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Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

Laura Leticia Salazar-Sepúlveda, Jesús Zacarías Villarreal-Pérez
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing epidemic associated with a 30% increase in general mortality. Despite this, diagnosis and treatment is still deficient. A large number of patients with overweight and obesity enter hospitals daily; therefore, the hospital setting could be used as a scenario for intervention in this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of diagnosis and treatment of overweight/obesity in hospitalized patients and to identify the factors involved in the probability of offering a diagnosis and treatment...
February 8, 2019: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria
OBJECTIVE: There is a little published data on prevalence and determinants of underweight, overweight and obesity among adults in Nepal. This study analysed the cross-sectional Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2016 to obtain these using the World Health Organization (WHO) and Asian-specific cutoffs of body mass index (BMI). METHODS: The 2016 NDHS used a multistage cluster-sampling design to obtain data on major health indicators in Nepal. The BMI cutoffs for underweight was <18...
February 1, 2019: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Pâmela Ferreira Todendi, Andreia Rosane de Moura Valim, Elisa Klinger, Cézane Priscila Reuter, Susana Molina, J Alfredo Martínez, Marilu Fiegenbaum
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of IRX3 SNP rs3751723 with anthropometric characteristics related to adiposity and potential relationships with FTO SNP rs9939609 in a population of Brazilian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 871 children and adolescents between 7 and 17 years of age were recruited. Adiposity measurements and biochemical parameters were assessed. The variants were genotyped by real-time PCR. Analysis of multiple linear regression, multiple logistic regression, and generalised multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) adjusted for sex, age and ethnicity were applied to test the polymorphisms association with obesity-related phenotypes and the interaction between them...
January 31, 2019: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Alexandr Kuzminov, Stephen Wilkinson, Andrew J Palmer, Petr Otahal, Martin Hensher, Alison J Venn
BACKGROUND: Demand for bariatric surgery in the public hospital setting in Australia is high with prolonged wait-list times. Policy-makers need to consider the consequences of expanding public bariatric surgery including on emergency department (ED) presentations. AIMS: To describe and evaluate public ED presentation rates and reasons for presenting in a cohort of patients wait-listed for public surgery. METHODS: All Tasmanians placed on the public wait-list for primary bariatric surgery in 2008-2013 were identified using administrative datasets along with their ED presentations in 2000-2014...
January 22, 2019: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Hsien-Hao Huang, Ming-Shun Hsieh, Chih-Yen Chen
PURPOSE: The anatomic rearrangement of the gastrointestinal tract after bariatric surgery may result in alterations in the bile acid pool and consequently, gallstone disease. We aimed to investigate whether patients undergoing bariatric surgery are at risk of developing gallbladder disease postoperatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study by using claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The study cohort comprised 4197 patients diagnosed with morbid obesity...
January 18, 2019: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Doo Woong Lee, Sang Ah Lee, Dong-Woo Choi, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There are many methods for weight loss and they vary among people. Some are yet to be proven as appropriate regarding its physical or mental side effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between weight control success and depression by weight control behaviors (WCB) dividing them into appropriate and inappropriate. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from the 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
December 14, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Dvora Frankenthal, Galit Hirsh-Yechezkel, Valentina Boyko, Raoul Orvieto, Raphael Ron-El, Liat Lerner-Geva, Adel Farhi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and inappropriate gestational weight gain (GWG) on adverse obstetrical outcomes among women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments as compared to spontaneously-conceived (SC) pregnancies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 1058 pregnant women from two medical centres; 504 women who conceived following ART treatments and 554 who conceived spontaneously. The women were recruited at 8 weeks of gestation and follow-up telephone interviews were conducted 6 weeks after delivery...
November 27, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Jason Tuhoe, Andrew MacCormick, Andrew Hill, Matire Harwood
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous peoples suffer high rates of obesity and obesity-related disease worldwide. Currently, bariatric surgery is the most effective intervention for severe obesity and obesity-related disease. The role bariatric surgery plays in alleviating the obesity burden amongst Indigenous peoples is unknown. We aimed to collate studies investigating bariatric surgery in Indigenous peoples and to provide a simple framework to use in future research surrounding this important issue...
January 2019: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Juliana Zabatiero, Leo Ng, Rebecca Clayton, Suzanne Middlemiss, Kwangil Kang, Megan Harrold, Vinicius Cavalheri
AIM: This systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigated the effectiveness of interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour amongst people with overweight or obesity. Secondarily, it aimed to investigate the effectiveness of these interventions on body mass index (BMI), time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: A search of six databases (CENTRAL, PubMed, Embase, PEDro, CINAHL and PsycINFO) was conducted from inception to July 2018...
November 13, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Rodrigo Retamal, C G Nicholas Mascie-Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To examine the changes in children's weight-for-height at six monthly intervals between birth and three years old (3yo) from different counties across Chile and to determine if children had overweight or obesity, and if so, whether it was a transient or persistent change. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Longitudinal data were obtained from routine medical check-ups and 8,373 children were selected from nine counties in Chile through a non-randomised sample design...
November 10, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Cathy Harbury, Clare E Collins, Robin Callister
BACKGROUND: Poor diet is a major public health issue requiring strategies to support improvements. Nutrition knowledge influences eating behaviours, yet few studies have examined relationships with diet quality. The current study aimed to explore relationships between demographic characteristics, nutrition knowledge, and diet quality using the Australian Recommended Food Score (measuring diet variety). METHODS: Adults 18-60 years completed a 210-item survey including questions on demographics, health, nutrition knowledge, and diet...
November 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Carol Man-Sze Lai, Shirley Yuk-Wah Liu, Jeffrey Ka-Tak Wong, Simon Kin-Hung Wong, Enders Kwok-Wai Ng
Portomesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is an uncommon condition associated with intra-abdominal visceral ischemia that is often difficult to manage. While postoperative PMVT has been rarely reported following laparoscopic abdominal surgery, its occurrence in morbidly obese patients is gaining increasing concern due to its relatively higher incidence after laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Diagnosis of PMVT can be readily accomplished by computed tomography scan. Although prompt treatment with recanalisation of portovenous system and reversal of mesenteric venous ischemia can be potentially life-saving, the overall mortality of postoperative PMVT can only be controlled by understanding the underlying etiologies and preventing its occurrence...
November 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Rima N Shakir, Alison M Coates, Timothy Olds, Alex Rowlands, Margarita D Tsiros
OBJECTIVE: The importance of different constructs of sedentary behaviours in relation to childhood obesity is uncertain. Thus, this study aimed to investigate relationships between volume, patterns and types of sedentary behaviour and adiposity in children. METHODS: A case-control study was undertaken involving 234 children aged 10-13years who were either of a healthy-weight (74 boys, 56 girls) or classified as obese (56 boys, 48 girls). Percent body fat (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and waist-to-height ratio were assessed...
November 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Ching-Yuan Cheng, Ai-Jen Yang, Prakash Ekambaranellore, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wan-Wan Lin
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the anti-obesity effect and underlying action mechanism of INDUS810 isolated from Trigonella foenum-graecum L. (Fabaceae), an annual herb commonly known as fenugreek and reported to have hypocholesterolemic, antidiabetic, anticancer and gastroprotective properties. METHODS: For obese animal study, 4-week old mice were fed with normal diet or high-fat diet together with or without intraperitoneal injection of INDUS810 (200mg/kg) twice per week for 15weeks...
November 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Chantal A Vella, Matthew A Allison
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between abdominal IMAT area and density with inflammatory markers associated with cardiometabolic disease. METHODS: 1897 participants enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis underwent computed tomography to quantify body composition and measurements of adiponectin, leptin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and resistin. RESULTS: The mean age and body mass index of participants was 65years and 28kg/m2 , respectively, and 50% were female...
November 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Dominick J Lemas, Michelle I Cardel, Stephanie L Filipp, Jaclyn Hall, Rebecca Z Essner, Steven R Smith, Joseph Nadglowski, W Troy Donahoo, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, David R Nelson, William R Hogan, Elizabeth A Shenkman, Matthew J Gurka, David M Janicke
We characterized the prevalence of obesity among Florida children 2-19years old using electronic health records (EHRs). The obesity prevalence for 331,641 children was 16.9%. Obesity prevalence at 6-11years (19.5%) and 12-19years (18.9%) were approximately double the prevalence of obesity among children 2-5years (9.9%). The highest prevalence of severe obesity occurred in rural Florida (21.7%) and non-Hispanic children with multiple races had the highest obesity prevalence (21.1%) across all racial/ethnic groups...
October 31, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Thais Coutinho, Stephen T Turner, Iftikhar J Kullo
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is the first stage of the atherosclerotic cascade, and independently associated with cardiovascular events. We evaluated the associations of longitudinal changes in weight, waist circumference, body fat percentage and lean mass index with changes in endothelial function. METHODS: 521 community-based subjects who belonged to hypertensive sibships and had no history of myocardial infarction or stroke had their anthropometric measures and endothelial function assessed a mean of 8...
September 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Kevin Fitzpatrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Justin M Feldman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Mark Daniel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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