in-thailand
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nipaporn Tewawong, Siriporn Kowaboot, Sudaporn Kengkarn, Unchana Thawornwan, Pongrama Ramasoota, Orasa Suthienkul
INTRODUCTION: Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a common pathogen that can cause seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans. We determined the prevalence and characteristics of V. parahaemolyticus isolated from clinical specimens and oysters in Thailand. METHODOLOGY: Isolates of V. parahaemolyticus from clinical specimens (n = 77) and oysters (n = 224) were identified by biochemical testing, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, and serotyping. The toxin genes, antimicrobial resistance, and β-lactamase production were determined...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990989/a-case-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-infection
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xuefang Liu, Ning Yu, Huaihai Lu, Yinlong Zhao, Junyu Zhu, Ya Liu
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) has attracted increasing attention. It usually causes liver abscesses, which spread through the bloodstream to other parts such as the eyes, brain, lungs. 5.5% of all paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity syndrome are associated with infection, hydrocephalus, brain tumors, and some unknown causes. Younger patients with focal lesions of the brain parenchyma are at higher risk of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH)...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990988/genomic-epidemiology-of-sars-cov-2-in-senegal-in-2020-2021
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adjiratou Aissatou Ba, Romain Coppée, Assane Dieng, Jarra Manneh, Mengue Fall, Khadim Gueye, Pauline Yacine Sene, Samba Ndiour, Dianké Samaté, Pascaline Manga, Oumy Diop Diongue, Abdoulaye Camara, Abdou Padane, Sada Diallo, Sokhna Bousso Gueye, Makhtar Camara, Abdul Karim Sesay, Coumba Toure-Kane, Souleymane Mboup, Charlotte Charpentier, Halimatou Diop-Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: In Senegal, molecular diagnosis was widely used for the detection and management of COVID-19 patients. However, genomic surveillance was very limited in the public sector. This study aimed to share the experience of a Senegalese public sector laboratory in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and to describe the distribution of variants circulating in 2020 and 2021. METHODOLOGY: From July 2020 to December 2021, SARS-CoV-2 qRT-PCR was performed on nasopharyngeal samples from travelers and symptomatic patients at the Bacteriology and Virology Laboratory (LBV) of the Aristide le Dantec University Teaching Hospital...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990987/clinical-features-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-in-patients-with-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infections
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Panpan Xu, Xijiang Zhang, Qingqing Chen, Qin Si, Xinhua Luo, Chuming Zhang, Zongguang He, Ronghai Lin, Cheng Zheng
INTRODUCTION: Concern about Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) bloodstream infections (KP-BSIs) is widespread because of their high incidence and lethality. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of, and risk factors for mortality caused by KP-BSIs. METHODOLOGY: This was a single-center retrospective observational study performed between 1 January 2019 and 31 December 2021, at a tertiary hospital. All patients with KP-BSIs were enrolled and their clinical data were retrieved from electronic medical records...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990986/ilc2s-induce-treg-but-not-th2-type-immunity-through-il-33-st2-pathway-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qifeng Li, Quan Wang, Zhenhua Xu
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the function of type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) and IL-33 in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). METHODOLOGY: Peripheral blood samples were collected from PTB patients and healthy controls. The cytometric bead array was used to detect plasma IL-33, TGF-β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, and soluble ST2 (sST2). ILC2s, Th2, and Treg cells were detected with flow cytometry. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure mRNA levels...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990985/fever-of-unknown-origin-a-12-year-case-series-in-colombia
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juan Manuel Vásquez-Jiménez, Sebastián Mackenzie, Jorge Pulido-Arenas, Santiago Bernal-Macías, Javier Ricardo Garzon, Ivonne Tatiana Ordóñez, Néstor Fabián Correa, Oscar Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a diagnostic challenge with highly heterogeneous causes. Its etiology can change according to the studied regions, and the chance of reaching a diagnosis depends on available resources. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics, etiology and the usefulness of diagnostic aids in cases of FUO managed over 12 years in a Colombian reference center. METHODOLOGY: Single-institution retrospective case series...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38865412/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-placental-malaria-in-the-white-nile-state-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdelmageed Elmugabil, Itedal Ahmed, Lobna E Ali, Mohammed Alorini, Ahmed A Mohmmed, Ishag Adam
INTRODUCTION: Malaria during pregnancy can lead to maternal and perinatal adverse effects. Despite the preventive measures, recent research has shown that malaria during pregnancy is still a threatening health problem, especially in Sub-Saharan African countries. The current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with placental malaria in Rabak Hospital in central Sudan. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September to October 2021...
May 30, 2024: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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