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Geospatial Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451481/dispersal-of-harmful-fruit-fly-pests-by-international-trade-and-a-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-assay-to-prevent-their-introduction
#1
Simon Blaser, Cornelia Heusser, Hanspeter Diem, Andreas Von Felten, Morgan Gueuning, Michael Andreou, Neil Boonham, Jennifer Tomlinson, Pie Müller, Jürg Utzinger, Jürg E Frey, Beatrice Frey, Andreas Bühlmann
Global trade of plant products represents one of the major driving forces for the spread of invasive insect pests. This visualization illustrates the problem of unintended dispersal of economically harmful fruit fly pests using geospatial maps based on interception data from the Swiss import control process. Furthermore, it reports the development of a molecular diagnostic assay for rapid identification of these pests at points of entry such as sea- and airports as a prevention measure. The assay reliably differentiates between target and non-target species within one hour and has been successfully evaluated for on-site use at a Swiss point of entry...
November 12, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451480/seagis-abruzzo-a-publicly-available-atlas-of-marine-uses-and-natural-resources-in-the-adriatic-sea-region
#2
Carla Ippoliti, Alessio Di Lorenzo, Riccardo Caprioli, Sandro Pelini, Annamaria Conte, Fernando D'Anselmo, Barbara Alessandrini, Susanna Tora, Carla Giansante
In the Adriatic Sea, the European Union supported a cross-border cooperation research program, during which digital spatial data on shellfish production and relaying areas, regulated conditions on fishing activities, protected areas and restocking structures, administrative boundaries and sea bottom characteristics, were collated from digital repositories in various institutions and paper documents. A web-based geographical information system was developed to share data of the sea facing the Abruzzi region and to explore the spatial distribution of marine resources and maritime activities, thus focussing and facilitating fisheries management and providing a potential support to the regional planning of resource exploitation...
November 12, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451479/implications-from-assessing-environmental-effects-on-spatio-temporal-pattern-of-schistosomiasis-in-the-yangtze-basin-china
#3
Fenghua Gao, Michael P Ward, Yan Wang, Zhijie Zhang, Yi Hu
Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem in the South China, particularly in lake and marshland regions. Modelling the spatio-temporal pattern of schistosomiasis guides disease prevention and control programs and is a research area of growing interest. However, few attempts have been made to evaluate the changing (nonlinear) effects of environmental determinants on schistosomiasis. In this context, a hierarchical spatiotemporal model was applied to evaluate how environmental determinants affect the changing trend of schistosomiasis in Anhui Province, China, based on annual parasitological and environmental data for the period 1997-2010...
November 12, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451478/trend-and-spatial-analysis-of-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-the-state-of-sergipe-brazil
#4
José Augusto Passos Góes, Danilo De Gois Souza, Lucas Almeida Andrade, Jéssica Cunha, Simone Kameo, Marco Aurélio O Góes, Andreia Freire De Menezes, Marco Antônio P Nunes, Karina Conceiçao Gomes Machado de Araújo, Allan D Santos
This is an ecological study with exploratory analysis of spatial and temporal data based on mortality data with respect to prostate cancer obtained from the Mortality Information System concerning residents of the state of Sergipe, Brazil between 2000 and 2015. The analysis of temporal trends was performed using the Joinpoint Regression Program through Poisson regression. Spatial analysis was performed using the empirical Bayesian model, Kernel analysis, Global Moran and Local indices. There were 1,986 deaths due to prostate cancer, most of which occurring after 60 years of age...
November 12, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451477/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-life-expectancy-and-social-determinants-in-a-north-eastern-region-of-brazil-2010-2017
#5
Andrezza Marques Duque, Marcus Valerius Peixoto, Shirley V M A Lima, Marco Aurélio O Goes, Allan D Santos, Karina Conceição Gomes Machado Araújo, Marco Antonio P Nunes
The process of population aging is a worldwide reality becoming a global public health challenge. Although population aging is especially noticeable in more developed regions, there has also been a significant advance in the quantity of elderly people in areas with unfavourable socioeconomic indicators, and a rapid growth in countries with a low level of economic development. This article presents an analysis based on spatial autocorrelation of the relationship between life expectancy and social determinants in a north-eastern region of Brazil...
November 12, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451476/spatiotemporal-mapping-and-detection-of-mortality-cluster-due-to-cardiovascular-disease-with-bayesian-hierarchical-framework-using-integrated-nested-laplace-approximation-a-discussion-of-suitable-statistic-applications-in-kersa-oromia-ethiopia
#6
Melkamu Dedefo, Henry Mwambi, Sileshi Fanta, Nega Assefa
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally and the number one cause of death globally. Over 75% of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries. Hence, comprehensive information about the spatio-temporal distribution of mortality due to cardio vascular disease is of interest. We fitted different spatio-temporal models within Bayesian hierarchical framework allowing different space-time interaction for mortality mapping with integrated nested Laplace approximations to analyze mortality data extracted from the health and demographic surveillance system in Kersa District in Hararege, Oromia Region, Ethiopia...
November 12, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451475/air-versus-water-temperature-of-aquatic-habitats-in-delhi-implications-for-transmission-dynamics-of-aedes-aegypti
#7
Gaurav Kumar, Veena Pande, Shweta Pasi, Vijay P Ojha, Ramesh C Dhiman
The present study was planned to characterize the microclimate experienced by Aedes larvae in different breeding habitats by determining the temperature variations in water kept in containers during different months under natural conditions. The study was conducted in three municipal zones of Delhi. In each site, four types of container material (plastic, cement, iron and ceramic) were chosen for recording the water temperature in the containers. Daily air and water temperatures (mean, maximum and minimum values) recorded by HOBO and Tidbit data loggers, respectively, were compared using analysis of variance and Tukey's honest significant difference (HSD) tests...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451474/planning-and-location-of-health-care-services-in-jeddah-city-saudi-arabia-discussion-of-the-constructive-use-of-geographical-information-systems
#8
Abdulkader Murad
Geographical information systems (GIS) is used for health care planning due to the increasing availability of geo-coded health data that is moving the field towards to health information systems. The aim of this paper is to present GIS applications for planning health services in Jeddah City. The discussion is focused on three major issues: i) identifying the location of health service facilities and their distribution; ii) modelling the level of density needed for health service facilities; and iii) identifying the required levels of accessibility to these health services...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451473/pleural-mesothelioma-in-poland-spatial-analysis-of-malignant-mesothelioma-prevalence-in-the-period-1999-2013
#9
Małgorzata Krówczyńska, Ewa Wilk, Piotr Pabjanek, Gabriela Olędzka
Malignant mesothelioma (MM), a rare and very deadly tumour, can be due to asbestos exposure. To better understand the cause of incidence of MM, spatial autocorrelation analysis with reference to the quantity of asbestos-cement products in use and the localisation of former asbestos manufacturing plants was applied. Geostatistical analysis shows that strong spatial clustering of MM incidence (referring to the general population as well as females and males separately) during the period 1999-2013 in the administrative units of Poland (provinces and counties)...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451472/a-geographical-information-systems-based-approach-to-health-facilities-and-urban-traffic-system-in-belgrade-serbia
#10
Aleksandar Valjarević, Dragana Valjarević, Zorica Stanojević-Ristić, Tatjana Djekić, Nebojša Živić
We studied the geospatial distribution of health facilities in Belgrade, the capital of the Republic of Serbia, in relation to the public transport system. Analyses in this research were based on advanced geographical information systems using numerical methods. We calculated accessibility to health centres as based on public transport properties accounting for the movement of citizens, as well as patients, through the city. Based on results, the city of Belgrade has a moderate connectivity. Public health centres and a group of other health centres in the central-east part of the city have a better connectivity...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451471/assessments-of-residential-and-global-positioning-system-activity-space-for-food-environments-body-mass-index-and-blood-pressure-among-low-income-housing-residents-in-new-york-city
#11
Kosuke Tamura, Brian Elbel, Jessica K Athens, Pasquale E Rummo, Basile Chaix, Seann D Regan, Yazan A Al-Ajlouni, Dustin T Duncan
Research has examined how the food environment affects the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Many studies have focused on residential neighbourhoods, neglecting the activity spaces of individuals. The objective of this study was to investigate whether food environments in both residential and global positioning system (GPS)-defined activity space buffers are associated with body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) among low-income adults. Data came from the New York City Low Income Housing, Neighborhoods and Health Study, including BMI and BP data (n=102, age=39...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451470/effects-of-socio-economic-and-environmental-factors-on-the-spatial-heterogeneity-of-dengue-fever-investigated-at-a-fine-scale
#12
Yubing Qu, Xun Shi, Yong Wang, Rendong Li, Liang Lu, Qiyong Liu
The spatial pattern of dengue fever cases is the result of complex interactions between the virus, the host and the vector, which may be affected by environmental conditions. The largest outbreak of dengue fever in Guangzhou city, China occurred in 2014 with case numbers 2.7 times the number of cumulative cases since 1978 and a significantly non-random spatial distribution. Selecting Guangzhou City as the study area, we used scan statistics to analyze the spatial heterogeneity of dengue fever and a generalized additive model to evaluate and examine the effects of socio-economic and environmental factors on spatial heterogeneity at a fine scale...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451469/examining-the-impact-of-the-number-of-regions-used-in-cluster-detection-methods-an-application-to-childhood-asthma-visits-to-a-hospital-in-manitoba-canada
#13
Mahmoud Torabi, Katie Galloway
The level of spatial aggregation is a major concern in cluster investigations. Combining regions to protect privacy may result in a loss of power and thus, can limit the information researchers can obtain. The impact of spatial aggregation on the ability to detect clusters is examined in this study, which shows the importance of choosing the correct level of spatial aggregation in cluster investigations. We applied the circular spatial scan statistic (CSS), flexible spatial scan statistic (FSS) and Bayesian disease mapping (BYM) approaches to a dataset containing childhood asthma visits to a hospital in Manitoba, Canada, using three different levels of spatial aggregation...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451468/remotely-identifying-potential-vector-habitat-in-areas-of-refugee-and-displaced-person-populations-due-to-the-syrian-civil-war
#14
Samuel N Chambers, Joseph A Tabor
Historically leishmaniasis is most prevalent in established urban centres but this research shows that refugees and, most significantly, internally displaced persons are now commonly in areas characterized by the presence of fly habitats potentially leading to higher prominence of Leishmania infection. Areas engulfed by the Syrian civil war has thus caused the dispersal of humans into previously unpopulated areas amid habitats of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi that hosts the parasite Leishmania. The addition of new places of exposure to this disease add to difficulties with respect to diagnosis as well as provision of care and treatment...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451467/spatial-and-temporal-characteristics-of-cancer-in-the-period-from-2004-to-2013-in-the-hashemite-kingdom-of-jordan
#15
Salahuddin M Jaber, Jwan H Ibbini, Nawal S Hijjawi, Juhina J Thnaibat, Omar F Nimri
Cancer in Jordan is a major public health problem and the second leading cause of death after heart disease. This study aimed at studying the spatial and temporal characteristics of cancer in Jordan and its 12 governorates for the period 2004-2013 to establish a baseline for future research and identification of cancer risk factors paving the way for developing a cancer control plan in the country. Numerical and graphical summaries, time-series additive seasonal decomposition, the method of least squares, and spacetime scan statistics were applied in a geographic information systems environment...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451466/geographical-information-system-analysis-on-road-accidents-involving-wandering-dogs-in-the-urban-area-of-naples
#16
Giuseppina Mennonna, Carla Murino, Fabiana Micieli, Alessandro Costagliola, Danila D'Angelo, Orlando Paciello, Gerardo Fatone, Francesco Lamagna, Luigi Navas, Marina Pompameo, Leonardo Meomartino
In this study, the spatial distribution of road accidents involving wandering dogs on urban roads of Naples was assessed using kernel density estimation (KDE). The study included 423 dogs victim of road collisions in the period 2012-2015 collected from the medical records of Interdepartmental Centre of Veterinary Radiology, of Pathological Anatomy Service, of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, "Federico II" University of Naples, and of Veterinary Hospital Attendance of the Local Public Health Unit Napoli1...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451465/operational-satellite-based-temporal-modelling-of-aedes-population-in-argentina
#17
Manuel Espinosa, Eliana Marina Alvarez Di Fino, Marcelo Abril, Mario Lanfri, Maria Victoria Periago, Carlos Marcelo Scavuzzo
Aedes aegypti is a vector for Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika viruses in Latin America and is therefore a large public health problem for the region. For this reason, several inter-institutional and multidisciplinary efforts have been made to support vector control actions through the use of geospatial technologies. This study presents the development of an operational system for the application of free access to remotely sensed products capable of assessing the oviposition activity of Ae. aegypti in all of Argentina's northern region with the specific aim to improve the current Argentine National Dengue risk system...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451464/comparing-potential-spatial-access-with-self-reported-travel-times-and-cost-analysis-to-haemodialysis-facilities-in-north-eastern-iran
#18
Behzad Kiani, Nasser Bagheri, Ahmad Tara, Benyamin Hoseini, Soheil Hashtarkhani, Mahmood Tara
End-stage renal disease patients regularly need haemodialysis three times a week. Their poor access to haemodialysis facilities is significantly associated with a high mortality rate. The present cross-sectional study aimed to measure the potential spatial access to dialysis services at a small area level (census tract level) in North Khorasan Province, Iran. The patients were interviewed to obtain their travel information. The two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method was used to measure the spatial accessibility of patients to the dialysis centres...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451463/spatial-analysis-of-asbestos-exposure-and-occupational-health-care-in-poland-during-the-period-2004-2013
#19
Małgorzata Krówczyńska, Ewa Wilk
Asbestos is carcinogenic to humans and exposure to this substance can cause a wide range of diseases. In Poland 1997, a statutory ban was introduced on the production, use and marketing of products containing asbestos. The National Programme for Asbestos Abatement for 2009-2032 includes scheduled activities considering asbestos exposure assessment and health protection. As there are several data sources for asbestos exposure in Poland, which are not linked, the aim of this study was to gather and order them developing a PostgreSQL database, an open-source, objectrelational system...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451462/spatial-modelling-and-mapping-of-teen-birth-rates-in-taiwan-in-the-period-1995-2010
#20
Ying-Chih Chuang, Ting-Wu Chuang, Hsing Jasming Chao, Kuo-Chien Tseng, Kun-Yang Chuang
Geographical variations in teen birth rates (TBR) still persist despite controlling for contextual factors. The aim of this research was to identify spatial patterns of TBR in Taiwan and to examine spatial relationships among different contextual factors. Using townships as the unit of analysis (N=359), this research used social and demographic variables for the years 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 and conducted spatial modelling of TBR. Geographical maps of TBR were presented, and Local Indicator of Spatial Autocorrelations was used to identify TBR clustering...
November 9, 2018: Geospatial Health
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