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Developmental Neurorehabilitation

Tom Cariveau, Sarah J Miller, Nathan A Call, Jessica Alvarez
PURPOSE: Previous research has identified termination of interruptions to repetitive behaviour as a reinforcer capable of maintaining problem behaviour. Effective treatments have included functional communication training and multiple schedules of reinforcement. METHODS: In the present study, a functional analysis determined that the aggression of an eight-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder was maintained by termination of interruptions of repetitive behaviour...
February 6, 2019: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Carolyn Dunford, Clair Cobbold, Ian Ray, Lorna Wales
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE: This study explored the information requirements of children/youth with an acquired brain injury. METHODS: An online survey (n = 16), focus group (n = 5) and in-depth semi-structured interviews (n = 3) elicited the views of 24 children/youth with ABI. A priori thematic coding was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Five themes emerged: stage and age, school, friendship and peers, delivery methods and information content...
February 6, 2019: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
J E Pearse, J E Cadwgan, V Wisher, C Jesmont, P Mason-Burton, M Barry, J Jona James, S Kelly, A P Basu
AIM: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of parent-delivered elastic taping to the thumb and wrist in infants with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized cross-over feasibility trial. PARTICIPANTS: 20 infants (11 male; mean age 22 months) with CP. INTERVENTION: Groups A and B received taping for 4 and 2 weeks, respectively. OUTCOMES: Primary: Recruitment and retention rates; adherence to protocol; Parent Satisfaction Questionnaire...
January 22, 2019: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jessica N Torelli, Joseph M Lambert, Rachel N Francis, Catherine G Picou, Marissa A Mastel, CeCelia A O'Flaherty, Ellen M Vandelaar
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of dexmethylphenidate on problem behavior during functional analyses conducted across dexmethylphenidate and placebo conditions for a child with multiple disabilities. METHODS: We conducted functional analyses in a multielement format embedded in a withdrawal design and collected data on the frequency of disruptive behavior and duration of crying. RESULTS: Results suggest disruptive behaviour was maintained by attention when DMPH was absent, but not when it was present...
January 11, 2019: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Esther de Ru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Denise Lica Yoshimura Mikami, Cristina Lemos Barbosa Furia, Alexis Fonseca Welker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) of the orbicularis oris muscles as an adjunct to standard therapy for drooling. METHODS: Fifteen children with neurological disorders and drooling received speech therapy and twice-weekly KT of the orbicularis muscles over a 30-day period. Drooling was assessed by six parameters: impact on the life of the child and caregiver; severity of drooling; frequency of drooling; drooling volume (estimated by number of bibs used); salivary leak; and interlabial gap...
January 2019: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Yawen Yu, Richard T Lauer, Carole A Tucker, Elizabeth D Thompson, Emily A Keshner
The current study aimed to explore the impact of visual dependence on sensorimotor coupling of postural sway and visual motion in adults and teens with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). We hypothesized that individuals with CP would exhibit greater magnitudes of sway than healthy individuals, and the presence of visual dependence (VD) would produce instability in the direction of visual motion. Participants stood in a virtual environment in which the visual scene remained static or continuously rotated 30 degree/second in pitch-up or pitch-down...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Tara Joy Knibbe, Amy C McPherson, Brenda Gladstone, Elaine Biddiss
PURPOSE: To investigate the perceived role of social technologies in promoting physical activity participation for young people with physical disabilities and to identify design considerations that should be addressed when creating social technologies to promote physical activity. METHOD: Interactive design workshops for young people with physical disabilities aged 12-18 (n = 8) were held. Data were analyzed using interpretive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Young people perceived significant benefit for social technologies to promote physical activity as they have the potential to overcome many barriers to physical activity participation...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Morteza Pourazar, Fatemeh Mirakhori, Rasool Hemayattalab, Fazlolah Bagherzadeh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the training effects of Virtual Reality (VR) intervention program on reaction time in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Thirty boys ranging from 7 to 12 years (mean = 11.20; SD = .76) were selected by available sampling method and randomly divided into the experimental and control groups. Simple Reaction Time (SRT) and Discriminative Reaction Time (DRT) were measured at baseline and 1 day after completion of VR intervention...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Javier Güeita-Rodríguez, Francisco García-Muro, Ángel L Rodríguez-Fernández, Johan Lambeck, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences regarding aquatic physiotherapy among parents of children with cerebral palsy and to identify a list of relevant intervention categories for aquatic physiotherapy treatments. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews and focus groups using the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a frame of reference to explore and code experiences regarding aquatic physiotherapy...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Petra Karlsson, Abigail Allsop, Betty-Jean Dee-Price, Margaret Wallen
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of eye-gaze control technology for facilitating communication across different social contexts for people with cerebral palsy and significant physical disability. METHODS: Systematic review. RESULTS: The search identified 756 potentially eligible articles, of which two, low level articles were eligible. One study reported positive results for achieving communication goals for children with cerebral palsy...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Sigrid Østensjø, Nina Køpke Vøllestad, Reidun Jahnsen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a conductive education (CE) course followed by conventional practice, on gross motor function, other functional skills, quality of life, and parents' experiences of family-centered services in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-one children with CP, 3-6 years old, were randomized to one 3-week CE course followed by conventional practice or conventional practice on a waiting list. Outcomes were measured 4 months after baseline...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Yuping Chen, Sergio Garcia-Vergara, Ayanna M Howard
PURPOSE: To examine whether children with or without cerebral palsy (CP) would follow a humanoid robot's (i.e., Darwin) feedback to move their arm faster when playing virtual reality (VR) games. METHODS: Seven children with mild CP and 10 able-bodied children participated. Real-time reaching was evaluated by playing the Super Pop VRTM system, including 2-game baseline, 3-game acquisition, and another 2-game extinction. During acquisition, Darwin provided verbal feedback to direct the child to reach a kinematically defined target goal (i...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Emanuela Pagliano, Maria Foscan, Alessia Marchi, Alice Corlatti, Giorgia Aprile, Daria Riva
BACKGROUND: Effective drugs for type 1A Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT1A) disease are not available. Various forms of moderate exercise are beneficial, but few data are available on the effectiveness of exercise in CMT1A children. AIM: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of exercises to improve ankle strength and limb function in a child with CMT1A. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. POPULATION: Nine-year-old boy with CMT1A...
November 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Wei-Peng Lu, Wen-Hui Tsai, Ling-Yi Lin, Rong-Bin Hong, Yea-Shwu Hwang
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of massage on young children with developmental delay but no clear diagnosis (e.g., cerebral palsy, genetic diseases, or autism). METHODS: Thirty-six children with DD, at 1-3 years of age, were randomly assigned to the massage (n = 18) or control group (n = 18) after being stratified by age and motor developmental quotient. The two groups continued to receive routine rehabilitation intervention, whereas the massage group additionally received 20 min of massage twice a week for 12 weeks...
October 30, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ş Tükel, A C Eliasson, B Böhm, A C Smedler
PURPOSE: To elucidate the association between developmental stage of human figure drawing(HFD) and fine motor control, visual perception, and further investigate its potential to be used for screening developmental delay. METHODS: Participants were 301 children at 5½ years of age, 176 born preterm and 125 at term, whose HFDs were categorized into six developmental stages. Motor-Free-Visual-Perception Test, Movement-ABC, Performance Intelligence Quotient (PIQ: Wechsler Scale), and the Visual-Motor Integration test were used...
October 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Joel R Levin, Boris S Gafurov
PURPOSE: To overcome the constraint of common multiple-baseline designs that only one case per stagger position is permitted. METHODS: Three alternative strategies for assigning more than one case to each stagger position are examined. RESULTS: The three recommended strategies achieve the objective while maintaining the study's internal and statistical-conclusion validities. CONCLUSIONS: ExPRT, a freely available Excel-based randomization-test package, can be used to assist in both the design and statistical analysis associated with each of the strategies...
October 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Meaghan Walker, Stephanie Nixon, Jess Haines, Amy C McPherson
Globally, overweight and obesity (OW/OB) levels are high among children, with rates surpassing the adult population. With such high pediatric OW/OB rates, it is imperative that risk factors are identified and explored. Thus, Davison and Birch developed an adapted framework, based on Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory, which identifies and categorizes the factors in a child's life that put them at risk for OW/OB. While a socioecological perspective has been a useful tool for examining risk factors in typically developing pediatric populations, this holistic approach has not yet been applied to populations of children with disabilities, who are at an even higher risk of OW/OB than their typically developing peers...
October 11, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rhylee Sulek, David Trembath, Jessica Paynter, Deb Keen
OBJECTIVE: To examine teachers' knowledge and use of empirically supported treatments (ESTs) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and the extent to which they deem them socially valid in general education settings. METHOD: Totally, 155 general education teachers completed an online survey examining knowledge, use, and perceived social validity of ESTs targeting school readiness skills. Sources of information accessed and the relationship of knowledge, use, and social validity with demographic variables were investigated...
October 11, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ana I Pinto, Catarina Grande, Vera Coelho, Susana Castro, Mats Granlund, Eva Björck-Åkesson
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the role of three specific factors within the child-environment interaction process - engagement, independence and social interactions - in influencing development and learning of children with disabilities in inclusive preschool settings. The main question is whether children can be categorised in homogenous groups based on engagement, independence and social interactions (proximal variables within a biopsychosocial framework of human development)...
October 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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