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Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

Ka Lip Chew, Raymond Tzer Pin Lin, Jeanette Woon Pei Teo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Bouchra Karraouan, Nadia Ziyate, Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Nadia Amajoud, Rachid Boutaib, Abdellah Akil, Abdellah El Allaoui, Hicham El Ossmani, Khalid Zerouali, Naima Elmdaghri, Brahim Bouchrif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Regina Esinam Abotsi, Usha Govinden, Krishnee Moodley, Sabiha Yusuf Essack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Edmond Puca, Joana Majko, Entela Puca, Elda Qyra, Arjet Gega, Pellumb Pipero
Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain matter, very often associated with viral infections, but it can also be caused by non-viral pathogens such as leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a systemic disease caused by bacteria of the Leptospira genus. Leptospiral infection has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from subclinical or mild illness to a fulminant life-threatening illness. In this case report we describe a young patient from Southern Albania with isolated encephalitis caused by Leptospira, where acute encephalitis was the initial presentation of the disease...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Hale Göksever Çelik, Engin Çelik, Gökçe Turan, Kerem Doğa Seçkin, Ali Gedikbaşı
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to define the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients who had surgical site infection (SSI) after hysterectomy. METHODOLOGY: This study was a retrospective cohort study. The patient data of 840 subjects who had undergone any type of hysterectomy and reported SSI after surgery were obtained from the archives of a tertiary referral center. The different types of hysterectomy procedures performed on these patients included total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH), and vaginal hysterectomy (VH)...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Dua'a Jarajreh, Amin Aqel, Hamed Alzoubi, Wael Al-Zereini
INTRODUCTION: A high rate of infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been documented, in both hospital- (HA-MRSA) and community-acquired (CA-MRSA) diseases in Jordan. Erythromycin and clindamycin are considered treatments of choice. However, resistance to erythromycin with false susceptibility to clindamycin in vitro may lead to therapeutic failure. Hence, it is mandatory to study the prevalence of inducible resistance to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (iMLSB) antibiotics conferred by erm genes in those bacteria...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Walid Hammami, Roda Al-Thani, Stefano Fiori, Saeed Al-Meer, Fathy Atia Atia, Duha Rabah, Quirico Migheli, Samir Jaoua
INTRODUCTION: Patulin has raised the international attention because of its health risk. In fact, it has mutagenic, neurotoxic, immunotoxic, genotoxic and gastrointestinal effects in animals. In the present work, patulin and patulin-producing Penicillium spp. in apple and apple-based products marketed in Qatar were analysed. METHODOLOGY: Sampling was carried out using apple fruits and apple-based products. Fungi were isolated from undamaged apples, apple juice and baby apple food...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Nessma Ahmed El Zawawy, ElSayed ElSayed Hafez
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Pluchea dioscoridis leaf extract on growth, survival, morphogenesis, and virulence gene expression of Candida albicans. METHODOLOGY: Anticandidal activity was studied using the hole-plate method against four pathogenic C. albicans strains from clinical isolates. The effect of the extract on the growth profile of the yeast was also examined via a time-kill assay. Microscopic observations using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were made to determine the major alterations in the microstructure of C...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Khalid Hameed, Farhana Riaz Ch, Muhammad Ali Nawaz, Syed Muhammad Saqlan Naqvi, Yvonne Gräser, Christiane Kupsch, Mario Pasquetti, Luca Rossi, Anna Rita Molinar Min, Paolo Tizzani, Elisa Chiavassa, Andrea Peano
INTRODUCTION: Trichophyton verrucosum belongs to the dermatophyte fungi, closely related organisms that cause skin infections in animals and humans. T. verrucosum infection has been reported in livestock and people in different countries from all continents. Human cases have been reported in different areas of Pakistan, but there is little information about the animal source of the fungus. METHODOLOGY: Dermatological specimens collected in the Chitral district of Pakistan for a study on mange in livestock were retrospectively analyzed for the presence of T...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Yali Cui, Xiaocui Huang, Xia Wang, Yingying Li, Chao Tang, Hong Wang, Yongmei Jiang
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the relationship between seropositivity to herpes virus family and liver function parameters in children from southwest China. METHODOLOGY: A 2-year cross-sectional retrospective study of 6,396 children aged 6 months to 12 years was performed. All participants underwent physical examination and liver function tests. RESULTS: Of the children, 622 were positive for EBV, HSV, or CMV IgM, with dramatic changes in liver function parameters...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Reda Tarabees, Mohamed S A Elsayed, Reyad Shawish, Shereen Basiouni, Awad A Shehata
INTRODUCTION: Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium represent the major serovars associated with human salmonellosis. Contamination of meat products with these serovars is considered the main source of infection. METHODOLOGY: In this study, 100 raw chicken meat samples were investigated for the presence of Salmonella spp., which were subsequently identified based on biochemical and serological tests as well as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) profile...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Xiaoqiang Liu, Haixia Liu, Yinqian Li, Caiju Hao
INTRODUCTION: Escherichia coli is not only a commensal organism in humans and animals, but also a causative agent of diarrhea and extraintestinal infections. Information about the relationship between population structure, virulence gene profiles, and fluoroquinolone resistance of E. coli in dogs and cats in China is limited. METHODOLOGY: A total of 174 pathogenic and commensal E. coli isolates were evaluated in terms of phylogenetic group, virulence gene profile, sequence types (STs), and fluoroquinolone susceptibility...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Dan Wu, Shusheng Zhou, Shijing Hu, Bao Liu
INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus aureus-induced bloodstream infections (BSIs) remain a prevalent clinical challenge and the underlying pathogenesis is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the inflammatory responses and histopathological changes in BSIs in mice. METHODOLOGY: Male C57BL/6 mice were inoculated with S. aureus intravenously to induce BSIs. The survival rate, weight loss, and murine sepsis scores (MSS) were monitored in BSI and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) control mice...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Mei Li, Jun Li, Zhigui Xia, Ning Xiao, Weikang Jiang, Yongkang Wen
INTRODUCTION: Early and accurate diagnosis of imported malaria cases in clusters is crucial for protecting the health of patients and local populations, especially confirmed parasitic persons who are asymptomatic. METHODOLOGY: A total of 226 gold miners who had stayed in highly endemic areas of Ghana for more than six months and returned in clusters were selected randomly. Blood samples from them were tested with microscopy, nest polymerase chain reaction, and rapid diagnostic test (RDT)...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Song Li, Junhe Liu, Yufa Zhou, Zengmin Miao
INTRODUCTION: Animals are considered to be reservoirs of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, but few epidemiological data on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract isolates in pet dogs are available in China. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and characterization of ESBL producers among E. coli urinary tract isolates from pet dogs in Tai'an, China. RESULTS: A total of 118 E. coli were obtained from urinary samples of 80 companion dogs suffering from acute or chronic cystitis, of which three isolates from different dogs were ESBL producers...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Svetoslav Nanev Slavov, Katia Kaori Otaguiri, Mariana Tomazini Pinto, Vanderléia Bárbaro Valente, Eugênia Maria Amorim Ubiali, Dimas Tadeu Covas, Simone Kashima
INTRODUCTION: American tripanosomiasis (Chagas disease), the second most neglected disease in the world, is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Though natural transmission by insect vectors has been controlled, there is significant risk of T. cruzi transmission by blood transfusion in non-endemic regions, generally due to immigration processes from endemic areas. METHODOLOGY: The objective of this study was to evaluate anti-T. cruzi seroprevalence in blood donors from the western part of São Paulo State, Brazil, by serologic and immunofluorescence confirmation tests for the period between 2012 and 2014...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Mateus De Paula von Glehn, Lana Cristina Evangelista Ferreira Sá, Hian Delfino Ferreira da Silva, Eleuza Rodrigues Machado
INTRODUCTION: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered the most prevalent curable sexually transmitted infection, and its occurrence exceeds that of gonococcal and chlamydia infections. This parasite has been identified as responsible for the increased risk of transmission of HIV and has also been associated with prostate and cervical cancer. Many carriers of T. vaginalis are asymptomatic and, when experiencing a health problem, they most often have nonspecific symptoms. The aim of this research was to estimate the presence of T...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Hany Khalil, Mohamed Arfa, Samir El-Masrey, Sherif M El-Sherbini, Amal A Abd-Elaziz
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis infection. Based on secretion of required cytokines upon infection, HCV can improve its own RNA and successfully complete the replication cycle. Importantly, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common type of genetic variation and have been found to play a critical role in modulation of cellular cytokine production and interaction. METHODOLOGY: A total of 100 blood samples were obtained from HCV patients, and 120 samples were obtained from healthy individuals who served as controls...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Ariel Antonio Arteta, Hernan Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodriguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder stones are a very frequently occurring condition. Despite bile bactericidal activity, many bacteria have been detected inside the gallbladder, and gallstones facilitate their presence. Between 3% and 5% of the patients with Salmonella spp. infection develop the carrier stage, with the bacteria persisting inside the gallbladder, shedding bacteria in their feces without signs of infection. The aim of this study was to isolate bacteria from Colombian patients with gallstones, using standard culturing methods, and to identify Salmonella spp...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Ibrahim Mehmeti, Hysen Bytyqi, Skender Muji, Ingolf F Nes, Dzung B Diep
INTRODUCTION: Milk is considered to be a healthy, nutritious food product. Microbiological quality is an important aspect in evaluating the quality of milk. METHODOLOGY: A total of 603 bulk tank milk samples from 221 farms distributed across ten different regions were collected for milk quality assessment. Quality was judged by total viable count, and the prevalence of two foodborne pathogens (Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus) by using selective media and 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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